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using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Dynamic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
namespace Massive {
public static class ObjectExtensions {
/// <summary>
/// Extension method for adding in a bunch of parameters
/// </summary>
public static void AddParams(this DbCommand cmd, params object[] args) {
foreach (var item in args) {
AddParam(cmd, item);
}
}
/// <summary>
/// Extension for adding single parameter
/// </summary>
public static void AddParam(this DbCommand cmd, object item) {
var p = cmd.CreateParameter();
p.ParameterName = string.Format("@{0}", cmd.Parameters.Count);
if (item == null) {
p.Value = DBNull.Value;
} else {
if (item.GetType() == typeof(Guid)) {
p.Value = item.ToString();
p.DbType = DbType.String;
p.Size = 4000;
} else if (item.GetType() == typeof(ExpandoObject)) {
var d = (IDictionary<string, object>)item;
p.Value = d.Values.FirstOrDefault();
} else {
p.Value = item;
}
if (item.GetType() == typeof(string))
p.Size = ((string)item).Length > 4000 ? -1 : 4000;
}
cmd.Parameters.Add(p);
}
/// <summary>
/// Turns an IDataReader to a Dynamic list of things
/// </summary>
public static List<dynamic> ToExpandoList(this IDataReader rdr) {
var result = new List<dynamic>();
while (rdr.Read()) {
result.Add(rdr.RecordToExpando());
}
return result;
}
public static dynamic RecordToExpando(this IDataReader rdr) {
dynamic e = new ExpandoObject();
var d = e as IDictionary<string, object>;
for (int i = 0; i < rdr.FieldCount; i++)
d.Add(rdr.GetName(i), rdr[i]);
return e;
}
/// <summary>
/// Turns the object into an ExpandoObject
/// </summary>
public static dynamic ToExpando(this object o) {
var result = new ExpandoObject();
var d = result as IDictionary<string, object>; //work with the Expando as a Dictionary
if (o.GetType() == typeof(ExpandoObject)) return o; //shouldn't have to... but just in case
if (o.GetType() == typeof(NameValueCollection) || o.GetType().IsSubclassOf(typeof(NameValueCollection))) {
var nv = (NameValueCollection)o;
nv.Cast<string>().Select(key => new KeyValuePair<string, object>(key, nv[key])).ToList().ForEach(i => d.Add(i));
} else {
var props = o.GetType().GetProperties();
foreach (var item in props) {
d.Add(item.Name, item.GetValue(o, null));
}
}
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Turns the object into a Dictionary
/// </summary>
public static IDictionary<string, object> ToDictionary(this object thingy) {
return (IDictionary<string, object>)thingy.ToExpando();
}
}
/// <summary>
/// A class that wraps your database table in Dynamic Funtime
/// </summary>
public class DynamicModel {
DbProviderFactory _factory;
string _connectionString;
public DynamicModel(string connectionStringName = "", string tableName = "", string primaryKeyField = "") {
TableName = tableName == "" ? this.GetType().Name : tableName;
PrimaryKeyField = string.IsNullOrEmpty(primaryKeyField) ? "ID" : primaryKeyField;
if (connectionStringName == "")
connectionStringName = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[0].Name;
var _providerName = "System.Data.SqlClient";
if (ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[connectionStringName] != null) {
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[connectionStringName].ProviderName))
_providerName = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[connectionStringName].ProviderName;
} else {
throw new InvalidOperationException("Can't find a connection string with the name '" + connectionStringName + "'");
}
_factory = DbProviderFactories.GetFactory(_providerName);
_connectionString = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[connectionStringName].ConnectionString;
}
/// <summary>
/// Enumerates the reader yielding the result - thanks to Jeroen Haegebaert
/// </summary>
public virtual IEnumerable<dynamic> Query(string sql, params object[] args) {
using (var conn = OpenConnection()) {
var rdr = CreateCommand(sql, conn, args).ExecuteReader();
while (rdr.Read()) {
yield return rdr.RecordToExpando(); ;
}
}
}
public virtual IEnumerable<dynamic> Query(string sql, DbConnection connection, params object[] args) {
using (var rdr = CreateCommand(sql, connection, args).ExecuteReader()) {
while (rdr.Read()) {
yield return rdr.RecordToExpando(); ;
}
}
}
/// <summary>
/// Returns a single result
/// </summary>
public virtual object Scalar(string sql, params object[] args) {
object result = null;
using (var conn = OpenConnection()) {
result = CreateCommand(sql, conn, args).ExecuteScalar();
}
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Creates a DBCommand that you can use for loving your database.
