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/*
**********************************************************************
* Copyright (C) 1999-2004, International Business Machines
* Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.
**********************************************************************
* ucnv.h:
* External APIs for the ICU's codeset conversion library
* Bertrand A. Damiba
*
* Modification History:
*
* Date Name Description
* 04/04/99 helena Fixed internal header inclusion.
* 05/11/00 helena Added setFallback and usesFallback APIs.
* 06/29/2000 helena Major rewrite of the callback APIs.
* 12/07/2000 srl Update of documentation
*/
/**
* \file
* \brief C API: Character conversion
*
* <h2>Character Conversion C API</h2>
*
* <p>This API is used to convert codepage or character encoded data to and
* from UTF-16. You can open a converter with {@link ucnv_open() }. With that
* converter, you can get its properties, set options, convert your data and
* close the converter.</p>
*
* <p>Since many software programs recogize different converter names for
* different types of converters, there are other functions in this API to
* iterate over the converter aliases. The functions {@link ucnv_getAvailableName() },
* {@link ucnv_getAlias() } and {@link ucnv_getStandardName() } are some of the
* more frequently used alias functions to get this information.</p>
*
* <p>When a converter encounters an illegal, irregular, invalid or unmappable character
* its default behavior is to use a substitution character to replace the
* bad byte sequence. This behavior can be changed by using {@link ucnv_getFromUCallBack() }
* or {@link ucnv_getToUCallBack() } on the converter. The header ucnv_err.h defines
* many other callback actions that can be used instead of a character substitution.</p>
*
* <p>More information about this API can be found in our
* <a href="http://oss.software.ibm.com/icu/userguide/conversion.html">User's
* Guide</a>.</p>
*/
#ifndef UCNV_H
#define UCNV_H
#include "unicode/ucnv_err.h"
#include "unicode/uenum.h"
#ifndef __USET_H__
/**
* USet is the C API type for Unicode sets.
* It is forward-declared here to avoid including the header file if related
* conversion APIs are not used.
* See unicode/uset.h
*
* @see ucnv_getUnicodeSet
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
struct USet;
/** @stable ICU 2.6 */
typedef struct USet USet;
#endif
#if !UCONFIG_NO_CONVERSION
U_CDECL_BEGIN
/** Maximum length of a converter name including the terminating NULL @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define UCNV_MAX_CONVERTER_NAME_LENGTH 60
/** Maximum length of a converter name including path and terminating NULL @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define UCNV_MAX_FULL_FILE_NAME_LENGTH (600+UCNV_MAX_CONVERTER_NAME_LENGTH)
/** Shift in for EBDCDIC_STATEFUL and iso2022 states @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define UCNV_SI 0x0F
/** Shift out for EBDCDIC_STATEFUL and iso2022 states @stable ICU 2.0 */
#define UCNV_SO 0x0E
/**
* Enum for specifying basic types of converters
* @see ucnv_getType
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
UCNV_UNSUPPORTED_CONVERTER = -1,
UCNV_SBCS = 0,
UCNV_DBCS = 1,
UCNV_MBCS = 2,
UCNV_LATIN_1 = 3,
UCNV_UTF8 = 4,
UCNV_UTF16_BigEndian = 5,
UCNV_UTF16_LittleEndian = 6,
UCNV_UTF32_BigEndian = 7,
UCNV_UTF32_LittleEndian = 8,
UCNV_EBCDIC_STATEFUL = 9,
UCNV_ISO_2022 = 10,
UCNV_LMBCS_1 = 11,
UCNV_LMBCS_2,
UCNV_LMBCS_3,
UCNV_LMBCS_4,
UCNV_LMBCS_5,
UCNV_LMBCS_6,
UCNV_LMBCS_8,
UCNV_LMBCS_11,
UCNV_LMBCS_16,
UCNV_LMBCS_17,
UCNV_LMBCS_18,
UCNV_LMBCS_19,
UCNV_LMBCS_LAST = UCNV_LMBCS_19,
UCNV_HZ,
UCNV_SCSU,
UCNV_ISCII,
UCNV_US_ASCII,
UCNV_UTF7,
UCNV_BOCU1,
UCNV_UTF16,
UCNV_UTF32,
UCNV_CESU8,
UCNV_IMAP_MAILBOX,
/* Number of converter types for which we have conversion routines. */
UCNV_NUMBER_OF_SUPPORTED_CONVERTER_TYPES
} UConverterType;
/**
* Enum for specifying which platform a converter ID refers to.
* The use of platform/CCSID is not recommended. See ucnv_openCCSID().
*
* @see ucnv_getPlatform
* @see ucnv_openCCSID
* @see ucnv_getCCSID
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef enum {
UCNV_UNKNOWN = -1,
UCNV_IBM = 0
} UConverterPlatform;
/**
* Function pointer for error callback in the codepage to unicode direction.
* Called when an error has occured in conversion to unicode, or on open/close of the callback (see reason).
* @param context Pointer to the callback's private data
* @param args Information about the conversion in progress
* @param codeUnits Points to 'length' bytes of the concerned codepage sequence
* @param length Size (in bytes) of the concerned codepage sequence
* @param reason Defines the reason the callback was invoked
* @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
* @see UConverterToUnicodeArgs
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef void (U_EXPORT2 *UConverterToUCallback) (
const void* context,
UConverterToUnicodeArgs *args,
const char *codeUnits,
int32_t length,
UConverterCallbackReason reason,
UErrorCode *);
/**
* Function pointer for error callback in the unicode to codepage direction.
* Called when an error has occured in conversion from unicode, or on open/close of the callback (see reason).
* @param context Pointer to the callback's private data
* @param args Information about the conversion in progress
* @param codeUnits Points to 'length' UChars of the concerned Unicode sequence
* @param length Size (in bytes) of the concerned codepage sequence
* @param codePoint Single UChar32 (UTF-32) containing the concerend Unicode codepoint.
* @param reason Defines the reason the callback was invoked
* @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
typedef void (U_EXPORT2 *UConverterFromUCallback) (
const void* context,
UConverterFromUnicodeArgs *args,
const UChar* codeUnits,
int32_t length,
UChar32 codePoint,
UConverterCallbackReason reason,
UErrorCode *);
U_CDECL_END
/**
* Character that separates converter names from options and options from each other.
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR ','
/**
* String version of UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR.
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define UCNV_OPTION_SEP_STRING ","
/**
* Character that separates a converter option from its value.
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define UCNV_VALUE_SEP_CHAR '='
/**
* String version of UCNV_VALUE_SEP_CHAR.
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define UCNV_VALUE_SEP_STRING "="
/**
* Converter option for specifying a locale.
* For example, ucnv_open("SCSU,locale=ja", &errorCode);
* See convrtrs.txt.
*
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define UCNV_LOCALE_OPTION_STRING ",locale="
/**
* Converter option for specifying a version selector (0..9) for some converters.
* For example, ucnv_open("UTF-7,version=1", &errorCode);
* See convrtrs.txt.
*
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
#define UCNV_VERSION_OPTION_STRING ",version="
/**
* Converter option for EBCDIC SBCS or mixed-SBCS/DBCS (stateful) codepages.
* Swaps Unicode mappings for EBCDIC LF and NL codes, as used on
* S/390 (z/OS) Unix System Services (Open Edition).
* For example, ucnv_open("ibm-1047,swaplfnl", &errorCode);
* See convrtrs.txt.
