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/* Memory address lowering and addressing mode selection.
Copyright (C) 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any
later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
/* Utility functions for manipulation with TARGET_MEM_REFs -- tree expressions
that directly map to addressing modes of the target. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "rtl.h"
#include "tm_p.h"
#include "hard-reg-set.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "output.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "insn-config.h"
#include "recog.h"
#include "expr.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tree-affine.h"
/* TODO -- handling of symbols (according to Richard Hendersons
comments, http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2005-04/msg00949.html):
There are at least 5 different kinds of symbols that we can run up against:
(1) binds_local_p, small data area.
(2) binds_local_p, eg local statics
(3) !binds_local_p, eg global variables
(4) thread local, local_exec
(5) thread local, !local_exec
Now, (1) won't appear often in an array context, but it certainly can.
All you have to do is set -GN high enough, or explicitly mark any
random object __attribute__((section (".sdata"))).
All of these affect whether or not a symbol is in fact a valid address.
The only one tested here is (3). And that result may very well
be incorrect for (4) or (5).
An incorrect result here does not cause incorrect results out the
back end, because the expander in expr.c validizes the address. However
it would be nice to improve the handling here in order to produce more
precise results. */
/* A "template" for memory address, used to determine whether the address is
valid for mode. */
struct mem_addr_template GTY (())
{
rtx ref; /* The template. */
rtx * GTY ((skip)) step_p; /* The point in template where the step should be
filled in. */
rtx * GTY ((skip)) off_p; /* The point in template where the offset should
be filled in. */
};
/* The templates. Each of the five bits of the index corresponds to one
component of TARGET_MEM_REF being present, see TEMPL_IDX. */
static GTY (()) struct mem_addr_template templates[32];
#define TEMPL_IDX(SYMBOL, BASE, INDEX, STEP, OFFSET) \
(((SYMBOL != 0) << 4) \
| ((BASE != 0) << 3) \
| ((INDEX != 0) << 2) \
| ((STEP != 0) << 1) \
| (OFFSET != 0))
/* Stores address for memory reference with parameters SYMBOL, BASE, INDEX,
STEP and OFFSET to *ADDR. Stores pointers to where step is placed to
*STEP_P and offset to *OFFSET_P. */
static void
gen_addr_rtx (rtx symbol, rtx base, rtx index, rtx step, rtx offset,
rtx *addr, rtx **step_p, rtx **offset_p)
{
rtx act_elem;
*addr = NULL_RTX;
if (step_p)
*step_p = NULL;
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = NULL;
if (index)
{
act_elem = index;
if (step)
{
act_elem = gen_rtx_MULT (Pmode, act_elem, step);
if (step_p)
*step_p = &XEXP (act_elem, 1);
}
*addr = act_elem;
}
if (base)
{
if (*addr)
*addr = simplify_gen_binary (PLUS, Pmode, base, *addr);
else
*addr = base;
}
if (symbol)
{
act_elem = symbol;
if (offset)
{
act_elem = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, act_elem, offset);
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = &XEXP (act_elem, 1);
if (GET_CODE (symbol) == SYMBOL_REF
|| GET_CODE (symbol) == LABEL_REF
|| GET_CODE (symbol) == CONST)
act_elem = gen_rtx_CONST (Pmode, act_elem);
}
if (*addr)
*addr = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, *addr, act_elem);
else
*addr = act_elem;
}
else if (offset)
{
if (*addr)
{
*addr = gen_rtx_PLUS (Pmode, *addr, offset);
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = &XEXP (*addr, 1);
}
else
{
*addr = offset;
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = addr;
}
}
if (!*addr)
*addr = const0_rtx;
}
/* Returns address for TARGET_MEM_REF with parameters given by ADDR.
