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/* Global common subexpression elimination/Partial redundancy elimination
and global constant/copy propagation for GNU compiler.
Copyright (C) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005,
2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
/* TODO
- reordering of memory allocation and freeing to be more space efficient
- do rough calc of how many regs are needed in each block, and a rough
calc of how many regs are available in each class and use that to
throttle back the code in cases where RTX_COST is minimal.
- a store to the same address as a load does not kill the load if the
source of the store is also the destination of the load. Handling this
allows more load motion, particularly out of loops.
- ability to realloc sbitmap vectors would allow one initial computation
of reg_set_in_block with only subsequent additions, rather than
recomputing it for each pass
*/
/* References searched while implementing this.
Compilers Principles, Techniques and Tools
Aho, Sethi, Ullman
Addison-Wesley, 1988
Global Optimization by Suppression of Partial Redundancies
E. Morel, C. Renvoise
communications of the acm, Vol. 22, Num. 2, Feb. 1979
A Portable Machine-Independent Global Optimizer - Design and Measurements
Frederick Chow
Stanford Ph.D. thesis, Dec. 1983
A Fast Algorithm for Code Movement Optimization
D.M. Dhamdhere
SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 23, Num. 10, Oct. 1988
A Solution to a Problem with Morel and Renvoise's
Global Optimization by Suppression of Partial Redundancies
K-H Drechsler, M.P. Stadel
ACM TOPLAS, Vol. 10, Num. 4, Oct. 1988
Practical Adaptation of the Global Optimization
Algorithm of Morel and Renvoise
D.M. Dhamdhere
ACM TOPLAS, Vol. 13, Num. 2. Apr. 1991
Efficiently Computing Static Single Assignment Form and the Control
Dependence Graph
R. Cytron, J. Ferrante, B.K. Rosen, M.N. Wegman, and F.K. Zadeck
ACM TOPLAS, Vol. 13, Num. 4, Oct. 1991
Lazy Code Motion
J. Knoop, O. Ruthing, B. Steffen
ACM SIGPLAN Notices Vol. 27, Num. 7, Jul. 1992, '92 Conference on PLDI
What's In a Region? Or Computing Control Dependence Regions in Near-Linear
Time for Reducible Flow Control
Thomas Ball
ACM Letters on Programming Languages and Systems,
Vol. 2, Num. 1-4, Mar-Dec 1993
An Efficient Representation for Sparse Sets
Preston Briggs, Linda Torczon
ACM Letters on Programming Languages and Systems,
Vol. 2, Num. 1-4, Mar-Dec 1993
A Variation of Knoop, Ruthing, and Steffen's Lazy Code Motion
K-H Drechsler, M.P. Stadel
ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 28, Num. 5, May 1993
Partial Dead Code Elimination
J. Knoop, O. Ruthing, B. Steffen
ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 29, Num. 6, Jun. 1994
Effective Partial Redundancy Elimination
P. Briggs, K.D. Cooper
ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 29, Num. 6, Jun. 1994
The Program Structure Tree: Computing Control Regions in Linear Time
R. Johnson, D. Pearson, K. Pingali
ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Vol. 29, Num. 6, Jun. 1994
Optimal Code Motion: Theory and Practice
J. Knoop, O. Ruthing, B. Steffen
ACM TOPLAS, Vol. 16, Num. 4, Jul. 1994
The power of assignment motion
J. Knoop, O. Ruthing, B. Steffen
ACM SIGPLAN Notices Vol. 30, Num. 6, Jun. 1995, '95 Conference on PLDI
Global code motion / global value numbering
C. Click
ACM SIGPLAN Notices Vol. 30, Num. 6, Jun. 1995, '95 Conference on PLDI
Value Driven Redundancy Elimination
L.T. Simpson
Rice University Ph.D. thesis, Apr. 1996
Value Numbering
L.T. Simpson
Massively Scalar Compiler Project, Rice University, Sep. 1996
High Performance Compilers for Parallel Computing
Michael Wolfe
Addison-Wesley, 1996
Advanced Compiler Design and Implementation
Steven Muchnick
Morgan Kaufmann, 1997
Building an Optimizing Compiler
Robert Morgan
Digital Press, 1998
People wishing to speed up the code here should read:
Elimination Algorithms for Data Flow Analysis
B.G. Ryder, M.C. Paull
ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 18, Num. 3, Sep. 1986
How to Analyze Large Programs Efficiently and Informatively
D.M. Dhamdhere, B.K. Rosen, F.K. Zadeck
ACM SIGPLAN Notices Vol. 27, Num. 7, Jul. 1992, '92 Conference on PLDI
People wishing to do something different can find various possibilities
in the above papers and elsewhere.
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "toplev.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tm_p.h"
#include "regs.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "real.h"
#include "insn-config.h"
#include "recog.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "function.h"
#include "expr.h"
#include "except.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "params.h"
#include "cselib.h"
#include "intl.h"
#include "obstack.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "df.h"
#include "dbgcnt.h"
/* Propagate flow information through back edges and thus enable PRE's
moving loop invariant calculations out of loops.
Originally this tended to create worse overall code, but several
improvements during the development of PRE seem to have made following
back edges generally a win.
Note much of the loop invariant code motion done here would normally
be done by loop.c, which has more heuristics for when to move invariants
out of loops. At some point we might need to move some of those
heuristics into gcse.c. */
/* We support GCSE via Partial Redundancy Elimination. PRE optimizations
are a superset of those done by GCSE.
We perform the following steps:
1) Compute basic block information.
2) Compute table of places where registers are set.
3) Perform copy/constant propagation.
4) Perform global cse using lazy code motion if not optimizing
for size, or code hoisting if we are.
5) Perform another pass of copy/constant propagation.
Two passes of copy/constant propagation are done because the first one
enables more GCSE and the second one helps to clean up the copies that
GCSE creates. This is needed more for PRE than for Classic because Classic
GCSE will try to use an existing register containing the common
subexpression rather than create a new one. This is harder to do for PRE
because of the code motion (which Classic GCSE doesn't do).
Expressions we are interested in GCSE-ing are of the form
(set (pseudo-reg) (expression)).
Function want_to_gcse_p says what these are.
PRE handles moving invariant expressions out of loops (by treating them as
partially redundant).
Eventually it would be nice to replace cse.c/gcse.c with SSA (static single
assignment) based GVN (global value numbering). L. T. Simpson's paper
(Rice University) on value numbering is a useful reference for this.
**********************
We used to support multiple passes but there are diminishing returns in
doing so. The first pass usually makes 90% of the changes that are doable.
A second pass can make a few more changes made possible by the first pass.
Experiments show any further passes don't make enough changes to justify
the expense.
A study of spec92 using an unlimited number of passes:
[1 pass] = 1208 substitutions, [2] = 577, [3] = 202, [4] = 192, [5] = 83,
[6] = 34, [7] = 17, [8] = 9, [9] = 4, [10] = 4, [11] = 2,
[12] = 2, [13] = 1, [15] = 1, [16] = 2, [41] = 1
It was found doing copy propagation between each pass enables further
substitutions.
PRE is quite expensive in complicated functions because the DFA can take
a while to converge. Hence we only perform one pass. The parameter
max-gcse-passes can be modified if one wants to experiment.
**********************
The steps for PRE are:
1) Build the hash table of expressions we wish to GCSE (expr_hash_table).
2) Perform the data flow analysis for PRE.
3) Delete the redundant instructions
4) Insert the required copies [if any] that make the partially
redundant instructions fully redundant.
5) For other reaching expressions, insert an instruction to copy the value
to a newly created pseudo that will reach the redundant instruction.
The deletion is done first so that when we do insertions we
know which pseudo reg to use.
Various papers have argued that PRE DFA is expensive (O(n^2)) and others
argue it is not. The number of iterations for the algorithm to converge
is typically 2-4 so I don't view it as that expensive (relatively speaking).
PRE GCSE depends heavily on the second CSE pass to clean up the copies
we create. To make an expression reach the place where it's redundant,
the result of the expression is copied to a new register, and the redundant
expression is deleted by replacing it with this new register. Classic GCSE
doesn't have this problem as much as it computes the reaching defs of
each register in each block and thus can try to use an existing
register. */
/* GCSE global vars. */
/* Note whether or not we should run jump optimization after gcse. We
want to do this for two cases.
* If we changed any jumps via cprop.
* If we added any labels via edge splitting. */
static int run_jump_opt_after_gcse;
/* An obstack for our working variables. */
static struct obstack gcse_obstack;
struct reg_use {rtx reg_rtx; };
/* Hash table of expressions. */
struct expr
{
/* The expression (SET_SRC for expressions, PATTERN for assignments). */
rtx expr;
/* Index in the available expression bitmaps. */
int bitmap_index;
/* Next entry with the same hash. */
struct expr *next_same_hash;
/* List of anticipatable occurrences in basic blocks in the function.
An "anticipatable occurrence" is one that is the first occurrence in the
basic block, the operands are not modified in the basic block prior
to the occurrence and the output is not used between the start of
the block and the occurrence. */
struct occr *antic_occr;
/* List of available occurrence in basic blocks in the function.
An "available occurrence" is one that is the last occurrence in the
basic block and the operands are not modified by following statements in
the basic block [including this insn]. */
struct occr *avail_occr;
/* Non-null if the computation is PRE redundant.
The value is the newly created pseudo-reg to record a copy of the
expression in all the places that reach the redundant copy. */
rtx reaching_reg;
};
/* Occurrence of an expression.
There is one per basic block. If a pattern appears more than once the
last appearance is used [or first for anticipatable expressions]. */
struct occr
{
/* Next occurrence of this expression. */
struct occr *next;
/* The insn that computes the expression. */
rtx insn;
/* Nonzero if this [anticipatable] occurrence has been deleted. */
char deleted_p;
/* Nonzero if this [available] occurrence has been copied to
reaching_reg. */
/* ??? This is mutually exclusive with deleted_p, so they could share
the same byte. */
char copied_p;
};
/* Expression and copy propagation hash tables.
Each hash table is an array of buckets.
??? It is known that if it were an array of entries, structure elements
`next_same_hash' and `bitmap_index' wouldn't be necessary. However, it is
not clear whether in the final analysis a sufficient amount of memory would
be saved as the size of the available expression bitmaps would be larger
[one could build a mapping table without holes afterwards though].
Someday I'll perform the computation and figure it out. */
struct hash_table
{
/* The table itself.
This is an array of `expr_hash_table_size' elements. */
struct expr **table;
/* Size of the hash table, in elements. */
unsigned int size;
/* Number of hash table elements. */
unsigned int n_elems;
/* Whether the table is expression of copy propagation one. */
int set_p;
};
/* Expression hash table. */
static struct hash_table expr_hash_table;
/* Copy propagation hash table. */
static struct hash_table set_hash_table;
/* Mapping of uids to cuids.
Only real insns get cuids. */
static int *uid_cuid;
/* Highest UID in UID_CUID. */
static int max_uid;
/* Get the cuid of an insn. */
#ifdef ENABLE_CHECKING
#define INSN_CUID(INSN) \
(gcc_assert (INSN_UID (INSN) <= max_uid), uid_cuid[INSN_UID (INSN)])
#else
#define INSN_CUID(INSN) (uid_cuid[INSN_UID (INSN)])
#endif
/* Number of cuids. */
static int max_cuid;
/* Maximum register number in function prior to doing gcse + 1.
Registers created during this pass have regno >= max_gcse_regno.
This is named with "gcse" to not collide with global of same name. */
static unsigned int max_gcse_regno;
/* Table of registers that are modified.
For each register, each element is a list of places where the pseudo-reg
is set.
For simplicity, GCSE is done on sets of pseudo-regs only. PRE GCSE only
requires knowledge of which blocks kill which regs [and thus could use
a bitmap instead of the lists `reg_set_table' uses].
`reg_set_table' and could be turned into an array of bitmaps (num-bbs x
num-regs) [however perhaps it may be useful to keep the data as is]. One
advantage of recording things this way is that `reg_set_table' is fairly
sparse with respect to pseudo regs but for hard regs could be fairly dense
[relatively speaking]. And recording sets of pseudo-regs in lists speeds
up functions like compute_transp since in the case of pseudo-regs we only
need to iterate over the number of times a pseudo-reg is set, not over the
number of basic blocks [clearly there is a bit of a slow down in the cases
where a pseudo is set more than once in a block, however it is believed
that the net effect is to speed things up]. This isn't done for hard-regs
because recording call-clobbered hard-regs in `reg_set_table' at each
function call can consume a fair bit of memory, and iterating over
hard-regs stored this way in compute_transp will be more expensive. */
typedef struct reg_set
{
/* The next setting of this register. */
struct reg_set *next;
/* The index of the block where it was set. */
int bb_index;
} reg_set;
static reg_set **reg_set_table;
/* Size of `reg_set_table'.
The table starts out at max_gcse_regno + slop, and is enlarged as
necessary. */
static int reg_set_table_size;
/* Amount to grow `reg_set_table' by when it's full. */
#define REG_SET_TABLE_SLOP 100
/* This is a list of expressions which are MEMs and will be used by load
or store motion.
Load motion tracks MEMs which aren't killed by
anything except itself. (i.e., loads and stores to a single location).
We can then allow movement of these MEM refs with a little special
allowance. (all stores copy the same value to the reaching reg used
for the loads). This means all values used to store into memory must have
no side effects so we can re-issue the setter value.
Store Motion uses this structure as an expression table to track stores
which look interesting, and might be moveable towards the exit block. */
struct ls_expr
{
struct expr * expr; /* Gcse expression reference for LM. */
rtx pattern; /* Pattern of this mem. */
rtx pattern_regs; /* List of registers mentioned by the mem. */
rtx loads; /* INSN list of loads seen. */
rtx stores; /* INSN list of stores seen. */
struct ls_expr * next; /* Next in the list. */
int invalid; /* Invalid for some reason. */
int index; /* If it maps to a bitmap index. */
unsigned int hash_index; /* Index when in a hash table. */
rtx reaching_reg; /* Register to use when re-writing. */
};
/* Array of implicit set patterns indexed by basic block index. */
static rtx *implicit_sets;
/* Head of the list of load/store memory refs. */
static struct ls_expr * pre_ldst_mems = NULL;
/* Hashtable for the load/store memory refs. */
static htab_t pre_ldst_table = NULL;
/* Bitmap containing one bit for each register in the program.
Used when performing GCSE to track which registers have been set since
the start of the basic block. */
static regset reg_set_bitmap;
/* For each block, a bitmap of registers set in the block.
This is used by compute_transp.