*
* @see ucnv_open
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
#define UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING ",swaplfnl"
/**
* Do a fuzzy compare of a two converter/alias names. The comparison
* is case-insensitive. It also ignores the characters '-', '_', and
* ' ' (dash, underscore, and space). Thus the strings "UTF-8",
* "utf_8", and "Utf 8" are exactly equivalent.
*
* @param name1 a converter name or alias, zero-terminated
* @param name2 a converter name or alias, zero-terminated
* @return 0 if the names match, or a negative value if the name1
* lexically precedes name2, or a positive value if the name1
* lexically follows name2.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int U_EXPORT2
ucnv_compareNames(const char *name1, const char *name2);
/**
* Creates a UConverter object with the names specified as a C string.
* The actual name will be resolved with the alias file
* using a case-insensitive string comparison that ignores
* the delimiters '-', '_', and ' ' (dash, underscore, and space).
* E.g., the names "UTF8", "utf-8", and "Utf 8" are all equivalent.
* If <code>NULL</code> is passed for the converter name, it will create one with the
* getDefaultName return value.
*
* <p>A converter name for ICU 1.5 and above may contain options
* like a locale specification to control the specific behavior of
* the newly instantiated converter.
* The meaning of the options depends on the particular converter.
* If an option is not defined for or recognized by a given converter, then it is ignored.</p>
*
* <p>Options are appended to the converter name string, with a
* <code>UCNV_OPTION_SEP_CHAR</code> between the name and the first option and
* also between adjacent options.</p>
*
* <p>If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.</p>
*
* <p>The conversion behavior and names can vary between platforms. ICU may
* convert some characters differently from other platforms. Details on this topic
* are in the <a href="http://oss.software.ibm.com/icu/userguide/conversion.html">User's
* Guide</a>.</p>
*
* @param converterName Name of the uconv table, may have options appended
* @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
* @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error occured
* @see ucnv_openU
* @see ucnv_openCCSID
* @see ucnv_close
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_open(const char *converterName, UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Creates a Unicode converter with the names specified as unicode string.
* The name should be limited to the ASCII-7 alphanumerics range.
* The actual name will be resolved with the alias file
* using a case-insensitive string comparison that ignores
* the delimiters '-', '_', and ' ' (dash, underscore, and space).
* E.g., the names "UTF8", "utf-8", and "Utf 8" are all equivalent.
* If <TT>NULL</TT> is passed for the converter name, it will create
* one with the ucnv_getDefaultName() return value.
* If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
* @param name : name of the uconv table in a zero terminated
* Unicode string
* @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR,
* U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
* @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an
* error occured
* @see ucnv_open
* @see ucnv_openCCSID
* @see ucnv_close
* @see ucnv_getDefaultName
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_openU(const UChar *name,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Creates a UConverter object from a CCSID number and platform pair.
* Note that the usefulness of this function is limited to platforms with numeric
* encoding IDs. Only IBM and Microsoft platforms use numeric (16-bit) identifiers for
* encodings.
*
* In addition, IBM CCSIDs and Unicode conversion tables are not 1:1 related.
* For many IBM CCSIDs there are multiple (up to six) Unicode conversion tables, and
* for some Unicode conversion tables there are multiple CCSIDs.
* Some "alternate" Unicode conversion tables are provided by the
* IBM CDRA conversion table registry.
* The most prominent example of a systematic modification of conversion tables that is
* not provided in the form of conversion table files in the repository is
* that S/390 Unix System Services swaps the codes for Line Feed and New Line in all
* EBCDIC codepages, which requires such a swap in the Unicode conversion tables as well.
*
* Only IBM default conversion tables are accessible with ucnv_openCCSID().
* ucnv_getCCSID() will return the same CCSID for all conversion tables that are associated
* with that CCSID.
*
* Currently, the only "platform" supported in the ICU converter API is UCNV_IBM.
*
* In summary, the use of CCSIDs and the associated API functions is not recommended.
*
* In order to open a converter with the default IBM CDRA Unicode conversion table,
* you can use this function or use the prefix "ibm-":
* \code
* char name[20];
* sprintf(name, "ibm-%hu", ccsid);
* cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
* \endcode
*
* In order to open a converter with the IBM S/390 Unix System Services variant
* of a Unicode/EBCDIC conversion table,
* you can use the prefix "ibm-" together with the option string UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING:
* \code
* char name[20];
* sprintf(name, "ibm-%hu" UCNV_SWAP_LFNL_OPTION_STRING, ccsid);
* cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
* \endcode
*
* In order to open a converter from a Microsoft codepage number, use the prefix "cp":
* \code
* char name[20];
* sprintf(name, "cp%hu", codepageID);
* cnv=ucnv_open(name, &errorCode);
* \endcode
*
* If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
*
* @param codepage codepage number to create
* @param platform the platform in which the codepage number exists
* @param err error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
* @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error
* occured.
* @see ucnv_open
* @see ucnv_openU
* @see ucnv_close
* @see ucnv_getCCSID
* @see ucnv_getPlatform
* @see UConverterPlatform
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_openCCSID(int32_t codepage,
UConverterPlatform platform,
UErrorCode * err);
/**
* <p>Creates a UConverter object specified from a packageName and a converterName.</p>
*
* <p>The packageName and converterName must point to an ICU udata object, as defined by
* <code> udata_open( packageName, "cnv", converterName, err) </code> or equivalent.
* Typically, packageName will refer to a (.dat) file, or to a package registered with
* udata_setAppData().</p>
*
* <p>The name will NOT be looked up in the alias mechanism, nor will the converter be
* stored in the converter cache or the alias table. The only way to open further converters
* is call this function multiple times, or use the ucnv_safeClone() function to clone a
* 'master' converter.</p>
*
* <p>A future version of ICU may add alias table lookups and/or caching
* to this function.</p>
*
* <p>Example Use:
* <code>cnv = ucnv_openPackage("myapp", "myconverter", &err);</code>
* </p>
*
* @param packageName name of the package (equivalent to 'path' in udata_open() call)
* @param converterName name of the data item to be used, without suffix.
* @param err outgoing error status <TT>U_MEMORY_ALLOCATION_ERROR, U_FILE_ACCESS_ERROR</TT>
* @return the created Unicode converter object, or <TT>NULL</TT> if an error occured
* @see udata_open
* @see ucnv_open
* @see ucnv_safeClone
* @see ucnv_close
* @stable ICU 2.2
*/
U_STABLE UConverter* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_openPackage(const char *packageName, const char *converterName, UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Thread safe cloning operation
* @param cnv converter to be cloned
* @param stackBuffer user allocated space for the new clone. If NULL new memory will be allocated.
* If buffer is not large enough, new memory will be allocated.
* Clients can use the U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE. This will probably be enough to avoid memory allocations.
* @param pBufferSize pointer to size of allocated space.
* If *pBufferSize == 0, a sufficient size for use in cloning will
* be returned ('pre-flighting')
* If *pBufferSize is not enough for a stack-based safe clone,
* new memory will be allocated.
* @param status to indicate whether the operation went on smoothly or there were errors
* An informational status value, U_SAFECLONE_ALLOCATED_ERROR, is used if any allocations were necessary.
* @return pointer to the new clone
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverter * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_safeClone(const UConverter *cnv,
void *stackBuffer,
int32_t *pBufferSize,
UErrorCode *status);
/**
* \def U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE
* Definition of a buffer size that is designed to be large enough for
* converters to be cloned with ucnv_safeClone().
