Permalink
Switch branches/tags
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
1035 lines (976 sloc) 38.9 KB
require 'rspec/support'
RSpec::Support.require_rspec_support 'matcher_definition'
RSpec::Support.define_optimized_require_for_rspec(:matchers) { |f| require_relative(f) }
%w[
english_phrasing
composable
built_in
generated_descriptions
dsl
matcher_delegator
aliased_matcher
expecteds_for_multiple_diffs
].each { |file| RSpec::Support.require_rspec_matchers(file) }
# RSpec's top level namespace. All of rspec-expectations is contained
# in the `RSpec::Expectations` and `RSpec::Matchers` namespaces.
module RSpec
# RSpec::Matchers provides a number of useful matchers we use to define
# expectations. Any object that implements the [matcher protocol](Matchers/MatcherProtocol)
# can be used as a matcher.
#
# ## Predicates
#
# In addition to matchers that are defined explicitly, RSpec will create
# custom matchers on the fly for any arbitrary predicate, giving your specs a
# much more natural language feel.
#
# A Ruby predicate is a method that ends with a "?" and returns true or false.
# Common examples are `empty?`, `nil?`, and `instance_of?`.
#
# All you need to do is write `expect(..).to be_` followed by the predicate
# without the question mark, and RSpec will figure it out from there.
# For example:
#
# expect([]).to be_empty # => [].empty?() | passes
# expect([]).not_to be_empty # => [].empty?() | fails
#
# In addtion to prefixing the predicate matchers with "be_", you can also use "be_a_"
# and "be_an_", making your specs read much more naturally:
#
# expect("a string").to be_an_instance_of(String) # =>"a string".instance_of?(String) # passes
#
# expect(3).to be_a_kind_of(Integer) # => 3.kind_of?(Numeric) | passes
# expect(3).to be_a_kind_of(Numeric) # => 3.kind_of?(Numeric) | passes
# expect(3).to be_an_instance_of(Integer) # => 3.instance_of?(Integer) | passes
# expect(3).not_to be_an_instance_of(Numeric) # => 3.instance_of?(Numeric) | fails
#
# RSpec will also create custom matchers for predicates like `has_key?`. To
# use this feature, just state that the object should have_key(:key) and RSpec will
# call has_key?(:key) on the target. For example:
#
# expect(:a => "A").to have_key(:a)
# expect(:a => "A").to have_key(:b) # fails
#
# You can use this feature to invoke any predicate that begins with "has_", whether it is
# part of the Ruby libraries (like `Hash#has_key?`) or a method you wrote on your own class.
#
# Note that RSpec does not provide composable aliases for these dynamic predicate
# matchers. You can easily define your own aliases, though:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.alias_matcher :a_user_who_is_an_admin, :be_an_admin
# expect(user_list).to include(a_user_who_is_an_admin)
#
# ## Alias Matchers
#
# With {RSpec::Matchers.alias_matcher}, you can easily create an
# alternate name for a given matcher.
#
# The description will also change according to the new name:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.alias_matcher :a_list_that_sums_to, :sum_to
# sum_to(3).description # => "sum to 3"
# a_list_that_sums_to(3).description # => "a list that sums to 3"
#
# or you can specify a custom description like this:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.alias_matcher :a_list_sorted_by, :be_sorted_by do |description|
# description.sub("be sorted by", "a list sorted by")
# end
#
# be_sorted_by(:age).description # => "be sorted by age"
# a_list_sorted_by(:age).description # => "a list sorted by age"
#
# ## Custom Matchers
#
# When you find that none of the stock matchers provide a natural feeling
# expectation, you can very easily write your own using RSpec's matcher DSL
# or writing one from scratch.
#
# ### Matcher DSL
#
# Imagine that you are writing a game in which players can be in various
# zones on a virtual board. To specify that bob should be in zone 4, you
# could say:
#
# expect(bob.current_zone).to eql(Zone.new("4"))
#
# But you might find it more expressive to say:
#
# expect(bob).to be_in_zone("4")
#
# and/or
#
# expect(bob).not_to be_in_zone("3")
#
# You can create such a matcher like so:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.define :be_in_zone do |zone|
# match do |player|
# player.in_zone?(zone)
# end
# end
#
# This will generate a <tt>be_in_zone</tt> method that returns a matcher
# with logical default messages for failures. You can override the failure
# messages and the generated description as follows:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.define :be_in_zone do |zone|