If REALLY_EXPAND is false, just make fake registers instead
of really expanding the operands, and perform the expansion in-place
by using one of the "templates". */
rtx
addr_for_mem_ref (struct mem_address *addr, bool really_expand)
{
rtx address, sym, bse, idx, st, off;
static bool templates_initialized = false;
struct mem_addr_template *templ;
if (addr->step && !integer_onep (addr->step))
st = immed_double_const (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (addr->step),
TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (addr->step), Pmode);
else
st = NULL_RTX;
if (addr->offset && !integer_zerop (addr->offset))
off = immed_double_const (TREE_INT_CST_LOW (addr->offset),
TREE_INT_CST_HIGH (addr->offset), Pmode);
else
off = NULL_RTX;
if (!really_expand)
{
/* Reuse the templates for addresses, so that we do not waste memory. */
if (!templates_initialized)
{
unsigned i;
templates_initialized = true;
sym = gen_rtx_SYMBOL_REF (Pmode, ggc_strdup ("test_symbol"));
bse = gen_raw_REG (Pmode, LAST_VIRTUAL_REGISTER + 1);
idx = gen_raw_REG (Pmode, LAST_VIRTUAL_REGISTER + 2);
for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
gen_addr_rtx ((i & 16 ? sym : NULL_RTX),
(i & 8 ? bse : NULL_RTX),
(i & 4 ? idx : NULL_RTX),
(i & 2 ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX),
(i & 1 ? const0_rtx : NULL_RTX),
&templates[i].ref,
&templates[i].step_p,
&templates[i].off_p);
}
templ = templates + TEMPL_IDX (addr->symbol, addr->base, addr->index,
st, off);
if (st)
*templ->step_p = st;
if (off)
*templ->off_p = off;
return templ->ref;
}
/* Otherwise really expand the expressions. */
sym = (addr->symbol
? expand_expr (build_addr (addr->symbol, current_function_decl),
NULL_RTX, Pmode, EXPAND_NORMAL)
: NULL_RTX);
bse = (addr->base
? expand_expr (addr->base, NULL_RTX, Pmode, EXPAND_NORMAL)
: NULL_RTX);
idx = (addr->index
? expand_expr (addr->index, NULL_RTX, Pmode, EXPAND_NORMAL)
: NULL_RTX);
gen_addr_rtx (sym, bse, idx, st, off, &address, NULL, NULL);
return address;
}
/* Returns address of MEM_REF in TYPE. */
tree
tree_mem_ref_addr (tree type, tree mem_ref)
{
tree addr;
tree act_elem;
tree step = TMR_STEP (mem_ref), offset = TMR_OFFSET (mem_ref);
tree sym = TMR_SYMBOL (mem_ref), base = TMR_BASE (mem_ref);
tree addr_base = NULL_TREE, addr_off = NULL_TREE;
if (sym)
addr_base = fold_convert (type, build_addr (sym, current_function_decl));
else if (base && POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (base)))
{
addr_base = fold_convert (type, base);
base = NULL_TREE;
}
act_elem = TMR_INDEX (mem_ref);
if (act_elem)
{
if (step)
act_elem = fold_build2 (MULT_EXPR, sizetype, act_elem, step);
addr_off = act_elem;
}
act_elem = base;
if (act_elem)
{
if (addr_off)
addr_off = fold_build2 (PLUS_EXPR, sizetype, addr_off, act_elem);
else
addr_off = act_elem;
}
if (offset && !integer_zerop (offset))
{
if (addr_off)
addr_off = fold_build2 (PLUS_EXPR, sizetype, addr_off, offset);
else
addr_off = offset;
}
if (addr_off)
{
if (addr_base)
addr = fold_build2 (POINTER_PLUS_EXPR, type, addr_base, addr_off);
else
addr = fold_convert (type, addr_off);
}
else if (addr_base)
addr = addr_base;
else
addr = build_int_cst (type, 0);
return addr;
}
/* Returns true if a memory reference in MODE and with parameters given by
ADDR is valid on the current target. */
static bool
valid_mem_ref_p (enum machine_mode mode, struct mem_address *addr)
{
rtx address;
address = addr_for_mem_ref (addr, false);
if (!address)
return false;
return memory_address_p (mode, address);
}
/* Checks whether a TARGET_MEM_REF with type TYPE and parameters given by ADDR
is valid on the current target and if so, creates and returns the
TARGET_MEM_REF. */
static tree
