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/* Code sinking for trees
Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009
Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by Daniel Berlin <dan@dberlin.org>
This file is part of GCC.
GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
any later version.
GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3. If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tm.h"
#include "ggc.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "basic-block.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "fibheap.h"
#include "hashtab.h"
#include "tree-iterator.h"
#include "real.h"
#include "alloc-pool.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "bitmap.h"
#include "langhooks.h"
#include "cfgloop.h"
/* TODO:
1. Sinking store only using scalar promotion (IE without moving the RHS):
*q = p;
p = p + 1;
if (something)
*q = <not p>;
else
y = *q;
should become
sinktemp = p;
p = p + 1;
if (something)
*q = <not p>;
else
{
*q = sinktemp;
y = *q
}
Store copy propagation will take care of the store elimination above.
2. Sinking using Partial Dead Code Elimination. */
static struct
{
/* The number of statements sunk down the flowgraph by code sinking. */
int sunk;
} sink_stats;
/* Given a PHI, and one of its arguments (DEF), find the edge for
that argument and return it. If the argument occurs twice in the PHI node,
we return NULL. */
static basic_block
find_bb_for_arg (gimple phi, tree def)
{
size_t i;
bool foundone = false;
basic_block result = NULL;
for (i = 0; i < gimple_phi_num_args (phi); i++)
if (PHI_ARG_DEF (phi, i) == def)
{
if (foundone)
return NULL;
foundone = true;
result = gimple_phi_arg_edge (phi, i)->src;
}
return result;
}
/* When the first immediate use is in a statement, then return true if all
immediate uses in IMM are in the same statement.
We could also do the case where the first immediate use is in a phi node,
and all the other uses are in phis in the same basic block, but this
requires some expensive checking later (you have to make sure no def/vdef
in the statement occurs for multiple edges in the various phi nodes it's
used in, so that you only have one place you can sink it to. */
static bool
all_immediate_uses_same_place (gimple stmt)
{
gimple firstuse = NULL;
ssa_op_iter op_iter;
imm_use_iterator imm_iter;
use_operand_p use_p;
tree var;
FOR_EACH_SSA_TREE_OPERAND (var, stmt, op_iter, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
{
FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (use_p, imm_iter, var)
{
if (firstuse == NULL)
firstuse = USE_STMT (use_p);
else
if (firstuse != USE_STMT (use_p))
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
/* Some global stores don't necessarily have VDEF's of global variables,
but we still must avoid moving them around. */
bool
is_hidden_global_store (gimple stmt)
{
/* Check virtual definitions. If we get here, the only virtual
definitions we should see are those generated by assignment or call
statements. */
if (!ZERO_SSA_OPERANDS (stmt, SSA_OP_VIRTUAL_DEFS))
{
tree lhs;
gcc_assert (is_gimple_assign (stmt) || is_gimple_call (stmt));
/* Note that we must not check the individual virtual operands
here. In particular, if this is an aliased store, we could
end up with something like the following (SSA notation
redacted for brevity):
foo (int *p, int i)
{
int x;
p_1 = (i_2 > 3) ? &x : p;
# x_4 = VDEF <x_3>
*p_1 = 5;
return 2;
}
Notice that the store to '*p_1' should be preserved, if we
were to check the virtual definitions in that store, we would
not mark it needed. This is because 'x' is not a global
variable.
Therefore, we check the base address of the LHS. If the
address is a pointer, we check if its name tag or symbol tag is
a global variable. Otherwise, we check if the base variable
is a global. */
lhs = gimple_get_lhs (stmt);
if (REFERENCE_CLASS_P (lhs))
lhs = get_base_address (lhs);
if (lhs == NULL_TREE)
{
/* If LHS is NULL, it means that we couldn't get the base
address of the reference. In which case, we should not
move this store. */
return true;
}
else if (DECL_P (lhs))
{
/* If the store is to a global symbol, we need to keep it. */
if (is_global_var (lhs))
return true;
}
else if (INDIRECT_REF_P (lhs))
return may_point_to_global_var (TREE_OPERAND (lhs, 0));
else
gcc_unreachable ();
}
return false;
}
/* Find the nearest common dominator of all of the immediate uses in IMM. */
static basic_block
nearest_common_dominator_of_uses (gimple stmt)
{
bitmap blocks = BITMAP_ALLOC (NULL);
basic_block commondom;
unsigned int j;
bitmap_iterator bi;
ssa_op_iter op_iter;
imm_use_iterator imm_iter;
use_operand_p use_p;
tree var;
bitmap_clear (blocks);
FOR_EACH_SSA_TREE_OPERAND (var, stmt, op_iter, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
{
FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (use_p, imm_iter, var)
{
gimple usestmt = USE_STMT (use_p);
basic_block useblock;
if (gimple_code (usestmt) == GIMPLE_PHI)
{
int idx = PHI_ARG_INDEX_FROM_USE (use_p);
useblock = gimple_phi_arg_edge (usestmt, idx)->src;
}
else
{
useblock = gimple_bb (usestmt);
}
/* Short circuit. Nothing dominates the entry block. */
if (useblock == ENTRY_BLOCK_PTR)
{
BITMAP_FREE (blocks);
return NULL;
}
bitmap_set_bit (blocks, useblock->index);
}
}
commondom = BASIC_BLOCK (bitmap_first_set_bit (blocks));
EXECUTE_IF_SET_IN_BITMAP (blocks, 0, j, bi)
commondom = nearest_common_dominator (CDI_DOMINATORS, commondom,
BASIC_BLOCK (j));
BITMAP_FREE (blocks);
return commondom;
}
/* Given a statement (STMT) and the basic block it is currently in (FROMBB),
determine the location to sink the statement to, if any.
