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/*
* General DV muxer/demuxer
* Copyright (c) 2003 Roman Shaposhnik
*
* Many thanks to Dan Dennedy <dan@dennedy.org> for providing wealth
* of DV technical info.
*
* Raw DV format
* Copyright (c) 2002 Fabrice Bellard
*
* 50 Mbps (DVCPRO50) support
* Copyright (c) 2006 Daniel Maas <dmaas@maasdigital.com>
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include <time.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include "avformat.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "libavcodec/dv_profile.h"
#include "libavcodec/dvdata.h"
#include "dv.h"
#include "libavutil/fifo.h"
#include "libavutil/mathematics.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "libavutil/timecode.h"
#define MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE 192000 // 1 second of 48khz 32bit audio
struct DVMuxContext {
AVClass *av_class;
const DVprofile* sys; /* current DV profile, e.g.: 525/60, 625/50 */
int n_ast; /* number of stereo audio streams (up to 2) */
AVStream *ast[2]; /* stereo audio streams */
AVFifoBuffer *audio_data[2]; /* FIFO for storing excessive amounts of PCM */
int frames; /* current frame number */
int64_t start_time; /* recording start time */
int has_audio; /* frame under contruction has audio */
int has_video; /* frame under contruction has video */
uint8_t frame_buf[DV_MAX_FRAME_SIZE]; /* frame under contruction */
AVTimecode tc; /* timecode context */
};
static const int dv_aaux_packs_dist[12][9] = {
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
{ 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
};
static int dv_audio_frame_size(const DVprofile* sys, int frame)
{
return sys->audio_samples_dist[frame % (sizeof(sys->audio_samples_dist) /
sizeof(sys->audio_samples_dist[0]))];
}
static int dv_write_pack(enum dv_pack_type pack_id, DVMuxContext *c, uint8_t* buf, ...)
{
struct tm tc;
time_t ct;
uint32_t timecode;
va_list ap;
buf[0] = (uint8_t)pack_id;
switch (pack_id) {
case dv_timecode:
timecode = av_timecode_get_smpte_from_framenum(&c->tc, c->frames);
timecode |= 1<<23 | 1<<15 | 1<<7 | 1<<6; // biphase and binary group flags
AV_WB32(buf + 1, timecode);
break;
case dv_audio_source: /* AAUX source pack */
va_start(ap, buf);
buf[1] = (1 << 7) | /* locked mode -- SMPTE only supports locked mode */
(1 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
(dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames) -
c->sys->audio_min_samples[0]);
/* # of samples */
buf[2] = (0 << 7) | /* multi-stereo */
(0 << 5) | /* #of audio channels per block: 0 -- 1 channel */
(0 << 4) | /* pair bit: 0 -- one pair of channels */
!!va_arg(ap, int); /* audio mode */
buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* res */
(1 << 6) | /* multi-language flag */
(c->sys->dsf << 5) | /* system: 60fields/50fields */
(c->sys->n_difchan & 2); /* definition: 0 -- 25Mbps, 2 -- 50Mbps */
buf[4] = (1 << 7) | /* emphasis: 1 -- off */
(0 << 6) | /* emphasis time constant: 0 -- reserved */
(0 << 3) | /* frequency: 0 -- 48kHz, 1 -- 44,1kHz, 2 -- 32kHz */
0; /* quantization: 0 -- 16bit linear, 1 -- 12bit nonlinear */
va_end(ap);
break;
case dv_audio_control:
buf[1] = (0 << 6) | /* copy protection: 0 -- unrestricted */
(1 << 4) | /* input source: 1 -- digital input */
(3 << 2) | /* compression: 3 -- no information */
0; /* misc. info/SMPTE emphasis off */
buf[2] = (1 << 7) | /* recording start point: 1 -- no */
(1 << 6) | /* recording end point: 1 -- no */
(1 << 3) | /* recording mode: 1 -- original */
7;
buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* direction: 1 -- forward */
(c->sys->pix_fmt == PIX_FMT_YUV420P ? 0x20 : /* speed */
c->sys->ltc_divisor * 4);
buf[4] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
0x7f; /* genre category */
break;
case dv_audio_recdate:
case dv_video_recdate: /* VAUX recording date */
ct = c->start_time + av_rescale_rnd(c->frames, c->sys->time_base.num,
c->sys->time_base.den, AV_ROUND_DOWN);
ff_brktimegm(ct, &tc);
buf[1] = 0xff; /* ds, tm, tens of time zone, units of time zone */
/* 0xff is very likely to be "unknown" */
buf[2] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
((tc.tm_mday / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of day */
(tc.tm_mday % 10); /* Units of day */
buf[3] = /* we set high 4 bits to 0, shouldn't we set them to week? */
