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/*
* Copyright (c) 2011 Stefano Sabatini
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/

/**
* @file
* Compute a look-up table for binding the input value to the output
* value, and apply it to input video.
*/

#include "libavutil/common.h"
#include "libavutil/eval.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "libavutil/pixdesc.h"
#include "avfilter.h"
#include "formats.h"
#include "internal.h"
#include "video.h"

static const char *const var_names[] = {
    "w", ///< width of the input video
    "h", ///< height of the input video
    "val", ///< input value for the pixel
    "maxval", ///< max value for the pixel
    "minval", ///< min value for the pixel
    "negval", ///< negated value
    "clipval",
    NULL
};

enum var_name {
    VAR_W,
    VAR_H,
    VAR_VAL,
    VAR_MAXVAL,
    VAR_MINVAL,
    VAR_NEGVAL,
    VAR_CLIPVAL,
    VAR_VARS_NB
};

typedef struct {
    const AVClass *class;
    uint8_t lut[4][256]; ///< lookup table for each component
    char *comp_expr_str[4];
    AVExpr *comp_expr[4];
    int hsub, vsub;
    double var_values[VAR_VARS_NB];
    int is_rgb, is_yuv;
    int step;
    int negate_alpha; /* only used by negate */
} LutContext;

#define Y 0
#define U 1
#define V 2
#define R 0
#define G 1
#define B 2
#define A 3

#define OFFSET(x) offsetof(LutContext, x)
#define FLAGS AV_OPT_FLAG_FILTERING_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_VIDEO_PARAM

static const AVOption options[] = {
    {"c0", "set component #0 expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[0]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"c1", "set component #1 expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[1]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"c2", "set component #2 expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[2]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"c3", "set component #3 expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[3]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"y", "set Y expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[Y]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"u", "set U expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[U]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"v", "set V expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[V]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"r", "set R expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[R]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"g", "set G expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[G]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"b", "set B expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[B]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {"a", "set A expression", OFFSET(comp_expr_str[A]), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str="val"}, CHAR_MIN, CHAR_MAX, FLAGS},
    {NULL},
};

static av_cold void uninit(AVFilterContext *ctx)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
        av_expr_free(lut->comp_expr[i]);
        lut->comp_expr[i] = NULL;
        av_freep(&lut->comp_expr_str[i]);
    }
}

#define YUV_FORMATS \
AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P, \
AV_PIX_FMT_YUV411P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV410P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUV440P, \
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P, \
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ444P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ422P, AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ420P, \
AV_PIX_FMT_YUVJ440P

#define RGB_FORMATS \
AV_PIX_FMT_ARGB, AV_PIX_FMT_RGBA, \
AV_PIX_FMT_ABGR, AV_PIX_FMT_BGRA, \
AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24, AV_PIX_FMT_BGR24

static const enum AVPixelFormat yuv_pix_fmts[] = { YUV_FORMATS, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE };
static const enum AVPixelFormat rgb_pix_fmts[] = { RGB_FORMATS, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE };
static const enum AVPixelFormat all_pix_fmts[] = { RGB_FORMATS, YUV_FORMATS, AV_PIX_FMT_NONE };

static int query_formats(AVFilterContext *ctx)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;

    const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts = lut->is_rgb ? rgb_pix_fmts :
                                       lut->is_yuv ? yuv_pix_fmts : all_pix_fmts;

    ff_set_common_formats(ctx, ff_make_format_list(pix_fmts));
    return 0;
}

/**
* Clip value val in the minval - maxval range.
*/
static double clip(void *opaque, double val)
{
    LutContext *lut = opaque;
    double minval = lut->var_values[VAR_MINVAL];
    double maxval = lut->var_values[VAR_MAXVAL];

    return av_clip(val, minval, maxval);
}

/**
* Compute gamma correction for value val, assuming the minval-maxval
* range, val is clipped to a value contained in the same interval.
*/
static double compute_gammaval(void *opaque, double gamma)
{
    LutContext *lut = opaque;
    double val = lut->var_values[VAR_CLIPVAL];
    double minval = lut->var_values[VAR_MINVAL];
    double maxval = lut->var_values[VAR_MAXVAL];

    return pow((val-minval)/(maxval-minval), gamma) * (maxval-minval)+minval;
}

static double (* const funcs1[])(void *, double) = {
    (void *)clip,
    (void *)compute_gammaval,
    NULL
};

static const char * const funcs1_names[] = {
    "clip",
    "gammaval",
    NULL
};

