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Installing RStudio from Source
This document describes how to build and install RStudio from the source
distribution. Information on obtaining the RStudio source code can be found
in the file SOURCE. Note that precompiled binaries are also available for
Windows, OSX, as well as recent versions of various Linux distributions.
1) Installing Dependencies
Building RStudio requires a number of dependencies (including R itself).
There are platform-specific instructions for satisfying these dependencies
within the following directories
Please see the README file contained within the root of each platform's
directory for specific instructions.
2) Configuring the Build Environment
a) From the root of the RStudio tree create a build directory and then
change to it:
mkdir build
cd build
b) Configure the build using cmake as appropriate, e.g.
Variables that control configuration include:
RSTUDIO_TARGET Desktop or Server
CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE Debug, Release, RelMinSize, or RelWithDebInfo
Linux (Desktop): /usr/local/lib/rstudio
Linux (Server): /usr/local/lib/rstudio-server
OSX: /Applications/RStudio
Windows: C:\Program Files\RStudio
c) There are a couple of additional considerations on Windows. First,
RStudio Server is not supported on Windows so the configuration
always defaults to Desktop. Second, you need to add an extra -G
parameter to specify MinGW as the build toolchain, for example:
cmake .. -G "MinGW Makefiles" -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release
3) Building and Installing
a) Acquire administrative rights (if necessary). If you have configured
RStudio to be installed in a protected directory (the default on all
platforms) then you need to run the build/install command as an
administrator (e.g. "su -", "sudo sh", or running a console as an
Administrator on Windows)
b) Change to the build directory where you configured RStudio
c) Run the "make install" command:
Linux & OSX: sudo make install OR
Windows: mingw32-make install
NOTE: For RStudio Desktop on Linux, make install automatically creates
an entry in the Applications -> Programming menu for RStudio.
d) If you are installing RStudio Server some additional configuration
steps are required to complete the installation. These steps are
detailed in the section below.
4) RStudio Server Configuration
If you have installed RStudio Server from source there are a number of other
steps (some required, some optional) you should take to complete your
installation. Note that these steps are taken automatically by the DEB
and RPM pre-built binary distributions of RStudio Server.
a) Create an rstudio-server system user account (RStudio will automatically
run under this account if it is present). You can do this with:
sudo useradd -r rstudio-server
b) RStudio Server uses PAM to authenticate users. Some Unix systems (such
as Debian and Ubuntu) use default PAM settings for applications which
aren't explicitly registered with PAM, so don't require additional PAM
configuration. If however your system requires explicit registration
(i.e. Redhat, Fedora, openSUSE) then you need to add an
/etc/pam.d/rstudio file to your configuration. You can find a default
version of this file at:
c) Register RStudio as a daemon using an init.d (for most systems) or
upstart (for Ubuntu) script appropriate to your system.
The rstudio/server/extras directory contains the following scripts:
NOTE: installation of init.d scripts require both copying them
into /etc/init.d, making them executable (chmod +x), as well as
executing a system dependent command to ensure that the service
is registered with the appropriate runlevels. For example:
Debian: sudo update-rc.d rstudio-server defaults
Redhat/SUSE: sudo /sbin/chkconfig --add rstudio-server
d) Create a soft link in /usr/sbin to the server administrative script
sudo ln -f -s /usr/local/lib/rstudio-server/bin/rstudio-server /usr/sbin/rstudio-server
Assuming you have previously installed an init.d or upstart script (as
described above) then you should now be able start the server with the
following command:
sudo rstudio-server start
Additional commands include stop, restart, offline, online, and others
e) Create /var directories required for RStudio to run. This can be done with:
mkdir -p /var/run/rstudio-server
mkdir -p /var/lock/rstudio-server
mkdir -p /var/log/rstudio-server
mkdir -p /var/lib/rstudio-server
f) If your system supports AppArmor you may wish to add an AppArmor profile
for RStudio Server. You can find one which is compatible with the
Ubuntu implementation of AppArmor here:
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