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
#define U_CNV_SAFECLONE_BUFFERSIZE 1024
/**
* Deletes the unicode converter and releases resources associated
* with just this instance.
* Does not free up shared converter tables.
*
* @param converter the converter object to be deleted
* @see ucnv_open
* @see ucnv_openU
* @see ucnv_openCCSID
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_close(UConverter * converter);
/**
* Fills in the output parameter, subChars, with the substitution characters
* as multiple bytes.
*
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param subChars the subsitution characters
* @param len on input the capacity of subChars, on output the number
* of bytes copied to it
* @param err the outgoing error status code.
* If the substitution character array is too small, an
* <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
* @see ucnv_setSubstChars
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getSubstChars(const UConverter *converter,
char *subChars,
int8_t *len,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Sets the substitution chars when converting from unicode to a codepage. The
* substitution is specified as a string of 1-4 bytes, and may contain
* <TT>NULL</TT> byte.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param subChars the substitution character byte sequence we want set
* @param len the number of bytes in subChars
* @param err the error status code. <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR </TT> if
* len is bigger than the maximum number of bytes allowed in subchars
* @see ucnv_getSubstChars
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_setSubstChars(UConverter *converter,
const char *subChars,
int8_t len,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Fills in the output parameter, errBytes, with the error characters from the
* last failing conversion.
*
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param errBytes the codepage bytes which were in error
* @param len on input the capacity of errBytes, on output the number of
* bytes which were copied to it
* @param err the error status code.
* If the substitution character array is too small, an
* <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getInvalidChars(const UConverter *converter,
char *errBytes,
int8_t *len,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Fills in the output parameter, errChars, with the error characters from the
* last failing conversion.
*
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param errUChars the UChars which were in error
* @param len on input the capacity of errUChars, on output the number of
* UChars which were copied to it
* @param err the error status code.
* If the substitution character array is too small, an
* <TT>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</TT> will be returned.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getInvalidUChars(const UConverter *converter,
UChar *errUChars,
int8_t *len,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Resets the state of a converter to the default state. This is used
* in the case of an error, to restart a conversion from a known default state.
* It will also empty the internal output buffers.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_reset(UConverter *converter);
/**
* Resets the to-Unicode part of a converter state to the default state.
* This is used in the case of an error to restart a conversion to
* Unicode to a known default state. It will also empty the internal
* output buffers used for the conversion to Unicode codepoints.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_resetToUnicode(UConverter *converter);
/**
* Resets the from-Unicode part of a converter state to the default state.
* This is used in the case of an error to restart a conversion from
* Unicode to a known default state. It will also empty the internal output
* buffers used for the conversion from Unicode codepoints.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_resetFromUnicode(UConverter *converter);
/**
* Returns the maximum number of bytes that are output per UChar in conversion
* from Unicode using this converter.
* The returned number can be used with UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
* to calculate the size of a target buffer for conversion from Unicode.
*
* Note: Before ICU 2.8, this function did not return reliable numbers for
* some stateful converters (EBCDIC_STATEFUL, ISO-2022) and LMBCS.
*
* This number may not be the same as the maximum number of bytes per
* "conversion unit". In other words, it may not be the intuitively expected
* number of bytes per character that would be published for a charset,
* and may not fulfill any other purpose than the allocation of an output
* buffer of guaranteed sufficient size for a given input length and converter.
*
* Examples for special cases that are taken into account:
* - Supplementary code points may convert to more bytes than BMP code points.
* This function returns bytes per UChar (UTF-16 code unit), not per
* Unicode code point, for efficient buffer allocation.
* - State-shifting output (SI/SO, escapes, etc.) from stateful converters.
* - When m input UChars are converted to n output bytes, then the maximum m/n
* is taken into account.
*
* The number returned here does not take into account
* (see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING):
* - callbacks which output more than one charset character sequence per call,
* like escape callbacks
* - initial and final non-character bytes that are output by some converters
* (automatic BOMs, initial escape sequence, final SI, etc.)
*
* Examples for returned values:
* - SBCS charsets: 1
* - Shift-JIS: 2
* - UTF-16: 2 (2 per BMP, 4 per surrogate _pair_, BOM not counted)
* - UTF-8: 3 (3 per BMP, 4 per surrogate _pair_)
* - EBCDIC_STATEFUL (EBCDIC mixed SBCS/DBCS): 3 (SO + DBCS)
* - ISO-2022: 3 (always outputs UTF-8)
* - ISO-2022-JP: 6 (4-byte escape sequences + DBCS)
* - ISO-2022-CN: 8 (4-byte designator sequences + 2-byte SS2/SS3 + DBCS)
*
* @param converter The Unicode converter.
* @return The maximum number of bytes per UChar that are output by ucnv_fromUnicode(),
* to be used together with UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING for buffer allocation.
*
* @see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
* @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int8_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getMaxCharSize(const UConverter *converter);
#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
/**
* Calculates the size of a buffer for conversion from Unicode to a charset.
* The calculated size is guaranteed to be sufficient for this conversion.
*
* It takes into account initial and final non-character bytes that are output
* by some converters.
* It does not take into account callbacks which output more than one charset
* character sequence per call, like escape callbacks.
* The default (substitution) callback only outputs one charset character sequence.
*
* @param length Number of UChars to be converted.
* @param maxCharSize Return value from ucnv_getMaxCharSize() for the converter
* that will be used.
* @return Size of a buffer that will be large enough to hold the output bytes of
* converting length UChars with the converter that returned the maxCharSize.
*
* @see ucnv_getMaxCharSize
* @draft ICU 2.8
*/
#define UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING(length, maxCharSize) \
(((int32_t)(length)+10)*(int32_t)(maxCharSize))
#endif /*U_HIDE_DRAFT_API*/
/**
* Returns the minimum byte length for characters in this codepage.
* This is usually either 1 or 2.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @return the minimum number of bytes allowed by this particular converter
* @see ucnv_getMaxCharSize
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int8_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getMinCharSize(const UConverter *converter);
/**
* Returns the display name of the converter passed in based on the Locale
* passed in. If the locale contains no display name, the internal ASCII
* name will be filled in.
*
* @param converter the Unicode converter.
* @param displayLocale is the specific Locale we want to localised for
* @param displayName user provided buffer to be filled in
* @param displayNameCapacity size of displayName Buffer
* @param err error status code
* @return displayNameLength number of UChar needed in displayName
* @see ucnv_getName
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getDisplayName(const UConverter *converter,
const char *displayLocale,
UChar *displayName,
int32_t displayNameCapacity,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Gets the internal, canonical name of the converter (zero-terminated).
* The lifetime of the returned string will be that of the converter
* passed to this function.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param err UErrorCode status
* @return the internal name of the converter
* @see ucnv_getDisplayName
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getName(const UConverter *converter, UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Gets a codepage number associated with the converter. This is not guaranteed
* to be the one used to create the converter. Some converters do not represent
* platform registered codepages and return zero for the codepage number.
* The error code fill-in parameter indicates if the codepage number
* is available.
* Does not check if the converter is <TT>NULL</TT> or if converter's data
* table is <TT>NULL</TT>.
*
* Important: The use of CCSIDs is not recommended because it is limited
* to only two platforms in principle and only one (UCNV_IBM) in the current
* ICU converter API.
* Also, CCSIDs are insufficient to identify IBM Unicode conversion tables precisely.
