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README.md

⚠️ THIS REPO IS DEPRECATED. USE NCM2 INSTEAD.


❤️ for my favorite editor

A Completion Framework for Neovim

This is a fast, extensible, async completion framework for neovim. For more information about plugin implementation, please read the Why section.

Future updates, announcements, screenshots will be posted here. Subscribe it if you are interested.

All in one screenshot

Table of Contents

Features

  1. Asynchronous completion support like deoplete.
  2. Faster, all completions should run in parallel.
  3. Smarter on files with different languages, for example, css/javascript completion in html style/script tag.
  4. Extensible async vimscript API and python3 API.
  5. Function parameter expansion via Ultisnips, neosnippet.vim or vim-snipmate.

Scoping Sources:

  • Language specific completion for markdown, reStructuredText
  • Javascript code completion in html script tag
  • Css code completion in html style tag

Completion Sources

Language / Description Repository
Word from current buffer builtin
Word from tmux session builtin
ctags completion builtin
Filepath completion builtin
Python builtin, requires jedi
Css builtin, requires csscomplete#CompleteCSS
Golang builtin, requires gocode
Ultisnips hint builtin, requires Ultisnips
Snipmate hint builtin, requires vim-snipmate
neosnippet hint builtin, requires neosnippet.vim
Language Server Protocol autozimu/LanguageClient-neovim
C/C++ clang_complete [DEPRECATED]
C/C++ ncm-clang
Javascript nvim-cm-tern
Javascript nvim-cm-flow
elm ncm-elm-oracle
Clojure clojure-async-clj-omni
Rust nvim-cm-racer
Vimscript Shougo/neco-vim
Ruby ncm-rct-complete
PHP LanguageServer-php-neovim
PHP ncm-phpactor
Swift dafufer/nvim-cm-swift-completer
gtags completion jsfaint/gen_tags.vim
syntax completion Shougo/neco-syntax
include completion Shougo/neoinclude
github completion ncm-github
mutt mails #97 mutt-aliases.vim
deoplete #50 deoplete
css calebeby/ncm-css
lbdb (addressbook) katsika/ncm-lbdb
Java sassanh/nvim-cm-eclim
TypeScript mhartington/nvim-typescript
Word from other buffers fgrsnau/ncm-otherbuf
R gaalcaras/ncm-R

How to extend this framework?

Please announce your new plugin here after you've created the extension.

Requirements

Installation

" the framework
Plug 'roxma/nvim-completion-manager'
  • If you are vim8 user, you'll need vim-hug-neovim-rpc. The vim8 support layer is still experimental, please 'upgrade' to neovim if it's possible.
" Requires vim8 with has('python') or has('python3')
" Requires the installation of msgpack-python. (pip install msgpack-python)
if !has('nvim')
    Plug 'roxma/vim-hug-neovim-rpc'
endif
  • Install pip modules for your neovim python3:
# neovim is the required pip module
# jedi for python completion
# psutil (optional)
# setproctitle (optional)
pip3 install --user neovim jedi psutil setproctitle

(Optional) It's easier to use python-support.nvim to help manage your pip modules for neovim:

Optional Configuration Tips

  • Supress the annoying completion messages:
" don't give |ins-completion-menu| messages.  For example,
" '-- XXX completion (YYY)', 'match 1 of 2', 'The only match',
set shortmess+=c
  • When the <Enter> key is pressed while the popup menu is visible, it only hides the menu. Use this mapping to hide the menu and also start a new line.
inoremap <expr> <CR> (pumvisible() ? "\<c-y>\<cr>" : "\<CR>")
  • Here is an example for expanding snippet in the popup menu with <Enter> key. Suppose you use the <C-U> key for expanding snippet.
imap <expr> <CR>  (pumvisible() ?  "\<c-y>\<Plug>(expand_or_nl)" : "\<CR>")
imap <expr> <Plug>(expand_or_nl) (cm#completed_is_snippet() ? "\<C-U>":"\<CR>")
  • When using CTRL-C key to leave insert mode, it does not trigger the autocmd InsertLeave. You should use CTRL-[, or map the <c-c> to <ESC>.
inoremap <c-c> <ESC>
  • Use <TAB> to select the popup menu:
inoremap <expr> <Tab> pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" : "\<Tab>"
inoremap <expr> <S-Tab> pumvisible() ? "\<C-p>" : "\<S-Tab>"
  • If 'omnifunc' is the only available option, you may register it as a source for NCM.
" css completion via `csscomplete#CompleteCSS`
" The `'cm_refresh_patterns'` is PCRE.
" Be careful with `'scoping': 1` here, not all sources, especially omnifunc,
" can handle this feature properly.
au User CmSetup call cm#register_source({'name' : 'cm-css',
        \ 'priority': 9, 
        \ 'scoping': 1,
        \ 'scopes': ['css','scss'],
        \ 'abbreviation': 'css',
        \ 'word_pattern': '[\w\-]+',
        \ 'cm_refresh_patterns':['[\w\-]+\s*:\s+'],
        \ 'cm_refresh': {'omnifunc': 'csscomplete#CompleteCSS'},
        \ })

Warning: omnifunc is implemented in a synchronouse style, and vim-vimscript is single threaded, it would potentially block the ui with the introduction of a heavy weight omnifunc, for example the builtin phpcomplete. If you get some time, please try implementing a source for NCM as a replacement for the old style omnifunc.

  • There's no guarantee that this plugin will be compatible with other completion plugin in the same buffer. Use let g:cm_smart_enable=0 and call cm#enable_for_buffer() to use this plugin for specific buffer.

  • This example shows how to disable NCM's builtin tag completion. It's also possible to use g:cm_sources_override to override other default options of a completion source.

let g:cm_sources_override = {
    \ 'cm-tags': {'enable':0}
    \ }

Why?

This project was started just for fun, and it's working pleasingly for me now. However, it seems there's lots of differences between deoplete, YCM, and nvim-completion-manager, by implementation.

I haven't read the source of YCM yet. So here I'm describing the basic implementation of NCM (short for nvim-completion-manager) and some of the differences between deoplete and this plugin.

Async architecture

Each completion source should be a thread or a standalone process, the manager notifies the completion source for any text changing, even when popup menu is visible. The completion source notifies the manager if there's any complete matches available. After some basic priority sorting between completion sources, and some simple filtering, the completion popup menu will be triggered with the complete() function by the completion manager.

If some of the completion source is calculating matches for a long long time, the popup menu will still be shown quickly if other completion sources work properly. And if the user hasn't changed anything, the popup menu will be updated after the slow completion source finishes the work.

As the time as of this plugin being created, the completion sources of deoplete are gathered with gather_candidates() of the Source object, inside a for loop, in deoplete's process. A slow completion source may defer the display of popup menu. Of course it will not block the ui.

The good news is that deoplete has supported async gather_candidates now. But still, NCM is potentially faster because all completion sources run in parallel.

Scoping

I write markdown files with code blocks quite often, so I've also implemented language specific completion for markdown file. This is a framework feature, which is called scoping. It should work for any markdown code block whose language completion source is avaible to NCM. I've also added support for javascript completion in script tag of html files, and css completion in style tag.

The idea was originated in vim-syntax-compl-pop. Since it's pure vimscript implementation, and there are some limitations currently with neovim's syntax api. It's very likely that vim-syntax-compl-pop doesn't work, for example, javascript completion in markdown or html script tag. So I use custom parser in NCM to implement the scoping features.

Experimental hacking

Note that there's some hacking done in NCM. It uses a per 30ms timer to detect changes even popup menu is visible, as well as using the TextChangedI event, which only triggers when no popup menu is visible. This is important for implementing the async architecture. I'm hoping one day neovim will offer better option rather than a timer or the limited TextChangedI.

FAQ

Why Python?

YouCompleteMe has good explanation.

Trouble-shooting

Moved to wiki

Related Projects

asyncomplete.vim