It is computed during hash table computation and not by compute_sets
as it includes registers added since the last pass (or between cprop and
gcse) and it's currently not easy to realloc sbitmap vectors. */
static sbitmap *reg_set_in_block;
/* Array, indexed by basic block number for a list of insns which modify
memory within that block. */
static rtx * modify_mem_list;
static bitmap modify_mem_list_set;
/* This array parallels modify_mem_list, but is kept canonicalized. */
static rtx * canon_modify_mem_list;
/* Bitmap indexed by block numbers to record which blocks contain
function calls. */
static bitmap blocks_with_calls;
/* Various variables for statistics gathering. */
/* Memory used in a pass.
This isn't intended to be absolutely precise. Its intent is only
to keep an eye on memory usage. */
static int bytes_used;
/* GCSE substitutions made. */
static int gcse_subst_count;
/* Number of copy instructions created. */
static int gcse_create_count;
/* Number of local constants propagated. */
static int local_const_prop_count;
/* Number of local copies propagated. */
static int local_copy_prop_count;
/* Number of global constants propagated. */
static int global_const_prop_count;
/* Number of global copies propagated. */
static int global_copy_prop_count;
/* For available exprs */
static sbitmap *ae_kill, *ae_gen;
static void compute_can_copy (void);
static void *gmalloc (size_t) ATTRIBUTE_MALLOC;
static void *gcalloc (size_t, size_t) ATTRIBUTE_MALLOC;
static void *grealloc (void *, size_t);
static void *gcse_alloc (unsigned long);
static void alloc_gcse_mem (void);
static void free_gcse_mem (void);
static void alloc_reg_set_mem (int);
static void free_reg_set_mem (void);
static void record_one_set (int, rtx);
static void record_set_info (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static void compute_sets (void);
static void hash_scan_insn (rtx, struct hash_table *);
static void hash_scan_set (rtx, rtx, struct hash_table *);
static void hash_scan_clobber (rtx, rtx, struct hash_table *);
static void hash_scan_call (rtx, rtx, struct hash_table *);
static int want_to_gcse_p (rtx);
static bool can_assign_to_reg_p (rtx);
static bool gcse_constant_p (const_rtx);
static int oprs_unchanged_p (const_rtx, const_rtx, int);
static int oprs_anticipatable_p (const_rtx, const_rtx);
static int oprs_available_p (const_rtx, const_rtx);
static void insert_expr_in_table (rtx, enum machine_mode, rtx, int, int,
struct hash_table *);
static void insert_set_in_table (rtx, rtx, struct hash_table *);
static unsigned int hash_expr (const_rtx, enum machine_mode, int *, int);
static unsigned int hash_set (int, int);
static int expr_equiv_p (const_rtx, const_rtx);
static void record_last_reg_set_info (rtx, int);
static void record_last_mem_set_info (rtx);
static void record_last_set_info (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static void compute_hash_table (struct hash_table *);
static void alloc_hash_table (int, struct hash_table *, int);
static void free_hash_table (struct hash_table *);
static void compute_hash_table_work (struct hash_table *);
static void dump_hash_table (FILE *, const char *, struct hash_table *);
static struct expr *lookup_set (unsigned int, struct hash_table *);
static struct expr *next_set (unsigned int, struct expr *);
static void reset_opr_set_tables (void);
static int oprs_not_set_p (const_rtx, const_rtx);
static void mark_call (rtx);
static void mark_set (rtx, rtx);
static void mark_clobber (rtx, rtx);
static void mark_oprs_set (rtx);
static void alloc_cprop_mem (int, int);
static void free_cprop_mem (void);
static void compute_transp (const_rtx, int, sbitmap *, int);
static void compute_transpout (void);
static void compute_local_properties (sbitmap *, sbitmap *, sbitmap *,
struct hash_table *);
static void compute_cprop_data (void);
static void find_used_regs (rtx *, void *);
static int try_replace_reg (rtx, rtx, rtx);
static struct expr *find_avail_set (int, rtx);
static int cprop_jump (basic_block, rtx, rtx, rtx, rtx);
static void mems_conflict_for_gcse_p (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static int load_killed_in_block_p (const_basic_block, int, const_rtx, int);
static void canon_list_insert (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static int cprop_insn (rtx, int);
static int cprop (int);
static void find_implicit_sets (void);
static int one_cprop_pass (int, bool, bool);
static bool constprop_register (rtx, rtx, rtx, bool);
static struct expr *find_bypass_set (int, int);
static bool reg_killed_on_edge (const_rtx, const_edge);
static int bypass_block (basic_block, rtx, rtx);
static int bypass_conditional_jumps (void);
static void alloc_pre_mem (int, int);
static void free_pre_mem (void);
static void compute_pre_data (void);
static int pre_expr_reaches_here_p (basic_block, struct expr *,
basic_block);
static void insert_insn_end_basic_block (struct expr *, basic_block, int);
static void pre_insert_copy_insn (struct expr *, rtx);
static void pre_insert_copies (void);
static int pre_delete (void);
static int pre_gcse (void);
static int one_pre_gcse_pass (int);
static void add_label_notes (rtx, rtx);
static void alloc_code_hoist_mem (int, int);
static void free_code_hoist_mem (void);
static void compute_code_hoist_vbeinout (void);
static void compute_code_hoist_data (void);
static int hoist_expr_reaches_here_p (basic_block, int, basic_block, char *);
static void hoist_code (void);
static int one_code_hoisting_pass (void);
static rtx process_insert_insn (struct expr *);
static int pre_edge_insert (struct edge_list *, struct expr **);
static int pre_expr_reaches_here_p_work (basic_block, struct expr *,
basic_block, char *);
static struct ls_expr * ldst_entry (rtx);
static void free_ldst_entry (struct ls_expr *);
static void free_ldst_mems (void);
static void print_ldst_list (FILE *);
static struct ls_expr * find_rtx_in_ldst (rtx);
static int enumerate_ldsts (void);
static inline struct ls_expr * first_ls_expr (void);
static inline struct ls_expr * next_ls_expr (struct ls_expr *);
static int simple_mem (const_rtx);
static void invalidate_any_buried_refs (rtx);
static void compute_ld_motion_mems (void);
static void trim_ld_motion_mems (void);
static void update_ld_motion_stores (struct expr *);
static void reg_set_info (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static void reg_clear_last_set (rtx, const_rtx, void *);
static bool store_ops_ok (const_rtx, int *);
static rtx extract_mentioned_regs (rtx);
static rtx extract_mentioned_regs_helper (rtx, rtx);
static void find_moveable_store (rtx, int *, int *);
static int compute_store_table (void);
static bool load_kills_store (const_rtx, const_rtx, int);
static bool find_loads (const_rtx, const_rtx, int);
static bool store_killed_in_insn (const_rtx, const_rtx, const_rtx, int);
static bool store_killed_after (const_rtx, const_rtx, const_rtx, const_basic_block, int *, rtx *);
static bool store_killed_before (const_rtx, const_rtx, const_rtx, const_basic_block, int *);
static void build_store_vectors (void);
static void insert_insn_start_basic_block (rtx, basic_block);
static int insert_store (struct ls_expr *, edge);
static void remove_reachable_equiv_notes (basic_block, struct ls_expr *);
static void replace_store_insn (rtx, rtx, basic_block, struct ls_expr *);
static void delete_store (struct ls_expr *, basic_block);
static void free_store_memory (void);
static void store_motion (void);
static void free_insn_expr_list_list (rtx *);
static void clear_modify_mem_tables (void);
static void free_modify_mem_tables (void);
static rtx gcse_emit_move_after (rtx, rtx, rtx);
static void local_cprop_find_used_regs (rtx *, void *);
static bool do_local_cprop (rtx, rtx, bool);
static void local_cprop_pass (bool);
static bool is_too_expensive (const char *);
#define GNEW(T) ((T *) gmalloc (sizeof (T)))
#define GCNEW(T) ((T *) gcalloc (1, sizeof (T)))
#define GNEWVEC(T, N) ((T *) gmalloc (sizeof (T) * (N)))
#define GCNEWVEC(T, N) ((T *) gcalloc ((N), sizeof (T)))
#define GRESIZEVEC(T, P, N) ((T *) grealloc ((void *) (P), sizeof (T) * (N)))
#define GNEWVAR(T, S) ((T *) gmalloc ((S)))
#define GCNEWVAR(T, S) ((T *) gcalloc (1, (S)))
#define GRESIZEVAR(T, P, S) ((T *) grealloc ((P), (S)))
#define GOBNEW(T) ((T *) gcse_alloc (sizeof (T)))
#define GOBNEWVAR(T, S) ((T *) gcse_alloc ((S)))
/* Entry point for global common subexpression elimination.
F is the first instruction in the function. Return nonzero if a
change is mode. */
static int
gcse_main (rtx f ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
int changed, pass;
/* Bytes used at start of pass. */
int initial_bytes_used;
/* Maximum number of bytes used by a pass. */
int max_pass_bytes;
/* Point to release obstack data from for each pass. */
char *gcse_obstack_bottom;
/* We do not construct an accurate cfg in functions which call
setjmp, so just punt to be safe. */
if (cfun->calls_setjmp)
return 0;
/* Assume that we do not need to run jump optimizations after gcse. */
run_jump_opt_after_gcse = 0;
/* Identify the basic block information for this function, including
successors and predecessors. */
max_gcse_regno = max_reg_num ();
df_note_add_problem ();
df_analyze ();
if (dump_file)
dump_flow_info (dump_file, dump_flags);
/* Return if there's nothing to do, or it is too expensive. */
if (n_basic_blocks <= NUM_FIXED_BLOCKS + 1
|| is_too_expensive (_("GCSE disabled")))
return 0;
gcc_obstack_init (&gcse_obstack);
bytes_used = 0;
/* We need alias. */
init_alias_analysis ();
/* Record where pseudo-registers are set. This data is kept accurate
during each pass. ??? We could also record hard-reg information here
[since it's unchanging], however it is currently done during hash table
computation.
It may be tempting to compute MEM set information here too, but MEM sets
will be subject to code motion one day and thus we need to compute
information about memory sets when we build the hash tables. */
alloc_reg_set_mem (max_gcse_regno);
compute_sets ();
pass = 0;
initial_bytes_used = bytes_used;
max_pass_bytes = 0;
gcse_obstack_bottom = GOBNEWVAR (char, 1);
changed = 1;
while (changed && pass < MAX_GCSE_PASSES)
{
changed = 0;
if (dump_file)
fprintf (dump_file, "GCSE pass %d\n\n", pass + 1);
/* Initialize bytes_used to the space for the pred/succ lists,
and the reg_set_table data. */
bytes_used = initial_bytes_used;
/* Each pass may create new registers, so recalculate each time. */
max_gcse_regno = max_reg_num ();
alloc_gcse_mem ();
/* Don't allow constant propagation to modify jumps
during this pass. */
if (dbg_cnt (cprop1))
{
timevar_push (TV_CPROP1);
changed = one_cprop_pass (pass + 1, false, false);
timevar_pop (TV_CPROP1);
}
if (optimize_function_for_speed_p (cfun))
{
timevar_push (TV_PRE);
changed |= one_pre_gcse_pass (pass + 1);
/* We may have just created new basic blocks. Release and
recompute various things which are sized on the number of
basic blocks. */
if (changed)
{
free_modify_mem_tables ();
modify_mem_list = GCNEWVEC (rtx, last_basic_block);
canon_modify_mem_list = GCNEWVEC (rtx, last_basic_block);
}
free_reg_set_mem ();
alloc_reg_set_mem (max_reg_num ());
compute_sets ();
run_jump_opt_after_gcse = 1;
timevar_pop (TV_PRE);
}
if (max_pass_bytes < bytes_used)
max_pass_bytes = bytes_used;
/* Free up memory, then reallocate for code hoisting. We can
not re-use the existing allocated memory because the tables
will not have info for the insns or registers created by
partial redundancy elimination. */
free_gcse_mem ();
/* It does not make sense to run code hoisting unless we are optimizing
for code size -- it rarely makes programs faster, and can make
them bigger if we did partial redundancy elimination (when optimizing
for space, we don't run the partial redundancy algorithms). */
if (optimize_function_for_size_p (cfun))
{
timevar_push (TV_HOIST);
max_gcse_regno = max_reg_num ();
alloc_gcse_mem ();
changed |= one_code_hoisting_pass ();
free_gcse_mem ();
if (max_pass_bytes < bytes_used)
max_pass_bytes = bytes_used;
timevar_pop (TV_HOIST);
}
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
fflush (dump_file);
}
obstack_free (&gcse_obstack, gcse_obstack_bottom);
pass++;
}
/* Do one last pass of copy propagation, including cprop into
conditional jumps. */
if (dbg_cnt (cprop2))
{
max_gcse_regno = max_reg_num ();
alloc_gcse_mem ();
/* This time, go ahead and allow cprop to alter jumps. */
timevar_push (TV_CPROP2);
one_cprop_pass (pass + 1, true, true);
timevar_pop (TV_CPROP2);
free_gcse_mem ();
}
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "GCSE of %s: %d basic blocks, ",
current_function_name (), n_basic_blocks);
fprintf (dump_file, "%d pass%s, %d bytes\n\n",
pass, pass > 1 ? "es" : "", max_pass_bytes);
}
obstack_free (&gcse_obstack, NULL);
free_reg_set_mem ();
/* We are finished with alias. */
end_alias_analysis ();
if (optimize_function_for_speed_p (cfun) && flag_gcse_sm)
{
timevar_push (TV_LSM);
store_motion ();
timevar_pop (TV_LSM);
}
/* Record where pseudo-registers are set. */
return run_jump_opt_after_gcse;
}
/* Misc. utilities. */
/* Nonzero for each mode that supports (set (reg) (reg)).
This is trivially true for integer and floating point values.
It may or may not be true for condition codes. */
static char can_copy[(int) NUM_MACHINE_MODES];
/* Compute which modes support reg/reg copy operations. */
static void
compute_can_copy (void)
{
int i;
#ifndef AVOID_CCMODE_COPIES
rtx reg, insn;
#endif
memset (can_copy, 0, NUM_MACHINE_MODES);
start_sequence ();
for (i = 0; i < NUM_MACHINE_MODES; i++)
if (GET_MODE_CLASS (i) == MODE_CC)
{
#ifdef AVOID_CCMODE_COPIES
can_copy[i] = 0;
#else
reg = gen_rtx_REG ((enum machine_mode) i, LAST_VIRTUAL_REGISTER + 1);
insn = emit_insn (gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, reg, reg));
if (recog (PATTERN (insn), insn, NULL) >= 0)
can_copy[i] = 1;
#endif
}
else
can_copy[i] = 1;
end_sequence ();
}
/* Returns whether the mode supports reg/reg copy operations. */
bool
can_copy_p (enum machine_mode mode)
{
static bool can_copy_init_p = false;
if (! can_copy_init_p)
{
compute_can_copy ();
can_copy_init_p = true;
}
return can_copy[mode] != 0;
}
/* Cover function to xmalloc to record bytes allocated. */
static void *
gmalloc (size_t size)
{
bytes_used += size;
return xmalloc (size);
}
/* Cover function to xcalloc to record bytes allocated. */
static void *
gcalloc (size_t nelem, size_t elsize)
{
bytes_used += nelem * elsize;
return xcalloc (nelem, elsize);
}
/* Cover function to xrealloc.
