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#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "puttymem.h"
#include "tree234.h"
#include "network.h"
#include "int64.h"
#include "misc.h"
struct ssh_channel;
extern void sshfwd_close(struct ssh_channel *c);
extern int sshfwd_write(struct ssh_channel *c, char *, int);
extern void sshfwd_unthrottle(struct ssh_channel *c, int bufsize);
* Useful thing.
#ifndef lenof
#define lenof(x) ( (sizeof((x))) / (sizeof(*(x))))
#define SSH_CIPHER_DES 2
#define SSH_CIPHER_3DES 3
#define APIEXTRA 8
#define APIEXTRA 0
typedef void *Bignum;
struct RSAKey {
int bits;
int bytes;
unsigned long exponent;
unsigned char *modulus;
Bignum modulus;
Bignum exponent;
Bignum private_exponent;
Bignum p;
Bignum q;
Bignum iqmp;
char *comment;
struct dss_key {
Bignum p, q, g, y, x;
int makekey(unsigned char *data, int len, struct RSAKey *result,
unsigned char **keystr, int order);
int makeprivate(unsigned char *data, int len, struct RSAKey *result);
int rsaencrypt(unsigned char *data, int length, struct RSAKey *key);
Bignum rsadecrypt(Bignum input, struct RSAKey *key);
void rsasign(unsigned char *data, int length, struct RSAKey *key);
void rsasanitise(struct RSAKey *key);
int rsastr_len(struct RSAKey *key);
void rsastr_fmt(char *str, struct RSAKey *key);
void rsa_fingerprint(char *str, int len, struct RSAKey *key);
int rsa_verify(struct RSAKey *key);
unsigned char *rsa_public_blob(struct RSAKey *key, int *len);
int rsa_public_blob_len(void *data, int maxlen);
void freersakey(struct RSAKey *key);
/* This makes assumptions about the int type. */
typedef unsigned int uint32;
typedef uint32 word32;
unsigned long crc32_compute(const void *s, size_t len);
unsigned long crc32_update(unsigned long crc_input, const void *s, size_t len);
/* SSH CRC compensation attack detector */
void *crcda_make_context(void);
void crcda_free_context(void *handle);
int detect_attack(void *handle, unsigned char *buf, uint32 len,
unsigned char *IV);
* SSH2 RSA key exchange functions
struct ssh_hash;
void *ssh_rsakex_newkey(char *data, int len);
void ssh_rsakex_freekey(void *key);
int ssh_rsakex_klen(void *key);
void ssh_rsakex_encrypt(const struct ssh_hash *h, unsigned char *in, int inlen,
unsigned char *out, int outlen,
void *key);
typedef struct {
uint32 h[4];
} MD5_Core_State;
struct MD5Context {
unsigned long hHash;
MD5_Core_State core;
unsigned char block[64];
int blkused;
uint32 lenhi, lenlo;
void MD5Init(struct MD5Context *context);
void MD5Update(struct MD5Context *context, unsigned char const *buf,
unsigned len);
void MD5Final(unsigned char digest[16], struct MD5Context *context);
void MD5Simple(void const *p, unsigned len, unsigned char output[16]);
void *hmacmd5_make_context(void);
void hmacmd5_free_context(void *handle);
void hmacmd5_key(void *handle, void const *key, int len);
void hmacmd5_do_hmac(void *handle, unsigned char const *blk, int len,
unsigned char *hmac);
typedef struct {
uint32 h[5];
unsigned char block[64];
int blkused;
uint32 lenhi, lenlo;
} SHA_State;
void SHA_Init(SHA_State * s);
void SHA_Bytes(SHA_State * s, void *p, int len);
void SHA_Final(SHA_State * s, unsigned char *output);
void SHA_Simple(void *p, int len, unsigned char *output);
void hmac_sha1_simple(void *key, int keylen, void *data, int datalen,
unsigned char *output);
typedef struct {
uint32 h[8];
unsigned char block[64];
int blkused;
uint32 lenhi, lenlo;
} SHA256_State;
void SHA256_Init(SHA256_State * s);
void SHA256_Bytes(SHA256_State * s, const void *p, int len);
void SHA256_Final(SHA256_State * s, unsigned char *output);
void SHA256_Simple(const void *p, int len, unsigned char *output);
typedef struct {
