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/*
* Realmedia RTSP protocol (RDT) support.
* Copyright (c) 2007 Ronald S. Bultje
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/

/**
* @file
* @brief Realmedia RTSP protocol (RDT) support
* @author Ronald S. Bultje <rbultje@ronald.bitfreak.net>
*/

#include "avformat.h"
#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
#include "rtpdec.h"
#include "rdt.h"
#include "libavutil/base64.h"
#include "libavutil/md5.h"
#include "rm.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "avio_internal.h"
#include "libavcodec/get_bits.h"

struct RDTDemuxContext {
    AVFormatContext *ic; /**< the containing (RTSP) demux context */
    /** Each RDT stream-set (represented by one RTSPStream) can contain
* multiple streams (of the same content, but with possibly different
* codecs/bitrates). Each such stream is represented by one AVStream
* in the AVFormatContext, and this variable points to the offset in
* that array such that the first is the first stream of this set. */
    AVStream **streams;
    int n_streams; /**< streams with identifical content in this set */
    void *dynamic_protocol_context;
    DynamicPayloadPacketHandlerProc parse_packet;
    uint32_t prev_timestamp;
    int prev_set_id, prev_stream_id;
};

RDTDemuxContext *
ff_rdt_parse_open(AVFormatContext *ic, int first_stream_of_set_idx,
                  void *priv_data, RTPDynamicProtocolHandler *handler)
{
    RDTDemuxContext *s = av_mallocz(sizeof(RDTDemuxContext));
    if (!s)
        return NULL;

    s->ic = ic;
    s->streams = &ic->streams[first_stream_of_set_idx];
    do {
        s->n_streams++;
    } while (first_stream_of_set_idx + s->n_streams < ic->nb_streams &&
             s->streams[s->n_streams]->id == s->streams[0]->id);
    s->prev_set_id = -1;
    s->prev_stream_id = -1;
    s->prev_timestamp = -1;
    s->parse_packet = handler ? handler->parse_packet : NULL;
    s->dynamic_protocol_context = priv_data;

    return s;
}

void
ff_rdt_parse_close(RDTDemuxContext *s)
{
    av_free(s);
}

struct PayloadContext {
    AVFormatContext *rmctx;
    int nb_rmst;
    RMStream **rmst;
    uint8_t *mlti_data;
    unsigned int mlti_data_size;
    char buffer[RTP_MAX_PACKET_LENGTH + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE];
    int audio_pkt_cnt; /**< remaining audio packets in rmdec */
};

void
ff_rdt_calc_response_and_checksum(char response[41], char chksum[9],
                                  const char *challenge)
{
    int ch_len = strlen (challenge), i;
    unsigned char zres[16],
        buf[64] = { 0xa1, 0xe9, 0x14, 0x9d, 0x0e, 0x6b, 0x3b, 0x59 };
#define XOR_TABLE_SIZE 37
    const unsigned char xor_table[XOR_TABLE_SIZE] = {
        0x05, 0x18, 0x74, 0xd0, 0x0d, 0x09, 0x02, 0x53,
        0xc0, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x67, 0x03, 0x19, 0x70,
        0x08, 0x27, 0x66, 0x10, 0x10, 0x72, 0x08, 0x09,
        0x63, 0x11, 0x03, 0x71, 0x08, 0x08, 0x70, 0x02,
        0x10, 0x57, 0x05, 0x18, 0x54 };

    /* some (length) checks */
    if (ch_len == 40) /* what a hack... */
        ch_len = 32;
    else if (ch_len > 56)
        ch_len = 56;
    memcpy(buf + 8, challenge, ch_len);

    /* xor challenge bytewise with xor_table */
    for (i = 0; i < XOR_TABLE_SIZE; i++)
        buf[8 + i] ^= xor_table[i];

    av_md5_sum(zres, buf, 64);
    ff_data_to_hex(response, zres, 16, 1);