# match do |player|
# player.in_zone?(zone)
# end
#
# failure_message do |player|
# # generate and return the appropriate string.
# end
#
# failure_message_when_negated do |player|
# # generate and return the appropriate string.
# end
#
# description do
# # generate and return the appropriate string.
# end
# end
#
# Each of the message-generation methods has access to the block arguments
# passed to the <tt>create</tt> method (in this case, <tt>zone</tt>). The
# failure message methods (<tt>failure_message</tt> and
# <tt>failure_message_when_negated</tt>) are passed the actual value (the
# receiver of <tt>expect(..)</tt> or <tt>expect(..).not_to</tt>).
#
# ### Custom Matcher from scratch
#
# You could also write a custom matcher from scratch, as follows:
#
# class BeInZone
# def initialize(expected)
# @expected = expected
# end
#
# def matches?(target)
# @target = target
# @target.current_zone.eql?(Zone.new(@expected))
# end
#
# def failure_message
# "expected #{@target.inspect} to be in Zone #{@expected}"
# end
#
# def failure_message_when_negated
# "expected #{@target.inspect} not to be in Zone #{@expected}"
# end
# end
#
# ... and a method like this:
#
# def be_in_zone(expected)
# BeInZone.new(expected)
# end
#
# And then expose the method to your specs. This is normally done
# by including the method and the class in a module, which is then
# included in your spec:
#
# module CustomGameMatchers
# class BeInZone
# # ...
# end
#
# def be_in_zone(expected)
# # ...
# end
# end
#
# describe "Player behaviour" do
# include CustomGameMatchers
# # ...
# end
#
# or you can include in globally in a spec_helper.rb file <tt>require</tt>d
# from your spec file(s):
#
# RSpec::configure do |config|
# config.include(CustomGameMatchers)
# end
#
# ### Making custom matchers composable
#
# RSpec's built-in matchers are designed to be composed, in expressions like:
#
# expect(["barn", 2.45]).to contain_exactly(
# a_value_within(0.1).of(2.5),
# a_string_starting_with("bar")
# )
#
# Custom matchers can easily participate in composed matcher expressions like these.
# Include {RSpec::Matchers::Composable} in your custom matcher to make it support
# being composed (matchers defined using the DSL have this included automatically).
# Within your matcher's `matches?` method (or the `match` block, if using the DSL),
# use `values_match?(expected, actual)` rather than `expected == actual`.
# Under the covers, `values_match?` is able to match arbitrary
# nested data structures containing a mix of both matchers and non-matcher objects.
# It uses `===` and `==` to perform the matching, considering the values to
# match if either returns `true`. The `Composable` mixin also provides some helper
# methods for surfacing the matcher descriptions within your matcher's description
# or failure messages.
#
# RSpec's built-in matchers each have a number of aliases that rephrase the matcher
# from a verb phrase (such as `be_within`) to a noun phrase (such as `a_value_within`),
# which reads better when the matcher is passed as an argument in a composed matcher
# expressions, and also uses the noun-phrase wording in the matcher's `description`,
# for readable failure messages. You can alias your custom matchers in similar fashion
# using {RSpec::Matchers.alias_matcher}.
#
# ## Negated Matchers
#
# Sometimes if you want to test for the opposite using a more descriptive name
# instead of using `not_to`, you can use {RSpec::Matchers.define_negated_matcher}:
#
# RSpec::Matchers.define_negated_matcher :exclude, :include
# include(1, 2).description # => "include 1 and 2"
# exclude(1, 2).description # => "exclude 1 and 2"
#
# While the most obvious negated form may be to add a `not_` prefix,
# the failure messages you get with that form can be confusing (e.g.
# "expected [actual] to not [verb], but did not"). We've found it works
# best to find a more positive name for the negated form, such as
# `avoid_changing` rather than `not_change`.
#
module Matchers
extend ::RSpec::Matchers::DSL
# @!macro [attach] alias_matcher
# @!parse
# alias $1 $2
# @!visibility private
# We define this override here so we can attach a YARD macro to it.
# It ensures that our docs list all the matcher aliases.
def self.alias_matcher(*args, &block)
super(*args, &block)
