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//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/*
This file is part of rippled: https://github.com/ripple/rippled
Copyright (c) 2012, 2013 Ripple Labs Inc.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SPECIAL , DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
*/
//==============================================================================
#include <ripple/app/tx/impl/Escrow.h>
#include <ripple/app/misc/HashRouter.h>
#include <ripple/basics/chrono.h>
#include <ripple/basics/Log.h>
#include <ripple/basics/safe_cast.h>
#include <ripple/conditions/Condition.h>
#include <ripple/conditions/Fulfillment.h>
#include <ripple/ledger/ApplyView.h>
#include <ripple/ledger/View.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/digest.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/st.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/Feature.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/Indexes.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/TxFlags.h>
#include <ripple/protocol/XRPAmount.h>
// During an EscrowFinish, the transaction must specify both
// a condition and a fulfillment. We track whether that
// fulfillment matches and validates the condition.
#define SF_CF_INVALID SF_PRIVATE5
#define SF_CF_VALID SF_PRIVATE6
namespace ripple {
/*
Escrow
======
Escrow is a feature of the XRP Ledger that allows you to send conditional
XRP payments. These conditional payments, called escrows, set aside XRP and
deliver it later when certain conditions are met. Conditions to successfully
finish an escrow include time-based unlocks and crypto-conditions. Escrows
can also be set to expire if not finished in time.
The XRP set aside in an escrow is locked up. No one can use or destroy the
XRP until the escrow has been successfully finished or canceled. Before the
expiration time, only the intended receiver can get the XRP. After the
expiration time, the XRP can only be returned to the sender.
For more details on escrow, including examples, diagrams and more please
visit https://ripple.com/build/escrow/#escrow
For details on specific transactions, including fields and validation rules
please see:
`EscrowCreate`
--------------
See: https://ripple.com/build/transactions/#escrowcreate
`EscrowFinish`
--------------
See: https://ripple.com/build/transactions/#escrowfinish
`EscrowCancel`
--------------
See: https://ripple.com/build/transactions/#escrowcancel
*/
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/** Has the specified time passed?
@param now the current time
@param mark the cutoff point
@return true if \a now refers to a time strictly after \a mark, false otherwise.
*/
static inline bool after (NetClock::time_point now, std::uint32_t mark)
{
return now.time_since_epoch().count() > mark;
}
XRPAmount
EscrowCreate::calculateMaxSpend(STTx const& tx)
{
return tx[sfAmount].xrp();
}
NotTEC
EscrowCreate::preflight (PreflightContext const& ctx)
{
if (! ctx.rules.enabled(featureEscrow))
return temDISABLED;
if (ctx.rules.enabled(fix1543) && ctx.tx.getFlags() & tfUniversalMask)
return temINVALID_FLAG;
auto const ret = preflight1 (ctx);
if (!isTesSuccess (ret))
return ret;
if (! isXRP(ctx.tx[sfAmount]))
return temBAD_AMOUNT;
if (ctx.tx[sfAmount] <= beast::zero)
return temBAD_AMOUNT;
// We must specify at least one timeout value
if (! ctx.tx[~sfCancelAfter] && ! ctx.tx[~sfFinishAfter])
return temBAD_EXPIRATION;
// If both finish and cancel times are specified then the cancel time must
// be strictly after the finish time.
if (ctx.tx[~sfCancelAfter] && ctx.tx[~sfFinishAfter] &&
ctx.tx[sfCancelAfter] <= ctx.tx[sfFinishAfter])
return temBAD_EXPIRATION;
if (ctx.rules.enabled(fix1571))
{
// In the absence of a FinishAfter, the escrow can be finished
// immediately, which can be confusing. When creating an escrow,
// we want to ensure that either a FinishAfter time is explicitly
// specified or a completion condition is attached.
if (! ctx.tx[~sfFinishAfter] && ! ctx.tx[~sfCondition])
return temMALFORMED;
}
if (auto const cb = ctx.tx[~sfCondition])
{
using namespace ripple::cryptoconditions;
std::error_code ec;
auto condition = Condition::deserialize(*cb, ec);
if (!condition)
{
JLOG(ctx.j.debug()) <<
"Malformed condition during escrow creation: " << ec.message();
return temMALFORMED;
}
// Conditions other than PrefixSha256 require the
// "CryptoConditionsSuite" amendment:
if (condition->type != Type::preimageSha256 &&
!ctx.rules.enabled(featureCryptoConditionsSuite))
return temDISABLED;
}
return preflight2 (ctx);
}
TER
EscrowCreate::doApply()
{
auto const closeTime = ctx_.view ().info ().parentCloseTime;
// Prior to fix1571, the cancel and finish times could be greater
// than or equal to the parent ledgers' close time.