* For more details see ucnv_openCCSID().
*
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param err the error status code.
* @return If any error occurrs, -1 will be returned otherwise, the codepage number
* will be returned
* @see ucnv_openCCSID
* @see ucnv_getPlatform
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getCCSID(const UConverter *converter,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Gets a codepage platform associated with the converter. Currently,
* only <TT>UCNV_IBM</TT> will be returned.
* Does not test if the converter is <TT>NULL</TT> or if converter's data
* table is <TT>NULL</TT>.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param err the error status code.
* @return The codepage platform
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverterPlatform U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getPlatform(const UConverter *converter,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Gets the type of the converter
* e.g. SBCS, MBCS, DBCS, UTF8, UTF16_BE, UTF16_LE, ISO_2022,
* EBCDIC_STATEFUL, LATIN_1
* @param converter a valid, opened converter
* @return the type of the converter
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UConverterType U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getType(const UConverter * converter);
/**
* Gets the "starter" (lead) bytes for converters of type MBCS.
* Will fill in an <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> if converter passed in
* is not MBCS. Fills in an array of type UBool, with the value of the byte
* as offset to the array. For example, if (starters[0x20] == TRUE) at return,
* it means that the byte 0x20 is a starter byte in this converter.
* Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
*
* @param converter a valid, opened converter of type MBCS
* @param starters an array of size 256 to be filled in
* @param err error status, <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> if the
* converter is not a type which can return starters.
* @see ucnv_getType
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getStarters(const UConverter* converter,
UBool starters[256],
UErrorCode* err);
/**
* Selectors for Unicode sets that can be returned by ucnv_getUnicodeSet().
* @see ucnv_getUnicodeSet
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
typedef enum UConverterUnicodeSet {
/** Select the set of roundtrippable Unicode code points. @stable ICU 2.6 */
UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET,
/** Number of UConverterUnicodeSet selectors. @stable ICU 2.6 */
UCNV_SET_COUNT
} UConverterUnicodeSet;
/**
* Returns the set of Unicode code points that can be converted by an ICU converter.
*
* The current implementation returns only one kind of set (UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET):
* The set of all Unicode code points that can be roundtrip-converted
* (converted without any data loss) with the converter.
* This set will not include code points that have fallback mappings
* or are only the result of reverse fallback mappings.
* See UTR #22 "Character Mapping Markup Language"
* at http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr22/
*
* This is useful for example for
* - checking that a string or document can be roundtrip-converted with a converter,
* without/before actually performing the conversion
* - testing if a converter can be used for text for typical text for a certain locale,
* by comparing its roundtrip set with the set of ExemplarCharacters from
* ICU's locale data or other sources
*
* In the future, there may be more UConverterUnicodeSet choices to select
* sets with different properties.
*
* @param cnv The converter for which a set is requested.
* @param setFillIn A valid USet *. It will be cleared by this function before
* the converter's specific set is filled into the USet.
* @param whichSet A UConverterUnicodeSet selector;
* currently UCNV_ROUNDTRIP_SET is the only supported value.
* @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
* Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
*
* @see UConverterUnicodeSet
* @see uset_open
* @see uset_close
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getUnicodeSet(const UConverter *cnv,
USet *setFillIn,
UConverterUnicodeSet whichSet,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Gets the current calback function used by the converter when an illegal
* or invalid codepage sequence is found.
* Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
*
* @param converter the unicode converter
* @param action fillin: returns the callback function pointer
* @param context fillin: returns the callback's private void* context
* @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getToUCallBack (const UConverter * converter,
UConverterToUCallback *action,
const void **context);
/**
* Gets the current callback function used by the converter when illegal
* or invalid Unicode sequence is found.
* Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
*
* @param converter the unicode converter
* @param action fillin: returns the callback function pointer
* @param context fillin: returns the callback's private void* context
* @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getFromUCallBack (const UConverter * converter,
UConverterFromUCallback *action,
const void **context);
/**
* Changes the callback function used by the converter when
* an illegal or invalid sequence is found.
* Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
* Predefined actions and contexts can be found in the ucnv_err.h header.
*
* @param converter the unicode converter
* @param newAction the new callback function
* @param newContext the new toUnicode callback context pointer. This can be NULL.
* @param oldAction fillin: returns the old callback function pointer. This can be NULL.
* @param oldContext fillin: returns the old callback's private void* context. This can be NULL.
* @param err The error code status
* @see ucnv_getToUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_setToUCallBack (UConverter * converter,
UConverterToUCallback newAction,
const void* newContext,
UConverterToUCallback *oldAction,
const void** oldContext,
UErrorCode * err);
/**
* Changes the current callback function used by the converter when
* an illegal or invalid sequence is found.
* Context pointers are always owned by the caller.
* Predefined actions and contexts can be found in the ucnv_err.h header.
*
* @param converter the unicode converter
* @param newAction the new callback function
* @param newContext the new fromUnicode callback context pointer. This can be NULL.
* @param oldAction fillin: returns the old callback function pointer. This can be NULL.
* @param oldContext fillin: returns the old callback's private void* context. This can be NULL.
* @param err The error code status
* @see ucnv_getFromUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_setFromUCallBack (UConverter * converter,
UConverterFromUCallback newAction,
const void *newContext,
UConverterFromUCallback *oldAction,
const void **oldContext,
UErrorCode * err);
/**
* Converts an array of unicode characters to an array of codepage
* characters. This function is optimized for converting a continuous
* stream of data in buffer-sized chunks, where the entire source and
* target does not fit in available buffers.
*
* The source pointer is an in/out parameter. It starts out pointing where the
* conversion is to begin, and ends up pointing after the last UChar consumed.
*
* Target similarly starts out pointer at the first available byte in the output
* buffer, and ends up pointing after the last byte written to the output.
*
* The converter always attempts to consume the entire source buffer, unless
* (1.) the target buffer is full, or (2.) a failing error is returned from the
* current callback function. When a successful error status has been
* returned, it means that all of the source buffer has been
* consumed. At that point, the caller should reset the source and
* sourceLimit pointers to point to the next chunk.
*
* At the end of the stream (flush==TRUE), the input is completely consumed
* when *source==sourceLimit and no error code is set.
* The converter object is then automatically reset by this function.
* (This means that a converter need not be reset explicitly between data
* streams if it finishes the previous stream without errors.)
*
* This is a <I>stateful</I> conversion. Additionally, even when all source data has
* been consumed, some data may be in the converters' internal state.
* Call this function repeatedly, updating the target pointers with
* the next empty chunk of target in case of a
* <TT>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</TT>, and updating the source pointers
* with the next chunk of source when a successful error status is
* returned, until there are no more chunks of source data.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param target I/O parameter. Input : Points to the beginning of the buffer to copy
* codepage characters to. Output : points to after the last codepage character copied
* to <TT>target</TT>.
* @param targetLimit the pointer just after last of the <TT>target</TT> buffer
* @param source I/O parameter, pointer to pointer to the source Unicode character buffer.
* @param sourceLimit the pointer just after the last of the source buffer
* @param offsets if NULL is passed, nothing will happen to it, otherwise it needs to have the same number
* of allocated cells as <TT>target</TT>. Will fill in offsets from target to source pointer
* e.g: <TT>offsets[3]</TT> is equal to 6, it means that the <TT>target[3]</TT> was a result of transcoding <TT>source[6]</TT>
* For output data carried across calls, and other data without a specific source character
* (such as from escape sequences or callbacks) -1 will be placed for offsets.