create_mem_ref_raw (tree type, struct mem_address *addr)
{
if (!valid_mem_ref_p (TYPE_MODE (type), addr))
return NULL_TREE;
if (addr->step && integer_onep (addr->step))
addr->step = NULL_TREE;
if (addr->offset && integer_zerop (addr->offset))
addr->offset = NULL_TREE;
return build7 (TARGET_MEM_REF, type,
addr->symbol, addr->base, addr->index,
addr->step, addr->offset, NULL, NULL);
}
/* Returns true if OBJ is an object whose address is a link time constant. */
static bool
fixed_address_object_p (tree obj)
{
return (TREE_CODE (obj) == VAR_DECL
&& (TREE_STATIC (obj)
|| DECL_EXTERNAL (obj))
&& ! DECL_DLLIMPORT_P (obj));
}
/* If ADDR contains an address of object that is a link time constant,
move it to PARTS->symbol. */
static void
move_fixed_address_to_symbol (struct mem_address *parts, aff_tree *addr)
{
unsigned i;
tree val = NULL_TREE;
for (i = 0; i < addr->n; i++)
{
if (!double_int_one_p (addr->elts[i].coef))
continue;
val = addr->elts[i].val;
if (TREE_CODE (val) == ADDR_EXPR
&& fixed_address_object_p (TREE_OPERAND (val, 0)))
break;
}
if (i == addr->n)
return;
parts->symbol = TREE_OPERAND (val, 0);
aff_combination_remove_elt (addr, i);
}
/* If ADDR contains an address of a dereferenced pointer, move it to
PARTS->base. */
static void
move_pointer_to_base (struct mem_address *parts, aff_tree *addr)
{
unsigned i;
tree val = NULL_TREE;
for (i = 0; i < addr->n; i++)
{
if (!double_int_one_p (addr->elts[i].coef))
continue;
val = addr->elts[i].val;
if (POINTER_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (val)))
break;
}
if (i == addr->n)
return;
parts->base = val;
aff_combination_remove_elt (addr, i);
}
/* Adds ELT to PARTS. */
static void
add_to_parts (struct mem_address *parts, tree elt)
{
tree type;
if (!parts->index)
{
parts->index = fold_convert (sizetype, elt);
return;
}
if (!parts->base)
{
parts->base = elt;
return;
}
/* Add ELT to base. */
type = TREE_TYPE (parts->base);
if (POINTER_TYPE_P (type))
parts->base = fold_build2 (POINTER_PLUS_EXPR, type,
parts->base,
fold_convert (sizetype, elt));
else
parts->base = fold_build2 (PLUS_EXPR, type,
parts->base, elt);
}
/* Finds the most expensive multiplication in ADDR that can be
expressed in an addressing mode and move the corresponding
element(s) to PARTS. */
static void
most_expensive_mult_to_index (struct mem_address *parts, aff_tree *addr,
bool speed)
{
HOST_WIDE_INT coef;
double_int best_mult, amult, amult_neg;
unsigned best_mult_cost = 0, acost;
tree mult_elt = NULL_TREE, elt;
unsigned i, j;
enum tree_code op_code;
best_mult = double_int_zero;
for (i = 0; i < addr->n; i++)
{
if (!double_int_fits_in_shwi_p (addr->elts[i].coef))
continue;
/* FIXME: Should use the correct memory mode rather than Pmode. */
coef = double_int_to_shwi (addr->elts[i].coef);
if (coef == 1
|| !multiplier_allowed_in_address_p (coef, Pmode))
continue;
acost = multiply_by_cost (coef, Pmode, speed);
if (acost > best_mult_cost)
{
best_mult_cost = acost;
best_mult = addr->elts[i].coef;
}
}
if (!best_mult_cost)
return;
/* Collect elements multiplied by best_mult. */
for (i = j = 0; i < addr->n; i++)
{
amult = addr->elts[i].coef;
amult_neg = double_int_ext_for_comb (double_int_neg (amult), addr);
if (double_int_equal_p (amult, best_mult))
op_code = PLUS_EXPR;
else if (double_int_equal_p (amult_neg, best_mult))
op_code = MINUS_EXPR;
else
{
addr->elts[j] = addr->elts[i];
j++;
continue;
}
elt = fold_convert (sizetype, addr->elts[i].val);
if (mult_elt)
mult_elt = fold_build2 (op_code, sizetype, mult_elt, elt);
else if (op_code == PLUS_EXPR)
mult_elt = elt;
else
mult_elt = fold_build1 (NEGATE_EXPR, sizetype, elt);
}
addr->n = j;
parts->index = mult_elt;
parts->step = double_int_to_tree (sizetype, best_mult);
}
/* Splits address ADDR into PARTS.