/// </summary>
DbCommand CreateCommand(string sql, DbConnection conn, params object[] args) {
var result = _factory.CreateCommand();
result.Connection = conn;
result.CommandText = sql;
if (args.Length > 0)
result.AddParams(args);
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Returns and OpenConnection
/// </summary>
public virtual DbConnection OpenConnection() {
var result = _factory.CreateConnection();
result.ConnectionString = _connectionString;
result.Open();
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Builds a set of Insert and Update commands based on the passed-on objects.
/// These objects can be POCOs, Anonymous, NameValueCollections, or Expandos. Objects
/// With a PK property (whatever PrimaryKeyField is set to) will be created at UPDATEs
/// </summary>
public virtual List<DbCommand> BuildCommands(params object[] things) {
var commands = new List<DbCommand>();
foreach (var item in things) {
if (HasPrimaryKey(item)) {
commands.Add(CreateUpdateCommand(item, GetPrimaryKey(item)));
} else {
commands.Add(CreateInsertCommand(item));
}
}
return commands;
}
/// <summary>
/// Executes a set of objects as Insert or Update commands based on their property settings, within a transaction.
/// These objects can be POCOs, Anonymous, NameValueCollections, or Expandos. Objects
/// With a PK property (whatever PrimaryKeyField is set to) will be created at UPDATEs
/// </summary>
public virtual int Save(params object[] things) {
var commands = BuildCommands(things);
return Execute(commands);
}
public virtual int Execute(DbCommand command) {
return Execute(new DbCommand[] { command });
}
/// <summary>
/// Executes a series of DBCommands in a transaction
/// </summary>
public virtual int Execute(IEnumerable<DbCommand> commands) {
var result = 0;
using (var conn = OpenConnection()) {
using (var tx = conn.BeginTransaction()) {
foreach (var cmd in commands) {
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.Transaction = tx;
result += cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
}
tx.Commit();
}
}
return result;
}
public virtual string PrimaryKeyField { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// Conventionally introspects the object passed in for a field that
/// looks like a PK. If you've named your PrimaryKeyField, this becomes easy
/// </summary>
public virtual bool HasPrimaryKey(object o) {
return o.ToDictionary().ContainsKey(PrimaryKeyField);
}
/// <summary>
/// If the object passed in has a property with the same name as your PrimaryKeyField
/// it is returned here.
/// </summary>
public virtual object GetPrimaryKey(object o) {
object result = null;
o.ToDictionary().TryGetValue(PrimaryKeyField, out result);
return result;
}
public virtual string TableName { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// Creates a command for use with transactions - internal stuff mostly, but here for you to play with
/// </summary>
public virtual DbCommand CreateInsertCommand(object o) {
DbCommand result = null;
var expando = o.ToExpando();
var settings = (IDictionary<string, object>)expando;
var sbKeys = new StringBuilder();
var sbVals = new StringBuilder();
var stub = "INSERT INTO {0} ({1}) \r\n VALUES ({2})";
result = CreateCommand(stub, null);
int counter = 0;
foreach (var item in settings) {
sbKeys.AppendFormat("{0},", item.Key);
sbVals.AppendFormat("@{0},", counter.ToString());
result.AddParam(item.Value);
counter++;
}
if (counter > 0) {
var keys = sbKeys.ToString().Substring(0, sbKeys.Length - 1);
var vals = sbVals.ToString().Substring(0, sbVals.Length - 1);
var sql = string.Format(stub, TableName, keys, vals);
result.CommandText = sql;
} else throw new InvalidOperationException("Can't parse this object to the database - there are no properties set");
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Creates a command for use with transactions - internal stuff mostly, but here for you to play with
/// </summary>
public virtual DbCommand CreateUpdateCommand(object o, object key) {
var expando = o.ToExpando();
var settings = (IDictionary<string, object>)expando;
var sbKeys = new StringBuilder();
var stub = "UPDATE {0} SET {1} WHERE {2} = @{3}";
var args = new List<object>();
var result = CreateCommand(stub, null);
int counter = 0;
foreach (var item in settings) {
var val = item.Value;
if (!item.Key.Equals(PrimaryKeyField, StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) && item.Value != null) {
result.AddParam(val);
sbKeys.AppendFormat("{0} = @{1}, \r\n", item.Key, counter.ToString());
counter++;
}
}
if (counter > 0) {
//add the key
result.AddParam(key);
