rpmlint is a tool for checking common errors in RPM packages.
rpmlint can be used to test individual packages before uploading or to check
an entire distribution.
rpmlint can check binary RPMs, source RPMs, and plain specfiles, but all
checks do not apply to all argument types.
For best check coverage, run
rpmlint on source RPMs instead of
The idea for
rpmlint is from the lintian tool of the Debian project.
All the checks reside in
rpmlint/checks folder. Feel free to provide new
checks and suggestions at:
For installation on your machine you will need the following packages:
- Python 3.8 or newer
- python3-setuptools, python3-tomli (for
python3 < 3.11), python3-tomli-w, python3-pyxdg, python3-pybeam
- rpm and its python bindings
- binutils, cpio, gzip, bzip, xz and zstd
Optional, for running the test suite:
- a 32-bit glibc if on a 64-bit architecture
- libmagic and its python bindings
- enchant and its python bindings, along with en_US and cs_CZ dictionaries
- appstream-util, part of appstream-glib
rpmlint is part of most distributions and as an user you can simply
dnf install rpmlint
You will need to have all the required modules as listed on the Install section above.
You will also need
If all the dependencies are present you can just execute tests using:
python3 -m pytest
Or even pick one of the tests using
python3 -m pytest test/test_config.py
Bugfixing and contributing
Any help is, of course, welcome but honestly most probable cause for your visit
here is that
rpmlint is marking something as invalid while it shouldn't or
it is marking something as correct while it should not either :)
Now there is an easy way how to fix that. Our testsuite simply needs an extension to take the above problem into the account.
Primarily we just need the offending rpm file (best the smallest you can find or we would soon take few GB to take a checkout) and some basic expectation of what should happen.
- I have rpmfile that should report unreadable zip file
- I store this file in git under
- Now I need to figure out what
checkshould test this, in this case
- For the testing I will have to devise a small function that validates my expectations:
@pytest.mark.parametrize('package', ['binary/texlive-codepage-doc']) def test_zip2(tmpdir, package, zipcheck): output, test = zipcheck test.check(get_tested_package(package, tmpdir)) out = output.print_results(output.results) assert 'W: unable-to-read-zip' in out
As you can see it is not so hard and with each added test we get better coverage on what is really expected from rpmlint and avoid naughty regressions in the long run.
Preferable approach for binary packages is to create artificial testcase (to keep binaries small and trivial). We are currently using OBS to produce binaries: https://build.opensuse.org/project/show/devel:openSUSE:Factory:rpmlint:tests
If you want to change configuration options or the list of checks you can use the following locations:
The configuration itself is a
toml file where for some basic inspiration
you can check up
rpmlint/configdefaults.toml which specifies format/defaults.
One can also include additional configuration files (or directories) by using the
Note that all TOML configuration values are merged and not overridden.
So e.g. values in a list are concatenated. If you need an override,
*.override.*toml configuration file, where all defined values are selected as default.
Additional option to control
rpmlint behaviour is the addition of
which uses old syntax for compatibility with old
rpmlint releases, yet
it can be normal
toml file if you wish:
setBadness('check', 0) addFilter('test-i-ignore')
The location of
rpmlintrc can be set using
Or it can load any
*-rpmlintrc that are located in the same
folder as check RPM file (or a specfile). Note the auto-loading happens only
when one RPM file (or a specfile) is used.
The best practice is to store the name in
setBadness overrides a default badness for a given check and
addFilter ignores all errors
that match the given regular expression (one cannot filter out errors that are listed in
in a configuration file).