end
# @!method self.alias_matcher(new_name, old_name, options={}, &description_override)
# Extended from {RSpec::Matchers::DSL#alias_matcher}.
# @!method self.define(name, &declarations)
# Extended from {RSpec::Matchers::DSL#define}.
# @!method self.define_negated_matcher(negated_name, base_name, &description_override)
# Extended from {RSpec::Matchers::DSL#define_negated_matcher}.
# @method expect
# Supports `expect(actual).to matcher` syntax by wrapping `actual` in an
# `ExpectationTarget`.
# @example
# expect(actual).to eq(expected)
# expect(actual).not_to eq(expected)
# @return [ExpectationTarget]
# @see ExpectationTarget#to
# @see ExpectationTarget#not_to
# Allows multiple expectations in the provided block to fail, and then
# aggregates them into a single exception, rather than aborting on the
# first expectation failure like normal. This allows you to see all
# failures from an entire set of expectations without splitting each
# off into its own example (which may slow things down if the example
# setup is expensive).
#
# @param label [String] label for this aggregation block, which will be
# included in the aggregated exception message.
# @param metadata [Hash] additional metadata about this failure aggregation
# block. If multiple expectations fail, it will be exposed from the
# {Expectations::MultipleExpectationsNotMetError} exception. Mostly
# intended for internal RSpec use but you can use it as well.
# @yield Block containing as many expectation as you want. The block is
# simply yielded to, so you can trust that anything that works outside
# the block should work within it.
# @raise [Expectations::MultipleExpectationsNotMetError] raised when
# multiple expectations fail.
# @raise [Expectations::ExpectationNotMetError] raised when a single
# expectation fails.
# @raise [Exception] other sorts of exceptions will be raised as normal.
#
# @example
# aggregate_failures("verifying response") do
# expect(response.status).to eq(200)
# expect(response.headers).to include("Content-Type" => "text/plain")
# expect(response.body).to include("Success")
# end
#
# @note The implementation of this feature uses a thread-local variable,
# which means that if you have an expectation failure in another thread,
# it'll abort like normal.
def aggregate_failures(label=nil, metadata={}, &block)
Expectations::FailureAggregator.new(label, metadata).aggregate(&block)
end
# Passes if actual is truthy (anything but false or nil)
def be_truthy
BuiltIn::BeTruthy.new
end
alias_matcher :a_truthy_value, :be_truthy
# Passes if actual is falsey (false or nil)
def be_falsey
BuiltIn::BeFalsey.new
end
alias_matcher :be_falsy, :be_falsey
alias_matcher :a_falsey_value, :be_falsey
alias_matcher :a_falsy_value, :be_falsey
# Passes if actual is nil
def be_nil
BuiltIn::BeNil.new
end
alias_matcher :a_nil_value, :be_nil
# @example
# expect(actual).to be_truthy
# expect(actual).to be_falsey
# expect(actual).to be_nil
# expect(actual).to be_[arbitrary_predicate](*args)
# expect(actual).not_to be_nil
# expect(actual).not_to be_[arbitrary_predicate](*args)
#
# Given true, false, or nil, will pass if actual value is true, false or
# nil (respectively). Given no args means the caller should satisfy an if
# condition (to be or not to be).
#
# Predicates are any Ruby method that ends in a "?" and returns true or
# false. Given be_ followed by arbitrary_predicate (without the "?"),
# RSpec will match convert that into a query against the target object.
#
# The arbitrary_predicate feature will handle any predicate prefixed with
# "be_an_" (e.g. be_an_instance_of), "be_a_" (e.g. be_a_kind_of) or "be_"
# (e.g. be_empty), letting you choose the prefix that best suits the
# predicate.
def be(*args)
args.empty? ? Matchers::BuiltIn::Be.new : equal(*args)
end
alias_matcher :a_value, :be, :klass => AliasedMatcherWithOperatorSupport
# passes if target.kind_of?(klass)
def be_a(klass)
be_a_kind_of(klass)
end
alias_method :be_an, :be_a
# Passes if actual.instance_of?(expected)
#
# @example
# expect(5).to be_an_instance_of(Integer)
# expect(5).not_to be_an_instance_of(Numeric)
# expect(5).not_to be_an_instance_of(Float)
def be_an_instance_of(expected)
BuiltIn::BeAnInstanceOf.new(expected)
end
alias_method :be_instance_of, :be_an_instance_of
alias_matcher :an_instance_of, :be_an_instance_of
# Passes if actual.kind_of?(expected)
#
# @example
# expect(5).to be_a_kind_of(Integer)
# expect(5).to be_a_kind_of(Numeric)
# expect(5).not_to be_a_kind_of(Float)
def be_a_kind_of(expected)
BuiltIn::BeAKindOf.new(expected)