    /* add tail */
    strcpy (response + 32, "01d0a8e3");

    /* calculate checksum */
    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
        chksum[i] = response[i * 4];
    chksum[8] = 0;
}

static int
rdt_load_mdpr (PayloadContext *rdt, AVStream *st, int rule_nr)
{
    AVIOContext pb;
    int size;
    uint32_t tag;

    /**
* Layout of the MLTI chunk:
* 4: MLTI
* 2: number of streams
* Then for each stream ([number_of_streams] times):
* 2: mdpr index
* 2: number of mdpr chunks
* Then for each mdpr chunk ([number_of_mdpr_chunks] times):
* 4: size
* [size]: data
* we skip MDPR chunks until we reach the one of the stream
* we're interested in, and forward that ([size]+[data]) to
* the RM demuxer to parse the stream-specific header data.
*/
    if (!rdt->mlti_data)
        return -1;
    ffio_init_context(&pb, rdt->mlti_data, rdt->mlti_data_size, 0,
                  NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
    tag = avio_rl32(&pb);
    if (tag == MKTAG('M', 'L', 'T', 'I')) {
        int num, chunk_nr;

        /* read index of MDPR chunk numbers */
        num = avio_rb16(&pb);
        if (rule_nr < 0 || rule_nr >= num)
            return -1;
        avio_skip(&pb, rule_nr * 2);
        chunk_nr = avio_rb16(&pb);
        avio_skip(&pb, (num - 1 - rule_nr) * 2);

        /* read MDPR chunks */
        num = avio_rb16(&pb);
        if (chunk_nr >= num)
            return -1;
        while (chunk_nr--)
            avio_skip(&pb, avio_rb32(&pb));
        size = avio_rb32(&pb);
    } else {
        size = rdt->mlti_data_size;
        avio_seek(&pb, 0, SEEK_SET);
    }
    if (ff_rm_read_mdpr_codecdata(rdt->rmctx, &pb, st, rdt->rmst[st->index], size, NULL) < 0)
        return -1;

    return 0;
}

/**
* Actual data handling.
*/

int
ff_rdt_parse_header(const uint8_t *buf, int len,
                    int *pset_id, int *pseq_no, int *pstream_id,
                    int *pis_keyframe, uint32_t *ptimestamp)
{
    GetBitContext gb;
    int consumed = 0, set_id, seq_no, stream_id, is_keyframe,
        len_included, need_reliable;
    uint32_t timestamp;

    /* skip status packets */
    while (len >= 5 && buf[1] == 0xFF /* status packet */) {
        int pkt_len;

