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Elastica integration in Symfony2

Installation

Install elasticsearch

http://www.elasticsearch.org/guide/reference/setup/installation.html

Install Elastica

Download

With submodule: git submodule add git://github.com/ruflin/Elastica vendor/elastica

With clone: git clone git://github.com/ruflin/Elastica vendor/elastica

Register autoloading

// app/autoload.php

$loader->registerPrefixes(array(
    ...
    'Elastica' => __DIR__.'/../vendor/elastica/lib',
));

Install ElasticaBundle

Download

With submodule: git submodule add git://github.com/Exercise/FOQElasticaBundle src/FOQ/ElasticaBundle

With clone: git clone git://github.com/Exercise/FOQElasticaBundle src/FOQ/ElasticaBundle

Register autoloading

// app/autoload.php

$loader->registerNamespaces(array(
    ...
    'FOQ' => __DIR__.'/../src',
));

Register the bundle

// app/AppKernel.php

public function registerBundles()
{
    return array(
        // ...
        new FOQ\ElasticaBundle\FOQElasticaBundle(),
        // ...
    );
}

Basic configuration

Declare a client

Elasticsearch client is comparable to doctrine connection. Most of the time, you will need only one.

#app/config/config.yml
foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }

Declare an index

Elasticsearch index is comparable to doctrine entity manager. Most of the time, you will need only one.

foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }
    indexes:
        website:
            client: default

Here we created a "website" index, that uses our "default" client.

Our index is now available as a service: foq_elastica.index.website. It is an instance of Elastica_Index.

Declare a type

Elasticsearch type is comparable to doctrine entity repository.

foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }
    indexes:
        website:
            client: default
            types:
                user:
                    mappings:
                        username: { boost: 5 }
                        firstName: { boost: 3 }
                        lastName: { boost: 3 }
                        aboutMe:

Our type is now available as a service: foq_elastica.index.website.user. It is an instance of Elastica_Type.

Populate the types

php app/console foq:elastica:populate

This command deletes and creates the declared indexes and types. It applies the configured mappings to the types.

This command needs providers to insert new documents in the elasticsearch types. There are 2 ways to create providers. If your elasticsearch type matches a doctrine repository, go for the doctrine automatic provider. Or, for complete flexibility, go for manual provider.

Doctrine automatic provider

If we want to index the entities from a doctrine repository, some configuration will let ElasticaBundle do it for us.

foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }
    indexes:
        website:
            client: default
            types:
                user:
                    mappings:
                        username: { boost: 5 }
                        firstName: { boost: 3 }
                        # more mappings...
                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        provider:

Two drivers are actually supported: orm and mongodb.

Use a custom doctrine query builder

You can control which entities will be indexed by specifying a custom query builder method.

                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        provider:
                            query_builder_method: createIsActiveQueryBuilder

Your repository must implement this method and return a doctrine query builder.

Change the batch size

By default, ElasticaBundle will index documents by paquets of 100. You can change this value in the provider configuration.

                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        provider:
                            batch_size: 100
Change the document identifier field

By default, ElasticaBundle will use the id field of your entities as the elasticsearch document identifier. You can change this value in the provider configuration.

                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        provider:
                            identifier: id

Manual provider

Create a service with the tag "foq_elastica.provider".

    <service id="acme.search_provider.user" class="Acme\UserBundle\Search\UserProvider">
        <tag name="foq_elastica.provider" />
        <argument type="service" id="foq_elastica.index.website.user" />
    </service>

Its class must implement FOQ\ElasticaBundle\Provider\ProviderInterface.

    <?php

    namespace Acme\UserBundle\Provider;

    use FOQ\ElasticaBundle\Provider\ProviderInterface;
    use Elastica_Type;

    class UserProvider implements ProviderInterface
    {
        protected $userType;

        public function __construct(Elastica_Type $userType)
        {
            $this->userType = $userType;
        }

        /**
         * Insert the repository objects in the type index
         *
         * @param Closure $loggerClosure
         */
        public function populate(Closure $loggerClosure)
        {
            $loggerClosure('Indexing users');

            $this->userType->addDocuments(array(
                array('username' => 'Bob')
            ));
        }
    }

You will find a more complete implementation example in src/FOQ/ElasticaBundle/Provider/DoctrineProvider.php

Search

You can just use the index and type Elastica objects, provided as services, to perform searches.

/** var Elastica_Type */
$userType = $this->container->get('foq_elastica.index.website.user');

/** var Elastica_ResultSet */
$resultSet = $userType->search('bob');

Doctrine finder

If your elasticsearch type is bound to a doctrine entity repository, you can get your entities instead of Elastica results when you perform a search. Declare that you want a doctrine finder in your configuration:

foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }
    indexes:
        website:
            client: default
            types:
                user:
                    mappings:
                        # your mappings
                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        provider:
                        finder:

You can now use the foq_elastica.finder.website.user service:

/** var FOQ\ElasticaBundle\Finder\MappedFinder */
$finder = $container->get('foq_elastica.finder.website.user');

/** var array of Acme\UserBundle\Entity\User */
$users = $finder->find('bob');

/** var array of Acme\UserBundle\Entity\User limited to 10 results */
$users = $finder->find('bob', 10);

You can even get paginated results!

/** var Pagerfanta\Pagerfanta */
$userPaginator = $finder->findPaginated('bob');

Realtime, selective index update

If you use the doctrine integration, you can let ElasticaBundle update the indexes automatically when an object is added, updated or removed. It uses doctrine lifecycle events. Declare that you want to update the index in real time:

foq_elastica:
    clients:
        default: { host: localhost, port: 9200 }
    indexes:
        website:
            client: default
            types:
                user:
                    mappings:
                        # your mappings
                    doctrine:
                        driver: orm
                        model: Application\UserBundle\Entity\User
                        listener: # by default, listens to "insert", "update" and "delete"

Now the index is automatically updated each time the state of the bound doctrine repository changes. No need to repopulate the whole "user" index when a new User is created.

You can also choose to only listen for some of the events:

                    doctrine:
                        listener:
                            insert: true
                            update: false
                            delete: true

Advanced elasticsearch configuration

Any setting can be specified when declaring a type. For example, to enable a custom analyzer, you could write:

foq_elastica:
    indexes:
        doc:
            settings: 
                index: 
                    analysis: 
                        analyzer: 
                            my_analyzer: 
                                type: custom
                                tokenizer: lowercase
                                filter   : [my_ngram]
                        filter: 
                            my_ngram: 
                                type: "nGram"
                                min_gram: 3
                                max_gram: 5
            types:
                blog:
                    mappings:
                        title: { boost: 8, analyzer: my_analyzer }
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