end
alias_method :be_kind_of, :be_a_kind_of
alias_matcher :a_kind_of, :be_a_kind_of
# Passes if actual.between?(min, max). Works with any Comparable object,
# including String, Symbol, Time, or Numeric (Fixnum, Bignum, Integer,
# Float, Complex, and Rational).
#
# By default, `be_between` is inclusive (i.e. passes when given either the max or min value),
# but you can make it `exclusive` by chaining that off the matcher.
#
# @example
# expect(5).to be_between(1, 10)
# expect(11).not_to be_between(1, 10)
# expect(10).not_to be_between(1, 10).exclusive
def be_between(min, max)
BuiltIn::BeBetween.new(min, max)
end
alias_matcher :a_value_between, :be_between
# Passes if actual == expected +/- delta
#
# @example
# expect(result).to be_within(0.5).of(3.0)
# expect(result).not_to be_within(0.5).of(3.0)
def be_within(delta)
BuiltIn::BeWithin.new(delta)
end
alias_matcher :a_value_within, :be_within
alias_matcher :within, :be_within
# Applied to a proc, specifies that its execution will cause some value to
# change.
#
# @param [Object] receiver
# @param [Symbol] message the message to send the receiver
#
# You can either pass <tt>receiver</tt> and <tt>message</tt>, or a block,
# but not both.
#
# When passing a block, it must use the `{ ... }` format, not
# do/end, as `{ ... }` binds to the `change` method, whereas do/end
# would errantly bind to the `expect(..).to` or `expect(...).not_to` method.
#
# You can chain any of the following off of the end to specify details
# about the change:
#
# * `from`
# * `to`
#
# or any one of:
#
# * `by`
# * `by_at_least`
# * `by_at_most`
#
# @example
# expect {
# team.add_player(player)
# }.to change(roster, :count)
#
# expect {
# team.add_player(player)
# }.to change(roster, :count).by(1)
#
# expect {
# team.add_player(player)
# }.to change(roster, :count).by_at_least(1)
#
# expect {
# team.add_player(player)
# }.to change(roster, :count).by_at_most(1)
#
# string = "string"
# expect {
# string.reverse!
# }.to change { string }.from("string").to("gnirts")
#
# string = "string"
# expect {
# string
# }.not_to change { string }.from("string")
#
# expect {
# person.happy_birthday
# }.to change(person, :birthday).from(32).to(33)
#
# expect {
# employee.develop_great_new_social_networking_app
# }.to change(employee, :title).from("Mail Clerk").to("CEO")
#
# expect {
# doctor.leave_office
# }.to change(doctor, :sign).from(/is in/).to(/is out/)
#
# user = User.new(:type => "admin")
# expect {
# user.symbolize_type
# }.to change(user, :type).from(String).to(Symbol)
#
# == Notes
#
# Evaluates `receiver.message` or `block` before and after it
# evaluates the block passed to `expect`. If the value is the same
# object, its before/after `hash` value is used to see if it has changed.
# Therefore, your object needs to properly implement `hash` to work correctly
# with this matcher.
#
# `expect( ... ).not_to change` supports the form that specifies `from`
# (which specifies what you expect the starting, unchanged value to be)
# but does not support forms with subsequent calls to `by`, `by_at_least`,
# `by_at_most` or `to`.
def change(receiver=nil, message=nil, &block)
BuiltIn::Change.new(receiver, message, &block)
end
alias_matcher :a_block_changing, :change
alias_matcher :changing, :change
# Passes if actual contains all of the expected regardless of order.
# This works for collections. Pass in multiple args and it will only
# pass if all args are found in collection.
#
# @note This is also available using the `=~` operator with `should`,
# but `=~` is not supported with `expect`.
#
# @example
# expect([1, 2, 3]).to contain_exactly(1, 2, 3)
# expect([1, 2, 3]).to contain_exactly(1, 3, 2)
#
# @see #match_array
def contain_exactly(*items)
BuiltIn::ContainExactly.new(items)
end
alias_matcher :a_collection_containing_exactly, :contain_exactly
alias_matcher :containing_exactly, :contain_exactly
# Passes if actual covers expected. This works for
# Ranges. You can also pass in multiple args
# and it will only pass if all args are found in Range.
#
# @example
# expect(1..10).to cover(5)
# expect(1..10).to cover(4, 6)
# expect(1..10).to cover(4, 6, 11) # fails
# expect(1..10).not_to cover(11)
# expect(1..10).not_to cover(5) # fails
#
# ### Warning:: Ruby >= 1.9 only
def cover(*values)
BuiltIn::Cover.new(*values)