* @param flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> if the current source buffer is the last available
* chunk of the source, <TT>FALSE</TT> otherwise. Note that if a failing status is returned,
* this function may have to be called multiple times with flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> until
* the source buffer is consumed.
* @param err the error status. <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> will be set if the
* converter is <TT>NULL</TT>.
* <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> will be set if the target is full and there is
* still data to be written to the target.
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
* @see ucnv_setToUCallBack
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_fromUnicode (UConverter * converter,
char **target,
const char *targetLimit,
const UChar ** source,
const UChar * sourceLimit,
int32_t* offsets,
UBool flush,
UErrorCode * err);
/**
* Converts a buffer of codepage bytes into an array of unicode UChars
* characters. This function is optimized for converting a continuous
* stream of data in buffer-sized chunks, where the entire source and
* target does not fit in available buffers.
*
* The source pointer is an in/out parameter. It starts out pointing where the
* conversion is to begin, and ends up pointing after the last byte of source consumed.
*
* Target similarly starts out pointer at the first available UChar in the output
* buffer, and ends up pointing after the last UChar written to the output.
* It does NOT necessarily keep UChar sequences together.
*
* The converter always attempts to consume the entire source buffer, unless
* (1.) the target buffer is full, or (2.) a failing error is returned from the
* current callback function. When a successful error status has been
* returned, it means that all of the source buffer has been
* consumed. At that point, the caller should reset the source and
* sourceLimit pointers to point to the next chunk.
*
* At the end of the stream (flush==TRUE), the input is completely consumed
* when *source==sourceLimit and no error code is set
* The converter object is then automatically reset by this function.
* (This means that a converter need not be reset explicitly between data
* streams if it finishes the previous stream without errors.)
*
* This is a <I>stateful</I> conversion. Additionally, even when all source data has
* been consumed, some data may be in the converters' internal state.
* Call this function repeatedly, updating the target pointers with
* the next empty chunk of target in case of a
* <TT>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</TT>, and updating the source pointers
* with the next chunk of source when a successful error status is
* returned, until there are no more chunks of source data.
* @param converter the Unicode converter
* @param target I/O parameter. Input : Points to the beginning of the buffer to copy
* UChars into. Output : points to after the last UChar copied.
* @param targetLimit the pointer just after the end of the <TT>target</TT> buffer
* @param source I/O parameter, pointer to pointer to the source codepage buffer.
* @param sourceLimit the pointer to the byte after the end of the source buffer
* @param offsets if NULL is passed, nothing will happen to it, otherwise it needs to have the same number
* of allocated cells as <TT>target</TT>. Will fill in offsets from target to source pointer
* e.g: <TT>offsets[3]</TT> is equal to 6, it means that the <TT>target[3]</TT> was a result of transcoding <TT>source[6]</TT>
* For output data carried across calls, and other data without a specific source character
* (such as from escape sequences or callbacks) -1 will be placed for offsets.
* @param flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> if the current source buffer is the last available
* chunk of the source, <TT>FALSE</TT> otherwise. Note that if a failing status is returned,
* this function may have to be called multiple times with flush set to <TT>TRUE</TT> until
* the source buffer is consumed.
* @param err the error status. <TT>U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR</TT> will be set if the
* converter is <TT>NULL</TT>.
* <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> will be set if the target is full and there is
* still data to be written to the target.
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see ucnv_getMinCharSize
* @see ucnv_setFromUCallBack
* @see ucnv_getNextUChar
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_toUnicode(UConverter *converter,
UChar **target,
const UChar *targetLimit,
const char **source,
const char *sourceLimit,
int32_t *offsets,
UBool flush,
UErrorCode *err);
/**
* Convert the Unicode string into a codepage string using an existing UConverter.
* The output string is NUL-terminated if possible.
*
* This function is a more convenient but less powerful version of ucnv_fromUnicode().
* It is only useful for whole strings, not for streaming conversion.
*
* The maximum output buffer capacity required (barring output from callbacks) will be
* UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING(srcLength, ucnv_getMaxCharSize(cnv)).
*
* @param cnv the converter object to be used (ucnv_resetFromUnicode() will be called)
* @param src the input Unicode string
* @param srcLength the input string length, or -1 if NUL-terminated
* @param dest destination string buffer, can be NULL if destCapacity==0
* @param destCapacity the number of chars available at dest
* @param pErrorCode normal ICU error code;
* common error codes that may be set by this function include
* U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR, U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING,
* U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR, and conversion errors
* @return the length of the output string, not counting the terminating NUL;
* if the length is greater than destCapacity, then the string will not fit
* and a buffer of the indicated length would need to be passed in
* @see ucnv_fromUnicode
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see UCNV_GET_MAX_BYTES_FOR_STRING
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_fromUChars(UConverter *cnv,
char *dest, int32_t destCapacity,
const UChar *src, int32_t srcLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Convert the codepage string into a Unicode string using an existing UConverter.
* The output string is NUL-terminated if possible.
*
* This function is a more convenient but less powerful version of ucnv_toUnicode().
* It is only useful for whole strings, not for streaming conversion.
*
* The maximum output buffer capacity required (barring output from callbacks) will be
* 2*srcLength (each char may be converted into a surrogate pair).
*
* @param cnv the converter object to be used (ucnv_resetToUnicode() will be called)
* @param src the input codepage string
* @param srcLength the input string length, or -1 if NUL-terminated
* @param dest destination string buffer, can be NULL if destCapacity==0
* @param destCapacity the number of UChars available at dest
* @param pErrorCode normal ICU error code;
* common error codes that may be set by this function include
* U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR, U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING,
* U_ILLEGAL_ARGUMENT_ERROR, and conversion errors
* @return the length of the output string, not counting the terminating NUL;
* if the length is greater than destCapacity, then the string will not fit
* and a buffer of the indicated length would need to be passed in
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_convert
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_toUChars(UConverter *cnv,
UChar *dest, int32_t destCapacity,
const char *src, int32_t srcLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Convert a codepage buffer into Unicode one character at a time.
* The input is completely consumed when the U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR is set.
*
* Advantage compared to ucnv_toUnicode() or ucnv_toUChars():
* - Faster for small amounts of data, for most converters, e.g.,
* US-ASCII, ISO-8859-1, UTF-8/16/32, and most "normal" charsets.
* (For complex converters, e.g., SCSU, UTF-7 and ISO 2022 variants,
* it uses ucnv_toUnicode() internally.)
* - Convenient.
*
* Limitations compared to ucnv_toUnicode():
* - Always assumes flush=TRUE.
* This makes ucnv_getNextUChar() unsuitable for "streaming" conversion,
* that is, for where the input is supplied in multiple buffers,
* because ucnv_getNextUChar() will assume the end of the input at the end
* of the first buffer.
* - Does not provide offset output.
*
* It is possible to "mix" ucnv_getNextUChar() and ucnv_toUnicode() because
* ucnv_getNextUChar() uses the current state of the converter
* (unlike ucnv_toUChars() which always resets first).
* However, if ucnv_getNextUChar() is called after ucnv_toUnicode()
* stopped in the middle of a character sequence (with flush=FALSE),
* then ucnv_getNextUChar() will always use the slower ucnv_toUnicode()
* internally until the next character boundary.
* (This is new in ICU 2.6. In earlier releases, ucnv_getNextUChar() had to
* start at a character boundary.)