//
// With fix1571, we require that they both be strictly greater
// than the parent ledgers' close time.
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1571))
{
if (ctx_.tx[~sfCancelAfter] && after(closeTime, ctx_.tx[sfCancelAfter]))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
if (ctx_.tx[~sfFinishAfter] && after(closeTime, ctx_.tx[sfFinishAfter]))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
else
{
if (ctx_.tx[~sfCancelAfter])
{
auto const cancelAfter = ctx_.tx[sfCancelAfter];
if (closeTime.time_since_epoch().count() >= cancelAfter)
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
if (ctx_.tx[~sfFinishAfter])
{
auto const finishAfter = ctx_.tx[sfFinishAfter];
if (closeTime.time_since_epoch().count() >= finishAfter)
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
}
auto const account = ctx_.tx[sfAccount];
auto const sle = ctx_.view().peek(
keylet::account(account));
// Check reserve and funds availability
{
auto const balance = STAmount((*sle)[sfBalance]).xrp();
auto const reserve = ctx_.view().fees().accountReserve(
(*sle)[sfOwnerCount] + 1);
if (balance < reserve)
return tecINSUFFICIENT_RESERVE;
if (balance < reserve + STAmount(ctx_.tx[sfAmount]).xrp())
return tecUNFUNDED;
}
// Check destination account
{
auto const sled = ctx_.view().read(
keylet::account(ctx_.tx[sfDestination]));
if (! sled)
return tecNO_DST;
if (((*sled)[sfFlags] & lsfRequireDestTag) &&
! ctx_.tx[~sfDestinationTag])
return tecDST_TAG_NEEDED;
// Obeying the lsfDissalowXRP flag was a bug. Piggyback on
// featureDepositAuth to remove the bug.
if (! ctx_.view().rules().enabled(featureDepositAuth) &&
((*sled)[sfFlags] & lsfDisallowXRP))
return tecNO_TARGET;
}
// Create escrow in ledger
auto const slep = std::make_shared<SLE>(
keylet::escrow(account, (*sle)[sfSequence] - 1));
(*slep)[sfAmount] = ctx_.tx[sfAmount];
(*slep)[sfAccount] = account;
(*slep)[~sfCondition] = ctx_.tx[~sfCondition];
(*slep)[~sfSourceTag] = ctx_.tx[~sfSourceTag];
(*slep)[sfDestination] = ctx_.tx[sfDestination];
(*slep)[~sfCancelAfter] = ctx_.tx[~sfCancelAfter];
(*slep)[~sfFinishAfter] = ctx_.tx[~sfFinishAfter];
(*slep)[~sfDestinationTag] = ctx_.tx[~sfDestinationTag];
ctx_.view().insert(slep);
// Add escrow to sender's owner directory
{
auto page = dirAdd(ctx_.view(), keylet::ownerDir(account), slep->key(),
false, describeOwnerDir(account), ctx_.app.journal ("View"));
if (!page)
return tecDIR_FULL;
(*slep)[sfOwnerNode] = *page;
}
// If it's not a self-send, add escrow to recipient's owner directory.
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1523))
{
auto const dest = ctx_.tx[sfDestination];
if (dest != ctx_.tx[sfAccount])
{
auto page = dirAdd(ctx_.view(), keylet::ownerDir(dest), slep->key(),
false, describeOwnerDir(dest), ctx_.app.journal ("View"));
if (!page)
return tecDIR_FULL;
(*slep)[sfDestinationNode] = *page;
}
}
// Deduct owner's balance, increment owner count
(*sle)[sfBalance] = (*sle)[sfBalance] - ctx_.tx[sfAmount];
adjustOwnerCount(ctx_.view(), sle, 1, ctx_.journal);
ctx_.view().update(sle);
return tesSUCCESS;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
static
bool
checkCondition (Slice f, Slice c)
{
using namespace ripple::cryptoconditions;
std::error_code ec;
auto condition = Condition::deserialize(c, ec);
if (!condition)
return false;
auto fulfillment = Fulfillment::deserialize(f, ec);
if (!fulfillment)
return false;
return validate (*fulfillment, *condition);
}
NotTEC
EscrowFinish::preflight (PreflightContext const& ctx)
{
if (! ctx.rules.enabled(featureEscrow))
return temDISABLED;
if (ctx.rules.enabled(fix1543) && ctx.tx.getFlags() & tfUniversalMask)
return temINVALID_FLAG;
{
auto const ret = preflight1 (ctx);
if (!isTesSuccess (ret))
return ret;
}
auto const cb = ctx.tx[~sfCondition];
auto const fb = ctx.tx[~sfFulfillment];
// If you specify a condition, then you must also specify
// a fulfillment.