Returns true if there is such location; in that case, TOGSI points to the
statement before that STMT should be moved. */
static bool
statement_sink_location (gimple stmt, basic_block frombb,
gimple_stmt_iterator *togsi)
{
gimple use;
tree def;
use_operand_p one_use = NULL_USE_OPERAND_P;
basic_block sinkbb;
use_operand_p use_p;
def_operand_p def_p;
ssa_op_iter iter;
imm_use_iterator imm_iter;
enum tree_code code;
FOR_EACH_SSA_TREE_OPERAND (def, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
{
FOR_EACH_IMM_USE_FAST (one_use, imm_iter, def)
{
break;
}
if (one_use != NULL_USE_OPERAND_P)
break;
}
/* Return if there are no immediate uses of this stmt. */
if (one_use == NULL_USE_OPERAND_P)
return false;
if (gimple_code (stmt) != GIMPLE_ASSIGN)
return false;
/* There are a few classes of things we can't or don't move, some because we
don't have code to handle it, some because it's not profitable and some
because it's not legal.
We can't sink things that may be global stores, at least not without
calculating a lot more information, because we may cause it to no longer
be seen by an external routine that needs it depending on where it gets
moved to.
We don't want to sink loads from memory.
We can't sink statements that end basic blocks without splitting the
incoming edge for the sink location to place it there.
We can't sink statements that have volatile operands.
We don't want to sink dead code, so anything with 0 immediate uses is not
sunk.
Don't sink BLKmode assignments if current function has any local explicit
register variables, as BLKmode assignments may involve memcpy or memset
calls or, on some targets, inline expansion thereof that sometimes need
to use specific hard registers.
*/
code = gimple_assign_rhs_code (stmt);
if (stmt_ends_bb_p (stmt)
|| gimple_has_side_effects (stmt)
|| code == EXC_PTR_EXPR
|| code == FILTER_EXPR
|| is_hidden_global_store (stmt)
|| gimple_has_volatile_ops (stmt)
|| !ZERO_SSA_OPERANDS (stmt, SSA_OP_VUSE)
|| (cfun->has_local_explicit_reg_vars
&& TYPE_MODE (TREE_TYPE (gimple_assign_lhs (stmt))) == BLKmode))
return false;
FOR_EACH_SSA_DEF_OPERAND (def_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
{
tree def = DEF_FROM_PTR (def_p);
if (is_global_var (SSA_NAME_VAR (def))
|| SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (def))
return false;
}
FOR_EACH_SSA_USE_OPERAND (use_p, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_ALL_USES)
{
tree use = USE_FROM_PTR (use_p);
if (SSA_NAME_OCCURS_IN_ABNORMAL_PHI (use))
return false;
}
/* If all the immediate uses are not in the same place, find the nearest
common dominator of all the immediate uses. For PHI nodes, we have to
find the nearest common dominator of all of the predecessor blocks, since
that is where insertion would have to take place. */
if (!all_immediate_uses_same_place (stmt))
{
basic_block commondom = nearest_common_dominator_of_uses (stmt);
if (commondom == frombb)
return false;
/* Our common dominator has to be dominated by frombb in order to be a
trivially safe place to put this statement, since it has multiple
uses. */
if (!dominated_by_p (CDI_DOMINATORS, commondom, frombb))
return false;
/* It doesn't make sense to move to a dominator that post-dominates
frombb, because it means we've just moved it into a path that always
executes if frombb executes, instead of reducing the number of
executions . */
if (dominated_by_p (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS, frombb, commondom))
{
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
fprintf (dump_file, "Not moving store, common dominator post-dominates from block.\n");
return false;
}
if (commondom == frombb || commondom->loop_depth > frombb->loop_depth)
return false;
if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
{
fprintf (dump_file, "Common dominator of all uses is %d\n",
commondom->index);
}
*togsi = gsi_after_labels (commondom);
return true;
}
use = USE_STMT (one_use);
if (gimple_code (use) != GIMPLE_PHI)
{
sinkbb = gimple_bb (use);
if (sinkbb == frombb || sinkbb->loop_depth > frombb->loop_depth
|| sinkbb->loop_father != frombb->loop_father)