*
* Instead of using ucnv_getNextUChar(), it is recommended
* to convert using ucnv_toUnicode() or ucnv_toUChars()
* and then iterate over the text using U16_NEXT() or a UCharIterator (uiter.h)
* or a C++ CharacterIterator or similar.
* This allows streaming conversion and offset output, for example.
*
* <p>Handling of surrogate pairs and supplementary-plane code points:<br>
* There are two different kinds of codepages that provide mappings for surrogate characters:
* <ul>
* <li>Codepages like UTF-8, UTF-32, and GB 18030 provide direct representations for Unicode
* code points U+10000-U+10ffff as well as for single surrogates U+d800-U+dfff.
* Each valid sequence will result in exactly one returned code point.
* If a sequence results in a single surrogate, then that will be returned
* by itself, even if a neighboring sequence encodes the matching surrogate.</li>
* <li>Codepages like SCSU and LMBCS (and UTF-16) provide direct representations only for BMP code points
* including surrogates. Code points in supplementary planes are represented with
* two sequences, each encoding a surrogate.
* For these codepages, matching pairs of surrogates will be combined into single
* code points for returning from this function.
* (Note that SCSU is actually a mix of these codepage types.)</li>
* </ul></p>
*
* @param converter an open UConverter
* @param source the address of a pointer to the codepage buffer, will be
* updated to point after the bytes consumed in the conversion call.
* @param sourceLimit points to the end of the input buffer
* @param err fills in error status (see ucnv_toUnicode)
* <code>U_INDEX_OUTOFBOUNDS_ERROR</code> will be set if the input
* is empty or does not convert to any output (e.g.: pure state-change
* codes SI/SO, escape sequences for ISO 2022,
* or if the callback did not output anything, ...).
* This function will not set a <code>U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR</code> because
* the "buffer" is the return code. However, there might be subsequent output
* stored in the converter object
* that will be returned in following calls to this function.
* @return a UChar32 resulting from the partial conversion of source
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_toUChars
* @see ucnv_convert
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UChar32 U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getNextUChar(UConverter * converter,
const char **source,
const char * sourceLimit,
UErrorCode * err);
/**
* Convert from one external charset to another using two existing UConverters.
* Internally, two conversions - ucnv_toUnicode() and ucnv_fromUnicode() -
* are used, "pivoting" through 16-bit Unicode.
*
* There is a similar function, ucnv_convert(),
* which has the following limitations:
* - it takes charset names, not converter objects, so that
* - two converters are opened for each call
* - only single-string conversion is possible, not streaming operation
* - it does not provide enough information to find out,
* in case of failure, whether the toUnicode or
* the fromUnicode conversion failed
*
* By contrast, ucnv_convertEx()
* - takes UConverter parameters instead of charset names
* - fully exposes the pivot buffer for complete error handling
*
* ucnv_convertEx() also provides further convenience:
* - an option to reset the converters at the beginning
* (if reset==TRUE, see parameters;
* also sets *pivotTarget=*pivotSource=pivotStart)
* - allow NUL-terminated input
* (only a single NUL byte, will not work for charsets with multi-byte NULs)
* (if sourceLimit==NULL, see parameters)
* - terminate with a NUL on output
* (only a single NUL byte, not useful for charsets with multi-byte NULs),
* or set U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING if the output exactly fills
* the target buffer
* - the pivot buffer can be provided internally;
* in this case, the caller will not be able to get details about where an
* error occurred
* (if pivotStart==NULL, see below)
*
* The function returns when one of the following is true:
* - the entire source text has been converted successfully to the target buffer
* - a target buffer overflow occurred (U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR)
* - a conversion error occurred
* (other U_FAILURE(), see description of pErrorCode)
*
* Limitation compared to the direct use of
* ucnv_fromUnicode() and ucnv_toUnicode():
* ucnv_convertEx() does not provide offset information.
*
* Limitation compared to ucnv_fromUChars() and ucnv_toUChars():
* ucnv_convertEx() does not support preflighting directly.
*
* Sample code for converting a single string from
* one external charset to UTF-8, ignoring the location of errors:
*
* \code
* int32_t
* myToUTF8(UConverter *cnv,
* const char *s, int32_t length,
* char *u8, int32_t capacity,
* UErrorCode *pErrorCode) {
* UConverter *utf8Cnv;
* char *target;
*
* if(U_FAILURE(*pErrorCode)) {
* return 0;
* }
*
* utf8Cnv=myGetCachedUTF8Converter(pErrorCode);
* if(U_FAILURE(*pErrorCode)) {
* return 0;
* }
*
* target=u8;
* ucnv_convertEx(cnv, utf8Cnv,
* &target, u8+capacity,
* &s, length>=0 ? s+length : NULL,
* NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
* TRUE, TRUE,
* pErrorCode);
*
* myReleaseCachedUTF8Converter(utf8Cnv);
*
* // return the output string length, but without preflighting
* return (int32_t)(target-u8);
* }
* \endcode
*
* @param targetCnv Output converter, used to convert from the UTF-16 pivot
* to the target using ucnv_fromUnicode().
* @param sourceCnv Input converter, used to convert from the source to
* the UTF-16 pivot using ucnv_toUnicode().
* @param target I/O parameter, same as for ucnv_fromUChars().
* Input: *target points to the beginning of the target buffer.
* Output: *target points to the first unit after the last char written.
* @param targetLimit Pointer to the first unit after the target buffer.
* @param source I/O parameter, same as for ucnv_toUChars().
* Input: *source points to the beginning of the source buffer.
* Output: *source points to the first unit after the last char read.
* @param sourceLimit Pointer to the first unit after the source buffer.
* @param pivotStart Pointer to the UTF-16 pivot buffer. If pivotStart==NULL,
* then an internal buffer is used and the other pivot
* arguments are ignored and can be NULL as well.
* @param pivotSource I/O parameter, same as source in ucnv_fromUChars() for
* conversion from the pivot buffer to the target buffer.
* @param pivotTarget I/O parameter, same as target in ucnv_toUChars() for
* conversion from the source buffer to the pivot buffer.
* It must be pivotStart<=*pivotSource<=*pivotTarget<=pivotLimit
* and pivotStart<pivotLimit (unless pivotStart==NULL).
* @param pivotLimit Pointer to the first unit after the pivot buffer.
* @param reset If TRUE, then ucnv_resetToUnicode(sourceCnv) and
* ucnv_resetFromUnicode(targetCnv) are called, and the
* pivot pointers are reset (*pivotTarget=*pivotSource=pivotStart).
* @param flush If true, indicates the end of the input.
* Passed directly to ucnv_toUnicode(), and carried over to
* ucnv_fromUnicode() when the source is empty as well.
* @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
* Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
* U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR always refers to the target buffer
* because overflows into the pivot buffer are handled internally.
* Other conversion errors are from the source-to-pivot
* conversion if *pivotSource==pivotStart, otherwise from
* the pivot-to-target conversion.
*
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_toAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_fromUnicode
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_toUChars
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_convertEx(UConverter *targetCnv, UConverter *sourceCnv,
char **target, const char *targetLimit,
const char **source, const char *sourceLimit,
UChar *pivotStart, UChar **pivotSource,
UChar **pivotTarget, const UChar *pivotLimit,
UBool reset, UBool flush,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Convert from one external charset to another.
* Internally, two converters are opened according to the name arguments,
* then the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
* using ucnv_convertEx(), then the converters are closed again.
