Easy commands set creation (deprecated, added to insanities)
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Easy commands set creation


mage allows you to create standalone commands and commands digests. After that you may use that commands easy:

% python manage.py command_name arg --kwarg=val --kwarg2

or if you defined the command digest:

% python manage.py digest:command_name arg --kwarg=val --kwarg2

Defining commands digest

Subclass mage.CommandDigest class and append methods with prefix command_. For example I want to create useful command digest for sqlalchemy:

class SqlaCommands(CommandDigest):
    This commands allow you to sync/drop/init tables in database

    def __init__(self, models, init_function=None):
        self.models = models
        self.init_function = init_function

    def command_sync(self, db_name='default'):
        # implementation

    def command_drop(self, db_name='default'):
        # implementation

    def command_init(self, db_name='default'):
        # construct session object
        if self.init_function:

    def command_reset(self, db_name='default'):

Note: You can provide your own __init__. Note: Class docstring and methods docstring becomes help message.

After that just create module with any name, which actualy will be mage :):

# ./manage.py
from models import models_list, initial

if __name__ == '__main__':
    from sys import argv
    from mage import manage
        sqla=SqlaCommands(models_list, initial)
    ), argv)

Note: You use another delimeter instead of ':', just provide kw argement to manage function. manage(commands, argv, delim='.') Now you are ready to use commands:

% python manage.py sqla:sync
% python manage.py sqla:sync admin_base
% python manage.py sqla:reset front_base

Defining standalone command

If there is no need in command digest you can create standalone command by callable:

def cmd(arg, kwarg=None, kwarg2=False):
    assert(arg == '1')
    assert(kwarg == 'val')
    assert(kwarg2 == True)

# ./manage.py
if __name__ == '__main__':
    from sys import argv
    from mage import manage
    ), argv)

And after that:

% python manage.py cmd arg --kwarg=val --kwarg2

On command parametrs

Main purpose was to create flexible commands easy way. So, for parametrs we use native python function parametrs declaration, where you can have args, keyword args with it's defaults values. On command line all arguments after command name will become args. Arguments in form of '--arg=value' will become kwargs. Arguments in form of '--arg' will become kwarg with value 'True' (very useful sometimes). So this call means:

% python manage.py digest:command_name arg --kwargs=val --kwargs2

command_instance.command_command_name('arg', kwarg='val', kwarg2=True)

Arguments converters

mage has smart decorator called argconv. It helps to convert arguments to python types. First parametr of argconv - argument id. For positiional args it is index number, for keyword args it is arg name (str) (note: as you may know - indexing in python starts from zero). All other positional parametrs are - functions that can convert or validate values:

class TestCommand(CommandDigest):

    @argconv(1, argconv.to_int)
    @argconv('kwarg', argconv.to_date)
    def command_test(self, arg, kwarg=None, kwarg2=False):
        assert(arg == 1)
        assert(kwarg == datetime.date(2010, 6, 9))
        assert(kwarg2 == True)

% python manage.py cmd:test 1 --kwarg=9/6/2010 --kwarg2

mage script

If you install mage standard way (i.e. distutils, setooptools, pip, distribute) you have script installed in your system's bin directory called mage. This script allows to call commands from modules inplace. For example we have package insanities (in PYTHON_PATH) with module cmd with mage.CommandDigest based commands in it and we want to call command project:

% mage insanities.cmd:project name_of_project

mage script will look for project command in insanities.cmd and if it will find it project will be called with parameters given to mage script.