We don't record the additional size since we don't know it.
It won't affect memory usage stats much anyway. */
static void *
grealloc (void *ptr, size_t size)
{
return xrealloc (ptr, size);
}
/* Cover function to obstack_alloc. */
static void *
gcse_alloc (unsigned long size)
{
bytes_used += size;
return obstack_alloc (&gcse_obstack, size);
}
/* Allocate memory for the cuid mapping array,
and reg/memory set tracking tables.
This is called at the start of each pass. */
static void
alloc_gcse_mem (void)
{
int i;
basic_block bb;
rtx insn;
/* Find the largest UID and create a mapping from UIDs to CUIDs.
CUIDs are like UIDs except they increase monotonically, have no gaps,
and only apply to real insns.
(Actually, there are gaps, for insn that are not inside a basic block.
but we should never see those anyway, so this is OK.) */
max_uid = get_max_uid ();
uid_cuid = GCNEWVEC (int, max_uid + 1);
i = 0;
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
FOR_BB_INSNS (bb, insn)
{
if (INSN_P (insn))
uid_cuid[INSN_UID (insn)] = i++;
else
uid_cuid[INSN_UID (insn)] = i;
}
max_cuid = i;
/* Allocate vars to track sets of regs. */
reg_set_bitmap = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
/* Allocate vars to track sets of regs, memory per block. */
reg_set_in_block = sbitmap_vector_alloc (last_basic_block, max_gcse_regno);
/* Allocate array to keep a list of insns which modify memory in each
basic block. */
modify_mem_list = GCNEWVEC (rtx, last_basic_block);
canon_modify_mem_list = GCNEWVEC (rtx, last_basic_block);
modify_mem_list_set = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
blocks_with_calls = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
}
/* Free memory allocated by alloc_gcse_mem. */
static void
free_gcse_mem (void)
{
free (uid_cuid);
BITMAP_FREE (reg_set_bitmap);
sbitmap_vector_free (reg_set_in_block);
free_modify_mem_tables ();
BITMAP_FREE (modify_mem_list_set);
BITMAP_FREE (blocks_with_calls);
}
/* Compute the local properties of each recorded expression.
Local properties are those that are defined by the block, irrespective of
other blocks.
An expression is transparent in a block if its operands are not modified
in the block.
An expression is computed (locally available) in a block if it is computed
at least once and expression would contain the same value if the
computation was moved to the end of the block.
An expression is locally anticipatable in a block if it is computed at
least once and expression would contain the same value if the computation
was moved to the beginning of the block.
We call this routine for cprop, pre and code hoisting. They all compute
basically the same information and thus can easily share this code.
TRANSP, COMP, and ANTLOC are destination sbitmaps for recording local
properties. If NULL, then it is not necessary to compute or record that
particular property.
TABLE controls which hash table to look at. If it is set hash table,
additionally, TRANSP is computed as ~TRANSP, since this is really cprop's
ABSALTERED. */
static void
compute_local_properties (sbitmap *transp, sbitmap *comp, sbitmap *antloc,
struct hash_table *table)
{
unsigned int i;
/* Initialize any bitmaps that were passed in. */
if (transp)
{
if (table->set_p)
sbitmap_vector_zero (transp, last_basic_block);
else
sbitmap_vector_ones (transp, last_basic_block);
}
if (comp)
sbitmap_vector_zero (comp, last_basic_block);
if (antloc)
sbitmap_vector_zero (antloc, last_basic_block);
for (i = 0; i < table->size; i++)
{
struct expr *expr;
for (expr = table->table[i]; expr != NULL; expr = expr->next_same_hash)
{
int indx = expr->bitmap_index;
struct occr *occr;
/* The expression is transparent in this block if it is not killed.
We start by assuming all are transparent [none are killed], and
then reset the bits for those that are. */
if (transp)
compute_transp (expr->expr, indx, transp, table->set_p);
/* The occurrences recorded in antic_occr are exactly those that
we want to set to nonzero in ANTLOC. */
if (antloc)
for (occr = expr->antic_occr; occr != NULL; occr = occr->next)
{
SET_BIT (antloc[BLOCK_NUM (occr->insn)], indx);
/* While we're scanning the table, this is a good place to
initialize this. */
occr->deleted_p = 0;
}
/* The occurrences recorded in avail_occr are exactly those that
we want to set to nonzero in COMP. */
if (comp)
for (occr = expr->avail_occr; occr != NULL; occr = occr->next)
{
SET_BIT (comp[BLOCK_NUM (occr->insn)], indx);
/* While we're scanning the table, this is a good place to
initialize this. */
occr->copied_p = 0;
}
/* While we're scanning the table, this is a good place to
initialize this. */
expr->reaching_reg = 0;
}
}
}
/* Register set information.
`reg_set_table' records where each register is set or otherwise
modified. */
static struct obstack reg_set_obstack;
static void
alloc_reg_set_mem (int n_regs)
{
reg_set_table_size = n_regs + REG_SET_TABLE_SLOP;
reg_set_table = GCNEWVEC (struct reg_set *, reg_set_table_size);
gcc_obstack_init (&reg_set_obstack);
}
static void
free_reg_set_mem (void)
{
free (reg_set_table);
obstack_free (&reg_set_obstack, NULL);
}
/* Record REGNO in the reg_set table. */
static void
record_one_set (int regno, rtx insn)
{
/* Allocate a new reg_set element and link it onto the list. */
struct reg_set *new_reg_info;
/* If the table isn't big enough, enlarge it. */
if (regno >= reg_set_table_size)
{
int new_size = regno + REG_SET_TABLE_SLOP;
reg_set_table = GRESIZEVEC (struct reg_set *, reg_set_table, new_size);
memset (reg_set_table + reg_set_table_size, 0,
(new_size - reg_set_table_size) * sizeof (struct reg_set *));
reg_set_table_size = new_size;
}
new_reg_info = XOBNEW (&reg_set_obstack, struct reg_set);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct reg_set);
new_reg_info->bb_index = BLOCK_NUM (insn);
new_reg_info->next = reg_set_table[regno];
reg_set_table[regno] = new_reg_info;
}
/* Called from compute_sets via note_stores to handle one SET or CLOBBER in
an insn. The DATA is really the instruction in which the SET is
occurring. */
static void
record_set_info (rtx dest, const_rtx setter ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, void *data)
{
rtx record_set_insn = (rtx) data;
if (REG_P (dest) && REGNO (dest) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
record_one_set (REGNO (dest), record_set_insn);
}
/* Scan the function and record each set of each pseudo-register.
This is called once, at the start of the gcse pass. See the comments for
`reg_set_table' for further documentation. */
static void
compute_sets (void)
{
basic_block bb;
rtx insn;
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
FOR_BB_INSNS (bb, insn)
if (INSN_P (insn))
note_stores (PATTERN (insn), record_set_info, insn);
}
/* Hash table support. */
struct reg_avail_info
{
basic_block last_bb;
int first_set;
int last_set;
};
static struct reg_avail_info *reg_avail_info;
static basic_block current_bb;
/* See whether X, the source of a set, is something we want to consider for
GCSE. */
static int
want_to_gcse_p (rtx x)
{
#ifdef STACK_REGS
/* On register stack architectures, don't GCSE constants from the
constant pool, as the benefits are often swamped by the overhead
of shuffling the register stack between basic blocks. */
if (IS_STACK_MODE (GET_MODE (x)))
x = avoid_constant_pool_reference (x);
#endif
switch (GET_CODE (x))
{
case REG:
case SUBREG:
case CONST_INT:
case CONST_DOUBLE:
case CONST_FIXED:
case CONST_VECTOR:
case CALL:
return 0;
default:
return can_assign_to_reg_p (x);
}
}
/* Used internally by can_assign_to_reg_p. */
static GTY(()) rtx test_insn;
/* Return true if we can assign X to a pseudo register. */
static bool
can_assign_to_reg_p (rtx x)
{
int num_clobbers = 0;
int icode;
/* If this is a valid operand, we are OK. If it's VOIDmode, we aren't. */
if (general_operand (x, GET_MODE (x)))
return 1;
else if (GET_MODE (x) == VOIDmode)
return 0;
/* Otherwise, check if we can make a valid insn from it. First initialize
our test insn if we haven't already. */
if (test_insn == 0)
{
test_insn
= make_insn_raw (gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode,
gen_rtx_REG (word_mode,
FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER * 2),
const0_rtx));
NEXT_INSN (test_insn) = PREV_INSN (test_insn) = 0;
}
/* Now make an insn like the one we would make when GCSE'ing and see if
valid. */
PUT_MODE (SET_DEST (PATTERN (test_insn)), GET_MODE (x));
SET_SRC (PATTERN (test_insn)) = x;
return ((icode = recog (PATTERN (test_insn), test_insn, &num_clobbers)) >= 0
&& (num_clobbers == 0 || ! added_clobbers_hard_reg_p (icode)));
}
/* Return nonzero if the operands of expression X are unchanged from the
start of INSN's basic block up to but not including INSN (if AVAIL_P == 0),
or from INSN to the end of INSN's basic block (if AVAIL_P != 0). */
static int
oprs_unchanged_p (const_rtx x, const_rtx insn, int avail_p)
{
int i, j;
enum rtx_code code;
const char *fmt;
if (x == 0)
return 1;
code = GET_CODE (x);
switch (code)
{
case REG:
{
struct reg_avail_info *info = &reg_avail_info[REGNO (x)];
if (info->last_bb != current_bb)
return 1;
if (avail_p)
return info->last_set < INSN_CUID (insn);
else
return info->first_set >= INSN_CUID (insn);
}
case MEM:
if (load_killed_in_block_p (current_bb, INSN_CUID (insn),
x, avail_p))
return 0;
else
return oprs_unchanged_p (XEXP (x, 0), insn, avail_p);
case PRE_DEC:
case PRE_INC:
case POST_DEC:
case POST_INC:
case PRE_MODIFY:
case POST_MODIFY:
return 0;
case PC:
case CC0: /*FIXME*/
case CONST:
case CONST_INT:
case CONST_DOUBLE:
case CONST_FIXED:
case CONST_VECTOR:
case SYMBOL_REF:
case LABEL_REF:
case ADDR_VEC:
case ADDR_DIFF_VEC:
return 1;
default:
break;
}
for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1, fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code); i >= 0; i--)
{
if (fmt[i] == 'e')
{
/* If we are about to do the last recursive call needed at this
level, change it into iteration. This function is called enough
to be worth it. */
if (i == 0)
return oprs_unchanged_p (XEXP (x, i), insn, avail_p);
else if (! oprs_unchanged_p (XEXP (x, i), insn, avail_p))
return 0;
}
else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
if (! oprs_unchanged_p (XVECEXP (x, i, j), insn, avail_p))
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/* Used for communication between mems_conflict_for_gcse_p and
load_killed_in_block_p. Nonzero if mems_conflict_for_gcse_p finds a
conflict between two memory references. */
static int gcse_mems_conflict_p;
/* Used for communication between mems_conflict_for_gcse_p and
load_killed_in_block_p. A memory reference for a load instruction,
mems_conflict_for_gcse_p will see if a memory store conflicts with
this memory load. */
static const_rtx gcse_mem_operand;
/* DEST is the output of an instruction. If it is a memory reference, and
possibly conflicts with the load found in gcse_mem_operand, then set
gcse_mems_conflict_p to a nonzero value. */
static void
mems_conflict_for_gcse_p (rtx dest, const_rtx setter ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
void *data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
while (GET_CODE (dest) == SUBREG
|| GET_CODE (dest) == ZERO_EXTRACT
|| GET_CODE (dest) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
dest = XEXP (dest, 0);
/* If DEST is not a MEM, then it will not conflict with the load. Note
that function calls are assumed to clobber memory, but are handled
elsewhere. */
if (! MEM_P (dest))
return;
/* If we are setting a MEM in our list of specially recognized MEMs,
don't mark as killed this time. */
if (expr_equiv_p (dest, gcse_mem_operand) && pre_ldst_mems != NULL)
{
if (!find_rtx_in_ldst (dest))
gcse_mems_conflict_p = 1;
return;
}
if (true_dependence (dest, GET_MODE (dest), gcse_mem_operand,
rtx_addr_varies_p))
gcse_mems_conflict_p = 1;
}
/* Return nonzero if the expression in X (a memory reference) is killed
in block BB before or after the insn with the CUID in UID_LIMIT.
AVAIL_P is nonzero for kills after UID_LIMIT, and zero for kills
before UID_LIMIT.
To check the entire block, set UID_LIMIT to max_uid + 1 and
AVAIL_P to 0. */
static int
load_killed_in_block_p (const_basic_block bb, int uid_limit, const_rtx x, int avail_p)
{
rtx list_entry = modify_mem_list[bb->index];
/* If this is a readonly then we aren't going to be changing it. */
if (MEM_READONLY_P (x))
return 0;
while (list_entry)
{
rtx setter;
/* Ignore entries in the list that do not apply. */
if ((avail_p
&& INSN_CUID (XEXP (list_entry, 0)) < uid_limit)
|| (! avail_p
&& INSN_CUID (XEXP (list_entry, 0)) > uid_limit))
{
list_entry = XEXP (list_entry, 1);
continue;
}
setter = XEXP (list_entry, 0);
/* If SETTER is a call everything is clobbered. Note that calls
to pure functions are never put on the list, so we need not
worry about them. */
if (CALL_P (setter))
return 1;
/* SETTER must be an INSN of some kind that sets memory. Call
note_stores to examine each hunk of memory that is modified.
The note_stores interface is pretty limited, so we have to
communicate via global variables. Yuk. */
gcse_mem_operand = x;
gcse_mems_conflict_p = 0;
note_stores (PATTERN (setter), mems_conflict_for_gcse_p, NULL);
if (gcse_mems_conflict_p)
return 1;
list_entry = XEXP (list_entry, 1);
}
return 0;
}
/* Return nonzero if the operands of expression X are unchanged from
the start of INSN's basic block up to but not including INSN. */
static int
oprs_anticipatable_p (const_rtx x, const_rtx insn)
{
return oprs_unchanged_p (x, insn, 0);
}
/* Return nonzero if the operands of expression X are unchanged from
INSN to the end of INSN's basic block. */
static int
oprs_available_p (const_rtx x, const_rtx insn)
{
return oprs_unchanged_p (x, insn, 1);
}
/* Hash expression X.
