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Example python (numpy) -- CUDA installable package with a C-extension library
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This is an example of a simple Python C++ extension which uses CUDA and is compiled via nvcc. The idea is to use this coda as an example or template from which to build your own CUDA-accelerated Python extensions.

The extension is a single C++ class which manages the GPU memory and provides methods to call operations on the GPU data. This C++ class is wrapped via swig or cython -- effectively exporting this class into python land.

swig vs cython


Swig is a widely used code generator for exposing C and C++ libraries in high level dynamically typed languages. In principle, it involves minimal code rewriting. You just have to write swig interface files that instruct swig on how to do the translation.

In practice, swig and numpy don't work together that well. The numpy interface relies on a bunch of magical macros that are extremely difficult to debug.


Cython is sweet. It's basically python, with optional static type declarations and the ability to call c functions directly. Take a look at wrapper.pyx. It looks like python, but it gets translated into C, and then compiled into a shared object file which you import from python (look at the file)

Cython is the way to go.

difference from PyCUDA

The point of this project is not to enable you to access the CUDA API in python, to write cuda code in strings and have them be dynamically compiled, or anything like that.

Instead, the goal is to demonstrate some of the biolerplate and tricks needed to make a CPython extension module that uses CUDA compiled with setuptools/distutils just like your standard C exension modules.


  • Robert McGibbon
  • Yutong Zhao



  • python 2.7
  • python setuptools, numpy
  • nvcc. I'm using version 4.2
  • nose (for testing)
  • swig for the swig wrapping method. I've tested with version 1.3.40
  • cython for the cython wrapping method. I've tested with version 0.16

To install, cd into your directory of choice -- either swig or cython. Then, just run $ python install. To see if everything is working, run $ nosetests

Silence is golden!

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