end
alias_matcher :a_range_covering, :cover
alias_matcher :covering, :cover
# Matches if the actual value ends with the expected value(s). In the case
# of a string, matches against the last `expected.length` characters of the
# actual string. In the case of an array, matches against the last
# `expected.length` elements of the actual array.
#
# @example
# expect("this string").to end_with "string"
# expect([0, 1, 2, 3, 4]).to end_with 4
# expect([0, 2, 3, 4, 4]).to end_with 3, 4
def end_with(*expected)
BuiltIn::EndWith.new(*expected)
end
alias_matcher :a_collection_ending_with, :end_with
alias_matcher :a_string_ending_with, :end_with
alias_matcher :ending_with, :end_with
# Passes if <tt>actual == expected</tt>.
#
# See http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/Object.html#M001057 for more
# information about equality in Ruby.
#
# @example
# expect(5).to eq(5)
# expect(5).not_to eq(3)
def eq(expected)
BuiltIn::Eq.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_eq_to, :eq
alias_matcher :eq_to, :eq
# Passes if `actual.eql?(expected)`
#
# See http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/Object.html#M001057 for more
# information about equality in Ruby.
#
# @example
# expect(5).to eql(5)
# expect(5).not_to eql(3)
def eql(expected)
BuiltIn::Eql.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_eql_to, :eql
alias_matcher :eql_to, :eql
# Passes if <tt>actual.equal?(expected)</tt> (object identity).
#
# See http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/classes/Object.html#M001057 for more
# information about equality in Ruby.
#
# @example
# expect(5).to equal(5) # Integers are equal
# expect("5").not_to equal("5") # Strings that look the same are not the same object
def equal(expected)
BuiltIn::Equal.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_equal_to, :equal
alias_matcher :equal_to, :equal
# Passes if `actual.exist?` or `actual.exists?`
#
# @example
# expect(File).to exist("path/to/file")
def exist(*args)
BuiltIn::Exist.new(*args)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_existing, :exist
alias_matcher :existing, :exist
# Passes if actual's attribute values match the expected attributes hash.
# This works no matter how you define your attribute readers.
#
# @example
# Person = Struct.new(:name, :age)
# person = Person.new("Bob", 32)
#
# expect(person).to have_attributes(:name => "Bob", :age => 32)
# expect(person).to have_attributes(:name => a_string_starting_with("B"), :age => (a_value > 30) )
#
# @note It will fail if actual doesn't respond to any of the expected attributes.
#
# @example
# expect(person).to have_attributes(:color => "red")
def have_attributes(expected)
BuiltIn::HaveAttributes.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_having_attributes, :have_attributes
alias_matcher :having_attributes, :have_attributes
# Passes if actual includes expected. This works for
# collections and Strings. You can also pass in multiple args
# and it will only pass if all args are found in collection.
#
# @example
# expect([1,2,3]).to include(3)
# expect([1,2,3]).to include(2,3)
# expect([1,2,3]).to include(2,3,4) # fails
# expect([1,2,3]).not_to include(4)
# expect("spread").to include("read")
# expect("spread").not_to include("red")
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).to include(:a)
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).to include(:a, :b)
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).to include(:a => 1)
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).to include(:b => 2, :a => 1)
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).to include(:c) # fails
# expect(:a => 1, :b => 2).not_to include(:a => 2)
def include(*expected)
BuiltIn::Include.new(*expected)
end
alias_matcher :a_collection_including, :include
alias_matcher :a_string_including, :include
alias_matcher :a_hash_including, :include
alias_matcher :including, :include
# Passes if the provided matcher passes when checked against all
# elements of the collection.
#
# @example
# expect([1, 3, 5]).to all be_odd
# expect([1, 3, 6]).to all be_odd # fails
#
# @note The negative form `not_to all` is not supported. Instead
# use `not_to include` or pass a negative form of a matcher
# as the argument (e.g. `all exclude(:foo)`).
#
# @note You can also use this with compound matchers as well.
#
# @example
# expect([1, 3, 5]).to all( be_odd.and be_an(Integer) )
def all(expected)
BuiltIn::All.new(expected)