TODO -- be more clever about the distribution of the elements of ADDR
to PARTS. Some architectures do not support anything but single
register in address, possibly with a small integer offset; while
create_mem_ref will simplify the address to an acceptable shape
later, it would be more efficient to know that asking for complicated
addressing modes is useless. */
static void
addr_to_parts (aff_tree *addr, struct mem_address *parts, bool speed)
{
tree part;
unsigned i;
parts->symbol = NULL_TREE;
parts->base = NULL_TREE;
parts->index = NULL_TREE;
parts->step = NULL_TREE;
if (!double_int_zero_p (addr->offset))
parts->offset = double_int_to_tree (sizetype, addr->offset);
else
parts->offset = NULL_TREE;
/* Try to find a symbol. */
move_fixed_address_to_symbol (parts, addr);
/* First move the most expensive feasible multiplication
to index. */
most_expensive_mult_to_index (parts, addr, speed);
/* Try to find a base of the reference. Since at the moment
there is no reliable way how to distinguish between pointer and its
offset, this is just a guess. */
if (!parts->symbol)
move_pointer_to_base (parts, addr);
/* Then try to process the remaining elements. */
for (i = 0; i < addr->n; i++)
{
part = fold_convert (sizetype, addr->elts[i].val);
if (!double_int_one_p (addr->elts[i].coef))
part = fold_build2 (MULT_EXPR, sizetype, part,
double_int_to_tree (sizetype, addr->elts[i].coef));
add_to_parts (parts, part);
}
if (addr->rest)
add_to_parts (parts, fold_convert (sizetype, addr->rest));
}
/* Force the PARTS to register. */
static void
gimplify_mem_ref_parts (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi, struct mem_address *parts)
{
if (parts->base)
parts->base = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi, parts->base,
true, NULL_TREE,
true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
if (parts->index)
parts->index = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi, parts->index,
true, NULL_TREE,
true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
}
/* Creates and returns a TARGET_MEM_REF for address ADDR. If necessary
computations are emitted in front of GSI. TYPE is the mode
of created memory reference. */
tree
create_mem_ref (gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi, tree type, aff_tree *addr,
bool speed)
{
tree mem_ref, tmp;
tree atype;
struct mem_address parts;
addr_to_parts (addr, &parts, speed);
gimplify_mem_ref_parts (gsi, &parts);
mem_ref = create_mem_ref_raw (type, &parts);
if (mem_ref)
return mem_ref;
/* The expression is too complicated. Try making it simpler. */
if (parts.step && !integer_onep (parts.step))
{
/* Move the multiplication to index. */
gcc_assert (parts.index);
parts.index = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi,
fold_build2 (MULT_EXPR, sizetype,
parts.index, parts.step),
true, NULL_TREE, true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
parts.step = NULL_TREE;
mem_ref = create_mem_ref_raw (type, &parts);
if (mem_ref)
return mem_ref;
}
if (parts.symbol)
{
tmp = build_addr (parts.symbol, current_function_decl);
gcc_assert (is_gimple_val (tmp));
/* Add the symbol to base, eventually forcing it to register. */
if (parts.base)
{
gcc_assert (useless_type_conversion_p
(sizetype, TREE_TYPE (parts.base)));
if (parts.index)
{
atype = TREE_TYPE (tmp);
parts.base = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi,
fold_build2 (POINTER_PLUS_EXPR, atype,
tmp,
fold_convert (sizetype, parts.base)),
true, NULL_TREE, true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
}
else
{
parts.index = parts.base;
parts.base = tmp;
}
}
else
parts.base = tmp;
parts.symbol = NULL_TREE;
mem_ref = create_mem_ref_raw (type, &parts);
if (mem_ref)
return mem_ref;
}
if (parts.index)
{
/* Add index to base. */
if (parts.base)
{
atype = TREE_TYPE (parts.base);
parts.base = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi,