((tc.tm_mon / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of month */
(tc.tm_mon % 10); /* Units of month */
buf[4] = (((tc.tm_year % 100) / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of year */
(tc.tm_year % 10); /* Units of year */
break;
case dv_audio_rectime: /* AAUX recording time */
case dv_video_rectime: /* VAUX recording time */
ct = c->start_time + av_rescale_rnd(c->frames, c->sys->time_base.num,
c->sys->time_base.den, AV_ROUND_DOWN);
ff_brktimegm(ct, &tc);
buf[1] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
0x3f; /* tens of frame, units of frame: 0x3f - "unknown" ? */
buf[2] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
((tc.tm_sec / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of seconds */
(tc.tm_sec % 10); /* Units of seconds */
buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
((tc.tm_min / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of minutes */
(tc.tm_min % 10); /* Units of minutes */
buf[4] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
((tc.tm_hour / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of hours */
(tc.tm_hour % 10); /* Units of hours */
break;
default:
buf[1] = buf[2] = buf[3] = buf[4] = 0xff;
}
return 5;
}
static void dv_inject_audio(DVMuxContext *c, int channel, uint8_t* frame_ptr)
{
int i, j, d, of, size;
size = 4 * dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames);
frame_ptr += channel * c->sys->difseg_size * 150 * 80;
for (i = 0; i < c->sys->difseg_size; i++) {
frame_ptr += 6 * 80; /* skip DIF segment header */
for (j = 0; j < 9; j++) {
dv_write_pack(dv_aaux_packs_dist[i][j], c, &frame_ptr[3], i >= c->sys->difseg_size/2);
for (d = 8; d < 80; d+=2) {
of = c->sys->audio_shuffle[i][j] + (d - 8)/2 * c->sys->audio_stride;
if (of*2 >= size)
continue;
frame_ptr[d] = *av_fifo_peek2(c->audio_data[channel], of*2+1); // FIXME: maybe we have to admit
frame_ptr[d+1] = *av_fifo_peek2(c->audio_data[channel], of*2); // that DV is a big-endian PCM
}
frame_ptr += 16 * 80; /* 15 Video DIFs + 1 Audio DIF */
}
}
}
static void dv_inject_metadata(DVMuxContext *c, uint8_t* frame)
{
int j, k;
uint8_t* buf;
for (buf = frame; buf < frame + c->sys->frame_size; buf += 150 * 80) {
/* DV subcode: 2nd and 3d DIFs */
for (j = 80; j < 80 * 3; j += 80) {
for (k = 6; k < 6 * 8; k += 8)
dv_write_pack(dv_timecode, c, &buf[j+k]);
if (((long)(buf-frame)/(c->sys->frame_size/(c->sys->difseg_size*c->sys->n_difchan))%c->sys->difseg_size) > 5) { /* FIXME: is this really needed ? */
dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+14]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+22]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+38]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+46]);
}
}
/* DV VAUX: 4th, 5th and 6th 3DIFs */
for (j = 80*3 + 3; j < 80*6; j += 80) {
dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+5*2]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+5*3]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+5*11]);
dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+5*12]);
}
}
}
/*
* The following 3 functions constitute our interface to the world
*/
static int dv_assemble_frame(DVMuxContext *c, AVStream* st,
uint8_t* data, int data_size, uint8_t** frame)
{
int i, reqasize;
*frame = &c->frame_buf[0];
reqasize = 4 * dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames);
switch (st->codec->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
/* FIXME: we have to have more sensible approach than this one */
if (c->has_video)
av_log(st->codec, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't process DV frame #%d. Insufficient audio data or severe sync problem.\n", c->frames);
memcpy(*frame, data, c->sys->frame_size);
c->has_video = 1;
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
for (i = 0; i < c->n_ast && st != c->ast[i]; i++);
/* FIXME: we have to have more sensible approach than this one */
if (av_fifo_size(c->audio_data[i]) + data_size >= 100*MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE)
av_log(st->codec, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't process DV frame #%d. Insufficient video data or severe sync problem.\n", c->frames);
av_fifo_generic_write(c->audio_data[i], data, data_size, NULL);
/* Let us see if we've got enough audio for one DV frame. */
c->has_audio |= ((reqasize <= av_fifo_size(c->audio_data[i])) << i);