*
* This is a convenience function, not an efficient way to convert a lot of text:
* ucnv_convert()
* - takes charset names, not converter objects, so that
* - two converters are opened for each call
* - only single-string conversion is possible, not streaming operation
* - does not provide enough information to find out,
* in case of failure, whether the toUnicode or
* the fromUnicode conversion failed
* - allows NUL-terminated input
* (only a single NUL byte, will not work for charsets with multi-byte NULs)
* (if sourceLength==-1, see parameters)
* - terminate with a NUL on output
* (only a single NUL byte, not useful for charsets with multi-byte NULs),
* or set U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING if the output exactly fills
* the target buffer
* - a pivot buffer is provided internally
*
* The function returns when one of the following is true:
* - the entire source text has been converted successfully to the target buffer
* and either the target buffer is terminated with a single NUL byte
* or the error code is set to U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING
* - a target buffer overflow occurred (U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR)
* and the full output string length is returned ("preflighting")
* - a conversion error occurred
* (other U_FAILURE(), see description of pErrorCode)
*
* @param toConverterName The name of the converter that is used to convert
* from the UTF-16 pivot buffer to the target.
* @param fromConverterName The name of the converter that is used to convert
* from the source to the UTF-16 pivot buffer.
* @param target Pointer to the output buffer.
* @param targetCapacity Capacity of the target, in bytes.
* @param source Pointer to the input buffer.
* @param sourceLength Length of the input text, in bytes, or -1 for NUL-terminated input.
* @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
* Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
* @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
* and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
*
* @see ucnv_convertEx
* @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_toAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_fromUnicode
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_toUChars
* @see ucnv_getNextUChar
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_convert(const char *toConverterName,
const char *fromConverterName,
char *target,
int32_t targetCapacity,
const char *source,
int32_t sourceLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Convert from one external charset to another.
* Internally, the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
* using ucnv_convertEx(). ucnv_toAlgorithmic() works exactly like ucnv_convert()
* except that the two converters need not be looked up and opened completely.
*
* The source-to-pivot conversion uses the cnv converter parameter.
* The pivot-to-target conversion uses a purely algorithmic converter
* according to the specified type, e.g., UCNV_UTF8 for a UTF-8 converter.
*
* Internally, the algorithmic converter is opened and closed for each
* function call, which is more efficient than using the public ucnv_open()
* but somewhat less efficient than only resetting an existing converter
* and using ucnv_convertEx().
*
* This function is more convenient than ucnv_convertEx() for single-string
* conversions, especially when "preflighting" is desired (returning the length
* of the complete output even if it does not fit into the target buffer;
* see the User Guide Strings chapter). See ucnv_convert() for details.
*
* @param algorithmicType UConverterType constant identifying the desired target
* charset as a purely algorithmic converter.
* Those are converters for Unicode charsets like
* UTF-8, BOCU-1, SCSU, UTF-7, IMAP-mailbox-name, etc.,
* as well as US-ASCII and ISO-8859-1.
* @param cnv The converter that is used to convert
* from the source to the UTF-16 pivot buffer.
* @param target Pointer to the output buffer.
* @param targetCapacity Capacity of the target, in bytes.
* @param source Pointer to the input buffer.
* @param sourceLength Length of the input text, in bytes
* @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
* Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
* @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
* and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
*
* @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see ucnv_convertEx
* @see ucnv_fromUnicode
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_toUChars
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_toAlgorithmic(UConverterType algorithmicType,
UConverter *cnv,
char *target, int32_t targetCapacity,
const char *source, int32_t sourceLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Convert from one external charset to another.
* Internally, the text is converted to and from the 16-bit Unicode "pivot"
* using ucnv_convertEx(). ucnv_fromAlgorithmic() works exactly like ucnv_convert()
* except that the two converters need not be looked up and opened completely.
*
* The source-to-pivot conversion uses a purely algorithmic converter
* according to the specified type, e.g., UCNV_UTF8 for a UTF-8 converter.
* The pivot-to-target conversion uses the cnv converter parameter.
*
* Internally, the algorithmic converter is opened and closed for each
* function call, which is more efficient than using the public ucnv_open()
* but somewhat less efficient than only resetting an existing converter
* and using ucnv_convertEx().
*
* This function is more convenient than ucnv_convertEx() for single-string
* conversions, especially when "preflighting" is desired (returning the length
* of the complete output even if it does not fit into the target buffer;
* see the User Guide Strings chapter). See ucnv_convert() for details.
*
* @param cnv The converter that is used to convert
* from the UTF-16 pivot buffer to the target.
* @param algorithmicType UConverterType constant identifying the desired source
* charset as a purely algorithmic converter.
* Those are converters for Unicode charsets like
* UTF-8, BOCU-1, SCSU, UTF-7, IMAP-mailbox-name, etc.,
* as well as US-ASCII and ISO-8859-1.
* @param target Pointer to the output buffer.
* @param targetCapacity Capacity of the target, in bytes.
* @param source Pointer to the input buffer.
* @param sourceLength Length of the input text, in bytes
* @param pErrorCode ICU error code in/out parameter.
* Must fulfill U_SUCCESS before the function call.
* @return Length of the complete output text in bytes, even if it exceeds the targetCapacity
* and a U_BUFFER_OVERFLOW_ERROR is set.
*
* @see ucnv_fromAlgorithmic
* @see ucnv_convert
* @see ucnv_convertEx
* @see ucnv_fromUnicode
* @see ucnv_toUnicode
* @see ucnv_fromUChars
* @see ucnv_toUChars
* @stable ICU 2.6
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_fromAlgorithmic(UConverter *cnv,
UConverterType algorithmicType,
char *target, int32_t targetCapacity,
const char *source, int32_t sourceLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Frees up memory occupied by unused, cached converter shared data.
*
* @return the number of cached converters successfully deleted
* @see ucnv_close
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_flushCache(void);
/**
* Returns the number of available converters, as per the alias file.
*
* @return the number of available converters
* @see ucnv_getAvailableName
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_countAvailable(void);
/**
* Gets the canonical converter name of the specified converter from a list of
* all available converters contaied in the alias file. All converters
* in this list can be opened.
*
* @param n the index to a converter available on the system (in the range <TT>[0..ucnv_countAvaiable()]</TT>)
* @return a pointer a string (library owned), or <TT>NULL</TT> if the index is out of bounds.
* @see ucnv_countAvailable
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getAvailableName(int32_t n);
/**
* Returns a UEnumeration to enumerate all of the canonical converter
* names, as per the alias file, regardless of the ability to open each
* converter.
*
* @return A UEnumeration object for getting all the recognized canonical
* converter names.
* @see ucnv_getAvailableName
* @see uenum_close
* @see uenum_next
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
U_STABLE UEnumeration * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_openAllNames(UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Gives the number of aliases for a given converter or alias name.
* If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
* This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
* @param alias alias name
* @param pErrorCode error status
* @return number of names on alias list for given alias
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE uint16_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_countAliases(const char *alias, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Gives the name of the alias at given index of alias list.
* This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
* If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
* @param alias alias name
* @param n index in alias list
* @param pErrorCode result of operation
* @return returns the name of the alias at given index
* @see ucnv_countAliases
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getAlias(const char *alias, uint16_t n, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Fill-up the list of alias names for the given alias.
* This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
* If the alias is ambiguous, then the preferred converter is used
* and the status is set to U_AMBIGUOUS_ALIAS_WARNING.