uint64 h[8];
unsigned char block[128];
int blkused;
uint32 len[4];
} SHA512_State;
void SHA512_Init(SHA512_State * s);
void SHA512_Bytes(SHA512_State * s, const void *p, int len);
void SHA512_Final(SHA512_State * s, unsigned char *output);
void SHA512_Simple(const void *p, int len, unsigned char *output);
struct ssh_cipher {
void *(*make_context)(void);
void (*free_context)(void *);
void (*sesskey) (void *, unsigned char *key); /* for SSH-1 */
void (*encrypt) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void (*decrypt) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len);
int blksize;
char *text_name;
struct ssh2_cipher {
void *(*make_context)(void);
void (*free_context)(void *);
void (*setiv) (void *, unsigned char *key); /* for SSH-2 */
void (*setkey) (void *, unsigned char *key);/* for SSH-2 */
void (*encrypt) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void (*decrypt) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len);
char *name;
int blksize;
int keylen;
unsigned int flags;
char *text_name;
struct ssh2_ciphers {
int nciphers;
const struct ssh2_cipher *const *list;
struct ssh_mac {
void *(*make_context)(void);
void (*free_context)(void *);
void (*setkey) (void *, unsigned char *key);
/* whole-packet operations */
void (*generate) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len, unsigned long seq);
int (*verify) (void *, unsigned char *blk, int len, unsigned long seq);
/* partial-packet operations */
void (*start) (void *);
void (*bytes) (void *, unsigned char const *, int);
void (*genresult) (void *, unsigned char *);
int (*verresult) (void *, unsigned char const *);
char *name;
int len;
char *text_name;
struct ssh_hash {
void *(*init)(void); /* also allocates context */
void (*bytes)(void *, void *, int);
void (*final)(void *, unsigned char *); /* also frees context */
int hlen; /* output length in bytes */
char *text_name;
struct ssh_kex {
char *name, *groupname;
enum { KEXTYPE_DH, KEXTYPE_RSA } main_type;
/* For DH */
const unsigned char *pdata, *gdata; /* NULL means group exchange */
int plen, glen;
const struct ssh_hash *hash;
struct ssh_kexes {
int nkexes;
const struct ssh_kex *const *list;
struct ssh_signkey {
void *(*newkey) (char *data, int len);
void (*freekey) (void *key);
char *(*fmtkey) (void *key);
unsigned char *(*public_blob) (void *key, int *len);
unsigned char *(*private_blob) (void *key, int *len);
void *(*createkey) (unsigned char *pub_blob, int pub_len,
unsigned char *priv_blob, int priv_len);
void *(*openssh_createkey) (unsigned char **blob, int *len);
int (*openssh_fmtkey) (void *key, unsigned char *blob, int len);
int (*pubkey_bits) (void *blob, int len);
char *(*fingerprint) (void *key);
int (*verifysig) (void *key, char *sig, int siglen,
char *data, int datalen);
unsigned char *(*sign) (void *key, char *data, int datalen,
int *siglen);
char *name;
char *keytype; /* for host key cache */
struct ssh_compress {
char *name;
/* For if non-NULL, this name will be considered once
* userauth has completed successfully. */
char *delayed_name;
void *(*compress_init) (void);
void (*compress_cleanup) (void *);
int (*compress) (void *, unsigned char *block, int len,
unsigned char **outblock, int *outlen);
void *(*decompress_init) (void);
void (*decompress_cleanup) (void *);
int (*decompress) (void *, unsigned char *block, int len,
unsigned char **outblock, int *outlen);
int (*disable_compression) (void *);
char *text_name;
struct ssh2_userkey {
const struct ssh_signkey *alg; /* the key algorithm */
void *data; /* the key data */
char *comment; /* the key comment */
/* The maximum length of any hash algorithm used in kex. (bytes) */
