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Jan 7, 2017

HC-SR04 Sensor driver in micropython

Micropython driver for the well-known untrasonic sensor HC-SR04

The driver has been tested on Wemos D1 mini PRO, but It should work on whatever other micropython board, if anyone find problems in other boards, please open an issue and we'll see.


The existing drivers in micropython are a bit old and they don't use the relatively new method machine.time_pulse_us() which Is more accurate that whatever other method using pure python, besides the code is compliant with "standard" micropython, there is no code for specific boards.

Finally I've added a method, distance_mm() that don't use floating point operations, for environments where there is no floating point capabilities.

Examples of use:

How to get the distance

The distance_cm() method returns a float with the distance measured by the sensor.

from hcsr04 import HCSR04

sensor = HCSR04(trigger_pin=16, echo_pin=0)

distance = sensor.distance_cm()

print('Distance:', distance, 'cm')

There is another method, distance_mm(), that returns the distance in milimeters (int type) and no floating point is used, designed for environments that doesn't support floating point operations.

distance = sensor.distance_mm()

print('Distance:', distance, 'mm')

The default timeout is based on the sensor limit (4m), but we can also define a different timeout, passing the new value in microseconds to the constructor.

from hcsr04 import HCSR04

sensor = HCSR04(trigger_pin=16, echo_pin=0, echo_timeout_us=1000000)

distance = sensor.distance_cm()

print('Distance:', distance, 'cm')

Error management

When the driver reaches the timeout while is listening the echo pin the error is converted to OSError('Out of range')

from hcsr04 import HCSR04

sensor = HCSR04(trigger_pin=16, echo_pin=0, echo_timeout_us=10000)

    distance = sensor.distance_cm()
    print('Distance:', distance, 'cm')
except OSError as ex:
    print('ERROR getting distance:', ex)