* @param alias alias name
* @param aliases fill-in list, aliases is a pointer to an array of
* <code>ucnv_countAliases()</code> string-pointers
* (<code>const char *</code>) that will be filled in.
* The strings themselves are owned by the library.
* @param pErrorCode result of operation
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getAliases(const char *alias, const char **aliases, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Return a new UEnumeration object for enumerating all the
* alias names for a given converter that are recognized by a standard.
* This method only enumerates the listed entries in the alias file.
* The convrtrs.txt file can be modified to change the results of
* this function.
* The first result in this list is the same result given by
* <code>ucnv_getStandardName</code>, which is the default alias for
* the specified standard name. The returned object must be closed with
* <code>uenum_close</code> when you are done with the object.
*
* @param convName original converter name
* @param standard name of the standard governing the names; MIME and IANA
* are such standards
* @param pErrorCode The error code
* @return A UEnumeration object for getting all aliases that are recognized
* by a standard. If any of the parameters are invalid, NULL
* is returned.
* @see ucnv_getStandardName
* @see uenum_close
* @see uenum_next
* @stable ICU 2.2
*/
U_STABLE UEnumeration * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_openStandardNames(const char *convName,
const char *standard,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Gives the number of standards associated to converter names.
* @return number of standards
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE uint16_t U_EXPORT2
ucnv_countStandards(void);
/**
* Gives the name of the standard at given index of standard list.
* @param n index in standard list
* @param pErrorCode result of operation
* @return returns the name of the standard at given index. Owned by the library.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getStandard(uint16_t n, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* Returns a standard name for a given converter name.
* <p>
* Example alias table:<br>
* conv alias1 { STANDARD1 } alias2 { STANDARD1* }
* <p>
* Result of ucnv_getStandardName("conv", "STANDARD1") from example
* alias table:<br>
* <b>"alias2"</b>
*
* @param name original converter name
* @param standard name of the standard governing the names; MIME and IANA
* are such standards
* @param pErrorCode result of operation
* @return returns the standard converter name;
* if a standard converter name cannot be determined,
* then <code>NULL</code> is returned. Owned by the library.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getStandardName(const char *name, const char *standard, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* This function will return the internal canonical converter name of the
* tagged alias. This is the opposite of ucnv_openStandardNames, which
* returns the tagged alias given the canonical name.
* <p>
* Example alias table:<br>
* conv alias1 { STANDARD1 } alias2 { STANDARD1* }
* <p>
* Result of ucnv_getStandardName("alias1", "STANDARD1") from example
* alias table:<br>
* <b>"conv"</b>
*
* @return returns the canonical converter name;
* if a standard or alias name cannot be determined,
* then <code>NULL</code> is returned. The returned string is
* owned by the library.
* @see ucnv_getStandardName
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getCanonicalName(const char *alias, const char *standard, UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
/**
* returns the current default converter name.
*
* @return returns the current default converter name;
* if a default converter name cannot be determined,
* then <code>NULL</code> is returned.
* Storage owned by the library
* @see ucnv_setDefaultName
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE const char * U_EXPORT2
ucnv_getDefaultName(void);
/**
* sets the current default converter name. Caller must own the storage for 'name'
* and preserve it indefinitely.
* @param name the converter name to be the default (must exist).
* @see ucnv_getDefaultName
* @system SYSTEM API
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_setDefaultName(const char *name);
/**
* Fixes the backslash character mismapping. For example, in SJIS, the backslash
* character in the ASCII portion is also used to represent the yen currency sign.
* When mapping from Unicode character 0x005C, it's unclear whether to map the
* character back to yen or backslash in SJIS. This function will take the input
* buffer and replace all the yen sign characters with backslash. This is necessary
* when the user tries to open a file with the input buffer on Windows.
* This function will test the converter to see whether such mapping is
* required. You can sometimes avoid using this function by using the correct version
* of Shift-JIS.
*
* @param cnv The converter representing the target codepage.
* @param source the input buffer to be fixed
* @param sourceLen the length of the input buffer
* @see ucnv_isAmbiguous
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_fixFileSeparator(const UConverter *cnv, UChar *source, int32_t sourceLen);
/**
* Determines if the converter contains ambiguous mappings of the same
* character or not.
* @param cnv the converter to be tested
* @return TRUE if the converter contains ambiguous mapping of the same
* character, FALSE otherwise.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
ucnv_isAmbiguous(const UConverter *cnv);
/**
* Sets the converter to use fallback mapping or not.
* @param cnv The converter to set the fallback mapping usage on.
* @param usesFallback TRUE if the user wants the converter to take advantage of the fallback
* mapping, FALSE otherwise.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ucnv_setFallback(UConverter *cnv, UBool usesFallback);
/**
* Determines if the converter uses fallback mappings or not.
* @param cnv The converter to be tested
* @return TRUE if the converter uses fallback, FALSE otherwise.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
U_STABLE UBool U_EXPORT2
ucnv_usesFallback(const UConverter *cnv);
/**
* Detects Unicode signature byte sequences at the start of the byte stream
* and returns the charset name of the indicated Unicode charset.
* NULL is returned when no Unicode signature is recognized.
* The number of bytes in the signature is output as well.
*
* The caller can ucnv_open() a converter using the charset name.
* The first code unit (UChar) from the start of the stream will be U+FEFF
* (the Unicode BOM/signature character) and can usually be ignored.
*
* For most Unicode charsets it is also possible to ignore the indicated
* number of initial stream bytes and start converting after them.
* However, there are stateful Unicode charsets (UTF-7 and BOCU-1) for which
* this will not work. Therefore, it is best to ignore the first output UChar
* instead of the input signature bytes.
* <p>
* Usage:
* @code
* UErrorCode err = U_ZERO_ERROR;
* char input[] = { '\xEF','\xBB', '\xBF','\x41','\x42','\x43' };
* int32_t signatureLength = 0;
* char *encoding = ucnv_detectUnicodeSignatures(input,sizeof(input),&signatureLength,&err);
* UConverter *conv = NULL;
* UChar output[100];
* UChar *target = output, *out;
* char *source = input;
* if(encoding!=NULL && U_SUCCESS(err)){
* // should signature be discarded ?
* conv = ucnv_open(encoding, &err);
* // do the conversion
* ucnv_toUnicode(conv,
* target, output + sizeof(output)/U_SIZEOF_UCHAR,
* source, input + sizeof(input),
* NULL, TRUE, &err);
* out = output;
* if (discardSignature){
* ++out; // ignore initial U+FEFF
* }
* while(out != target) {
* printf("%04x ", *out++);
* }
* puts("");
* }
*
* @endcode
*
* @param source The source string in which the signature should be detected.
* @param sourceLength Length of the input string, or -1 if terminated with a NUL byte.
* @param signatureLength A pointer to int32_t to receive the number of bytes that make up the signature
* of the detected UTF. 0 if not detected.
* Can be a NULL pointer.
* @param pErrorCode A pointer to receive information about any errors that may occur during detection.
* Must be a valid pointer to an error code value, which must not indicate a failure
* before the function call.
* @return The name of the encoding detected. NULL if encoding is not detected.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
U_STABLE const char* U_EXPORT2
ucnv_detectUnicodeSignature(const char* source,
int32_t sourceLength,
int32_t *signatureLength,
UErrorCode *pErrorCode);
#endif
#endif
/*_UCNV*/
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