#define SSH2_KEX_MAX_HASH_LEN (32) /* SHA-256 */
extern const struct ssh_cipher ssh_3des;
extern const struct ssh_cipher ssh_des;
extern const struct ssh_cipher ssh_blowfish_ssh1;
extern const struct ssh2_ciphers ssh2_3des;
extern const struct ssh2_ciphers ssh2_des;
extern const struct ssh2_ciphers ssh2_aes;
extern const struct ssh2_ciphers ssh2_blowfish;
extern const struct ssh2_ciphers ssh2_arcfour;
extern const struct ssh_hash ssh_sha1;
extern const struct ssh_hash ssh_sha256;
extern const struct ssh_kexes ssh_diffiehellman_group1;
extern const struct ssh_kexes ssh_diffiehellman_group14;
extern const struct ssh_kexes ssh_diffiehellman_gex;
extern const struct ssh_kexes ssh_rsa_kex;
extern const struct ssh_signkey ssh_dss;
extern const struct ssh_signkey ssh_rsa;
extern const struct ssh_mac ssh_hmac_md5;
extern const struct ssh_mac ssh_hmac_sha1;
extern const struct ssh_mac ssh_hmac_sha1_buggy;
extern const struct ssh_mac ssh_hmac_sha1_96;
extern const struct ssh_mac ssh_hmac_sha1_96_buggy;
void *aes_make_context(void);
void aes_free_context(void *handle);
void aes128_key(void *handle, unsigned char *key);
void aes192_key(void *handle, unsigned char *key);
void aes256_key(void *handle, unsigned char *key);
void aes_iv(void *handle, unsigned char *iv);
void aes_ssh2_encrypt_blk(void *handle, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void aes_ssh2_decrypt_blk(void *handle, unsigned char *blk, int len);
* PuTTY version number formatted as an SSH version string.
extern char sshver[];
* Gross hack: pscp will try to start SFTP but fall back to scp1 if
* that fails. This variable is the means by which scp.c can reach
* into the SSH code and find out which one it got.
extern int ssh_fallback_cmd(void *handle);
void SHATransform(word32 * digest, word32 * data);
int random_byte(void);
void random_add_noise(void *noise, int length);
void random_add_heavynoise(void *noise, int length);
void logevent(void *, const char *);
/* Allocate and register a new channel for port forwarding */
void *new_sock_channel(void *handle, Socket s);
void ssh_send_port_open(void *channel, char *hostname, int port, char *org);
/* Exports from portfwd.c */
extern const char *pfd_newconnect(Socket * s, char *hostname, int port,
void *c, const Config *cfg,
int addressfamily);
/* desthost == NULL indicates dynamic (SOCKS) port forwarding */
extern const char *pfd_addforward(char *desthost, int destport, char *srcaddr,
int port, void *backhandle,
const Config *cfg, void **sockdata,
int address_family);
extern void pfd_close(Socket s);
extern void pfd_terminate(void *sockdata);
extern int pfd_send(Socket s, char *data, int len);
extern void pfd_confirm(Socket s);
extern void pfd_unthrottle(Socket s);
extern void pfd_override_throttle(Socket s, int enable);
/* Exports from x11fwd.c */
enum {
X11_TRANS_IPV4 = 0, X11_TRANS_IPV6 = 6, X11_TRANS_UNIX = 256
struct X11Display {
/* Broken-down components of the display name itself */
int unixdomain;
char *hostname;
int displaynum;
int screennum;
/* OSX sometimes replaces all the above with a full Unix-socket pathname */
char *unixsocketpath;
/* PuTTY networking SockAddr to connect to the display, and associated
* gubbins */
SockAddr addr;
int port;
char *realhost;
/* Auth details we invented for the virtual display on the SSH server. */
int remoteauthproto;
unsigned char *remoteauthdata;
int remoteauthdatalen;
char *remoteauthprotoname;
char *remoteauthdatastring;
/* Our local auth details for talking to the real X display. */
int localauthproto;
unsigned char *localauthdata;
int localauthdatalen;
* Used inside x11fwd.c to remember recently seen
* XDM-AUTHORIZATION-1 strings, to avoid replay attacks.
