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Objective-C Ruby
Latest commit 990bcbe Feb 18, 2016 @thomasdao thomasdao Merge pull request #16 from ReadmeCritic/master
Correct the capitalization of Xcode in README

README.md

Setup

You can drag the RMMapper folder to your project. This library must be ARC enabled.

RMMapper can be installed by CocoaPods. Add below line to your Podfile to install it.

pod 'RMMapper'

Methods

You can retrieve list of attributes of a class by:

+ (NSDictionary *)propertiesForClass:(Class)cls;

If you have an object and you want to populate it's attributes from a dictionary, there is a method for that:

+ (id) populateObject:(id)obj fromDictionary:(NSDictionary*)dict;

There is a use case that you need to build NSDictionary params for AFNetworking:

+ (NSDictionary*) dictionaryForObject:(id)obj;
+ (NSDictionary*) dictionaryForObject:(id)obj include:(NSArray*)includeArray;
+ (NSMutableDictionary*) mutableDictionaryForObject:(id)obj;
+ (NSMutableDictionary*) mutableDictionaryForObject:(id)obj include:(NSArray*)includeArray;

You can convert an object to NSDictionary so that NSLog can print its value too!

If the json is an array, we can also convert the NSArray of dictionary into NSArray of object with predefined class. You can see the example for more detail.

+ (NSArray*) arrayOfClass:(Class)cls fromArrayOfDictionary:(NSArray*)array;
+ (NSMutableArray*) mutableArrayOfClass:(Class)cls fromArrayOfDictionary:(NSArray*)array;

RMMapper supports relationship in your class as well. Lets assume we now have JSON for a room as below:

{
    "id":879302,
    "title":"My room",
    "address":"Singapore",
    "host":{"id":34045, "name":"David", "age":30, "email":"david@gmail.com"}
}

You can define class RMRoom as below:

// RMRoom.h
#import "RMUser.h"

@interface RMRoom : NSObject

@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber* id;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString* title;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString* address;
@property (nonatomic, retain) RMUser* host;

@end

Then if you want to access the host email, you can use room.host.email

If you want to map JSON key to class property, you can do so. In your model class, implement method rm_dataKeysForClassProperties in RMMapping protocol:

#import "RMRoom.h"

@implementation RMRoom

- (NSDictionary *)rm_dataKeysForClassProperties
{
    // country_code is json key, countryCode is class property
    return @{
        @"countryCode" : @"country_code",
        @"currencyCode" : @"currency_code",
    };
}

@end

If your property is an array of another models, you can provide the model class so it can be automatically parsed:

-(Class)rm_itemClassForArrayProperty:(NSString *)property {
    if ([property isEqualToString:@"topping"]) {
        return [RMTopping class];
    }

    return nil;
}

Usage of RMMapper

RMMapper is very helpful when you want to archive custom object into NSUserDefaults, or make an object copyable.

If you want to make RMUser class archivable so that you can save it into NSUserDefaults, just add this into the header:

#import "NSObject+RMArchivable.h"

Then done, your class is ready to be archived! You can use category NSUserDefaults+RMSaveCustomObject to help you archive faster:

#import "NSUserDefaults+RMSaveCustomObject.h"

// ...
NSUserDefaults* defaults = [NSUserDefaults standardUserDefaults];
[defaults rm_setCustomObject:user forKey:@"SAVED_DATA"];

To retrieve the custom object from NSUserDefaults:

user = [defaults rm_customObjectForKey:@"SAVED_DATA"];

If you want to exclude some properties from being archived, you can implement method rm_excludedProperties in RMMapping protocol in your class:

#import "RMUser.h"

@implementation RMUser


- (NSArray *)rm_excludedProperties
{
return @[@"display"];
}

@end

To make a class copyable, just include below code into your class:

#import "NSObject+RMCopyable.h"

Usage

This library converts common data structure like NSDictionary or NSArray into objects with predefined class. It is similar to Jackson or Gson library in Java.

One common use case for developer is retrieving the data from server, and populating it to the views. If you use AFNetworking, it already converts the string into NSDictionary or NSArray, and you can use that to build your view.

Let's assume we retrieve a user json like this:

{
  "id": 50234
  "name":"David",
  "age":40,
  "email":"david@gmail.com"
}

We can build the view by:

self.nameLabel.text = [dict objectForKey:@"name"];
self.ageLabel.text = [dict objectForKey:@"age"];
self.emailLabel.text = [dict objectForKey:@"email"];

This approach is okay but not scalable. Response from server can contains 20 or more different keys, and typing [dict objectForKey:@"key"] is tedious and error prone. If we type wrong key string, the app will crash! The compiler cannot help us detect error, and we can only find these crash when we do actual test at runtime. If we need to pass the data to another controller, we will have more repetitive tasks to do. And worse, if in the future server includes more attributes, then we have to edit all the ViewControllers to add the extra attributes.

So we have to find a better approach. This time we define a plain model class and convert the NSDictionary/NSArray into the plain model object when we retrieve data from server. Then in the view, we can simply use that class and Xcode can autocomplete the fields for us.

Let define an user class to model above json:

@interface RMUser : NSObject

@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber* id;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString* name;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString* email;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber* age;

@end

In the view, it becomes:

self.nameLabel.text = user.name;
self.ageLabel.text = [user.age stringValue];
self.emailLabel.text = user.email;

Well this is much cleaner! We have Xcode auto complete the fields for us, so we don't have to worry about the wrong key like in previous approach. But we still need to convert the data into this object:

RMUser* user = [[RMUser alloc] init];
user.name = [dict objectForKey:@"name"];
user.age = [dict objectForKey:@"age"];
user.email = [dict objectForKey:@"email"];
// Continue to parse the value...

Doing above code is boring and luckily we have a better way to do it. If we can retrieve attributes for an object, we can use setValue:forKey method to set value from dictionary to object attribute.

Using RMMapper, the above code becomes super simple:

RMUser* user = [RMMapper objectWithClass:[RMUser class] fromDictionary:dict];

Then all value from dictionary will be parsed into object user!

About

The code to retrieve all attributes of a class is taken from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/754824/get-an-object-attributes-list-in-objective-c/13000074#13000074

Thanks Farthen and all user contributes to that thread!

License

MIT License