end
# Given a `Regexp` or `String`, passes if `actual.match(pattern)`
# Given an arbitrary nested data structure (e.g. arrays and hashes),
# matches if `expected === actual` || `actual == expected` for each
# pair of elements.
#
# @example
# expect(email).to match(/^([^\s]+)((?:[-a-z0-9]+\.)+[a-z]{2,})$/i)
# expect(email).to match("@example.com")
#
# @example
# hash = {
# :a => {
# :b => ["foo", 5],
# :c => { :d => 2.05 }
# }
# }
#
# expect(hash).to match(
# :a => {
# :b => a_collection_containing_exactly(
# a_string_starting_with("f"),
# an_instance_of(Integer)
# ),
# :c => { :d => (a_value < 3) }
# }
# )
#
# @note The `match_regex` alias is deprecated and is not recommended for use.
# It was added in 2.12.1 to facilitate its use from within custom
# matchers (due to how the custom matcher DSL was evaluated in 2.x,
# `match` could not be used there), but is no longer needed in 3.x.
def match(expected)
BuiltIn::Match.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :match_regex, :match
alias_matcher :an_object_matching, :match
alias_matcher :a_string_matching, :match
alias_matcher :matching, :match
# An alternate form of `contain_exactly` that accepts
# the expected contents as a single array arg rather
# that splatted out as individual items.
#
# @example
# expect(results).to contain_exactly(1, 2)
# # is identical to:
# expect(results).to match_array([1, 2])
#
# @see #contain_exactly
def match_array(items)
contain_exactly(*items)
end
# With no arg, passes if the block outputs `to_stdout` or `to_stderr`.
# With a string, passes if the block outputs that specific string `to_stdout` or `to_stderr`.
# With a regexp or matcher, passes if the block outputs a string `to_stdout` or `to_stderr` that matches.
#
# To capture output from any spawned subprocess as well, use `to_stdout_from_any_process` or
# `to_stderr_from_any_process`. Output from any process that inherits the main process's corresponding
# standard stream will be captured.
#
# @example
# expect { print 'foo' }.to output.to_stdout
# expect { print 'foo' }.to output('foo').to_stdout
# expect { print 'foo' }.to output(/foo/).to_stdout
#
# expect { do_something }.to_not output.to_stdout
#
# expect { warn('foo') }.to output.to_stderr
# expect { warn('foo') }.to output('foo').to_stderr
# expect { warn('foo') }.to output(/foo/).to_stderr
#
# expect { do_something }.to_not output.to_stderr
#
# expect { system('echo foo') }.to output("foo\n").to_stdout_from_any_process
# expect { system('echo foo', out: :err) }.to output("foo\n").to_stderr_from_any_process
#
# @note `to_stdout` and `to_stderr` work by temporarily replacing `$stdout` or `$stderr`,
# so they're not able to intercept stream output that explicitly uses `STDOUT`/`STDERR`
# or that uses a reference to `$stdout`/`$stderr` that was stored before the
# matcher was used.
# @note `to_stdout_from_any_process` and `to_stderr_from_any_process` use Tempfiles, and
# are thus significantly (~30x) slower than `to_stdout` and `to_stderr`.
def output(expected=nil)
BuiltIn::Output.new(expected)
end
alias_matcher :a_block_outputting, :output
# With no args, matches if any error is raised.
# With a named error, matches only if that specific error is raised.
# With a named error and messsage specified as a String, matches only if both match.
# With a named error and messsage specified as a Regexp, matches only if both match.
# Pass an optional block to perform extra verifications on the exception matched
#
# @example
# expect { do_something_risky }.to raise_error
# expect { do_something_risky }.to raise_error(PoorRiskDecisionError)
# expect { do_something_risky }.to raise_error(PoorRiskDecisionError) { |error| expect(error.data).to eq 42 }
# expect { do_something_risky }.to raise_error(PoorRiskDecisionError, "that was too risky")
# expect { do_something_risky }.to raise_error(PoorRiskDecisionError, /oo ri/)
#
# expect { do_something_risky }.not_to raise_error
def raise_error(error=nil, message=nil, &block)
BuiltIn::RaiseError.new(error, message, &block)
end
alias_method :raise_exception, :raise_error
alias_matcher :a_block_raising, :raise_error do |desc|
desc.sub("raise", "a block raising")
end
alias_matcher :raising, :raise_error do |desc|
desc.sub("raise", "raising")
end
# Matches if the target object responds to all of the names
# provided. Names can be Strings or Symbols.
#
# @example
# expect("string").to respond_to(:length)
#
def respond_to(*names)
BuiltIn::RespondTo.new(*names)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_responding_to, :respond_to