//strip the last commas
var keys = sbKeys.ToString().Substring(0, sbKeys.Length - 4);
result.CommandText = string.Format(stub, TableName, keys, PrimaryKeyField, counter);
} else throw new InvalidOperationException("No parsable object was sent in - could not divine any name/value pairs");
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Removes one or more records from the DB according to the passed-in WHERE
/// </summary>
public virtual DbCommand CreateDeleteCommand(string where = "", object key = null, params object[] args) {
var sql = string.Format("DELETE FROM {0} ", TableName);
if (key != null) {
sql += string.Format("WHERE {0}=@0", PrimaryKeyField);
args = new object[] { key };
} else if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(where)) {
sql += where.Trim().StartsWith("where", StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) ? where : "WHERE " + where;
}
return CreateCommand(sql, null, args);
}
/// <summary>
/// Adds a record to the database. You can pass in an Anonymous object, an ExpandoObject,
/// A regular old POCO, or a NameValueColletion from a Request.Form or Request.QueryString
/// </summary>
public virtual object Insert(object o) {
dynamic result = 0;
using (var conn = OpenConnection()) {
var cmd = CreateInsertCommand(o);
cmd.Connection = conn;
cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
cmd.CommandText = "SELECT @@IDENTITY as newID";
result = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
}
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Updates a record in the database. You can pass in an Anonymous object, an ExpandoObject,
/// A regular old POCO, or a NameValueCollection from a Request.Form or Request.QueryString
/// </summary>
public virtual int Update(object o, object key) {
return Execute(CreateUpdateCommand(o, key));
}
/// <summary>
/// Removes one or more records from the DB according to the passed-in WHERE
/// </summary>
public int Delete(object key = null, string where = "", params object[] args) {
return Execute(CreateDeleteCommand(where: where, key: key, args: args));
}
/// <summary>
/// Returns all records complying with the passed-in WHERE clause and arguments,
/// ordered as specified, limited (TOP) by limit.
/// </summary>
public virtual IEnumerable<dynamic> All(string where = "", string orderBy = "", int limit = 0, string columns = "*", params object[] args) {
string sql = limit > 0 ? "SELECT TOP " + limit + " {0} FROM {1} " : "SELECT {0} FROM {1} ";
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(where))
sql += where.Trim().StartsWith("where", StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) ? where : "WHERE " + where;
if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(orderBy))
sql += orderBy.Trim().StartsWith("order by", StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase) ? orderBy : " ORDER BY " + orderBy;
return Query(string.Format(sql, columns, TableName), args);
}
/// <summary>
/// Returns a dynamic PagedResult. Result properties are Items, TotalPages, and TotalRecords.
/// </summary>
public virtual dynamic Paged(string where = "", string orderBy = "", string columns = "*", int pageSize = 20, int currentPage = 1, params object[] args) {
dynamic result = new ExpandoObject();
var countSQL = string.Format("SELECT COUNT({0}) FROM {1}", PrimaryKeyField, TableName);
if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(orderBy))
orderBy = PrimaryKeyField;
if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(where)) {
if (!where.Trim().StartsWith("where", StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase)) {
where = "WHERE " + where;
}
}
var sql = string.Format("SELECT {0} FROM (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY {2}) AS Row, {0} FROM {3} {4}) AS Paged ", columns, pageSize, orderBy, TableName, where);
var pageStart = (currentPage - 1) * pageSize;
sql += string.Format(" WHERE Row > {0} AND Row <={1}", pageStart, (pageStart + pageSize));
countSQL += where;
result.TotalRecords = Scalar(countSQL, args);
result.TotalPages = result.TotalRecords / pageSize;
if (result.TotalRecords % pageSize > 0)
result.TotalPages += 1;
result.Items = Query(string.Format(sql, columns, TableName), args);
return result;
}
/// <summary>
/// Returns a single row from the database
/// </summary>
public virtual dynamic Single(object key, string columns = "*") {
var sql = string.Format("SELECT {0} FROM {1} WHERE {2} = @0", columns, TableName, PrimaryKeyField);
var items = Query(sql, key).ToList();
return items.FirstOrDefault();
}
}
}
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