static int config_props(AVFilterLink *inlink)
{
    AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    const AVPixFmtDescriptor *desc = &av_pix_fmt_descriptors[inlink->format];
    int rgba_map[4]; /* component index -> RGBA color index map */
    int min[4], max[4];
    int val, comp, ret;

    lut->hsub = desc->log2_chroma_w;
    lut->vsub = desc->log2_chroma_h;

    lut->var_values[VAR_W] = inlink->w;
    lut->var_values[VAR_H] = inlink->h;

    switch (inlink->format) {
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV410P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV411P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV422P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV440P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUV444P:
    case AV_PIX_FMT_YUVA420P:
        min[Y] = min[U] = min[V] = 16;
        max[Y] = 235;
        max[U] = max[V] = 240;
        min[A] = 0; max[A] = 255;
        break;
    default:
        min[0] = min[1] = min[2] = min[3] = 0;
        max[0] = max[1] = max[2] = max[3] = 255;
    }

    lut->is_yuv = lut->is_rgb = 0;
    if (ff_fmt_is_in(inlink->format, yuv_pix_fmts)) lut->is_yuv = 1;
    else if (ff_fmt_is_in(inlink->format, rgb_pix_fmts)) lut->is_rgb = 1;

    if (lut->is_rgb) {
        switch (inlink->format) {
        case AV_PIX_FMT_ARGB: rgba_map[0] = A; rgba_map[1] = R; rgba_map[2] = G; rgba_map[3] = B; break;
        case AV_PIX_FMT_ABGR: rgba_map[0] = A; rgba_map[1] = B; rgba_map[2] = G; rgba_map[3] = R; break;
        case AV_PIX_FMT_RGBA:
        case AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24: rgba_map[0] = R; rgba_map[1] = G; rgba_map[2] = B; rgba_map[3] = A; break;
        case AV_PIX_FMT_BGRA:
        case AV_PIX_FMT_BGR24: rgba_map[0] = B; rgba_map[1] = G; rgba_map[2] = R; rgba_map[3] = A; break;
        }
        lut->step = av_get_bits_per_pixel(desc) >> 3;
    }

    for (comp = 0; comp < desc->nb_components; comp++) {
        double res;
        int color = lut->is_rgb ? rgba_map[comp] : comp;

        /* create the parsed expression */
        ret = av_expr_parse(&lut->comp_expr[color], lut->comp_expr_str[color],
                            var_names, funcs1_names, funcs1, NULL, NULL, 0, ctx);
        if (ret < 0) {
            av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
                   "Error when parsing the expression '%s' for the component %d and color %d.\n",
                   lut->comp_expr_str[comp], comp, color);
            return AVERROR(EINVAL);
        }

        /* compute the lut */
        lut->var_values[VAR_MAXVAL] = max[color];
        lut->var_values[VAR_MINVAL] = min[color];

        for (val = 0; val < 256; val++) {
            lut->var_values[VAR_VAL] = val;
            lut->var_values[VAR_CLIPVAL] = av_clip(val, min[color], max[color]);
            lut->var_values[VAR_NEGVAL] =
                av_clip(min[color] + max[color] - lut->var_values[VAR_VAL],
                        min[color], max[color]);

            res = av_expr_eval(lut->comp_expr[color], lut->var_values, lut);
            if (isnan(res)) {
                av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
                       "Error when evaluating the expression '%s' for the value %d for the component %d.\n",
                       lut->comp_expr_str[color], val, comp);
                return AVERROR(EINVAL);
            }
            lut->lut[comp][val] = av_clip((int)res, min[color], max[color]);
            av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "val[%d][%d] = %d\n", comp, val, lut->lut[comp][val]);
        }
    }

    return 0;
}

static int draw_slice(AVFilterLink *inlink, int y, int h, int slice_dir)
{
    AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    AVFilterLink *outlink = ctx->outputs[0];
    AVFilterBufferRef *inpic = inlink ->cur_buf;
    AVFilterBufferRef *outpic = outlink->out_buf;
    uint8_t *inrow, *outrow, *inrow0, *outrow0;
    int i, j, plane;

    if (lut->is_rgb) {
        /* packed */
        inrow0 = inpic ->data[0] + y * inpic ->linesize[0];
        outrow0 = outpic->data[0] + y * outpic->linesize[0];

