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title category layout weight updated keywords tags intro
Factory Bot
Ruby libraries
2017/sheet
-3
2017-10-31
FactoryBot.define do
factory :user
first_name 'John'
sequence(:username) { |n| "user#{n}" }
Featurable
[Factory Bot](http://www.rubydoc.info/gems/factory_bot/) is a helper for writing factories for Ruby tests. It was previously known as Factory Girl. For older versions, use `FactoryGirl` instead of `FactoryBot`.

Factories

{: .-three-column}

Defining factories

FactoryBot.define do
  factory :user do
    first_name 'John'
    last_name  'Doe'
    birthdate  { 21.years.ago }
    admin false

    sequence(:username) { |n| "user#{n}" }
  end
end

{: data-line="2"}

See: Defining factories

Extra options

Custom class names

factory :user, class: 'User' do
  ···
end

Aliases

factory :user, aliases: [:author] do
  ···
end

Using

Build a model

FactoryBot.build(:user)

Other ways

build(:user)           # → model (not saved)
create(:user)          # → model (saved)
attributes_for(:user)  # → hash
build_stubbed(:user)   # stubbed out attributes

With options

build(:user, name: 'John')

Lists

create_list(:user, 3)
build_list(:user, 3)

Associations

Defining

factory :post do
  association :author, factory: :user
  association :author, factory: [:user, :admin]
end

{: data-line="2,3"}

or

factory :post do
  author  # assumes there's a factory :author
end

After-create hooks

factory :post do
  after :create do |post|
    create :theme, post: post             # has_one
    create_list :comment, 3, post: post   # has_many
  end
end

{: data-line="2"}

Other features

{: .-three-column}

Traits

factory :user do
  trait :admin do
    admin true
  end
end

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create :user, :admin

Traits allow you to group attributes together. See: Traits

Nested factories

factory :user do
  first_name 'John'

  factory :sample_user do
    first_name { FFaker::Name.first_name }
  end
end

{: data-line="4,5,6"}

create :sample_user

See: Inheritance

Sub-factories

factory :user do
  ···
end
factory :sample_user, parent: :user do
  first_name { FFaker::Name.first_name }
end

{: data-line="1"}

create :sample_user

Works the same as nested factories.

Options (transients)

factory :user do
  transient do
    upcased true
  end

  after :create do |user, options|
    user.name.upcase! if options.upcased
  end
end

{: data-line="2,3,4"}

create(user, upcased: true)

Transient attributes will not get passed to the model, but will be available in after-create hooks. See: Transient attributes

Paths

  • test/factories.rb
  • spec/factories.rb
  • test/factories/*.rb
  • spec/factories/*.rb

Place your factories in these locations. {: .-setup}

See also

{: .-one-column}

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