alias_matcher :responding_to, :respond_to
# Passes if the submitted block returns true. Yields target to the
# block.
#
# Generally speaking, this should be thought of as a last resort when
# you can't find any other way to specify the behaviour you wish to
# specify.
#
# If you do find yourself in such a situation, you could always write
# a custom matcher, which would likely make your specs more expressive.
#
# @param description [String] optional description to be used for this matcher.
#
# @example
# expect(5).to satisfy { |n| n > 3 }
# expect(5).to satisfy("be greater than 3") { |n| n > 3 }
def satisfy(description=nil, &block)
BuiltIn::Satisfy.new(description, &block)
end
alias_matcher :an_object_satisfying, :satisfy
alias_matcher :satisfying, :satisfy
# Matches if the actual value starts with the expected value(s). In the
# case of a string, matches against the first `expected.length` characters
# of the actual string. In the case of an array, matches against the first
# `expected.length` elements of the actual array.
#
# @example
# expect("this string").to start_with "this s"
# expect([0, 1, 2, 3, 4]).to start_with 0
# expect([0, 2, 3, 4, 4]).to start_with 0, 1
def start_with(*expected)
BuiltIn::StartWith.new(*expected)
end
alias_matcher :a_collection_starting_with, :start_with
alias_matcher :a_string_starting_with, :start_with
alias_matcher :starting_with, :start_with
# Given no argument, matches if a proc throws any Symbol.
#
# Given a Symbol, matches if the given proc throws the specified Symbol.
#
# Given a Symbol and an arg, matches if the given proc throws the
# specified Symbol with the specified arg.
#
# @example
# expect { do_something_risky }.to throw_symbol
# expect { do_something_risky }.to throw_symbol(:that_was_risky)
# expect { do_something_risky }.to throw_symbol(:that_was_risky, 'culprit')
#
# expect { do_something_risky }.not_to throw_symbol
# expect { do_something_risky }.not_to throw_symbol(:that_was_risky)
# expect { do_something_risky }.not_to throw_symbol(:that_was_risky, 'culprit')
def throw_symbol(expected_symbol=nil, expected_arg=nil)
BuiltIn::ThrowSymbol.new(expected_symbol, expected_arg)
end
alias_matcher :a_block_throwing, :throw_symbol do |desc|
desc.sub("throw", "a block throwing")
end
alias_matcher :throwing, :throw_symbol do |desc|
desc.sub("throw", "throwing")
end
# Passes if the method called in the expect block yields, regardless
# of whether or not arguments are yielded.
#
# @example
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.to yield_control
# expect { |b| "a".to_sym(&b) }.not_to yield_control
#
# @note Your expect block must accept a parameter and pass it on to
# the method-under-test as a block.
def yield_control
BuiltIn::YieldControl.new
end
alias_matcher :a_block_yielding_control, :yield_control
alias_matcher :yielding_control, :yield_control
# Passes if the method called in the expect block yields with
# no arguments. Fails if it does not yield, or yields with arguments.
#
# @example
# expect { |b| User.transaction(&b) }.to yield_with_no_args
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.not_to yield_with_no_args # because it yields with `5`
# expect { |b| "a".to_sym(&b) }.not_to yield_with_no_args # because it does not yield
#
# @note Your expect block must accept a parameter and pass it on to
# the method-under-test as a block.
# @note This matcher is not designed for use with methods that yield
# multiple times.
def yield_with_no_args
BuiltIn::YieldWithNoArgs.new
end
alias_matcher :a_block_yielding_with_no_args, :yield_with_no_args
alias_matcher :yielding_with_no_args, :yield_with_no_args
# Given no arguments, matches if the method called in the expect
# block yields with arguments (regardless of what they are or how
# many there are).
#
# Given arguments, matches if the method called in the expect block
# yields with arguments that match the given arguments.
#
# Argument matching is done using `===` (the case match operator)
# and `==`. If the expected and actual arguments match with either
# operator, the matcher will pass.
#
# @example
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.to yield_with_args # because #tap yields an arg
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.to yield_with_args(5) # because 5 == 5
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.to yield_with_args(Integer) # because Integer === 5