MODE is only used if X is a CONST_INT. DO_NOT_RECORD_P is a boolean
indicating if a volatile operand is found or if the expression contains
something we don't want to insert in the table. HASH_TABLE_SIZE is
the current size of the hash table to be probed. */
static unsigned int
hash_expr (const_rtx x, enum machine_mode mode, int *do_not_record_p,
int hash_table_size)
{
unsigned int hash;
*do_not_record_p = 0;
hash = hash_rtx (x, mode, do_not_record_p,
NULL, /*have_reg_qty=*/false);
return hash % hash_table_size;
}
/* Hash a set of register REGNO.
Sets are hashed on the register that is set. This simplifies the PRE copy
propagation code.
??? May need to make things more elaborate. Later, as necessary. */
static unsigned int
hash_set (int regno, int hash_table_size)
{
unsigned int hash;
hash = regno;
return hash % hash_table_size;
}
/* Return nonzero if exp1 is equivalent to exp2. */
static int
expr_equiv_p (const_rtx x, const_rtx y)
{
return exp_equiv_p (x, y, 0, true);
}
/* Insert expression X in INSN in the hash TABLE.
If it is already present, record it as the last occurrence in INSN's
basic block.
MODE is the mode of the value X is being stored into.
It is only used if X is a CONST_INT.
ANTIC_P is nonzero if X is an anticipatable expression.
AVAIL_P is nonzero if X is an available expression. */
static void
insert_expr_in_table (rtx x, enum machine_mode mode, rtx insn, int antic_p,
int avail_p, struct hash_table *table)
{
int found, do_not_record_p;
unsigned int hash;
struct expr *cur_expr, *last_expr = NULL;
struct occr *antic_occr, *avail_occr;
hash = hash_expr (x, mode, &do_not_record_p, table->size);
/* Do not insert expression in table if it contains volatile operands,
or if hash_expr determines the expression is something we don't want
to or can't handle. */
if (do_not_record_p)
return;
cur_expr = table->table[hash];
found = 0;
while (cur_expr && 0 == (found = expr_equiv_p (cur_expr->expr, x)))
{
/* If the expression isn't found, save a pointer to the end of
the list. */
last_expr = cur_expr;
cur_expr = cur_expr->next_same_hash;
}
if (! found)
{
cur_expr = GOBNEW (struct expr);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct expr);
if (table->table[hash] == NULL)
/* This is the first pattern that hashed to this index. */
table->table[hash] = cur_expr;
else
/* Add EXPR to end of this hash chain. */
last_expr->next_same_hash = cur_expr;
/* Set the fields of the expr element. */
cur_expr->expr = x;
cur_expr->bitmap_index = table->n_elems++;
cur_expr->next_same_hash = NULL;
cur_expr->antic_occr = NULL;
cur_expr->avail_occr = NULL;
}
/* Now record the occurrence(s). */
if (antic_p)
{
antic_occr = cur_expr->antic_occr;
if (antic_occr && BLOCK_NUM (antic_occr->insn) != BLOCK_NUM (insn))
antic_occr = NULL;
if (antic_occr)
/* Found another instance of the expression in the same basic block.
Prefer the currently recorded one. We want the first one in the
block and the block is scanned from start to end. */
; /* nothing to do */
else
{
/* First occurrence of this expression in this basic block. */
antic_occr = GOBNEW (struct occr);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct occr);
antic_occr->insn = insn;
antic_occr->next = cur_expr->antic_occr;
antic_occr->deleted_p = 0;
cur_expr->antic_occr = antic_occr;
}
}
if (avail_p)
{
avail_occr = cur_expr->avail_occr;
if (avail_occr && BLOCK_NUM (avail_occr->insn) == BLOCK_NUM (insn))
{
/* Found another instance of the expression in the same basic block.
Prefer this occurrence to the currently recorded one. We want
the last one in the block and the block is scanned from start
to end. */
avail_occr->insn = insn;
}
else
{
/* First occurrence of this expression in this basic block. */
avail_occr = GOBNEW (struct occr);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct occr);
avail_occr->insn = insn;
avail_occr->next = cur_expr->avail_occr;
avail_occr->deleted_p = 0;
cur_expr->avail_occr = avail_occr;
}
}
}
/* Insert pattern X in INSN in the hash table.
X is a SET of a reg to either another reg or a constant.
If it is already present, record it as the last occurrence in INSN's
basic block. */
static void
insert_set_in_table (rtx x, rtx insn, struct hash_table *table)
{
int found;
unsigned int hash;
struct expr *cur_expr, *last_expr = NULL;
struct occr *cur_occr;
gcc_assert (GET_CODE (x) == SET && REG_P (SET_DEST (x)));
hash = hash_set (REGNO (SET_DEST (x)), table->size);
cur_expr = table->table[hash];
found = 0;
while (cur_expr && 0 == (found = expr_equiv_p (cur_expr->expr, x)))
{
/* If the expression isn't found, save a pointer to the end of
the list. */
last_expr = cur_expr;
cur_expr = cur_expr->next_same_hash;
}
if (! found)
{
cur_expr = GOBNEW (struct expr);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct expr);
if (table->table[hash] == NULL)
/* This is the first pattern that hashed to this index. */
table->table[hash] = cur_expr;
else
/* Add EXPR to end of this hash chain. */
last_expr->next_same_hash = cur_expr;
/* Set the fields of the expr element.
We must copy X because it can be modified when copy propagation is
performed on its operands. */
cur_expr->expr = copy_rtx (x);
cur_expr->bitmap_index = table->n_elems++;
cur_expr->next_same_hash = NULL;
cur_expr->antic_occr = NULL;
cur_expr->avail_occr = NULL;
}
/* Now record the occurrence. */
cur_occr = cur_expr->avail_occr;
if (cur_occr && BLOCK_NUM (cur_occr->insn) == BLOCK_NUM (insn))
{
/* Found another instance of the expression in the same basic block.
Prefer this occurrence to the currently recorded one. We want
the last one in the block and the block is scanned from start
to end. */
cur_occr->insn = insn;
}
else
{
/* First occurrence of this expression in this basic block. */
cur_occr = GOBNEW (struct occr);
bytes_used += sizeof (struct occr);
cur_occr->insn = insn;
cur_occr->next = cur_expr->avail_occr;
cur_occr->deleted_p = 0;
cur_expr->avail_occr = cur_occr;
}
}
/* Determine whether the rtx X should be treated as a constant for
the purposes of GCSE's constant propagation. */
static bool
gcse_constant_p (const_rtx x)
{
/* Consider a COMPARE of two integers constant. */
if (GET_CODE (x) == COMPARE
&& GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 0)) == CONST_INT
&& GET_CODE (XEXP (x, 1)) == CONST_INT)
return true;
/* Consider a COMPARE of the same registers is a constant
if they are not floating point registers. */
if (GET_CODE(x) == COMPARE
&& REG_P (XEXP (x, 0)) && REG_P (XEXP (x, 1))
&& REGNO (XEXP (x, 0)) == REGNO (XEXP (x, 1))
&& ! FLOAT_MODE_P (GET_MODE (XEXP (x, 0)))
&& ! FLOAT_MODE_P (GET_MODE (XEXP (x, 1))))
return true;
return CONSTANT_P (x);
}
/* Scan pattern PAT of INSN and add an entry to the hash TABLE (set or
expression one). */
static void
hash_scan_set (rtx pat, rtx insn, struct hash_table *table)
{
rtx src = SET_SRC (pat);
rtx dest = SET_DEST (pat);
rtx note;
if (GET_CODE (src) == CALL)
hash_scan_call (src, insn, table);
else if (REG_P (dest))
{
unsigned int regno = REGNO (dest);
rtx tmp;
/* See if a REG_EQUAL note shows this equivalent to a simpler expression.
This allows us to do a single GCSE pass and still eliminate
redundant constants, addresses or other expressions that are
constructed with multiple instructions.
However, keep the original SRC if INSN is a simple reg-reg move. In
In this case, there will almost always be a REG_EQUAL note on the
insn that sets SRC. By recording the REG_EQUAL value here as SRC
for INSN, we miss copy propagation opportunities and we perform the
same PRE GCSE operation repeatedly on the same REG_EQUAL value if we
do more than one PRE GCSE pass.
Note that this does not impede profitable constant propagations. We
"look through" reg-reg sets in lookup_avail_set. */
note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (insn);
if (note != 0
&& REG_NOTE_KIND (note) == REG_EQUAL
&& !REG_P (src)
&& (table->set_p
? gcse_constant_p (XEXP (note, 0))
: want_to_gcse_p (XEXP (note, 0))))
src = XEXP (note, 0), pat = gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, dest, src);
/* Only record sets of pseudo-regs in the hash table. */
if (! table->set_p
&& regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
/* Don't GCSE something if we can't do a reg/reg copy. */
&& can_copy_p (GET_MODE (dest))
/* GCSE commonly inserts instruction after the insn. We can't
do that easily for EH_REGION notes so disable GCSE on these
for now. */
&& !find_reg_note (insn, REG_EH_REGION, NULL_RTX)
/* Is SET_SRC something we want to gcse? */
&& want_to_gcse_p (src)
/* Don't CSE a nop. */
&& ! set_noop_p (pat)
/* Don't GCSE if it has attached REG_EQUIV note.
At this point this only function parameters should have
REG_EQUIV notes and if the argument slot is used somewhere
explicitly, it means address of parameter has been taken,
so we should not extend the lifetime of the pseudo. */
&& (note == NULL_RTX || ! MEM_P (XEXP (note, 0))))
{
/* An expression is not anticipatable if its operands are
modified before this insn or if this is not the only SET in
this insn. The latter condition does not have to mean that
SRC itself is not anticipatable, but we just will not be
able to handle code motion of insns with multiple sets. */
int antic_p = oprs_anticipatable_p (src, insn)
&& !multiple_sets (insn);
/* An expression is not available if its operands are
subsequently modified, including this insn. It's also not
available if this is a branch, because we can't insert
a set after the branch. */
int avail_p = (oprs_available_p (src, insn)
&& ! JUMP_P (insn));
insert_expr_in_table (src, GET_MODE (dest), insn, antic_p, avail_p, table);
}
/* Record sets for constant/copy propagation. */
else if (table->set_p
&& regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
&& ((REG_P (src)
&& REGNO (src) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
&& can_copy_p (GET_MODE (dest))
&& REGNO (src) != regno)
|| gcse_constant_p (src))
/* A copy is not available if its src or dest is subsequently
modified. Here we want to search from INSN+1 on, but
oprs_available_p searches from INSN on. */
&& (insn == BB_END (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn))
|| (tmp = next_nonnote_insn (insn)) == NULL_RTX
|| BLOCK_FOR_INSN (tmp) != BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn)
|| oprs_available_p (pat, tmp)))
insert_set_in_table (pat, insn, table);
}
/* In case of store we want to consider the memory value as available in
the REG stored in that memory. This makes it possible to remove
redundant loads from due to stores to the same location. */
else if (flag_gcse_las && REG_P (src) && MEM_P (dest))
{
unsigned int regno = REGNO (src);
/* Do not do this for constant/copy propagation. */
if (! table->set_p
/* Only record sets of pseudo-regs in the hash table. */
&& regno >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
/* Don't GCSE something if we can't do a reg/reg copy. */
&& can_copy_p (GET_MODE (src))
/* GCSE commonly inserts instruction after the insn. We can't
do that easily for EH_REGION notes so disable GCSE on these
for now. */
&& ! find_reg_note (insn, REG_EH_REGION, NULL_RTX)
/* Is SET_DEST something we want to gcse? */
&& want_to_gcse_p (dest)
/* Don't CSE a nop. */
&& ! set_noop_p (pat)
/* Don't GCSE if it has attached REG_EQUIV note.
At this point this only function parameters should have
REG_EQUIV notes and if the argument slot is used somewhere
explicitly, it means address of parameter has been taken,
so we should not extend the lifetime of the pseudo. */
&& ((note = find_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUIV, NULL_RTX)) == 0
|| ! MEM_P (XEXP (note, 0))))
{
/* Stores are never anticipatable. */
int antic_p = 0;
/* An expression is not available if its operands are
subsequently modified, including this insn. It's also not
available if this is a branch, because we can't insert
a set after the branch. */
int avail_p = oprs_available_p (dest, insn)
&& ! JUMP_P (insn);
/* Record the memory expression (DEST) in the hash table. */
insert_expr_in_table (dest, GET_MODE (dest), insn,
antic_p, avail_p, table);
}
}
}
static void
hash_scan_clobber (rtx x ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, rtx insn ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct hash_table *table ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
/* Currently nothing to do. */
}
static void
hash_scan_call (rtx x ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, rtx insn ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct hash_table *table ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
/* Currently nothing to do. */
}
/* Process INSN and add hash table entries as appropriate.
Only available expressions that set a single pseudo-reg are recorded.
Single sets in a PARALLEL could be handled, but it's an extra complication
that isn't dealt with right now. The trick is handling the CLOBBERs that
are also in the PARALLEL. Later.