return false;
*togsi = gsi_for_stmt (use);
return true;
}
/* Note that at this point, all uses must be in the same statement, so it
doesn't matter which def op we choose, pick the first one. */
FOR_EACH_SSA_TREE_OPERAND (def, stmt, iter, SSA_OP_ALL_DEFS)
break;
sinkbb = find_bb_for_arg (use, def);
if (!sinkbb)
return false;
/* This will happen when you have
a_3 = PHI <a_13, a_26>
a_26 = VDEF <a_3>
If the use is a phi, and is in the same bb as the def,
we can't sink it. */
if (gimple_bb (use) == frombb)
return false;
if (sinkbb == frombb || sinkbb->loop_depth > frombb->loop_depth
|| sinkbb->loop_father != frombb->loop_father)
return false;
*togsi = gsi_after_labels (sinkbb);
return true;
}
/* Perform code sinking on BB */
static void
sink_code_in_bb (basic_block bb)
{
basic_block son;
gimple_stmt_iterator gsi;
edge_iterator ei;
edge e;
bool last = true;
/* If this block doesn't dominate anything, there can't be any place to sink
the statements to. */
if (first_dom_son (CDI_DOMINATORS, bb) == NULL)
goto earlyout;
/* We can't move things across abnormal edges, so don't try. */
FOR_EACH_EDGE (e, ei, bb->succs)
if (e->flags & EDGE_ABNORMAL)
goto earlyout;
for (gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb); !gsi_end_p (gsi);)
{
gimple stmt = gsi_stmt (gsi);
gimple_stmt_iterator togsi;
if (!statement_sink_location (stmt, bb, &togsi))
{
if (!gsi_end_p (gsi))
gsi_prev (&gsi);
last = false;
continue;
}
if (dump_file)
{
fprintf (dump_file, "Sinking ");
print_gimple_stmt (dump_file, stmt, 0, TDF_VOPS);
fprintf (dump_file, " from bb %d to bb %d\n",
bb->index, (gsi_bb (togsi))->index);
}
/* If this is the end of the basic block, we need to insert at the end
of the basic block. */
if (gsi_end_p (togsi))
gsi_move_to_bb_end (&gsi, gsi_bb (togsi));
else
gsi_move_before (&gsi, &togsi);
sink_stats.sunk++;
/* If we've just removed the last statement of the BB, the
gsi_end_p() test below would fail, but gsi_prev() would have
succeeded, and we want it to succeed. So we keep track of
whether we're at the last statement and pick up the new last
statement. */
if (last)
{
gsi = gsi_last_bb (bb);
continue;
}
last = false;
if (!gsi_end_p (gsi))
gsi_prev (&gsi);
}
earlyout:
for (son = first_dom_son (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS, bb);
son;
son = next_dom_son (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS, son))
{
sink_code_in_bb (son);
}
}
/* Perform code sinking.
This moves code down the flowgraph when we know it would be
profitable to do so, or it wouldn't increase the number of
executions of the statement.
IE given
a_1 = b + c;
if (<something>)
{
}
else
{
foo (&b, &c);
a_5 = b + c;
}
a_6 = PHI (a_5, a_1);
USE a_6.
we'll transform this into:
if (<something>)
{
a_1 = b + c;
}
else
{
foo (&b, &c);
a_5 = b + c;
}
a_6 = PHI (a_5, a_1);
USE a_6.
Note that this reduces the number of computations of a = b + c to 1
when we take the else edge, instead of 2.
*/
static void
execute_sink_code (void)
{
loop_optimizer_init (LOOPS_NORMAL);
connect_infinite_loops_to_exit ();
memset (&sink_stats, 0, sizeof (sink_stats));
calculate_dominance_info (CDI_DOMINATORS);
calculate_dominance_info (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS);
sink_code_in_bb (EXIT_BLOCK_PTR);
statistics_counter_event (cfun, "Sunk statements", sink_stats.sunk);
free_dominance_info (CDI_POST_DOMINATORS);
remove_fake_exit_edges ();
loop_optimizer_finalize ();
}
/* Gate and execute functions for PRE. */
static unsigned int
do_sink (void)
{
execute_sink_code ();
return 0;
}
static bool
gate_sink (void)
{
return flag_tree_sink != 0;
}
struct gimple_opt_pass pass_sink_code =
{
{
GIMPLE_PASS,
"sink", /* name */
gate_sink, /* gate */
do_sink, /* execute */
NULL, /* sub */
NULL, /* next */
0, /* static_pass_number */
TV_TREE_SINK, /* tv_id */
PROP_no_crit_edges | PROP_cfg
| PROP_ssa | PROP_alias, /* properties_required */
0, /* properties_provided */
0, /* properties_destroyed */
0, /* todo_flags_start */
TODO_update_ssa
| TODO_dump_func
| TODO_ggc_collect
| TODO_verify_ssa /* todo_flags_finish */
}
};
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