fold_build2 (POINTER_PLUS_EXPR, atype,
parts.base,
parts.index),
true, NULL_TREE, true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
}
else
parts.base = parts.index;
parts.index = NULL_TREE;
mem_ref = create_mem_ref_raw (type, &parts);
if (mem_ref)
return mem_ref;
}
if (parts.offset && !integer_zerop (parts.offset))
{
/* Try adding offset to base. */
if (parts.base)
{
atype = TREE_TYPE (parts.base);
parts.base = force_gimple_operand_gsi (gsi,
fold_build2 (POINTER_PLUS_EXPR, atype,
parts.base,
fold_convert (sizetype, parts.offset)),
true, NULL_TREE, true, GSI_SAME_STMT);
}
else
parts.base = parts.offset;
parts.offset = NULL_TREE;
mem_ref = create_mem_ref_raw (type, &parts);
if (mem_ref)
return mem_ref;
}
/* Verify that the address is in the simplest possible shape
(only a register). If we cannot create such a memory reference,
something is really wrong. */
gcc_assert (parts.symbol == NULL_TREE);
gcc_assert (parts.index == NULL_TREE);
gcc_assert (!parts.step || integer_onep (parts.step));
gcc_assert (!parts.offset || integer_zerop (parts.offset));
gcc_unreachable ();
}
/* Copies components of the address from OP to ADDR. */
void
get_address_description (tree op, struct mem_address *addr)
{
addr->symbol = TMR_SYMBOL (op);
addr->base = TMR_BASE (op);
addr->index = TMR_INDEX (op);
addr->step = TMR_STEP (op);
addr->offset = TMR_OFFSET (op);
}
/* Copies the additional information attached to target_mem_ref FROM to TO. */
void
copy_mem_ref_info (tree to, tree from)
{
/* Copy the annotation, to preserve the aliasing information. */
TMR_TAG (to) = TMR_TAG (from);
/* And the info about the original reference. */
TMR_ORIGINAL (to) = TMR_ORIGINAL (from);
TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (to) = TREE_SIDE_EFFECTS (from);
TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (to) = TREE_THIS_VOLATILE (from);
}
/* Move constants in target_mem_ref REF to offset. Returns the new target
mem ref if anything changes, NULL_TREE otherwise. */
tree
maybe_fold_tmr (tree ref)
{
struct mem_address addr;
bool changed = false;
tree ret, off;
get_address_description (ref, &addr);
if (addr.base && TREE_CODE (addr.base) == INTEGER_CST)
{
if (addr.offset)
addr.offset = fold_binary_to_constant (PLUS_EXPR, sizetype,
addr.offset,
fold_convert (sizetype, addr.base));
else
addr.offset = addr.base;
addr.base = NULL_TREE;
changed = true;
}
if (addr.index && TREE_CODE (addr.index) == INTEGER_CST)
{
off = addr.index;
if (addr.step)
{
off = fold_binary_to_constant (MULT_EXPR, sizetype,
off, addr.step);
addr.step = NULL_TREE;
}
if (addr.offset)
{
addr.offset = fold_binary_to_constant (PLUS_EXPR, sizetype,
addr.offset, off);
}
else
addr.offset = off;
addr.index = NULL_TREE;
changed = true;
}
if (!changed)
return NULL_TREE;
ret = create_mem_ref_raw (TREE_TYPE (ref), &addr);
if (!ret)
return NULL_TREE;
copy_mem_ref_info (ret, ref);
return ret;
}
/* Dump PARTS to FILE. */
extern void dump_mem_address (FILE *, struct mem_address *);
void
dump_mem_address (FILE *file, struct mem_address *parts)
{
if (parts->symbol)
{
fprintf (file, "symbol: ");
print_generic_expr (file, parts->symbol, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
if (parts->base)
{
fprintf (file, "base: ");
print_generic_expr (file, parts->base, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
if (parts->index)
{
fprintf (file, "index: ");
print_generic_expr (file, parts->index, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
if (parts->step)
{
fprintf (file, "step: ");
print_generic_expr (file, parts->step, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
if (parts->offset)
{
fprintf (file, "offset: ");
print_generic_expr (file, parts->offset, TDF_SLIM);
fprintf (file, "\n");
}
}
#include "gt-tree-ssa-address.h"
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