if (static_cast<bool>(cb) != static_cast<bool>(fb))
return temMALFORMED;
// Verify the transaction signature. If it doesn't work
// then don't do any more work.
{
auto const ret = preflight2 (ctx);
if (!isTesSuccess (ret))
return ret;
}
if (cb && fb)
{
auto& router = ctx.app.getHashRouter();
auto const id = ctx.tx.getTransactionID();
auto const flags = router.getFlags (id);
// If we haven't checked the condition, check it
// now. Whether it passes or not isn't important
// in preflight.
if (!(flags & (SF_CF_INVALID | SF_CF_VALID)))
{
if (checkCondition (*fb, *cb))
router.setFlags (id, SF_CF_VALID);
else
router.setFlags (id, SF_CF_INVALID);
}
}
return tesSUCCESS;
}
std::uint64_t
EscrowFinish::calculateBaseFee (
ReadView const& view,
STTx const& tx)
{
std::uint64_t extraFee = 0;
if (auto const fb = tx[~sfFulfillment])
{
extraFee += view.fees().units *
(32 + safe_cast<std::uint64_t> (fb->size() / 16));
}
return Transactor::calculateBaseFee (view, tx) + extraFee;
}
TER
EscrowFinish::doApply()
{
auto const k = keylet::escrow(
ctx_.tx[sfOwner], ctx_.tx[sfOfferSequence]);
auto const slep = ctx_.view().peek(k);
if (! slep)
return tecNO_TARGET;
// If a cancel time is present, a finish operation should only succeed prior
// to that time. fix1571 corrects a logic error in the check that would make
// a finish only succeed strictly after the cancel time.
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1571))
{
auto const now = ctx_.view().info().parentCloseTime;
// Too soon: can't execute before the finish time
if ((*slep)[~sfFinishAfter] && ! after(now, (*slep)[sfFinishAfter]))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
// Too late: can't execute after the cancel time
if ((*slep)[~sfCancelAfter] && after(now, (*slep)[sfCancelAfter]))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
else
{
// Too soon?
if ((*slep)[~sfFinishAfter] &&
ctx_.view().info().parentCloseTime.time_since_epoch().count() <=
(*slep)[sfFinishAfter])
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
// Too late?
if ((*slep)[~sfCancelAfter] &&
ctx_.view().info().parentCloseTime.time_since_epoch().count() <=
(*slep)[sfCancelAfter])
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
// Check cryptocondition fulfillment
{
auto const id = ctx_.tx.getTransactionID();
auto flags = ctx_.app.getHashRouter().getFlags (id);
auto const cb = ctx_.tx[~sfCondition];
// It's unlikely that the results of the check will
// expire from the hash router, but if it happens,
// simply re-run the check.
if (cb && ! (flags & (SF_CF_INVALID | SF_CF_VALID)))
{
auto const fb = ctx_.tx[~sfFulfillment];
if (!fb)
return tecINTERNAL;
if (checkCondition (*fb, *cb))
flags = SF_CF_VALID;
else
flags = SF_CF_INVALID;
ctx_.app.getHashRouter().setFlags (id, flags);
}
// If the check failed, then simply return an error
// and don't look at anything else.
if (flags & SF_CF_INVALID)
return tecCRYPTOCONDITION_ERROR;
// Check against condition in the ledger entry:
auto const cond = (*slep)[~sfCondition];
// If a condition wasn't specified during creation,
// one shouldn't be included now.
if (!cond && cb)
return tecCRYPTOCONDITION_ERROR;
// If a condition was specified during creation of
// the suspended payment, the identical condition
// must be presented again. We don't check if the
// fulfillment matches the condition since we did
// that in preflight.
if (cond && (cond != cb))
return tecCRYPTOCONDITION_ERROR;
}
// NOTE: Escrow payments cannot be used to fund accounts.
