Program for merging multiple Git repositories into one, preserving previous history, tags and branches.
This is useful when you had multiple repositories for one project where you had more or less the same set of branches and tags.
How it works. For each branch/tag name:
- All the commits of the repositories that have this branch/tag are collected.
- The commits are merged with 1 merge commit (with N parents).
- The branch/tag is recreated on this merge commit. In case of an annotated tag, the tag message and tagger information is preserved (this does not work for signing information).
When merging multiple repositories, you can choose between the following two options:
Preserve old commit IDs
The old history is preserved as-is. Normally, the directory structure of the repositories needs to be moved into a subdirectory (one per repository). This will be done in the merge commit.
Preserve history for paths
The old history is first rewritten so that all content is within a subdirectory. The merge commit does not change the directory structure.
The second option has the advantage that you will still be able to see the history of a path beyond the merge. With the first option, rename detection may not be able to cope with the rename in the merge commit.
Preserve Old Commit IDs
Say you have a repository at
firstname.lastname@example.org:foo.git and one at
email@example.com:bar.git. They both have some common tags and branches.
To merge them, run the program like this:
./run.sh firstname.lastname@example.org:foo.git:foodir email@example.com:bar.git:bardir
This will create a merged repository as a subdirectory of the current directory.
Each tag and branch will be on a new merge commit that merges the commits for
these tags/branches from foo and bar. The merge commits also change the tree
structure so that the contents of foo are in
foodir and the contents of bar
Preserve History for Paths
With the same example as above, do the following for each repository beforehand
newsubdir with the name you want):
git clone --mirror firstname.lastname@example.org:repo.git cd repo git filter-branch --index-filter \ 'tab=$(printf "\t") && git ls-files -s --error-unmatch . >/dev/null 2>&1; [ $? != 0 ] || (git ls-files -s | sed "s~$tab\"*~&newsubdir/~" | GIT_INDEX_FILE=$GIT_INDEX_FILE.new git update-index --index-info && mv "$GIT_INDEX_FILE.new" "$GIT_INDEX_FILE")' \ --tag-name-filter cat \ -- --all
Then, run the program like this:
./run.sh /absolute/path/to/foo:. /absolute/path/to/bar:.
This time, we don't want the merge commit to change the directory structure, as
we already did that using
- When you have a simple, linear history, try out git-stitch-repo
- See the question Combining multiple git repositories on Stack Overflow
Copyright © 2013, 2014 Robin Stocker
Licensed under the Apache License, see LICENSE file for details.