Chocolatey package provider
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README.md

Chocolatey Package Provider for Puppet

Build Status

Travis AppVeyor
Build Status Build status

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Module Description - What the module does and why it is useful
  3. Setup - The basics of getting started with chocolatey
  4. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  5. Reference
  6. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  7. Development - Guide for contributing to the module
  8. Attributions

Overview

This is a Puppet package provider for chocolatey, which is like apt-get, but for Windows. This should be compatible with a wide range of Puppet versions.

Module Description

This is the official module for working with the Chocolatey package manager.

This module will ultimately be able to

  • install Chocolatey
  • work with custom location installations
  • configure Chocolatey
  • use Chocolatey as a package provider

Why Chocolatey

Chocolatey is a nicer abstraction because it nearly mimics how package managers on other operating systems work. If you can imagine the built in provider for Windows versus Chocolatey, let's take a look at the use case of installing git:

# Using built-in provider
package { "Git version 1.8.4-preview20130916":
  ensure    => installed,
  source    => 'C:\temp\Git-1.8.4-preview20130916.exe',
  install_options => ['/VERYSILENT']
}
# Using Chocolatey (set as default for Windows)
package { 'git':
  ensure   => latest,
}

The built-in provider has the following needs:

Chocolatey's provider on the other hand:

  • Package name only has to match the name of the package, which can be whatever you choose.
  • The package is a nice abstraction
  • Package knows how to install the software silently
  • Package knows where to get the executable installer
  • Source is free to specify different Chocolatey feeds
  • Chocolatey makes package more platform agnostic since it looks exactly like other platforms.

Setup

What Chocolatey affects

Chocolatey affects your system and what software is installed on it, ranging from tools and portable software to natively installed applications.

Setup Requirements

Chocolatey requires the following components

  • Powershell v2+
    • intalled on most systems by default
  • .NET Framework v4+

Beginning with Chocolatey provider

Install this module via any of these approaches:

Usage

Ensure Chocolatey is install and configured:

include chocolatey

Override default Chocolatey install location

class {'chocolatey':
  choco_install_location => 'D:\secured\choco',
}

Use an internal chocolatey.nupkg for Chocolatey installation

class {'chocolatey':
  chocolatey_download_url => 'https://internalurl/to/chocolatey.nupkg',
  use_7zip                => false,
  choco_install_timeout   => 2700,
}

Use a file chocolatey.0.9.9.9.nupkg for installation

class {'chocolatey':
  chocolatey_download_url => 'file:///c:/location/of/chocolatey.0.9.9.9.nupkg',
  use_7zip                => false,
  choco_install_timeout   => 2700,
}

Log chocolatey bootstrap installer script output

class {'chocolatey':
  log_output              => true,
}

Set Chocolatey as Default Windows Provider

If you want to set this provider as the site-wide default, add to your site.pp:

if $::kernel == 'windows' {
  Package { provider => chocolatey, }
}

# OR

case $operatingsystem {
  'windows':
    Package { provider => chocolatey, }
}

With All Options

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure            => installed|latest|'1.0.0'|absent,
  provider          => 'chocolatey',
  install_options   => ['-pre','-params','"','param1','param2','"'],
  uninstall_options => ['-r'],
  source            => 'https://myfeed.example.com/api/v2',
}
  • this is versionable so ensure => '1.0' works
  • this is upgradeable
  • supports latest (checks upstream), absent (uninstall)
  • supports install_options for pre-release, other cli
  • soon: supports 'holdable'

Simple install

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => installed,
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

Ensure always the newest version available

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => latest,
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

Ensure specific version

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
}

Specify custom source

package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'C:\local\folder\packages',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => '\\unc\source\packages',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'https://custom.nuget.odata.feed/api/v2/',
}
package { 'notepadplusplus':
  ensure   => '6.7.5',
  provider => 'chocolatey',
  source   => 'C:\local\folder\packages;https://chocolatey.org/api/v2/',
}

Install options with spaces

Spaces in arguments must always be covered with a separation. The example below covers -installArgs "/VERYSILENT /NORESTART".

package {'launchy':
  ensure          => installed,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs', '"', '/VERYSILENT', '/NORESTART', '"'],
}

Install options with quotes / spaces

The underlying installer may need quotes passed to it. This is possible, but not as intuitive. The example below covers passing /INSTALLDIR="C:\Program Files\somewhere".

For this to be passed through with Chocolatey, you will need a set of double quotes surrounding the argument and two sets of double quotes surrounding the item that must be quoted (see how to pass/options/switches). This makes the string look like -installArgs "/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program Files\somewhere""" for proper use with Chocolatey.

Then for Puppet to handle that appropriately, we must split on every space. Yes, on every space we must split the string or the result will come out incorrectly. So this means it will look like the following:

install_options => ['-installArgs',
  '"/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere"""']

Make sure you have all of the right quotes - start it off with a single double quote, then two double quotes, then close it all by closing the two double quotes and then the single double quote or a possible three double quotes at the end.

package {'mysql':
  ensure          => latest,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs',
    '"/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere"""'],
}

You can split it up a bit for readability if it suits you:

package {'mysql':
  ensure          => latest,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-override', '-installArgs', '"'
    '/INSTALLDIR=""C:\Program', 'Files\somewhere""',
    '"'],
}

Note: The above is for Chocolatey v0.9.9+. You may need to look for an alternative method to pass args if you have 0.9.8.x and below.