        if (!(buf[0] & 0x80))
            return -1; /* not followed by a data packet */

        pkt_len = AV_RB16(buf+3);
        buf += pkt_len;
        len -= pkt_len;
        consumed += pkt_len;
    }
    if (len < 16)
        return -1;
    /**
* Layout of the header (in bits):
* 1: len_included
* Flag indicating whether this header includes a length field;
* this can be used to concatenate multiple RDT packets in a
* single UDP/TCP data frame and is used to precede RDT data
* by stream status packets
* 1: need_reliable
* Flag indicating whether this header includes a "reliable
* sequence number"; these are apparently sequence numbers of
* data packets alone. For data packets, this flag is always
* set, according to the Real documentation [1]
* 5: set_id
* ID of a set of streams of identical content, possibly with
* different codecs or bitrates
* 1: is_reliable
* Flag set for certain streams deemed less tolerable for packet
* loss
* 16: seq_no
* Packet sequence number; if >=0xFF00, this is a non-data packet
* containing stream status info, the second byte indicates the
* type of status packet (see wireshark docs / source code [2])
* if (len_included) {
* 16: packet_len
* } else {
* packet_len = remainder of UDP/TCP frame
* }
* 1: is_back_to_back
* Back-to-Back flag; used for timing, set for one in every 10
* packets, according to the Real documentation [1]
* 1: is_slow_data
* Slow-data flag; currently unused, according to Real docs [1]
* 5: stream_id
* ID of the stream within this particular set of streams
* 1: is_no_keyframe
* Non-keyframe flag (unset if packet belongs to a keyframe)
* 32: timestamp (PTS)
* if (set_id == 0x1F) {
* 16: set_id (extended set-of-streams ID; see set_id)
* }
* if (need_reliable) {
* 16: reliable_seq_no
* Reliable sequence number (see need_reliable)
* }
* if (stream_id == 0x3F) {
* 16: stream_id (extended stream ID; see stream_id)
* }
* [1] https://protocol.helixcommunity.org/files/2005/devdocs/RDT_Feature_Level_20.txt
* [2] http://www.wireshark.org/docs/dfref/r/rdt.html and
* http://anonsvn.wireshark.org/viewvc/trunk/epan/dissectors/packet-rdt.c
*/
    init_get_bits(&gb, buf, len << 3);
    len_included = get_bits1(&gb);
    need_reliable = get_bits1(&gb);
    set_id = get_bits(&gb, 5);
    skip_bits(&gb, 1);
    seq_no = get_bits(&gb, 16);
    if (len_included)
        skip_bits(&gb, 16);
    skip_bits(&gb, 2);
    stream_id = get_bits(&gb, 5);
    is_keyframe = !get_bits1(&gb);
    timestamp = get_bits_long(&gb, 32);
    if (set_id == 0x1f)
        set_id = get_bits(&gb, 16);
    if (need_reliable)
        skip_bits(&gb, 16);
    if (stream_id == 0x1f)
        stream_id = get_bits(&gb, 16);

    if (pset_id) *pset_id = set_id;
    if (pseq_no) *pseq_no = seq_no;
    if (pstream_id) *pstream_id = stream_id;
    if (pis_keyframe) *pis_keyframe = is_keyframe;
    if (ptimestamp) *ptimestamp = timestamp;

    return consumed + (get_bits_count(&gb) >> 3);
}

/**< return 0 on packet, no more left, 1 on packet, 1 on partial packet... */
static int
rdt_parse_packet (AVFormatContext *ctx, PayloadContext *rdt, AVStream *st,
                  AVPacket *pkt, uint32_t *timestamp,
                  const uint8_t *buf, int len, int flags)
{
    int seq = 1, res;
    AVIOContext pb;

    if (rdt->audio_pkt_cnt == 0) {
        int pos;

        ffio_init_context(&pb, buf, len, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
        flags = (flags & RTP_FLAG_KEY) ? 2 : 0;
        res = ff_rm_parse_packet (rdt->rmctx, &pb, st, rdt->rmst[st->index], len, pkt,
                                  &seq, flags, *timestamp);
        pos = avio_tell(&pb);
        if (res < 0)
            return res;
        if (res > 0) {
            if (st->codec->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC) {
                memcpy (rdt->buffer, buf + pos, len - pos);
                rdt->rmctx->pb = avio_alloc_context (rdt->buffer, len - pos, 0,
                                                    NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
            }
            goto get_cache;
        }
    } else {
get_cache:
        rdt->audio_pkt_cnt =
            ff_rm_retrieve_cache (rdt->rmctx, rdt->rmctx->pb,
                                  st, rdt->rmst[st->index], pkt);
        if (rdt->audio_pkt_cnt == 0 &&
            st->codec->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_AAC)
            av_freep(&rdt->rmctx->pb);
    }
    pkt->stream_index = st->index;
    pkt->pts = *timestamp;

    return rdt->audio_pkt_cnt > 0;
}

int
ff_rdt_parse_packet(RDTDemuxContext *s, AVPacket *pkt,
                    uint8_t **bufptr, int len)
{
    uint8_t *buf = bufptr ? *bufptr : NULL;
    int seq_no, flags = 0, stream_id, set_id, is_keyframe;
    uint32_t timestamp;
    int rv= 0;

