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# Tests for the echo, print, printf and pushln builtins
# Tested elsewhere:
# Use of print -p to output to coprocess A01grammar
# Prompt expansion with print -P D01prompt
# -l, -r, -R and -n indirectly tested in various places
# Not yet tested:
# echo and pushln
# print's -b -c -s -z -N options
print -D "${HOME:-~}"
0:replace directory name
print -u2 'error message'
0:output to file-descriptor
?error message
print -o foo bar Baz
0:argument sorting
>Baz bar foo
print -f
1:print -f needs a format specified
?(eval):print:1: argument expected: -f
print -Of '%s\n' foo bar baz
0:reverse argument sorting
# some locales force case-insensitive sorting
(LC_ALL=C; print -o a B c)
0:case-sensitive argument sorting
>B a c
(LC_ALL=C; print -io a B c)
0:case-insensitive argument sorting
>a B c
print -m '[0-9]' one 2 three 4 five 6
0:removal of non-matching arguments
>2 4 6
printf '%s\n' string
0:test s format specifier
printf '%b' '\t\\\n'
0:test b format specifier
> \
printf '%q\n' '=a=b \ c!'
0: test q format specifier
>\=a=b\ \\\ c!
printf '%c\n' char
0:test c format specifier
printf '%.10e%n\n' 1 count >/dev/null
printf '%d\n' $count
0:test n format specifier
printf '%5b%n\n' abc count >/dev/null; echo $count
0:check count of width-specified %b
printf '%s!%5b!\n' abc
0:ensure width is applied to empty param
>abc! !
printf '%d %d\n' 123.45 678 90.1
0:test d format specifier
>123 678
>90 0
printf '%g %g\n' 123.45 678 90.1
0:test g format specifier
>123.45 678
>90.1 0
print -f 'arg: %b\n' -C2 '\x41' '\x42' '\x43'
0:override -C when -f was given
>arg: A
>arg: B
>arg: C
# Is anyone not using ASCII
printf '%d\n' \'A
0:initial quote to get numeric value of character with int
printf '%.1E\n' \'B
0:initial quote to get numeric value of character with double
printf '%x\n' $(printf '"\xf0')
0:numeric value of high numbered character
printf '\x25s\n' arg
0:using \x25 to print a literal % in format
printf '%3c\n' c
0:width specified in format specifier
> c
printf '%.4s\n' chopped
0:precision specified in format specifier
printf '%*.*f\n' 6 2 10.2
0:width/precision specified in arguments
> 10.20
printf '%z'
1:use of invalid directive
?(eval):printf:1: %z: invalid directive
printf '%d\n' 3a
1:bad arithmetic expression
?(eval):1: bad math expression: operator expected at `a'
printf '%12$s' 1 2 3
1:out of range argument specifier
?(eval):printf:1: 12: argument specifier out of range
printf '%2$s\n' 1 2 3
1:out of range argument specifier on format reuse
?(eval):printf:1: 2: argument specifier out of range
printf '%*0$d'
1:out of range argument specifier on width
?(eval):printf:1: 0: argument specifier out of range
print -m -f 'format - %s.\n' 'z' a b c
0:format not printed if no arguments left after -m removal
print -f 'format - %s%b.\n'
0:format printed despite lack of arguments
>format - .
printf 'x%4sx\n'
0:with no arguments empty string where string needed
>x x
printf '%d\n'
0:with no arguments, zero used where number needed
printf '%s\t%c:%#x%%\n' one a 1 two b 2 three c 3
0:multiple arguments with format reused
>one a:0x1%
>two b:0x2%
>three c:0x3%
printf '%d%n' 123 val val val > /dev/null
printf '%d\n' val
0:%n count zeroed on format reuse
# this may fill spec string with '%0+- #*.*lld\0' - 13 characters
printf '%1$0+- #-08.5dx\n' 123
0:maximal length format specification
>+00123 x
printf '%*smorning\n' -5 good
0:negative width specified
>good morning
printf '%.*g\n' -1 .1
0:negative precision specified
printf '%2$s %1$d\n' 1 2
0:specify argument to output explicitly
>2 1
printf '%3$.*1$d\n' 4 0 3
0:specify output and precision arguments explicitly
printf '%2$d%1$d\n' 1 2 3 4
0:reuse format where arguments are explicitly specified
printf '%1$*2$d' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10; echo .EoL.
0:reuse of specified arguments
> 1 3 5 7 9.EoL.
echo -n 'Now is the time'; echo .EoL.
0:testing -n with echo
>Now is the time.EoL.
printf '%1$0+.3d\n' 3
0:flags mixed with specified argument
# Test the parsing of the \c escape.
echo '1 2!\c3 4' a b c d; echo .EoL.
0:Truncating first echo arg using backslash-c
>1 2!.EoL.
echo a b '1 2?\c5 6' c d; echo .EoL.
0:Truncating third echo arg using backslash-c
>a b 1 2?.EoL.
printf '1 2!\c3 4'; echo .EoL.
0:Truncating printf literal using backslash-c
>1 2!.EoL.
printf '%s %b!\c%s %s' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9; echo .EoL.
0:Truncating printf format using backslash-c
>1 2!.EoL.
printf '%s %b!\c%s %s' '1\c' '2\n\c' 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0:Truncating printf early %b arg using backslash-c
>1\c 2
printf '%b %b\n' 1 2 3 4 '5\c' 6 7 8 9; echo .EoL.
0:Truncating printf late %b arg using backslash-c
>1 2
>3 4
# The following usage, as stated in the manual, is not recommended and the
# results are undefined. Tests are here anyway to ensure some form of
# half-sane behaviour.
printf '%2$s %s %3$s\n' Morning Good World
0:mixed style of argument selection
>Good Morning World
printf '%*1$.*d\n' 1 2
0:argument specified for width only
print -f '%*.*1$d\n' 1 2 3
0:argument specified for precision only
printf -- '%s\n' str
0:initial `--' ignored to satisfy POSIX
printf '%'
1:nothing after % in format specifier
?(eval):printf:1: %: invalid directive
printf $'%\0'
1:explicit null after % in format specifier
?(eval):printf:1: %: invalid directive
printf '%b\n' '\0123'
0:printf handles \0... octal escapes in replacement text
print -lO $'a' $'a\0' $'a\0b' $'a\0b\0' $'a\0b\0a' $'a\0b\0b' $'a\0c' |
while read -r line; do
for (( i = 1; i <= ${#line}; i++ )); do
printf "%02x" $(( #foo ))
0:sorting with embedded nulls
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