break;
default:
break;
}
/* Let us see if we have enough data to construct one DV frame. */
if (c->has_video == 1 && c->has_audio + 1 == 1 << c->n_ast) {
dv_inject_metadata(c, *frame);
c->has_audio = 0;
for (i=0; i < c->n_ast; i++) {
dv_inject_audio(c, i, *frame);
av_fifo_drain(c->audio_data[i], reqasize);
c->has_audio |= ((reqasize <= av_fifo_size(c->audio_data[i])) << i);
}
c->has_video = 0;
c->frames++;
return c->sys->frame_size;
}
return 0;
}
static DVMuxContext* dv_init_mux(AVFormatContext* s)
{
DVMuxContext *c = s->priv_data;
AVStream *vst = NULL;
AVDictionaryEntry *t;
int i;
/* we support at most 1 video and 2 audio streams */
if (s->nb_streams > 3)
return NULL;
c->n_ast = 0;
c->ast[0] = c->ast[1] = NULL;
/* We have to sort out where audio and where video stream is */
for (i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++) {
switch (s->streams[i]->codec->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
if (vst) return NULL;
vst = s->streams[i];
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
if (c->n_ast > 1) return NULL;
c->ast[c->n_ast++] = s->streams[i];
break;
default:
goto bail_out;
}
}
/* Some checks -- DV format is very picky about its incoming streams */
if (!vst || vst->codec->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO)
goto bail_out;
for (i=0; i<c->n_ast; i++) {
if (c->ast[i] && (c->ast[i]->codec->codec_id != AV_CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE ||
c->ast[i]->codec->sample_rate != 48000 ||
c->ast[i]->codec->channels != 2))
goto bail_out;
}
c->sys = avpriv_dv_codec_profile(vst->codec);
if (!c->sys)
goto bail_out;
if ((c->n_ast > 1) && (c->sys->n_difchan < 2)) {
/* only 1 stereo pair is allowed in 25Mbps mode */
goto bail_out;
}
/* Ok, everything seems to be in working order */
c->frames = 0;
c->has_audio = 0;
c->has_video = 0;
if (t = av_dict_get(s->metadata, "creation_time", NULL, 0))
c->start_time = ff_iso8601_to_unix_time(t->value);
for (i=0; i < c->n_ast; i++) {
if (c->ast[i] && !(c->audio_data[i]=av_fifo_alloc(100*MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE))) {
while (i > 0) {
i--;
av_fifo_free(c->audio_data[i]);
}
goto bail_out;
}
}
return c;
bail_out:
return NULL;
}
static void dv_delete_mux(DVMuxContext *c)
{
int i;
for (i=0; i < c->n_ast; i++)
av_fifo_free(c->audio_data[i]);
}
static int dv_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
AVRational rate;
DVMuxContext *dvc = s->priv_data;
AVDictionaryEntry *tcr = av_dict_get(s->metadata, "timecode", NULL, 0);
if (!dv_init_mux(s)) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't initialize DV format!\n"
"Make sure that you supply exactly two streams:\n"
" video: 25fps or 29.97fps, audio: 2ch/48kHz/PCM\n"
" (50Mbps allows an optional second audio stream)\n");
return -1;
}
rate.num = dvc->sys->ltc_divisor;
rate.den = 1;
if (!tcr) { // no global timecode, look into the streams
int i;
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
tcr = av_dict_get(s->streams[i]->metadata, "timecode", NULL, 0);
if (tcr)
break;
}
}
if (tcr)
return av_timecode_init_from_string(&dvc->tc, rate, tcr->value, s);
return av_timecode_init(&dvc->tc, rate, 0, 0, s);
}
static int dv_write_packet(struct AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
uint8_t* frame;
int fsize;
fsize = dv_assemble_frame(s->priv_data, s->streams[pkt->stream_index],
pkt->data, pkt->size, &frame);
if (fsize > 0) {
avio_write(s->pb, frame, fsize);
avio_flush(s->pb);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* We might end up with some extra A/V data without matching counterpart.
* E.g. video data without enough audio to write the complete frame.
* Currently we simply drop the last frame. I don't know whether this
* is the best strategy of all
*/
static int dv_write_trailer(struct AVFormatContext *s)
{
dv_delete_mux(s->priv_data);
return 0;
}
AVOutputFormat ff_dv_muxer = {
.name = "dv",
.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("DV (Digital Video)"),
.extensions = "dv",
.priv_data_size = sizeof(DVMuxContext),
.audio_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE,
.video_codec = AV_CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO,
.write_header = dv_write_header,
.write_packet = dv_write_packet,
.write_trailer = dv_write_trailer,
};
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