    if (!s->parse_packet)
        return -1;

    if (!buf && s->prev_stream_id != -1) {
        /* return the next packets, if any */
        timestamp= 0; ///< Should not be used if buf is NULL, but should be set to the timestamp of the packet returned....
        rv= s->parse_packet(s->ic, s->dynamic_protocol_context,
                            s->streams[s->prev_stream_id],
                            pkt, &timestamp, NULL, 0, flags);
        return rv;
    }

    if (len < 12)
        return -1;
    rv = ff_rdt_parse_header(buf, len, &set_id, &seq_no, &stream_id, &is_keyframe, &timestamp);
    if (rv < 0)
        return rv;
    if (is_keyframe &&
        (set_id != s->prev_set_id || timestamp != s->prev_timestamp ||
         stream_id != s->prev_stream_id)) {
        flags |= RTP_FLAG_KEY;
        s->prev_set_id = set_id;
        s->prev_timestamp = timestamp;
    }
    s->prev_stream_id = stream_id;
    buf += rv;
    len -= rv;

     if (s->prev_stream_id >= s->n_streams) {
         s->prev_stream_id = -1;
         return -1;
     }

    rv = s->parse_packet(s->ic, s->dynamic_protocol_context,
                         s->streams[s->prev_stream_id],
                         pkt, &timestamp, buf, len, flags);

    return rv;
}

void
ff_rdt_subscribe_rule (char *cmd, int size,
                       int stream_nr, int rule_nr)
{
    av_strlcatf(cmd, size, "stream=%d;rule=%d,stream=%d;rule=%d",
                stream_nr, rule_nr * 2, stream_nr, rule_nr * 2 + 1);
}

static unsigned char *
rdt_parse_b64buf (unsigned int *target_len, const char *p)
{
    unsigned char *target;
    int len = strlen(p);
    if (*p == '\"') {
        p++;
        len -= 2; /* skip embracing " at start/end */
    }
    *target_len = len * 3 / 4;
    target = av_mallocz(*target_len + FF_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE);
    av_base64_decode(target, p, *target_len);
    return target;
}

static int
rdt_parse_sdp_line (AVFormatContext *s, int st_index,
                    PayloadContext *rdt, const char *line)
{
    AVStream *stream = s->streams[st_index];
    const char *p = line;

    if (av_strstart(p, "OpaqueData:buffer;", &p)) {
        rdt->mlti_data = rdt_parse_b64buf(&rdt->mlti_data_size, p);
    } else if (av_strstart(p, "StartTime:integer;", &p))
        stream->first_dts = atoi(p);
    else if (av_strstart(p, "ASMRuleBook:string;", &p)) {
        int n, first = -1;

        for (n = 0; n < s->nb_streams; n++)
            if (s->streams[n]->id == stream->id) {
                int count = s->streams[n]->index + 1;
                if (first == -1) first = n;
                if (rdt->nb_rmst < count) {
                    RMStream **rmst= av_realloc(rdt->rmst, count*sizeof(*rmst));
                    if (!rmst)
                        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
                    memset(rmst + rdt->nb_rmst, 0,
                           (count - rdt->nb_rmst) * sizeof(*rmst));
                    rdt->rmst = rmst;
                    rdt->nb_rmst = count;
                }
                rdt->rmst[s->streams[n]->index] = ff_rm_alloc_rmstream();
                rdt_load_mdpr(rdt, s->streams[n], (n - first) * 2);
           }
    }

    return 0;
}

static void
real_parse_asm_rule(AVStream *st, const char *p, const char *end)
{
    do {
        /* can be either averagebandwidth= or AverageBandwidth= */
        if (sscanf(p, " %*1[Aa]verage%*1[Bb]andwidth=%d", &st->codec->bit_rate) == 1)
            break;
        if (!(p = strchr(p, ',')) || p > end)
            p = end;
        p++;
    } while (p < end);
}

static AVStream *
add_dstream(AVFormatContext *s, AVStream *orig_st)
{
    AVStream *st;

    if (!(st = avformat_new_stream(s, NULL)))
        return NULL;
    st->id = orig_st->id;
    st->codec->codec_type = orig_st->codec->codec_type;
    st->first_dts = orig_st->first_dts;

    return st;
}

static void
real_parse_asm_rulebook(AVFormatContext *s, AVStream *orig_st,
                        const char *p)
{
    const char *end;
    int n_rules = 0, odd = 0;
    AVStream *st;

