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README

### This is just a holding for the CoWPAtty code. 

coWPAtty - Brute-force dictionary attack against WPA-PSK.

Copyright(c) 2004, Joshua Wright <jwright@hasborg.com>

$Id: README,v 1.2 2004/11/02 11:49:03 jwright Exp $

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INTRO

Right off the bat, this code isn't very useful.  The PBKDF2 function makes
4096 SHA-1 passes for each passphrase, which takes quite a bit of time.  On
my Pentium II development system, I'm getting ~4 passphrases/second.
The SHA-1 code I'm using has been optimized to the best of my ability (which
isn't saying that much), but I doubt if it would be possible to optimize it
such that the tool experiences an exponential performance increase.

However, if you are auditing WPA-PSK networks, you can use this tool to
identify weak passphrases that were used to generate the PMK.  Supply a
libpcap capture file that includes the 4-way handshake, a dictionary file of
passphrases to guess with, and the SSID for the network:

$ ./cowpatty -r eap-test.dump -f dict -s somethingclever
coWPAtty 2.0 - WPA-PSK dictionary attack. <jwright@hasborg.com>

Collected all necessary data to mount crack against passphrase.
Loading words into memory, please be patient ... Done (10201 words).
Starting dictionary attack.  Please be patient.
[1000] [2000] [3000] [4000] 
The PSK is "family movie night".

4087 passphrases tested in 59.05 seconds:  69.22 passphrases/second
$

The files "dict" and "eap-test.dump" are included with this distribution
for testing purposes.

This tool can also accept dictionary words from STDIN, allowing us to utilize
a tool such as John the Ripper to create lots of word permutations from a
dictionary file:

$ john -wordfile:dictfile -rules -session:johnrestore.dat -stdout:63 | \
   cowpatty -r eap-test.dump -f - -s somethingclever

In the default configuration of John the Ripper, common permutations of
dictionary words will be sent as potential passwords to coWPAtty.  For
example, here is a list of the words John will create from the input word
"password":

jwright@mercury:~$ echo password >word
jwright@mercury:~$ john -session:/tmp/delme -wordfile:word -rules -stdout
password
Password
passwords
password1
Password1
drowssap
1password
PASSWORD
password2
password!
password3
password7
password9
password5
password4
password8
password6
password0
password.
password?
psswrd
drowssaP
Drowssap
passworD
2password
4password
Password2
Password!
Password3
Password9
Password5
Password7
Password4
Password6
Password8
Password.
Password?
Password0
3password
7password
9password
5password
6password
8password
Passwords
passworded
passwording
Passworded
Passwording
words: 49  time: 0:00:00:00 100%  w/s: 49.00  current: Passwording
jwright@mercury:~$

John the Ripper is available at http://www.openwall.com/john/.


REFERENCE

See Robert Moskowitz's paper "Weakness in Passphrase Choice in WPA Interface"
for more information on WPA-PSK attacks at 
http://wifinetnews.com/archives/002452.html.


THANKS

My sincere thanks to dragorn for merging in the assembly SHA1 code, and to
Randy Chou for advice on optimizing the pbkdf2 function.


QUESTIONS, COMMENTS, CONCERNS

Please contact jwright@hasborg.com with any questions, comments or concerns.
My PGP key is located at http://home.jwu.edu/jwright/pgpkey.htm.