tree234 *xdmseen;
* x11_setup_display() parses the display variable and fills in an
* X11Display structure. Some remote auth details are invented;
* the supplied authtype parameter configures the preferred
* authorisation protocol to use at the remote end. The local auth
* details are looked up by calling platform_get_x11_auth.
extern struct X11Display *x11_setup_display(char *display, int authtype,
const Config *);
void x11_free_display(struct X11Display *disp);
extern const char *x11_init(Socket *, struct X11Display *, void *,
const char *, int, const Config *);
extern void x11_close(Socket);
extern int x11_send(Socket, char *, int);
extern void x11_unthrottle(Socket s);
extern void x11_override_throttle(Socket s, int enable);
char *x11_display(const char *display);
/* Platform-dependent X11 functions */
extern void platform_get_x11_auth(struct X11Display *display,
const Config *);
/* examine a mostly-filled-in X11Display and fill in localauth* */
extern const int platform_uses_x11_unix_by_default;
/* choose default X transport in the absence of a specified one */
SockAddr platform_get_x11_unix_address(const char *path, int displaynum);
/* make up a SockAddr naming the address for displaynum */
char *platform_get_x_display(void);
/* allocated local X display string, if any */
/* Callbacks in x11.c usable _by_ platform X11 functions */
* This function does the job of platform_get_x11_auth, provided
* it is told where to find a normally formatted .Xauthority file:
* it opens that file, parses it to find an auth record which
* matches the display details in "display", and fills in the
* localauth fields.
* It is expected that most implementations of
* platform_get_x11_auth() will work by finding their system's
* .Xauthority file, adjusting the display details if necessary
* for local oddities like Unix-domain socket transport, and
* calling this function to do the rest of the work.
void x11_get_auth_from_authfile(struct X11Display *display,
const char *authfilename);
Bignum copybn(Bignum b);
Bignum bn_power_2(int n);
void bn_restore_invariant(Bignum b);
Bignum bignum_from_long(unsigned long n);
void freebn(Bignum b);
Bignum modpow(Bignum base, Bignum exp, Bignum mod);
Bignum modmul(Bignum a, Bignum b, Bignum mod);
void decbn(Bignum n);
extern Bignum Zero, One;
Bignum bignum_from_bytes(const unsigned char *data, int nbytes);
int ssh1_read_bignum(const unsigned char *data, int len, Bignum * result);
int bignum_bitcount(Bignum bn);
int ssh1_bignum_length(Bignum bn);
int ssh2_bignum_length(Bignum bn);
int bignum_byte(Bignum bn, int i);
int bignum_bit(Bignum bn, int i);
void bignum_set_bit(Bignum bn, int i, int value);
int ssh1_write_bignum(void *data, Bignum bn);
Bignum biggcd(Bignum a, Bignum b);
unsigned short bignum_mod_short(Bignum number, unsigned short modulus);
Bignum bignum_add_long(Bignum number, unsigned long addend);
Bignum bigadd(Bignum a, Bignum b);
Bignum bigsub(Bignum a, Bignum b);
Bignum bigmul(Bignum a, Bignum b);
Bignum bigmuladd(Bignum a, Bignum b, Bignum addend);
Bignum bigdiv(Bignum a, Bignum b);
Bignum bigmod(Bignum a, Bignum b);
Bignum modinv(Bignum number, Bignum modulus);
Bignum bignum_bitmask(Bignum number);
Bignum bignum_rshift(Bignum number, int shift);
int bignum_cmp(Bignum a, Bignum b);
char *bignum_decimal(Bignum x);
#ifdef DEBUG
void diagbn(char *prefix, Bignum md);
void *dh_setup_group(const struct ssh_kex *kex);
void *dh_setup_gex(Bignum pval, Bignum gval);
void dh_cleanup(void *);
Bignum dh_create_e(void *, int nbits);
Bignum dh_find_K(void *, Bignum f);
int loadrsakey(const Filename *filename, struct RSAKey *key,
char *passphrase, const char **errorstr);