If SET_P is nonzero, this is for the assignment hash table,
otherwise it is for the expression hash table. */
static void
hash_scan_insn (rtx insn, struct hash_table *table)
{
rtx pat = PATTERN (insn);
int i;
/* Pick out the sets of INSN and for other forms of instructions record
what's been modified. */
if (GET_CODE (pat) == SET)
hash_scan_set (pat, insn, table);
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == PARALLEL)
for (i = 0; i < XVECLEN (pat, 0); i++)
{
rtx x = XVECEXP (pat, 0, i);
if (GET_CODE (x) == SET)
hash_scan_set (x, insn, table);
else if (GET_CODE (x) == CLOBBER)
hash_scan_clobber (x, insn, table);
else if (GET_CODE (x) == CALL)
hash_scan_call (x, insn, table);
}
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == CLOBBER)
hash_scan_clobber (pat, insn, table);
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == CALL)
hash_scan_call (pat, insn, table);
}
static void
dump_hash_table (FILE *file, const char *name, struct hash_table *table)
{
int i;
/* Flattened out table, so it's printed in proper order. */
struct expr **flat_table;
unsigned int *hash_val;
struct expr *expr;
flat_table = XCNEWVEC (struct expr *, table->n_elems);
hash_val = XNEWVEC (unsigned int, table->n_elems);
for (i = 0; i < (int) table->size; i++)
for (expr = table->table[i]; expr != NULL; expr = expr->next_same_hash)
{
flat_table[expr->bitmap_index] = expr;
hash_val[expr->bitmap_index] = i;
}
fprintf (file, "%s hash table (%d buckets, %d entries)\n",
name, table->size, table->n_elems);
for (i = 0; i < (int) table->n_elems; i++)
if (flat_table[i] != 0)
{
expr = flat_table[i];
fprintf (file, "Index %d (hash value %d)\n ",
expr->bitmap_index, hash_val[i]);
print_rtl (file, expr->expr);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
fprintf (file, "\n");
free (flat_table);
free (hash_val);
}
/* Record register first/last/block set information for REGNO in INSN.
first_set records the first place in the block where the register
is set and is used to compute "anticipatability".
last_set records the last place in the block where the register
is set and is used to compute "availability".
last_bb records the block for which first_set and last_set are
valid, as a quick test to invalidate them.
reg_set_in_block records whether the register is set in the block
and is used to compute "transparency". */
static void
record_last_reg_set_info (rtx insn, int regno)
{
struct reg_avail_info *info = &reg_avail_info[regno];
int cuid = INSN_CUID (insn);
info->last_set = cuid;
if (info->last_bb != current_bb)
{
info->last_bb = current_bb;
info->first_set = cuid;
SET_BIT (reg_set_in_block[current_bb->index], regno);
}
}
/* Record all of the canonicalized MEMs of record_last_mem_set_info's insn.
Note we store a pair of elements in the list, so they have to be
taken off pairwise. */
static void
canon_list_insert (rtx dest ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, const_rtx unused1 ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
void * v_insn)
{
rtx dest_addr, insn;
int bb;
while (GET_CODE (dest) == SUBREG
|| GET_CODE (dest) == ZERO_EXTRACT
|| GET_CODE (dest) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
dest = XEXP (dest, 0);
/* If DEST is not a MEM, then it will not conflict with a load. Note
that function calls are assumed to clobber memory, but are handled
elsewhere. */
if (! MEM_P (dest))
return;
dest_addr = get_addr (XEXP (dest, 0));
dest_addr = canon_rtx (dest_addr);
insn = (rtx) v_insn;
bb = BLOCK_NUM (insn);
canon_modify_mem_list[bb] =
alloc_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode, dest_addr, canon_modify_mem_list[bb]);
canon_modify_mem_list[bb] =
alloc_EXPR_LIST (VOIDmode, dest, canon_modify_mem_list[bb]);
}
/* Record memory modification information for INSN. We do not actually care
about the memory location(s) that are set, or even how they are set (consider
a CALL_INSN). We merely need to record which insns modify memory. */
static void
record_last_mem_set_info (rtx insn)
{
int bb = BLOCK_NUM (insn);
/* load_killed_in_block_p will handle the case of calls clobbering
everything. */
modify_mem_list[bb] = alloc_INSN_LIST (insn, modify_mem_list[bb]);
bitmap_set_bit (modify_mem_list_set, bb);
if (CALL_P (insn))
{
/* Note that traversals of this loop (other than for free-ing)
will break after encountering a CALL_INSN. So, there's no
need to insert a pair of items, as canon_list_insert does. */
canon_modify_mem_list[bb] =
alloc_INSN_LIST (insn, canon_modify_mem_list[bb]);
bitmap_set_bit (blocks_with_calls, bb);
}
else
note_stores (PATTERN (insn), canon_list_insert, (void*) insn);
}
/* Called from compute_hash_table via note_stores to handle one
SET or CLOBBER in an insn. DATA is really the instruction in which
the SET is taking place. */
static void
record_last_set_info (rtx dest, const_rtx setter ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED, void *data)
{
rtx last_set_insn = (rtx) data;
if (GET_CODE (dest) == SUBREG)
dest = SUBREG_REG (dest);
if (REG_P (dest))
record_last_reg_set_info (last_set_insn, REGNO (dest));
else if (MEM_P (dest)
/* Ignore pushes, they clobber nothing. */
&& ! push_operand (dest, GET_MODE (dest)))
record_last_mem_set_info (last_set_insn);
}
/* Top level function to create an expression or assignment hash table.
Expression entries are placed in the hash table if
- they are of the form (set (pseudo-reg) src),
- src is something we want to perform GCSE on,
- none of the operands are subsequently modified in the block
Assignment entries are placed in the hash table if
- they are of the form (set (pseudo-reg) src),
- src is something we want to perform const/copy propagation on,
- none of the operands or target are subsequently modified in the block
Currently src must be a pseudo-reg or a const_int.
TABLE is the table computed. */
static void
compute_hash_table_work (struct hash_table *table)
{
unsigned int i;
/* While we compute the hash table we also compute a bit array of which
registers are set in which blocks.
??? This isn't needed during const/copy propagation, but it's cheap to
compute. Later. */
sbitmap_vector_zero (reg_set_in_block, last_basic_block);
/* re-Cache any INSN_LIST nodes we have allocated. */
clear_modify_mem_tables ();
/* Some working arrays used to track first and last set in each block. */
reg_avail_info = GNEWVEC (struct reg_avail_info, max_gcse_regno);
for (i = 0; i < max_gcse_regno; ++i)
reg_avail_info[i].last_bb = NULL;
FOR_EACH_BB (current_bb)
{
rtx insn;
unsigned int regno;
/* First pass over the instructions records information used to
determine when registers and memory are first and last set.
??? hard-reg reg_set_in_block computation
could be moved to compute_sets since they currently don't change. */
FOR_BB_INSNS (current_bb, insn)
{
if (! INSN_P (insn))
continue;
if (CALL_P (insn))
{
for (regno = 0; regno < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER; regno++)
if (TEST_HARD_REG_BIT (regs_invalidated_by_call, regno))
record_last_reg_set_info (insn, regno);
mark_call (insn);
}
note_stores (PATTERN (insn), record_last_set_info, insn);
}
/* Insert implicit sets in the hash table. */
if (table->set_p
&& implicit_sets[current_bb->index] != NULL_RTX)
hash_scan_set (implicit_sets[current_bb->index],
BB_HEAD (current_bb), table);
/* The next pass builds the hash table. */
FOR_BB_INSNS (current_bb, insn)
if (INSN_P (insn))
hash_scan_insn (insn, table);
}
free (reg_avail_info);
reg_avail_info = NULL;
}
/* Allocate space for the set/expr hash TABLE.
N_INSNS is the number of instructions in the function.
It is used to determine the number of buckets to use.
SET_P determines whether set or expression table will
be created. */
static void
alloc_hash_table (int n_insns, struct hash_table *table, int set_p)
{
int n;
table->size = n_insns / 4;
if (table->size < 11)
table->size = 11;
/* Attempt to maintain efficient use of hash table.
Making it an odd number is simplest for now.
??? Later take some measurements. */
table->size |= 1;
n = table->size * sizeof (struct expr *);
table->table = GNEWVAR (struct expr *, n);
table->set_p = set_p;
}
/* Free things allocated by alloc_hash_table. */
static void
free_hash_table (struct hash_table *table)
{
free (table->table);
}
/* Compute the hash TABLE for doing copy/const propagation or
expression hash table. */
static void
compute_hash_table (struct hash_table *table)
{
/* Initialize count of number of entries in hash table. */
table->n_elems = 0;
memset (table->table, 0, table->size * sizeof (struct expr *));
compute_hash_table_work (table);
}
/* Expression tracking support. */
/* Lookup REGNO in the set TABLE. The result is a pointer to the
table entry, or NULL if not found. */
static struct expr *
lookup_set (unsigned int regno, struct hash_table *table)
{
unsigned int hash = hash_set (regno, table->size);
struct expr *expr;
expr = table->table[hash];
while (expr && REGNO (SET_DEST (expr->expr)) != regno)
expr = expr->next_same_hash;
return expr;
}
/* Return the next entry for REGNO in list EXPR. */
static struct expr *
next_set (unsigned int regno, struct expr *expr)
{
do
expr = expr->next_same_hash;
while (expr && REGNO (SET_DEST (expr->expr)) != regno);
return expr;
}
/* Like free_INSN_LIST_list or free_EXPR_LIST_list, except that the node
types may be mixed. */
static void
free_insn_expr_list_list (rtx *listp)
{
rtx list, next;
for (list = *listp; list ; list = next)
{
next = XEXP (list, 1);
if (GET_CODE (list) == EXPR_LIST)
free_EXPR_LIST_node (list);
else
free_INSN_LIST_node (list);
}
*listp = NULL;
}
/* Clear canon_modify_mem_list and modify_mem_list tables. */
static void
clear_modify_mem_tables (void)
{
unsigned i;
bitmap_iterator bi;
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (modify_mem_list_set, 0, i, bi)
{
free_INSN_LIST_list (modify_mem_list + i);
free_insn_expr_list_list (canon_modify_mem_list + i);
}
bitmap_clear (modify_mem_list_set);
bitmap_clear (blocks_with_calls);
}
/* Release memory used by modify_mem_list_set. */
static void
free_modify_mem_tables (void)
{
clear_modify_mem_tables ();
free (modify_mem_list);
free (canon_modify_mem_list);
modify_mem_list = 0;
canon_modify_mem_list = 0;
}
/* Reset tables used to keep track of what's still available [since the
start of the block]. */
static void
reset_opr_set_tables (void)
{
/* Maintain a bitmap of which regs have been set since beginning of
the block. */
CLEAR_REG_SET (reg_set_bitmap);
/* Also keep a record of the last instruction to modify memory.
For now this is very trivial, we only record whether any memory
location has been modified. */
clear_modify_mem_tables ();
}
/* Return nonzero if the operands of X are not set before INSN in
INSN's basic block. */
static int
oprs_not_set_p (const_rtx x, const_rtx insn)
{
int i, j;
enum rtx_code code;
const char *fmt;
if (x == 0)
return 1;
code = GET_CODE (x);
switch (code)
{
case PC:
case CC0:
case CONST:
case CONST_INT:
case CONST_DOUBLE:
case CONST_FIXED:
case CONST_VECTOR:
case SYMBOL_REF:
case LABEL_REF:
case ADDR_VEC:
case ADDR_DIFF_VEC:
return 1;
case MEM:
if (load_killed_in_block_p (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn),
INSN_CUID (insn), x, 0))
return 0;
else
return oprs_not_set_p (XEXP (x, 0), insn);
case REG:
return ! REGNO_REG_SET_P (reg_set_bitmap, REGNO (x));
default:
break;
}
for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1, fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code); i >= 0; i--)
{
if (fmt[i] == 'e')
{
/* If we are about to do the last recursive call
needed at this level, change it into iteration.
This function is called enough to be worth it. */
if (i == 0)
return oprs_not_set_p (XEXP (x, i), insn);
if (! oprs_not_set_p (XEXP (x, i), insn))
return 0;
}
else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
if (! oprs_not_set_p (XVECEXP (x, i, j), insn))
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/* Mark things set by a CALL. */
static void
mark_call (rtx insn)
{
if (! RTL_CONST_OR_PURE_CALL_P (insn))
record_last_mem_set_info (insn);
}
/* Mark things set by a SET. */
static void
mark_set (rtx pat, rtx insn)
{
rtx dest = SET_DEST (pat);
while (GET_CODE (dest) == SUBREG
|| GET_CODE (dest) == ZERO_EXTRACT
|| GET_CODE (dest) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
dest = XEXP (dest, 0);
if (REG_P (dest))
SET_REGNO_REG_SET (reg_set_bitmap, REGNO (dest));
else if (MEM_P (dest))
record_last_mem_set_info (insn);
if (GET_CODE (SET_SRC (pat)) == CALL)
mark_call (insn);
}
/* Record things set by a CLOBBER. */
static void
mark_clobber (rtx pat, rtx insn)
{
rtx clob = XEXP (pat, 0);
while (GET_CODE (clob) == SUBREG || GET_CODE (clob) == STRICT_LOW_PART)
clob = XEXP (clob, 0);
if (REG_P (clob))
SET_REGNO_REG_SET (reg_set_bitmap, REGNO (clob));
else
record_last_mem_set_info (insn);
}
/* Record things set by INSN.
This data is used by oprs_not_set_p. */
static void
mark_oprs_set (rtx insn)
{
rtx pat = PATTERN (insn);
int i;
if (GET_CODE (pat) == SET)
mark_set (pat, insn);
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == PARALLEL)
for (i = 0; i < XVECLEN (pat, 0); i++)
{
rtx x = XVECEXP (pat, 0, i);
if (GET_CODE (x) == SET)
mark_set (x, insn);
else if (GET_CODE (x) == CLOBBER)
mark_clobber (x, insn);
else if (GET_CODE (x) == CALL)
mark_call (insn);
}
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == CLOBBER)
mark_clobber (pat, insn);
else if (GET_CODE (pat) == CALL)
mark_call (insn);
}
/* Compute copy/constant propagation working variables. */
/* Local properties of assignments. */
static sbitmap *cprop_pavloc;
static sbitmap *cprop_absaltered;
/* Global properties of assignments (computed from the local properties). */
static sbitmap *cprop_avin;
static sbitmap *cprop_avout;
/* Allocate vars used for copy/const propagation. N_BLOCKS is the number of
basic blocks. N_SETS is the number of sets. */
static void
alloc_cprop_mem (int n_blocks, int n_sets)
{
cprop_pavloc = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_sets);
cprop_absaltered = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_sets);
cprop_avin = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_sets);
cprop_avout = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_sets);
}
/* Free vars used by copy/const propagation. */
static void
free_cprop_mem (void)
{
sbitmap_vector_free (cprop_pavloc);
sbitmap_vector_free (cprop_absaltered);
sbitmap_vector_free (cprop_avin);
sbitmap_vector_free (cprop_avout);
}
/* For each block, compute whether X is transparent. X is either an
expression or an assignment [though we don't care which, for this context
an assignment is treated as an expression]. For each block where an
element of X is modified, set (SET_P == 1) or reset (SET_P == 0) the INDX
bit in BMAP. */
static void
compute_transp (const_rtx x, int indx, sbitmap *bmap, int set_p)
{
int i, j;
basic_block bb;
enum rtx_code code;
reg_set *r;
const char *fmt;
/* repeat is used to turn tail-recursion into iteration since GCC
can't do it when there's no return value. */
repeat:
if (x == 0)
return;
code = GET_CODE (x);
switch (code)
{
case REG:
if (set_p)
{
if (REGNO (x) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
{
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
if (TEST_BIT (reg_set_in_block[bb->index], REGNO (x)))
SET_BIT (bmap[bb->index], indx);
}
else
{
for (r = reg_set_table[REGNO (x)]; r != NULL; r = r->next)
SET_BIT (bmap[r->bb_index], indx);
}
}
else
{
if (REGNO (x) < FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER)
{
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
if (TEST_BIT (reg_set_in_block[bb->index], REGNO (x)))
RESET_BIT (bmap[bb->index], indx);
}
else
{
for (r = reg_set_table[REGNO (x)]; r != NULL; r = r->next)
RESET_BIT (bmap[r->bb_index], indx);
}
}
return;
case MEM:
if (! MEM_READONLY_P (x))
{
bitmap_iterator bi;
unsigned bb_index;
/* First handle all the blocks with calls. We don't need to
do any list walking for them. */
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (blocks_with_calls, 0, bb_index, bi)
{
if (set_p)
SET_BIT (bmap[bb_index], indx);
else
RESET_BIT (bmap[bb_index], indx);
}
/* Now iterate over the blocks which have memory modifications
but which do not have any calls. */
EXECUTE_IF_AND_COMPL_IN_BITMAP (modify_mem_list_set,
blocks_with_calls,
0, bb_index, bi)
{
rtx list_entry = canon_modify_mem_list[bb_index];
while (list_entry)
{
rtx dest, dest_addr;
/* LIST_ENTRY must be an INSN of some kind that sets memory.
