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Tiny Scala web framework, inspired by Sinatra

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README.markdown

About

Step is a tiny Scala web framework inspired by Sinatra and originally based on some code I found on an awesome blog post.

Comments, issues, and pull requests are welcome. Please also see the new step-user mailing list, or drop in on IRC at #stepframework on irc.freenode.org

Example

package com.thinkminimo.step

class StepExample extends Step {

  // send a text/html content type back each time
  before {
    contentType = "text/html"
  }

  // parse matching requests, saving things prefixed with ':' as params
  get("/date/:year/:month/:day") {
    <ul>
      <li>Year: {params(":year")}</li>
      <li>Month: {params(":month")}</li>
      <li>Day: {params(":day")}</li>
    </ul>
  }

  // produce a simple HTML form
  get("/form") {
    <form action='/post' method='POST'>
      Post something: <input name='submission' type='text'/>
      <input type='submit'/>
    </form>
  }

  // handle POSTs from the form generated above
  post("/post") {
    <h1>You posted: {params("submission")}</h1>
  }

  // respond to '/' with a greeting
  get("/") {
    <h1>Hello world!</h1>
  }

  // send redirect headers
  get("/see_ya") {
    redirect("http://google.com")
  }

  // set a session var
  get("/set/:session_val") {
    session("val") = params("session_val")
    <h1>Session var set</h1>
  }

  // see session var
  get("/see") {
    session("val") match {
      case Some(v:String) => v
      case _ => "No session var set"
    }
  }

  // Actions that return byte arrays render a binary response
  get("/report.pdf") {
    contentType = "application/pdf"
    val pdf = generatePdf()
    pdf.toBytes
  }

  notFound {
    response.setStatus(404)
    "Not found"
  }
}

Quick Start

  1. Install Java

    You'll need Java installed; I have it running with 1.5

  2. Install simple-build-tool

    Step uses sbt (0.7 or above), a fantastic tool for building Scala programs. For instructions, see the sbt site

  3. Run sbt

    In the directory you downloaded step to, run sbt. sbt will download core dependencies, and Scala itself if it needs to.

  4. Download dependencies

    At the sbt prompt, type update. This will download required dependencies.

  5. Try it out

    At the sbt prompt, type jetty-run. This will run step with the example servlet on port 8080.

  6. Navigate to http://localhost:8080

    You should see "Hello world." You can poke around the example code in example/src/main/scala/TemplateExample.scala to see what's going on.

Supported Methods

  • before

    Run some block before a request is returned.

  • get(path)

    Respond to a GET request.

    Specify the route to match, with parameters to store prefixed with : like Sinatra. "/match/this/path/and/save/:this" would match that GET request, and provide you with a params(":this") in your block.

  • post(path)

    Respond to a POST request.

    Posted variables are available in the params hash.

  • delete(path)

    Respond to a DELETE request.

  • put(path)

    Respond to a PUT request.

  • error

    Run some block when an error is caught. The error is available in the variable caughtThrowable.

  • after

    Run some block after the matching get/post/delete/put block is run.

Sessions

Session support has recently been added. To see how to use sessions in your Step apps, check out the test servlet, at core/src/test/scala/StepTest.scala

Testing Your Step Applications

Step includes StepTests - a framework for writing the unit tests for your Step application. It's a trait with some utility functions to send requests to your app and examine the response. It can be mixed into the test framework of your choosing. StepTests supports HTTP GET/POST tests with or without request parameters and sessions. For more examples, please refer to src/test/scala.

ScalaTest example

class TheStepAppTests extends FunSuite with ShouldMatchers with StepTests {
  // `TheStepApp` is your app which extends Step
  route(classOf[TheStepApp], "/*")

  test("simple get") {
    get("/path/to/something") {
      status should equal (200)
      body should include ("hi!")
    }
  }
}

Specs example

object TheStepAppTests extends Specification with StepTests {
  route(classOf[TheStepApp], "/*")

  "TheStepApp when using GET" should {
    "/path/to/something should return 'hi!'" in {
      get("/") {
        status mustEqual(200)
        body mustEqual("hi!")
      }
    }
  }
}

Testing Step

A test suite can be found in src/test/scala. Inside StepTest.scala is a small testing servlet along with some assertions. If you've made changes to Step itself and you'd like to make sure that this testing servlet still works, you can type test at the sbt prompt.

Miscellaneous

While Step can be run standalone for testing and meddling, you can also package it up in a .jar for use in other projects. At the sbt prompt, type package. Step's only dependency is a recent version of the servlet API. For more information, see the sbt site

Props

I'd like to thank Gabriele Renzi for the inspirational blog post and continual help, and Mark Harrah for help on the sbt mailing list and for creating sbt. Ant+Ivy by itself was a total bitch.

I'd also like to thank Yusuke Kuoka for adding sessions and header support, and Miso Korkiakoski for various patches.

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