# expect { |b| File.open("f.txt", &b) }.to yield_with_args(/txt/) # because /txt/ === "f.txt"
#
# expect { |b| User.transaction(&b) }.not_to yield_with_args # because it yields no args
# expect { |b| 5.tap(&b) }.not_to yield_with_args(1, 2, 3)
#
# @note Your expect block must accept a parameter and pass it on to
# the method-under-test as a block.
# @note This matcher is not designed for use with methods that yield
# multiple times.
def yield_with_args(*args)
BuiltIn::YieldWithArgs.new(*args)
end
alias_matcher :a_block_yielding_with_args, :yield_with_args
alias_matcher :yielding_with_args, :yield_with_args
# Designed for use with methods that repeatedly yield (such as
# iterators). Passes if the method called in the expect block yields
# multiple times with arguments matching those given.
#
# Argument matching is done using `===` (the case match operator)
# and `==`. If the expected and actual arguments match with either
# operator, the matcher will pass.
#
# @example
# expect { |b| [1, 2, 3].each(&b) }.to yield_successive_args(1, 2, 3)
# expect { |b| { :a => 1, :b => 2 }.each(&b) }.to yield_successive_args([:a, 1], [:b, 2])
# expect { |b| [1, 2, 3].each(&b) }.not_to yield_successive_args(1, 2)
#
# @note Your expect block must accept a parameter and pass it on to
# the method-under-test as a block.
def yield_successive_args(*args)
BuiltIn::YieldSuccessiveArgs.new(*args)
end
alias_matcher :a_block_yielding_successive_args, :yield_successive_args
alias_matcher :yielding_successive_args, :yield_successive_args
# Delegates to {RSpec::Expectations.configuration}.
# This is here because rspec-core's `expect_with` option
# looks for a `configuration` method on the mixin
# (`RSpec::Matchers`) to yield to a block.
# @return [RSpec::Expectations::Configuration] the configuration object
def self.configuration
Expectations.configuration
end
private
BE_PREDICATE_REGEX = /^(be_(?:an?_)?)(.*)/
HAS_REGEX = /^(?:have_)(.*)/
DYNAMIC_MATCHER_REGEX = Regexp.union(BE_PREDICATE_REGEX, HAS_REGEX)
def method_missing(method, *args, &block)
case method.to_s
when BE_PREDICATE_REGEX
BuiltIn::BePredicate.new(method, *args, &block)
when HAS_REGEX
BuiltIn::Has.new(method, *args, &block)
else
super
end
end
if RUBY_VERSION.to_f >= 1.9
def respond_to_missing?(method, *)
method =~ DYNAMIC_MATCHER_REGEX || super
end
else # for 1.8.7
# :nocov:
def respond_to?(method, *)
method = method.to_s
method =~ DYNAMIC_MATCHER_REGEX || super
end
public :respond_to?
# :nocov:
end
# @api private
def self.is_a_matcher?(obj)
return true if ::RSpec::Matchers::BuiltIn::BaseMatcher === obj
begin
return false if obj.respond_to?(:i_respond_to_everything_so_im_not_really_a_matcher)
rescue NoMethodError
# Some objects, like BasicObject, don't implemented standard
# reflection methods.
return false
end
return false unless obj.respond_to?(:matches?)
obj.respond_to?(:failure_message) ||
obj.respond_to?(:failure_message_for_should) # support legacy matchers
end
::RSpec::Support.register_matcher_definition do |obj|
is_a_matcher?(obj)
end
# @api private
def self.is_a_describable_matcher?(obj)
is_a_matcher?(obj) && obj.respond_to?(:description)
end
if RSpec::Support::Ruby.mri? && RUBY_VERSION[0, 3] == '1.9'
# @api private
# Note that `included` doesn't work for this because it is triggered
# _after_ `RSpec::Matchers` is an ancestor of the inclusion host, rather
# than _before_, like `append_features`. It's important we check this before
# in order to find the cases where it was already previously included.
def self.append_features(mod)
return super if mod < self # `mod < self` indicates a re-inclusion.
subclasses = ObjectSpace.each_object(Class).select { |c| c < mod && c < self }
return super unless subclasses.any?
subclasses.reject! { |s| subclasses.any? { |s2| s < s2 } } # Filter to the root ancestor.
subclasses = subclasses.map { |s| "`#{s}`" }.join(", ")
RSpec.warning "`#{self}` has been included in a superclass (`#{mod}`) " \
"after previously being included in subclasses (#{subclasses}), " \
"which can trigger infinite recursion from `super` due to an MRI 1.9 bug " \
"(https://redmine.ruby-lang.org/issues/3351). To work around this, " \
"either upgrade to MRI 2.0+, include a dup of the module (e.g. " \
"`include #{self}.dup`), or find a way to include `#{self}` in `#{mod}` " \
"before it is included in subclasses (#{subclasses}). See " \
"https://github.com/rspec/rspec-expectations/issues/814 for more info"
super
end
end
end
end