Examine each hunk of memory that is modified. */
dest = XEXP (list_entry, 0);
list_entry = XEXP (list_entry, 1);
dest_addr = XEXP (list_entry, 0);
if (canon_true_dependence (dest, GET_MODE (dest), dest_addr,
x, NULL_RTX, rtx_addr_varies_p))
{
if (set_p)
SET_BIT (bmap[bb_index], indx);
else
RESET_BIT (bmap[bb_index], indx);
break;
}
list_entry = XEXP (list_entry, 1);
}
}
}
x = XEXP (x, 0);
goto repeat;
case PC:
case CC0: /*FIXME*/
case CONST:
case CONST_INT:
case CONST_DOUBLE:
case CONST_FIXED:
case CONST_VECTOR:
case SYMBOL_REF:
case LABEL_REF:
case ADDR_VEC:
case ADDR_DIFF_VEC:
return;
default:
break;
}
for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1, fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code); i >= 0; i--)
{
if (fmt[i] == 'e')
{
/* If we are about to do the last recursive call
needed at this level, change it into iteration.
This function is called enough to be worth it. */
if (i == 0)
{
x = XEXP (x, i);
goto repeat;
}
compute_transp (XEXP (x, i), indx, bmap, set_p);
}
else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
compute_transp (XVECEXP (x, i, j), indx, bmap, set_p);
}
}
/* Top level routine to do the dataflow analysis needed by copy/const
propagation. */
static void
compute_cprop_data (void)
{
compute_local_properties (cprop_absaltered, cprop_pavloc, NULL, &set_hash_table);
compute_available (cprop_pavloc, cprop_absaltered,
cprop_avout, cprop_avin);
}
/* Copy/constant propagation. */
/* Maximum number of register uses in an insn that we handle. */
#define MAX_USES 8
/* Table of uses found in an insn.
Allocated statically to avoid alloc/free complexity and overhead. */
static struct reg_use reg_use_table[MAX_USES];
/* Index into `reg_use_table' while building it. */
static int reg_use_count;
/* Set up a list of register numbers used in INSN. The found uses are stored
in `reg_use_table'. `reg_use_count' is initialized to zero before entry,
and contains the number of uses in the table upon exit.
??? If a register appears multiple times we will record it multiple times.
This doesn't hurt anything but it will slow things down. */
static void
find_used_regs (rtx *xptr, void *data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
int i, j;
enum rtx_code code;
const char *fmt;
rtx x = *xptr;
/* repeat is used to turn tail-recursion into iteration since GCC
can't do it when there's no return value. */
repeat:
if (x == 0)
return;
code = GET_CODE (x);
if (REG_P (x))
{
if (reg_use_count == MAX_USES)
return;
reg_use_table[reg_use_count].reg_rtx = x;
reg_use_count++;
}
/* Recursively scan the operands of this expression. */
for (i = GET_RTX_LENGTH (code) - 1, fmt = GET_RTX_FORMAT (code); i >= 0; i--)
{
if (fmt[i] == 'e')
{
/* If we are about to do the last recursive call
needed at this level, change it into iteration.
This function is called enough to be worth it. */
if (i == 0)
{
x = XEXP (x, 0);
goto repeat;
}
find_used_regs (&XEXP (x, i), data);
}
else if (fmt[i] == 'E')
for (j = 0; j < XVECLEN (x, i); j++)
find_used_regs (&XVECEXP (x, i, j), data);
}
}
/* Try to replace all non-SET_DEST occurrences of FROM in INSN with TO.
Returns nonzero is successful. */
static int
try_replace_reg (rtx from, rtx to, rtx insn)
{
rtx note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (insn);
rtx src = 0;
int success = 0;
rtx set = single_set (insn);
/* Usually we substitute easy stuff, so we won't copy everything.
We however need to take care to not duplicate non-trivial CONST
expressions. */
to = copy_rtx (to);
validate_replace_src_group (from, to, insn);
if (num_changes_pending () && apply_change_group ())
success = 1;
/* Try to simplify SET_SRC if we have substituted a constant. */
if (success && set && CONSTANT_P (to))
{
src = simplify_rtx (SET_SRC (set));
if (src)
validate_change (insn, &SET_SRC (set), src, 0);
}
/* If there is already a REG_EQUAL note, update the expression in it
with our replacement. */
if (note != 0 && REG_NOTE_KIND (note) == REG_EQUAL)
set_unique_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUAL,
simplify_replace_rtx (XEXP (note, 0), from,
copy_rtx (to)));
if (!success && set && reg_mentioned_p (from, SET_SRC (set)))
{
/* If above failed and this is a single set, try to simplify the source of
the set given our substitution. We could perhaps try this for multiple
SETs, but it probably won't buy us anything. */
src = simplify_replace_rtx (SET_SRC (set), from, to);
if (!rtx_equal_p (src, SET_SRC (set))
&& validate_change (insn, &SET_SRC (set), src, 0))
success = 1;
/* If we've failed to do replacement, have a single SET, don't already
have a note, and have no special SET, add a REG_EQUAL note to not
lose information. */
if (!success && note == 0 && set != 0
&& GET_CODE (SET_DEST (set)) != ZERO_EXTRACT
&& GET_CODE (SET_DEST (set)) != STRICT_LOW_PART)
note = set_unique_reg_note (insn, REG_EQUAL, copy_rtx (src));
}
/* REG_EQUAL may get simplified into register.
We don't allow that. Remove that note. This code ought
not to happen, because previous code ought to synthesize
reg-reg move, but be on the safe side. */
if (note && REG_NOTE_KIND (note) == REG_EQUAL && REG_P (XEXP (note, 0)))
remove_note (insn, note);
return success;
}
/* Find a set of REGNOs that are available on entry to INSN's block. Returns
NULL no such set is found. */
static struct expr *
find_avail_set (int regno, rtx insn)
{
/* SET1 contains the last set found that can be returned to the caller for
use in a substitution. */
struct expr *set1 = 0;
/* Loops are not possible here. To get a loop we would need two sets
available at the start of the block containing INSN. i.e. we would
need two sets like this available at the start of the block:
(set (reg X) (reg Y))
(set (reg Y) (reg X))
This can not happen since the set of (reg Y) would have killed the
set of (reg X) making it unavailable at the start of this block. */
while (1)
{
rtx src;
struct expr *set = lookup_set (regno, &set_hash_table);
/* Find a set that is available at the start of the block
which contains INSN. */
while (set)
{
if (TEST_BIT (cprop_avin[BLOCK_NUM (insn)], set->bitmap_index))
break;
set = next_set (regno, set);
}
/* If no available set was found we've reached the end of the
(possibly empty) copy chain. */
if (set == 0)
break;
gcc_assert (GET_CODE (set->expr) == SET);
src = SET_SRC (set->expr);
/* We know the set is available.
Now check that SRC is ANTLOC (i.e. none of the source operands
have changed since the start of the block).
If the source operand changed, we may still use it for the next
iteration of this loop, but we may not use it for substitutions. */
if (gcse_constant_p (src) || oprs_not_set_p (src, insn))
set1 = set;
/* If the source of the set is anything except a register, then
we have reached the end of the copy chain. */
if (! REG_P (src))
break;
/* Follow the copy chain, i.e. start another iteration of the loop
and see if we have an available copy into SRC. */
regno = REGNO (src);
}
/* SET1 holds the last set that was available and anticipatable at
INSN. */
return set1;
}
/* Subroutine of cprop_insn that tries to propagate constants into
JUMP_INSNS. JUMP must be a conditional jump. If SETCC is non-NULL
it is the instruction that immediately precedes JUMP, and must be a
single SET of a register. FROM is what we will try to replace,
SRC is the constant we will try to substitute for it. Returns nonzero
if a change was made. */
static int
cprop_jump (basic_block bb, rtx setcc, rtx jump, rtx from, rtx src)
{
rtx new_rtx, set_src, note_src;
rtx set = pc_set (jump);
rtx note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (jump);
if (note)
{
note_src = XEXP (note, 0);
if (GET_CODE (note_src) == EXPR_LIST)
note_src = NULL_RTX;
}
else note_src = NULL_RTX;
/* Prefer REG_EQUAL notes except those containing EXPR_LISTs. */
set_src = note_src ? note_src : SET_SRC (set);
/* First substitute the SETCC condition into the JUMP instruction,
then substitute that given values into this expanded JUMP. */
if (setcc != NULL_RTX
&& !modified_between_p (from, setcc, jump)
&& !modified_between_p (src, setcc, jump))
{
rtx setcc_src;
rtx setcc_set = single_set (setcc);
rtx setcc_note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (setcc);
setcc_src = (setcc_note && GET_CODE (XEXP (setcc_note, 0)) != EXPR_LIST)
? XEXP (setcc_note, 0) : SET_SRC (setcc_set);
set_src = simplify_replace_rtx (set_src, SET_DEST (setcc_set),
setcc_src);
}
else
setcc = NULL_RTX;
new_rtx = simplify_replace_rtx (set_src, from, src);
/* If no simplification can be made, then try the next register. */
if (rtx_equal_p (new_rtx, SET_SRC (set)))
return 0;
/* If this is now a no-op delete it, otherwise this must be a valid insn. */
if (new_rtx == pc_rtx)
delete_insn (jump);
else
{
/* Ensure the value computed inside the jump insn to be equivalent
to one computed by setcc. */
if (setcc && modified_in_p (new_rtx, setcc))
return 0;
if (! validate_unshare_change (jump, &SET_SRC (set), new_rtx, 0))
{
/* When (some) constants are not valid in a comparison, and there
are two registers to be replaced by constants before the entire
comparison can be folded into a constant, we need to keep
intermediate information in REG_EQUAL notes. For targets with
separate compare insns, such notes are added by try_replace_reg.
When we have a combined compare-and-branch instruction, however,
we need to attach a note to the branch itself to make this
optimization work. */
if (!rtx_equal_p (new_rtx, note_src))
set_unique_reg_note (jump, REG_EQUAL, copy_rtx (new_rtx));
return 0;
}
/* Remove REG_EQUAL note after simplification. */
if (note_src)
remove_note (jump, note);
}
#ifdef HAVE_cc0
/* Delete the cc0 setter. */
if (setcc != NULL && CC0_P (SET_DEST (single_set (setcc))))
delete_insn (setcc);
#endif
run_jump_opt_after_gcse = 1;
global_const_prop_count++;
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file,
"GLOBAL CONST-PROP: Replacing reg %d in jump_insn %d with constant ",
REGNO (from), INSN_UID (jump));
print_rtl (dump_file, src);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
}
purge_dead_edges (bb);
/* If a conditional jump has been changed into unconditional jump, remove
the jump and make the edge fallthru - this is always called in
cfglayout mode. */
if (new_rtx != pc_rtx && simplejump_p (jump))
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
for (ei = ei_start (bb->succs); (e = ei_safe_edge (ei)); ei_next (&ei))
if (e->dest != EXIT_BLOCK_PTR
&& BB_HEAD (e->dest) == JUMP_LABEL (jump))
{
e->flags |= EDGE_FALLTHRU;
break;
}
delete_insn (jump);
}
return 1;
}
static bool
constprop_register (rtx insn, rtx from, rtx to, bool alter_jumps)
{
rtx sset;
/* Check for reg or cc0 setting instructions followed by
conditional branch instructions first. */
if (alter_jumps
&& (sset = single_set (insn)) != NULL
&& NEXT_INSN (insn)
&& any_condjump_p (NEXT_INSN (insn)) && onlyjump_p (NEXT_INSN (insn)))
{
rtx dest = SET_DEST (sset);
if ((REG_P (dest) || CC0_P (dest))
&& cprop_jump (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn), insn, NEXT_INSN (insn), from, to))
return 1;
}
/* Handle normal insns next. */
if (NONJUMP_INSN_P (insn)
&& try_replace_reg (from, to, insn))
return 1;
/* Try to propagate a CONST_INT into a conditional jump.
We're pretty specific about what we will handle in this
code, we can extend this as necessary over time.
Right now the insn in question must look like
(set (pc) (if_then_else ...)) */
else if (alter_jumps && any_condjump_p (insn) && onlyjump_p (insn))
return cprop_jump (BLOCK_FOR_INSN (insn), NULL, insn, from, to);
return 0;
}
/* Perform constant and copy propagation on INSN.
The result is nonzero if a change was made. */
static int
cprop_insn (rtx insn, int alter_jumps)
{
struct reg_use *reg_used;
int changed = 0;
rtx note;
if (!INSN_P (insn))
return 0;
reg_use_count = 0;
note_uses (&PATTERN (insn), find_used_regs, NULL);
note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (insn);
/* We may win even when propagating constants into notes. */
if (note)
find_used_regs (&XEXP (note, 0), NULL);
for (reg_used = &reg_use_table[0]; reg_use_count > 0;
reg_used++, reg_use_count--)
{
unsigned int regno = REGNO (reg_used->reg_rtx);
rtx pat, src;
struct expr *set;
/* Ignore registers created by GCSE.