Reference

Classes

Public classes

Private classes

  • chocolatey::install.pp: Ensures Chocolatey is installed.
  • chocolatey::config.pp: Ensures Chocolatey is configured.

Facts

  • chocolateyversion - The version of the installed choco client.
  • choco_install_path - The location of the installed choco client.

Types/Providers

Package Provider: Chocolatey

Chocolatey implements a package type with a resource provider, which is built into Puppet.

This provider supports the install_options and uninstall_options attributes, which allow command-line options to be passed to the choco command. These options should be specified as documented below.

  • Required binaries: choco.exe, usually found in C:\Program Data\chocolatey\bin\choco.exe.
    • The binary is searched for using the Environment Variable ChocolateyInstall, then by two known locations (C:\Chocolatey\bin\choco.exe and C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\bin\choco.exe).
    • On Windows 2003 you should install Chocolatey to C:\Chocolatey or somewhere besides the default. NOTE: the root of C:\ is not a secure location by default, so you may want to update the security on the folder.
  • Supported features: install_options, installable, uninstall_options, uninstallable, upgradeable, versionable.

Properties/Parameters

ensure

(Property: This attribute represents concrete state on the target system.)

What state the package should be in. You can choose which package to retrieve by specifying a version number or latest as the ensure value. This defaults to installed.

Valid options: present (also called installed), absent, latest or a version number.

install_options

An array of additional options to pass when installing a package. These options are package-specific, and should be documented by the software vendor. One commonly implemented option is INSTALLDIR:

package {'launchy':
  ensure          => installed,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  install_options => ['-installArgs', '"', '/VERYSILENT', '/NORESTART', '"'],
}

The above method of single quotes in an array is the only method you should use in passing install_options with the Chocolatey provider. There are other ways to do it, but they are passed through to Chocolatey in ways that may not be sufficient.

This is the only place in Puppet where backslash separators should be used. Note that backslashes in double-quoted strings must be double-escaped and backslashes in single-quoted strings may be double-escaped.

name

(Namevar: If ommitted, this attribute's value will default to the resource's title.)

The package name. This is the name that the packaging system uses internally.

provider

The specific backend to use for the package resource. Chocolatey is not the default provider for Windows so it must be specified (or by using a resource default, shown in Usage). Valid options for this provider are 'chocolatey'.

source

Where to find the package file. Chocolatey maintains default sources in its configuration file that it will use by default. Use this to override the default source(s).

Chocolatey accepts different values for source, including accept paths to local files/folders stored on the target system, URLs (to OData feeds), and network drive paths. Puppet will not automatically retrieve source files for you, and usually just passes the value of source to the package installation command.

You can use a file resource if you need to manually copy package files to the target system.

uninstall_options

An array of additional options to pass when uninstalling a package. These options are package-specific, and should be documented by the software vendor.

package {'launchy':
  ensure          => absent,
  provider        => 'chocolatey',
  uninstall_options => ['-uninstallargs', '"', '/VERYSILENT', '/NORESTART', '"'],
}

The above method of single quotes in an array is the only method you should use in passing uninstall_options with the Chocolatey provider. There are other ways to do it, but they are passed through to Chocolatey in ways that may not be sufficient.

This is the only place in Puppet where backslash separators should be used. Note that backslashes in double-quoted strings must be double-escaped and backslashes in single-quoted strings may be double-escaped.

Class: chocolatey

Used for managing installation and configuration of Chocolatey itself.

Parameters

choco_install_location

Where Chocolatey install should be located. This needs to be an absolute path starting with a drive letter e.g. c:\. Defaults to the currently detected install location based on the ChocolateyInstall environment variable, falls back to 'C:\ProgramData\chocolatey'.

use_7zip

Whether to use built-in shell or allow installer to download 7zip to extract chocolatey.nupkg during installation. Defaults to true.

choco_install_timeout_seconds

How long in seconds should be allowed for the install of Chocolatey (including .NET Framework 4 if necessary). Defaults to 1500 (25 minutes).

chocolatey_download_url

A url that will return chocolatey.nupkg. This must be a url, but not necessarily an OData feed. Any old url location will work. Defaults to 'https://chocolatey.org/api/v2/package/chocolatey/'.

enable_autouninstaller

Should auto uninstaller be turned on? Auto uninstaller is what allows Chocolatey to automatically manage the uninstall of software from Programs and Features without necessarily requiring a chocolateyUninstall.ps1 file in the package. Defaults to true.

log_output

Log output from the installer. Defaults to false.

Limitations

  1. Works with Windows only.
  2. If you override an existing install location of Chocolatey using choco_install_location => in the Chocolatey class, it does not bring any of the existing packages with it. You will need to handle that through some other means.

Known Issues

  1. This module doesn't support side by side scenarios. This is ticketed as #74.
  2. This module may have issues upgrading Chocolatey itself using the package resource. See #65 and #60
  3. Other known issues/enhancements can be found on the issues list.
  4. If .NET 4.0 is not installed, it may have trouble installing Chocolatey. Choco version 0.9.9.9+ help alleviate this issue.
  5. If there is an error in the installer (InstallChocolatey.ps1.erb), it may not show as an error. This may be an issue with the PowerShell provider and is still under investigation.

Development

See CONTRIBUTING.md

Attributions

A special thanks goes out to Rich Siegel who wrote the original provider and continues to contribute to the development of this provider.