int rsakey_encrypted(const Filename *filename, char **comment);
int rsakey_pubblob(const Filename *filename, void **blob, int *bloblen,
char **commentptr, const char **errorstr);
int saversakey(const Filename *filename, struct RSAKey *key, char *passphrase);
extern int base64_decode_atom(char *atom, unsigned char *out);
extern int base64_lines(int datalen);
extern void base64_encode_atom(unsigned char *data, int n, char *out);
extern void base64_encode(FILE *fp, unsigned char *data, int datalen, int cpl);
/* ssh2_load_userkey can return this as an error */
extern struct ssh2_userkey ssh2_wrong_passphrase;
#define SSH2_WRONG_PASSPHRASE (&ssh2_wrong_passphrase)
int ssh2_userkey_encrypted(const Filename *filename, char **comment);
struct ssh2_userkey *ssh2_load_userkey(const Filename *filename,
char *passphrase, const char **errorstr);
unsigned char *ssh2_userkey_loadpub(const Filename *filename, char **algorithm,
int *pub_blob_len, char **commentptr,
const char **errorstr);
int ssh2_save_userkey(const Filename *filename, struct ssh2_userkey *key,
char *passphrase);
const struct ssh_signkey *find_pubkey_alg(const char *name);
enum {
int key_type(const Filename *filename);
char *key_type_to_str(int type);
int import_possible(int type);
int import_target_type(int type);
int import_encrypted(const Filename *filename, int type, char **comment);
int import_ssh1(const Filename *filename, int type,
struct RSAKey *key, char *passphrase, const char **errmsg_p);
struct ssh2_userkey *import_ssh2(const Filename *filename, int type,
char *passphrase, const char **errmsg_p);
int export_ssh1(const Filename *filename, int type,
struct RSAKey *key, char *passphrase);
int export_ssh2(const Filename *filename, int type,
struct ssh2_userkey *key, char *passphrase);
void des3_decrypt_pubkey(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void des3_encrypt_pubkey(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void des3_decrypt_pubkey_ossh(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *iv,
unsigned char *blk, int len);
void des3_encrypt_pubkey_ossh(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *iv,
unsigned char *blk, int len);
void aes256_encrypt_pubkey(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk,
int len);
void aes256_decrypt_pubkey(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk,
int len);
void des_encrypt_xdmauth(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk, int len);
void des_decrypt_xdmauth(unsigned char *key, unsigned char *blk, int len);
* For progress updates in the key generation utility.
#define PROGFN_READY 5
typedef void (*progfn_t) (void *param, int action, int phase, int progress);
int rsa_generate(struct RSAKey *key, int bits, progfn_t pfn,
void *pfnparam);
int dsa_generate(struct dss_key *key, int bits, progfn_t pfn,
void *pfnparam);
Bignum primegen(int bits, int modulus, int residue, Bignum factor,
int phase, progfn_t pfn, void *pfnparam);
* zlib compression.
void *zlib_compress_init(void);
void zlib_compress_cleanup(void *);
void *zlib_decompress_init(void);
void zlib_decompress_cleanup(void *);
int zlib_compress_block(void *, unsigned char *block, int len,
unsigned char **outblock, int *outlen);
int zlib_decompress_block(void *, unsigned char *block, int len,
unsigned char **outblock, int *outlen);
* SSH-1 agent messages.
#define SSH1_AGENTC_REMOVE_ALL_RSA_IDENTITIES 9 /* openssh private? */
* Messages common to SSH-1 and OpenSSH's SSH-2.
* OpenSSH's SSH-2 agent messages.
* Need this to warn about support for the original SSH-2 keyfile
* format.
void old_keyfile_warning(void);
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