We do this because ... */
if (regno >= max_gcse_regno)
continue;
/* If the register has already been set in this block, there's
nothing we can do. */
if (! oprs_not_set_p (reg_used->reg_rtx, insn))
continue;
/* Find an assignment that sets reg_used and is available
at the start of the block. */
set = find_avail_set (regno, insn);
if (! set)
continue;
pat = set->expr;
/* ??? We might be able to handle PARALLELs. Later. */
gcc_assert (GET_CODE (pat) == SET);
src = SET_SRC (pat);
/* Constant propagation. */
if (gcse_constant_p (src))
{
if (constprop_register (insn, reg_used->reg_rtx, src, alter_jumps))
{
changed = 1;
global_const_prop_count++;
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "GLOBAL CONST-PROP: Replacing reg %d in ", regno);
fprintf (dump_file, "insn %d with constant ", INSN_UID (insn));
print_rtl (dump_file, src);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
}
if (INSN_DELETED_P (insn))
return 1;
}
}
else if (REG_P (src)
&& REGNO (src) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
&& REGNO (src) != regno)
{
if (try_replace_reg (reg_used->reg_rtx, src, insn))
{
changed = 1;
global_copy_prop_count++;
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "GLOBAL COPY-PROP: Replacing reg %d in insn %d",
regno, INSN_UID (insn));
fprintf (dump_file, " with reg %d\n", REGNO (src));
}
/* The original insn setting reg_used may or may not now be
deletable. We leave the deletion to flow. */
/* FIXME: If it turns out that the insn isn't deletable,
then we may have unnecessarily extended register lifetimes
and made things worse. */
}
}
}
return changed;
}
/* Like find_used_regs, but avoid recording uses that appear in
input-output contexts such as zero_extract or pre_dec. This
restricts the cases we consider to those for which local cprop
can legitimately make replacements. */
static void
local_cprop_find_used_regs (rtx *xptr, void *data)
{
rtx x = *xptr;
if (x == 0)
return;
switch (GET_CODE (x))
{
case ZERO_EXTRACT:
case SIGN_EXTRACT:
case STRICT_LOW_PART:
return;
case PRE_DEC:
case PRE_INC:
case POST_DEC:
case POST_INC:
case PRE_MODIFY:
case POST_MODIFY:
/* Can only legitimately appear this early in the context of
stack pushes for function arguments, but handle all of the
codes nonetheless. */
return;
case SUBREG:
/* Setting a subreg of a register larger than word_mode leaves
the non-written words unchanged. */
if (GET_MODE_BITSIZE (GET_MODE (SUBREG_REG (x))) > BITS_PER_WORD)
return;
break;
default:
break;
}
find_used_regs (xptr, data);
}
/* Try to perform local const/copy propagation on X in INSN.
If ALTER_JUMPS is false, changing jump insns is not allowed. */
static bool
do_local_cprop (rtx x, rtx insn, bool alter_jumps)
{
rtx newreg = NULL, newcnst = NULL;
/* Rule out USE instructions and ASM statements as we don't want to
change the hard registers mentioned. */
if (REG_P (x)
&& (REGNO (x) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
|| (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) != USE
&& asm_noperands (PATTERN (insn)) < 0)))
{
cselib_val *val = cselib_lookup (x, GET_MODE (x), 0);
struct elt_loc_list *l;
if (!val)
return false;
for (l = val->locs; l; l = l->next)
{
rtx this_rtx = l->loc;
rtx note;
if (gcse_constant_p (this_rtx))
newcnst = this_rtx;
if (REG_P (this_rtx) && REGNO (this_rtx) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
/* Don't copy propagate if it has attached REG_EQUIV note.
At this point this only function parameters should have
REG_EQUIV notes and if the argument slot is used somewhere
explicitly, it means address of parameter has been taken,
so we should not extend the lifetime of the pseudo. */
&& (!(note = find_reg_note (l->setting_insn, REG_EQUIV, NULL_RTX))
|| ! MEM_P (XEXP (note, 0))))
newreg = this_rtx;
}
if (newcnst && constprop_register (insn, x, newcnst, alter_jumps))
{
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "LOCAL CONST-PROP: Replacing reg %d in ",
REGNO (x));
fprintf (dump_file, "insn %d with constant ",
INSN_UID (insn));
print_rtl (dump_file, newcnst);
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
}
local_const_prop_count++;
return true;
}
else if (newreg && newreg != x && try_replace_reg (x, newreg, insn))
{
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file,
"LOCAL COPY-PROP: Replacing reg %d in insn %d",
REGNO (x), INSN_UID (insn));
fprintf (dump_file, " with reg %d\n", REGNO (newreg));
}
local_copy_prop_count++;
return true;
}
}
return false;
}
/* Do local const/copy propagation (i.e. within each basic block).
If ALTER_JUMPS is true, allow propagating into jump insns, which
could modify the CFG. */
static void
local_cprop_pass (bool alter_jumps)
{
basic_block bb;
rtx insn;
struct reg_use *reg_used;
bool changed = false;
cselib_init (false);
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
{
FOR_BB_INSNS (bb, insn)
{
if (INSN_P (insn))
{
rtx note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (insn);
do
{
reg_use_count = 0;
note_uses (&PATTERN (insn), local_cprop_find_used_regs,
NULL);
if (note)
local_cprop_find_used_regs (&XEXP (note, 0), NULL);
for (reg_used = &reg_use_table[0]; reg_use_count > 0;
reg_used++, reg_use_count--)
{
if (do_local_cprop (reg_used->reg_rtx, insn, alter_jumps))
{
changed = true;
break;
}
}
if (INSN_DELETED_P (insn))
break;
}
while (reg_use_count);
}
cselib_process_insn (insn);
}
/* Forget everything at the end of a basic block. */
cselib_clear_table ();
}
cselib_finish ();
/* Global analysis may get into infinite loops for unreachable blocks. */
if (changed && alter_jumps)
{
delete_unreachable_blocks ();
free_reg_set_mem ();
alloc_reg_set_mem (max_reg_num ());
compute_sets ();
}
}
/* Forward propagate copies. This includes copies and constants. Return
nonzero if a change was made. */
static int
cprop (int alter_jumps)
{
int changed;
basic_block bb;
rtx insn;
/* Note we start at block 1. */
if (ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR->next_bb == EXIT_BLOCK_PTR)
{
if (dump_file != NULL)
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
return 0;
}
changed = 0;
FOR_BB_BETWEEN (bb, ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR->next_bb->next_bb, EXIT_BLOCK_PTR, next_bb)
{
/* Reset tables used to keep track of what's still valid [since the
start of the block]. */
reset_opr_set_tables ();
FOR_BB_INSNS (bb, insn)
if (INSN_P (insn))
{
changed |= cprop_insn (insn, alter_jumps);
/* Keep track of everything modified by this insn. */
/* ??? Need to be careful w.r.t. mods done to INSN. Don't
call mark_oprs_set if we turned the insn into a NOTE. */
if (! NOTE_P (insn))
mark_oprs_set (insn);
}
}
if (dump_file != NULL)
fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
return changed;
}
/* Similar to get_condition, only the resulting condition must be
valid at JUMP, instead of at EARLIEST.
This differs from noce_get_condition in ifcvt.c in that we prefer not to
settle for the condition variable in the jump instruction being integral.
We prefer to be able to record the value of a user variable, rather than
the value of a temporary used in a condition. This could be solved by
recording the value of *every* register scanned by canonicalize_condition,
but this would require some code reorganization. */
rtx
fis_get_condition (rtx jump)
{
return get_condition (jump, NULL, false, true);
}
/* Check the comparison COND to see if we can safely form an implicit set from
it. COND is either an EQ or NE comparison. */
static bool
implicit_set_cond_p (const_rtx cond)
{
const enum machine_mode mode = GET_MODE (XEXP (cond, 0));
const_rtx cst = XEXP (cond, 1);
/* We can't perform this optimization if either operand might be or might
contain a signed zero. */
if (HONOR_SIGNED_ZEROS (mode))
{
/* It is sufficient to check if CST is or contains a zero. We must
handle float, complex, and vector. If any subpart is a zero, then
the optimization can't be performed. */
/* ??? The complex and vector checks are not implemented yet. We just
always return zero for them. */
if (GET_CODE (cst) == CONST_DOUBLE)
{
REAL_VALUE_TYPE d;
REAL_VALUE_FROM_CONST_DOUBLE (d, cst);
if (REAL_VALUES_EQUAL (d, dconst0))
return 0;
}
else
return 0;
}
return gcse_constant_p (cst);
}
/* Find the implicit sets of a function. An "implicit set" is a constraint
on the value of a variable, implied by a conditional jump. For example,
following "if (x == 2)", the then branch may be optimized as though the
conditional performed an "explicit set", in this example, "x = 2". This
function records the set patterns that are implicit at the start of each
basic block. */
static void
find_implicit_sets (void)
{
basic_block bb, dest;
unsigned int count;
rtx cond, new_rtx;
count = 0;
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
/* Check for more than one successor. */
if (EDGE_COUNT (bb->succs) > 1)
{
cond = fis_get_condition (BB_END (bb));
if (cond
&& (GET_CODE (cond) == EQ || GET_CODE (cond) == NE)
&& REG_P (XEXP (cond, 0))
&& REGNO (XEXP (cond, 0)) >= FIRST_PSEUDO_REGISTER
&& implicit_set_cond_p (cond))
{
dest = GET_CODE (cond) == EQ ? BRANCH_EDGE (bb)->dest
: FALLTHRU_EDGE (bb)->dest;
if (dest && single_pred_p (dest)
&& dest != EXIT_BLOCK_PTR)
{
new_rtx = gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, XEXP (cond, 0),
XEXP (cond, 1));
implicit_sets[dest->index] = new_rtx;
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf(dump_file, "Implicit set of reg %d in ",
REGNO (XEXP (cond, 0)));
fprintf(dump_file, "basic block %d\n", dest->index);
}
count++;
}
}
}
if (dump_file)
fprintf (dump_file, "Found %d implicit sets\n", count);
}
/* Perform one copy/constant propagation pass.
PASS is the pass count. If CPROP_JUMPS is true, perform constant
propagation into conditional jumps. If BYPASS_JUMPS is true,
perform conditional jump bypassing optimizations. */
static int
one_cprop_pass (int pass, bool cprop_jumps, bool bypass_jumps)
{
int changed = 0;
global_const_prop_count = local_const_prop_count = 0;
global_copy_prop_count = local_copy_prop_count = 0;
if (cprop_jumps)
local_cprop_pass (cprop_jumps);
/* Determine implicit sets. */
implicit_sets = XCNEWVEC (rtx, last_basic_block);
find_implicit_sets ();
alloc_hash_table (max_cuid, &set_hash_table, 1);
compute_hash_table (&set_hash_table);
/* Free implicit_sets before peak usage. */
free (implicit_sets);
implicit_sets = NULL;
if (dump_file)
dump_hash_table (dump_file, "SET", &set_hash_table);
if (set_hash_table.n_elems > 0)
{
alloc_cprop_mem (last_basic_block, set_hash_table.n_elems);
compute_cprop_data ();
changed = cprop (cprop_jumps);
if (bypass_jumps)
changed |= bypass_conditional_jumps ();
free_cprop_mem ();
}
free_hash_table (&set_hash_table);
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "CPROP of %s, pass %d: %d bytes needed, ",
current_function_name (), pass, bytes_used);
fprintf (dump_file, "%d local const props, %d local copy props, ",
local_const_prop_count, local_copy_prop_count);
fprintf (dump_file, "%d global const props, %d global copy props\n\n",
global_const_prop_count, global_copy_prop_count);
}
/* Global analysis may get into infinite loops for unreachable blocks. */
if (changed && cprop_jumps)
delete_unreachable_blocks ();
return changed;
}
/* Bypass conditional jumps. */
/* The value of last_basic_block at the beginning of the jump_bypass
pass. The use of redirect_edge_and_branch_force may introduce new
basic blocks, but the data flow analysis is only valid for basic
block indices less than bypass_last_basic_block. */
static int bypass_last_basic_block;
/* Find a set of REGNO to a constant that is available at the end of basic
block BB. Returns NULL if no such set is found. Based heavily upon
find_avail_set. */
static struct expr *
find_bypass_set (int regno, int bb)
{
struct expr *result = 0;
for (;;)
{
rtx src;
struct expr *set = lookup_set (regno, &set_hash_table);
while (set)
{
if (TEST_BIT (cprop_avout[bb], set->bitmap_index))
break;
set = next_set (regno, set);
}
if (set == 0)
break;
gcc_assert (GET_CODE (set->expr) == SET);
src = SET_SRC (set->expr);
if (gcse_constant_p (src))
result = set;
if (! REG_P (src))
break;
regno = REGNO (src);
}
return result;
}
/* Subroutine of bypass_block that checks whether a pseudo is killed by
any of the instructions inserted on an edge. Jump bypassing places
condition code setters on CFG edges using insert_insn_on_edge. This
function is required to check that our data flow analysis is still
valid prior to commit_edge_insertions. */
static bool
reg_killed_on_edge (const_rtx reg, const_edge e)
{
rtx insn;
for (insn = e->insns.r; insn; insn = NEXT_INSN (insn))
if (INSN_P (insn) && reg_set_p (reg, insn))
return true;
return false;
}
/* Subroutine of bypass_conditional_jumps that attempts to bypass the given
basic block BB which has more than one predecessor. If not NULL, SETCC
is the first instruction of BB, which is immediately followed by JUMP_INSN
JUMP. Otherwise, SETCC is NULL, and JUMP is the first insn of BB.
Returns nonzero if a change was made.
