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ewd-redis-globals: Redis emulation of Global Storage database

Rob Tweed
1 December 2016, M/Gateway Developments Ltd

Twitter: @rtweed

Google Group for discussions, support, advice etc:

Special thanks to the Ripple Foundation for support and funding of this project.


This module provides an emulation of a Global Storage database using Redis.

The APIs are modelled on the cache.node interface provided by the Caché database (a proprietary Global Storage database) and are designed to behave identically.

NOTE: the APIs make use of a synchronous TCP connector: tcp-netx. It is designed to be used in conjunction with the ewd-qoper8 module and used within its worker processes, where synchronous database access does not interfere with the main Node.js process, rather than in conventional Node.js-based applications.

See for further background.

Ideally ewd-redis-globals should be used with the ewd-xpress framework, which uses the ewd-document-store module to abstract the Global Storage as something uniquely powerful: persistent JavaScript objects and a fine-grained Document Database.


Before installing ewd-redis-globals, you must first install tcp-netx. Read its installation instructions carefully as it requires a C++ compiler to be present on your system before it can build. Assuming you've done this:

  npm install tcp-netx

Then install ewd-redis-globals:

  npm install ewd-redis-globals


The following APIs are provided:


These behave and are used identically to the synchronous versions provided by the cache.node interface. See:


Several examples demonstrating the use of ewd-redis-globals are included in the /examples folder. They assume:

  • you have Redis installed on the same machine as your Node.js environment
  • Redis is listening on its default port: 6379
  • you are using Node.js version 6.x

In addition to basic API tests, you can also see how the ewd-document-store module provides a high-level abstraction of ewd-redis-global's Global Storage as:

  • persistent JavaScript Objects
  • document database

See /examples/docstore-tests.js

For more information on ewd-document-store, see:

You'll also find a detailed set of presentations on Global Storage databases and the ewd-document-store JavaScript abstraction on the M/Gateway Web Site: go to:


Click the Training tab. Parts 17 to 27 will provide in-depth background. ewd-redis-globals will behave identically to the other Global Storage databases referred to in these presentations.

Configuring ewd-redis-globals

You can provide an optional argument when instantiating ewd-redis-globals. For example, if you're running it on a Raspberry Pi with Node.js version 6.x:

  var redis_globals = require('ewd-redis-globals');
  var db = new redis_globals({
    node_version: 'rpi'

If you're running Redis on a different machine and non-standard port:

  var redis_globals = require('ewd-redis-globals');
  var db = new redis_globals({
    host: '',
    port: 3009

How Global Storage is Emulated in ewd-redis-globals

To understand the basics of a Global Storage database, see

The hierarchical structure of a Global is emulated using three sets of Redis keys:

  • node:xxxx A hash that contains details about each Global Node, specifically whether it's a leaf-node or not, and if so, its value

  • children:xxxx A sorted list containing any child subscript values for each of a Global's nodes

  • leaves:xxxx A sorted list containing pointers to the node: keys for leaf nodes only

A global node key (xxxx) is constructed from the Global name and its Subscripts. They are flattened into a singe string using Hex 01 as a delimiter. For example the Global Node:


would be represented as:


In order to emulate the subscript collating order of Global Storage database, integer subscript values are padded out with up to 9 leading zeros within the children:xxxx sorted lists.

The Lock and Unlock commands are emulated using the Redis Blocking Pop command BLPOP and use two additional simple keys:

  • lock:xxxx Representing the Global Node that is locked
  • locker: xxxx Representing the process locking the node


Copyright (c) 2016 M/Gateway Developments Ltd,
Reigate, Surrey UK.
All rights reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at                           

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.