AccountID const destID = (*slep)[sfDestination];
auto const sled = ctx_.view().peek(keylet::account(destID));
if (! sled)
return tecNO_DST;
if (ctx_.view().rules().enabled(featureDepositAuth))
{
// Is EscrowFinished authorized?
if (sled->getFlags() & lsfDepositAuth)
{
// A destination account that requires authorization has two
// ways to get an EscrowFinished into the account:
// 1. If Account == Destination, or
// 2. If Account is deposit preauthorized by destination.
if (account_ != destID)
{
if (! view().exists (keylet::depositPreauth (destID, account_)))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
}
}
AccountID const account = (*slep)[sfAccount];
// Remove escrow from owner directory
{
auto const page = (*slep)[sfOwnerNode];
if (! ctx_.view().dirRemove(
keylet::ownerDir(account), page, k.key, true))
{
return tefBAD_LEDGER;
}
}
// Remove escrow from recipient's owner directory, if present.
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1523) && (*slep)[~sfDestinationNode])
{
auto const page = (*slep)[sfDestinationNode];
if (! ctx_.view().dirRemove(keylet::ownerDir(destID), page, k.key, true))
{
return tefBAD_LEDGER;
}
}
// Transfer amount to destination
(*sled)[sfBalance] = (*sled)[sfBalance] + (*slep)[sfAmount];
ctx_.view().update(sled);
// Adjust source owner count
auto const sle = ctx_.view().peek(
keylet::account(account));
adjustOwnerCount(ctx_.view(), sle, -1, ctx_.journal);
ctx_.view().update(sle);
// Remove escrow from ledger
ctx_.view().erase(slep);
return tesSUCCESS;
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NotTEC
EscrowCancel::preflight (PreflightContext const& ctx)
{
if (! ctx.rules.enabled(featureEscrow))
return temDISABLED;
if (ctx.rules.enabled(fix1543) && ctx.tx.getFlags() & tfUniversalMask)
return temINVALID_FLAG;
auto const ret = preflight1 (ctx);
if (!isTesSuccess (ret))
return ret;
return preflight2 (ctx);
}
TER
EscrowCancel::doApply()
{
auto const k = keylet::escrow(ctx_.tx[sfOwner], ctx_.tx[sfOfferSequence]);
auto const slep = ctx_.view().peek(k);
if (! slep)
return tecNO_TARGET;
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1571))
{
auto const now = ctx_.view().info().parentCloseTime;
// No cancel time specified: can't execute at all.
if (! (*slep)[~sfCancelAfter])
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
// Too soon: can't execute before the cancel time.
if (! after(now, (*slep)[sfCancelAfter]))
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
else
{
// Too soon?
if (!(*slep)[~sfCancelAfter] ||
ctx_.view().info().parentCloseTime.time_since_epoch().count() <=
(*slep)[sfCancelAfter])
return tecNO_PERMISSION;
}
AccountID const account = (*slep)[sfAccount];
// Remove escrow from owner directory
{
auto const page = (*slep)[sfOwnerNode];
if (! ctx_.view().dirRemove(
keylet::ownerDir(account), page, k.key, true))
{
return tefBAD_LEDGER;
}
}
// Remove escrow from recipient's owner directory, if present.
if (ctx_.view ().rules().enabled(fix1523) && (*slep)[~sfDestinationNode])
{
auto const page = (*slep)[sfDestinationNode];
if (! ctx_.view().dirRemove(
keylet::ownerDir((*slep)[sfDestination]), page, k.key, true))
{
return tefBAD_LEDGER;
}
}
// Transfer amount back to owner, decrement owner count
auto const sle = ctx_.view().peek(
keylet::account(account));
(*sle)[sfBalance] = (*sle)[sfBalance] + (*slep)[sfAmount];
adjustOwnerCount(ctx_.view(), sle, -1, ctx_.journal);
ctx_.view().update(sle);
// Remove escrow from ledger
ctx_.view().erase(slep);
return tesSUCCESS;
}
} // ripple
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