During the jump bypassing pass, we may place copies of SETCC instructions
on CFG edges. The following routine must be careful to pay attention to
these inserted insns when performing its transformations. */
static int
bypass_block (basic_block bb, rtx setcc, rtx jump)
{
rtx insn, note;
edge e, edest;
int i, change;
int may_be_loop_header;
unsigned removed_p;
edge_iterator ei;
insn = (setcc != NULL) ? setcc : jump;
/* Determine set of register uses in INSN. */
reg_use_count = 0;
note_uses (&PATTERN (insn), find_used_regs, NULL);
note = find_reg_equal_equiv_note (insn);
if (note)
find_used_regs (&XEXP (note, 0), NULL);
may_be_loop_header = false;
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
if (e->flags & EDGE_DFS_BACK)
{
may_be_loop_header = true;
break;
}
change = 0;
for (ei = ei_start (bb->preds); (e = ei_safe_edge (ei)); )
{
removed_p = 0;
if (e->flags & EDGE_COMPLEX)
{
ei_next (&ei);
continue;
}
/* We can't redirect edges from new basic blocks. */
if (e->src->index >= bypass_last_basic_block)
{
ei_next (&ei);
continue;
}
/* The irreducible loops created by redirecting of edges entering the
loop from outside would decrease effectiveness of some of the following
optimizations, so prevent this. */
if (may_be_loop_header
&& !(e->flags & EDGE_DFS_BACK))
{
ei_next (&ei);
continue;
}
for (i = 0; i < reg_use_count; i++)
{
struct reg_use *reg_used = &reg_use_table[i];
unsigned int regno = REGNO (reg_used->reg_rtx);
basic_block dest, old_dest;
struct expr *set;
rtx src, new_rtx;
if (regno >= max_gcse_regno)
continue;
set = find_bypass_set (regno, e->src->index);
if (! set)
continue;
/* Check the data flow is valid after edge insertions. */
if (e->insns.r && reg_killed_on_edge (reg_used->reg_rtx, e))
continue;
src = SET_SRC (pc_set (jump));
if (setcc != NULL)
src = simplify_replace_rtx (src,
SET_DEST (PATTERN (setcc)),
SET_SRC (PATTERN (setcc)));
new_rtx = simplify_replace_rtx (src, reg_used->reg_rtx,
SET_SRC (set->expr));
/* Jump bypassing may have already placed instructions on
edges of the CFG. We can't bypass an outgoing edge that
has instructions associated with it, as these insns won't
get executed if the incoming edge is redirected. */
if (new_rtx == pc_rtx)
{
edest = FALLTHRU_EDGE (bb);
dest = edest->insns.r ? NULL : edest->dest;
}
else if (GET_CODE (new_rtx) == LABEL_REF)
{
dest = BLOCK_FOR_INSN (XEXP (new_rtx, 0));
/* Don't bypass edges containing instructions. */
edest = find_edge (bb, dest);
if (edest && edest->insns.r)
dest = NULL;
}
else
dest = NULL;
/* Avoid unification of the edge with other edges from original
branch. We would end up emitting the instruction on "both"
edges. */
if (dest && setcc && !CC0_P (SET_DEST (PATTERN (setcc)))
&& find_edge (e->src, dest))
dest = NULL;
old_dest = e->dest;
if (dest != NULL
&& dest != old_dest
&& dest != EXIT_BLOCK_PTR)
{
redirect_edge_and_branch_force (e, dest);
/* Copy the register setter to the redirected edge.
Don't copy CC0 setters, as CC0 is dead after jump. */
if (setcc)
{
rtx pat = PATTERN (setcc);
if (!CC0_P (SET_DEST (pat)))
insert_insn_on_edge (copy_insn (pat), e);
}
if (dump_file != NULL)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "JUMP-BYPASS: Proved reg %d "
"in jump_insn %d equals constant ",
regno, INSN_UID (jump));
print_rtl (dump_file, SET_SRC (set->expr));
fprintf (dump_file, "\nBypass edge from %d->%d to %d\n",
e->src->index, old_dest->index, dest->index);
}
change = 1;
removed_p = 1;
break;
}
}
if (!removed_p)
ei_next (&ei);
}
return change;
}
/* Find basic blocks with more than one predecessor that only contain a
single conditional jump. If the result of the comparison is known at
compile-time from any incoming edge, redirect that edge to the
appropriate target. Returns nonzero if a change was made.
This function is now mis-named, because we also handle indirect jumps. */
static int
bypass_conditional_jumps (void)
{
basic_block bb;
int changed;
rtx setcc;
rtx insn;
rtx dest;
/* Note we start at block 1. */
if (ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR->next_bb == EXIT_BLOCK_PTR)
return 0;
bypass_last_basic_block = last_basic_block;
mark_dfs_back_edges ();
changed = 0;
FOR_BB_BETWEEN (bb, ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR->next_bb->next_bb,
EXIT_BLOCK_PTR, next_bb)
{
/* Check for more than one predecessor. */
if (!single_pred_p (bb))
{
setcc = NULL_RTX;
FOR_BB_INSNS (bb, insn)
if (NONJUMP_INSN_P (insn))
{
if (setcc)
break;
if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) != SET)
break;
dest = SET_DEST (PATTERN (insn));
if (REG_P (dest) || CC0_P (dest))
setcc = insn;
else
break;
}
else if (JUMP_P (insn))
{
if ((any_condjump_p (insn) || computed_jump_p (insn))
&& onlyjump_p (insn))
changed |= bypass_block (bb, setcc, insn);
break;
}
else if (INSN_P (insn))
break;
}
}
/* If we bypassed any register setting insns, we inserted a
copy on the redirected edge. These need to be committed. */
if (changed)
commit_edge_insertions ();
return changed;
}
/* Compute PRE+LCM working variables. */
/* Local properties of expressions. */
/* Nonzero for expressions that are transparent in the block. */
static sbitmap *transp;
/* Nonzero for expressions that are transparent at the end of the block.
This is only zero for expressions killed by abnormal critical edge
created by a calls. */
static sbitmap *transpout;
/* Nonzero for expressions that are computed (available) in the block. */
static sbitmap *comp;
/* Nonzero for expressions that are locally anticipatable in the block. */
static sbitmap *antloc;
/* Nonzero for expressions where this block is an optimal computation
point. */
static sbitmap *pre_optimal;
/* Nonzero for expressions which are redundant in a particular block. */
static sbitmap *pre_redundant;
/* Nonzero for expressions which should be inserted on a specific edge. */
static sbitmap *pre_insert_map;
/* Nonzero for expressions which should be deleted in a specific block. */
static sbitmap *pre_delete_map;
/* Contains the edge_list returned by pre_edge_lcm. */
static struct edge_list *edge_list;
/* Redundant insns. */
static sbitmap pre_redundant_insns;
/* Allocate vars used for PRE analysis. */
static void
alloc_pre_mem (int n_blocks, int n_exprs)
{
transp = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_exprs);
comp = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_exprs);
antloc = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_exprs);
pre_optimal = NULL;
pre_redundant = NULL;
pre_insert_map = NULL;
pre_delete_map = NULL;
ae_kill = sbitmap_vector_alloc (n_blocks, n_exprs);
/* pre_insert and pre_delete are allocated later. */
}
/* Free vars used for PRE analysis. */
static void
free_pre_mem (void)
{
sbitmap_vector_free (transp);
sbitmap_vector_free (comp);
/* ANTLOC and AE_KILL are freed just after pre_lcm finishes. */
if (pre_optimal)
sbitmap_vector_free (pre_optimal);
if (pre_redundant)
sbitmap_vector_free (pre_redundant);
if (pre_insert_map)
sbitmap_vector_free (pre_insert_map);
if (pre_delete_map)
sbitmap_vector_free (pre_delete_map);
transp = comp = NULL;
pre_optimal = pre_redundant = pre_insert_map = pre_delete_map = NULL;
}
/* Top level routine to do the dataflow analysis needed by PRE. */
static void
compute_pre_data (void)
{
sbitmap trapping_expr;
basic_block bb;
unsigned int ui;
compute_local_properties (transp, comp, antloc, &expr_hash_table);
sbitmap_vector_zero (ae_kill, last_basic_block);
/* Collect expressions which might trap. */
trapping_expr = sbitmap_alloc (expr_hash_table.n_elems);
sbitmap_zero (trapping_expr);
for (ui = 0; ui < expr_hash_table.size; ui++)
{
struct expr *e;
for (e = expr_hash_table.table[ui]; e != NULL; e = e->next_same_hash)
if (may_trap_p (e->expr))
SET_BIT (trapping_expr, e->bitmap_index);
}
/* Compute ae_kill for each basic block using:
~(TRANSP | COMP)
*/
FOR_EACH_BB (bb)
{
edge e;
edge_iterator ei;
/* If the current block is the destination of an abnormal edge, we
kill all trapping expressions because we won't be able to properly
place the instruction on the edge. So make them neither
anticipatable nor transparent. This is fairly conservative. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->preds)
if (e->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)
{
sbitmap_difference (antloc[bb->index], antloc[bb->index], trapping_expr);
sbitmap_difference (transp[bb->index], transp[bb->index], trapping_expr);
break;
}
sbitmap_a_or_b (ae_kill[bb->index], transp[bb->index], comp[bb->index]);
sbitmap_not (ae_kill[bb->index], ae_kill[bb->index]);
}
edge_list = pre_edge_lcm (expr_hash_table.n_elems, transp, comp, antloc,
ae_kill, &pre_insert_map, &pre_delete_map);
sbitmap_vector_free (antloc);
antloc = NULL;
sbitmap_vector_free (ae_kill);
ae_kill = NULL;
sbitmap_free (trapping_expr);
}
/* PRE utilities */
/* Return nonzero if an occurrence of expression EXPR in OCCR_BB would reach
block BB.
VISITED is a pointer to a working buffer for tracking which BB's have
been visited. It is NULL for the top-level call.
We treat reaching expressions that go through blocks containing the same
reaching expression as "not reaching". E.g. if EXPR is generated in blocks
2 and 3, INSN is in block 4, and 2->3->4, we treat the expression in block
2 as not reaching. The intent is to improve the probability of finding
only one reaching expression and to reduce register lifetimes by picking
the closest such expression. */
static int
pre_expr_reaches_here_p_work (basic_block occr_bb, struct expr *expr, basic_block bb, char *visited)
{
edge pred;
edge_iterator ei;
FOR_EACH_EDGE (pred, ei, bb->preds)
{
basic_block pred_bb = pred->src;
if (pred->src == ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR
/* Has predecessor has already been visited? */
|| visited[pred_bb->index])
;/* Nothing to do. */
/* Does this predecessor generate this expression? */
else if (TEST_BIT (comp[pred_bb->index], expr->bitmap_index))
{
/* Is this the occurrence we're looking for?
Note that there's only one generating occurrence per block
so we just need to check the block number. */
if (occr_bb == pred_bb)
return 1;
visited[pred_bb->index] = 1;
}
/* Ignore this predecessor if it kills the expression. */
else if (! TEST_BIT (transp[pred_bb->index], expr->bitmap_index))
visited[pred_bb->index] = 1;
/* Neither gen nor kill. */
else
{
visited[pred_bb->index] = 1;
if (pre_expr_reaches_here_p_work (occr_bb, expr, pred_bb, visited))
return 1;
}
}
/* All paths have been checked. */
return 0;
}
/* The wrapper for pre_expr_reaches_here_work that ensures that any
memory allocated for that function is returned. */
static int
pre_expr_reaches_here_p (basic_block occr_bb, struct expr *expr, basic_block bb)
{
int rval;
char *visited = XCNEWVEC (char, last_basic_block);
rval = pre_expr_reaches_here_p_work (occr_bb, expr, bb, visited);
free (visited);
return rval;
}
/* Given an expr, generate RTL which we can insert at the end of a BB,
or on an edge. Set the block number of any insns generated to
the value of BB. */
static rtx
process_insert_insn (struct expr *expr)
{
rtx reg = expr->reaching_reg;
rtx exp = copy_rtx (expr->expr);
rtx pat;
start_sequence ();
/* If the expression is something that's an operand, like a constant,
just copy it to a register. */
if (general_operand (exp, GET_MODE (reg)))
emit_move_insn (reg, exp);
/* Otherwise, make a new insn to compute this expression and make sure the
insn will be recognized (this also adds any needed CLOBBERs). Copy the
expression to make sure we don't have any sharing issues. */
else
{
rtx insn = emit_insn (gen_rtx_SET (VOIDmode, reg, exp));
if (insn_invalid_p (insn))
gcc_unreachable ();
}
pat = get_insns ();
end_sequence ();
return pat;
}
/* Add EXPR to the end of basic block BB.
This is used by both the PRE and code hoisting.
For PRE, we want to verify that the expr is either transparent
or locally anticipatable in the target block. This check makes
no sense for code hoisting. */
static void
insert_insn_end_basic_block (struct expr *expr, basic_block bb, int pre)
{
rtx insn = BB_END (bb);
rtx new_insn;
rtx reg = expr->reaching_reg;
int regno = REGNO (reg);
rtx pat, pat_end;
pat = process_insert_insn (expr);
gcc_assert (pat && INSN_P (pat));
pat_end = pat;
while (NEXT_INSN (pat_end) != NULL_RTX)
pat_end = NEXT_INSN (pat_end);
/* If the last insn is a jump, insert EXPR in front [taking care to
handle cc0, etc. properly]. Similarly we need to care trapping
instructions in presence of non-call exceptions. */
if (JUMP_P (insn)
|| (NONJUMP_INSN_P (insn)
&& (!single_succ_p (bb)
|| single_succ_edge (bb)->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)))
{
#ifdef HAVE_cc0
rtx note;
#endif
/* It should always be the case that we can put these instructions
anywhere in the basic block with performing PRE optimizations.
Check this. */
gcc_assert (!NONJUMP_INSN_P (insn) || !pre
|| TEST_BIT (antloc[bb->index], expr->bitmap_index)
|| TEST_BIT (transp[bb->index], expr->bitmap_index));
/* If this is a jump table, then we can't insert stuff here. Since
we know the previous real insn must be the tablejump, we insert
the new instruction just before the tablejump. */
if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == ADDR_VEC
|| GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == ADDR_DIFF_VEC)
insn = prev_real_insn (insn);
#ifdef HAVE_cc0
/* FIXME: 'twould be nice to call prev_cc0_setter here but it aborts
if cc0 isn't set. */
note = find_reg_note (insn, REG_CC_SETTER, NULL_RTX);
if (note)
insn = XEXP (note, 0);
else
{
rtx maybe_cc0_setter = prev_nonnote_insn (insn);
if (maybe_cc0_setter
&& INSN_P (maybe_cc0_setter)
&& sets_cc0_p (PATTERN (maybe_cc0_setter)))
insn = maybe_cc0_setter;
}
#endif
/* FIXME: What if something in cc0/jump uses value set in new insn? */
new_insn = emit_insn_before_noloc (pat, insn, bb);
}
/* Likewise if the last insn is a call, as will happen in the presence
of exception handling. */
else if (CALL_P (insn)
&& (!single_succ_p (bb)
|| single_succ_edge (bb)->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL))
{
/* Keeping in mind SMALL_REGISTER_CLASSES and parameters in registers,
we search backward and place the instructions before the first
parameter is loaded. Do this for everyone for consistency and a
presumption that we'll get better code elsewhere as well.
It should always be the case that we can put these instructions
anywhere in the basic block with performing PRE optimizations.
Check this. */
gcc_assert (!pre
|| TEST_BIT (antloc[bb->index], expr->bitmap_index)
|| TEST_BIT (transp[bb->index], expr->bitmap_index));
/* Since different machines initialize their parameter registers
in different orders, assume nothing. Collect the set of all
parameter registers. */
insn = find_first_parameter_load (insn, BB_HEAD (bb));
/* If we found all the parameter loads, then we want to insert
before the first parameter load.
If we did not find all the parameter loads, then we might have