    /**
* The ASMRuleBook contains a list of comma-separated strings per rule,
* and each rule is separated by a ;. The last one also has a ; at the
* end so we can use it as delimiter.
* Every rule occurs twice, once for when the RTSP packet header marker
* is set and once for if it isn't. We only read the first because we
* don't care much (that's what the "odd" variable is for).
* Each rule contains a set of one or more statements, optionally
* preceded by a single condition. If there's a condition, the rule
* starts with a '#'. Multiple conditions are merged between brackets,
* so there are never multiple conditions spread out over separate
* statements. Generally, these conditions are bitrate limits (min/max)
* for multi-bitrate streams.
*/
    if (*p == '\"') p++;
    while (1) {
        if (!(end = strchr(p, ';')))
            break;
        if (!odd && end != p) {
            if (n_rules > 0)
                st = add_dstream(s, orig_st);
            else
                st = orig_st;
            if (!st)
                break;
            real_parse_asm_rule(st, p, end);
            n_rules++;
        }
        p = end + 1;
        odd ^= 1;
    }
}

void
ff_real_parse_sdp_a_line (AVFormatContext *s, int stream_index,
                          const char *line)
{
    const char *p = line;

    if (av_strstart(p, "ASMRuleBook:string;", &p))
        real_parse_asm_rulebook(s, s->streams[stream_index], p);
}

static PayloadContext *
rdt_new_context (void)
{
    PayloadContext *rdt = av_mallocz(sizeof(PayloadContext));

    int ret = avformat_open_input(&rdt->rmctx, "", &ff_rdt_demuxer, NULL);
    if (ret < 0) {
        av_free(rdt);
        return NULL;
    }

    return rdt;
}

static void
rdt_free_context (PayloadContext *rdt)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < rdt->nb_rmst; i++)
        if (rdt->rmst[i]) {
            ff_rm_free_rmstream(rdt->rmst[i]);
            av_freep(&rdt->rmst[i]);
        }
    if (rdt->rmctx)
        avformat_close_input(&rdt->rmctx);
    av_freep(&rdt->mlti_data);
    av_freep(&rdt->rmst);
    av_free(rdt);
}

#define RDT_HANDLER(n, s, t) \
static RTPDynamicProtocolHandler ff_rdt_ ## n ## _handler = { \
.enc_name = s, \
.codec_type = t, \
.codec_id = AV_CODEC_ID_NONE, \
.parse_sdp_a_line = rdt_parse_sdp_line, \
.alloc = rdt_new_context, \
.free = rdt_free_context, \
.parse_packet = rdt_parse_packet \
}

RDT_HANDLER(live_video, "x-pn-multirate-realvideo-live", AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO);
RDT_HANDLER(live_audio, "x-pn-multirate-realaudio-live", AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO);
RDT_HANDLER(video, "x-pn-realvideo", AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO);
RDT_HANDLER(audio, "x-pn-realaudio", AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO);

void av_register_rdt_dynamic_payload_handlers(void)
{
    ff_register_dynamic_payload_handler(&ff_rdt_video_handler);
    ff_register_dynamic_payload_handler(&ff_rdt_audio_handler);
    ff_register_dynamic_payload_handler(&ff_rdt_live_video_handler);
    ff_register_dynamic_payload_handler(&ff_rdt_live_audio_handler);
}
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