        for (i = 0; i < h; i ++) {
            int w = inlink->w;
            const uint8_t (*tab)[256] = (const uint8_t (*)[256])lut->lut;
            inrow = inrow0;
            outrow = outrow0;
            for (j = 0; j < w; j++) {
                outrow[0] = tab[0][inrow[0]];
                if (lut->step>1) {
                    outrow[1] = tab[1][inrow[1]];
                    if (lut->step>2) {
                        outrow[2] = tab[2][inrow[2]];
                        if (lut->step>3) {
                            outrow[3] = tab[3][inrow[3]];
                        }
                    }
                }
                outrow += lut->step;
                inrow += lut->step;
            }
            inrow0 += inpic ->linesize[0];
            outrow0 += outpic->linesize[0];
        }
    } else {
        /* planar */
        for (plane = 0; plane < 4 && inpic->data[plane]; plane++) {
            int vsub = plane == 1 || plane == 2 ? lut->vsub : 0;
            int hsub = plane == 1 || plane == 2 ? lut->hsub : 0;

            inrow = inpic ->data[plane] + (y>>vsub) * inpic ->linesize[plane];
            outrow = outpic->data[plane] + (y>>vsub) * outpic->linesize[plane];

            for (i = 0; i < (h + (1<<vsub) - 1)>>vsub; i ++) {
                const uint8_t *tab = lut->lut[plane];
                int w = (inlink->w + (1<<hsub) - 1)>>hsub;
                for (j = 0; j < w; j++)
                    outrow[j] = tab[inrow[j]];
                inrow += inpic ->linesize[plane];
                outrow += outpic->linesize[plane];
            }
        }
    }

    return ff_draw_slice(outlink, y, h, slice_dir);
}

static const AVFilterPad inputs[] = {
    { .name = "default",
      .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
      .draw_slice = draw_slice,
      .config_props = config_props,
      .min_perms = AV_PERM_READ, },
    { .name = NULL}
};
static const AVFilterPad outputs[] = {
    { .name = "default",
      .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO, },
    { .name = NULL}
};
#define DEFINE_LUT_FILTER(name_, description_) \
AVFilter avfilter_vf_##name_ = { \
.name = #name_, \
.description = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(description_), \
.priv_size = sizeof(LutContext), \
\
.init = name_##_init, \
.uninit = uninit, \
.query_formats = query_formats, \
\
.inputs = inputs, \
.outputs = outputs, \
.priv_class = &name_##_class, \
}

#if CONFIG_LUT_FILTER

#define lut_options options
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lut);

static int lut_init(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    int ret;

    lut->class = &lut_class;
    av_opt_set_defaults(lut);

    if (args && (ret = av_set_options_string(lut, args, "=", ":")) < 0)
        return ret;

    return 0;
}

DEFINE_LUT_FILTER(lut, "Compute and apply a lookup table to the RGB/YUV input video.");
#endif

#if CONFIG_LUTYUV_FILTER

#define lutyuv_options options
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lutyuv);

static int lutyuv_init(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    int ret;

    lut->class = &lutyuv_class;
    lut->is_yuv = 1;
    av_opt_set_defaults(lut);

    if (args && (ret = av_set_options_string(lut, args, "=", ":")) < 0)
        return ret;

    return 0;
}

DEFINE_LUT_FILTER(lutyuv, "Compute and apply a lookup table to the YUV input video.");
#endif

#if CONFIG_LUTRGB_FILTER

#define lutrgb_options options
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(lutrgb);

static int lutrgb_init(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    int ret;

    lut->class = &lutrgb_class;
    lut->is_rgb = 1;
    av_opt_set_defaults(lut);

    if (args && (ret = av_set_options_string(lut, args, "=", ":")) < 0)
        return ret;

    return 0;
}

DEFINE_LUT_FILTER(lutrgb, "Compute and apply a lookup table to the RGB input video.");
#endif

#if CONFIG_NEGATE_FILTER

#define negate_options options
AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(negate);

static int negate_init(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args)
{
    LutContext *lut = ctx->priv;
    char lut_params[64];

    if (args)
        sscanf(args, "%d", &lut->negate_alpha);

    av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "negate_alpha:%d\n", lut->negate_alpha);

    snprintf(lut_params, sizeof(lut_params), "c0=negval:c1=negval:c2=negval:a=%s",
             lut->negate_alpha ? "negval" : "val");

    lut->class = &negate_class;
    av_opt_set_defaults(lut);

    return av_set_options_string(lut, lut_params, "=", ":");
}

DEFINE_LUT_FILTER(negate, "Negate input video.");

#endif
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