Simple Arduino sketch to transmit thermocouple readings via UDP broadcast
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HallEffectBroadcast
Resources
WiFiTemperatureBroadcast
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README.md

README.md

WiFi Temperature Broadcast

This is a simple application, firmly inspired by Roasthacker to capture and broadcast the bean mass temperature from my Gene Café CBR-101 coffee roaster. The ultimate goal is to feed these temperatures into the Roastmaster Data Logger for hands-free temperature capture directly on the iPad…

Incorporates the great work done by @rainfroginc to create his Roastmaster Datagram Protocol - I'm very grateful to Danny for his support getting this far, and it is exciting to be helping him develop Roastmaster too

It has been written and tested on the Adafruit HUZZAH ESP8266 with the Adafruit MAX31855 plus K-Type Thermocouple. It is therefore based on the many, excellent example sketches available within the Arduino IDE and elsewhere…

The payloads are formatted as JSON, but is described in a method so can be changed as desired.

The Gene Café CBR-101 roasts by passing hot air through a removable, off-axis rotating drum. Therefore, to add a probe to read the bean mass temperature, means a completely wireless unit. Furthermore, the beans slide from one end to another, meaning they are only surrounding the probe for about half the time. Initially the hardware used a timer (hopelessly unreliable), then a tilt switch (much better, but still unreliable) in an attempt to take readings whilst the thermocouple was in the bean mass itself. In order to improve the reliability, and have proper control, I've added new hardware featuring a latching hall effect sensor - triggered by a magnet that can be attached to the rotating part of the roaster. I can move the magnets as needed to refine the timing. This hardware is also built on the ESP8266, and transmits a "read probe" or "broadcast readings" message to the unit physically attached to the drum. Phew...

This stuff really is amazing, when I think how big the 300 baud modems I used to provide remote support for customers around the globe, to be able to get this much capability into a matchbox is phenomenal :)

Usage

  • set the probeName, WiFi and UDP broadcast port settings
  • ensure a UDP trigger is active, such as HallEffectBroadcast.ino
  • ensure the MAX31855 pins are assigned correctly
  • tinker with the poll rates, debug/verbose and baud rate values as you prefer
  • flash the ESP8266
  • monitor your network for UDP datagrams sent to the port specified by udpRemotePort
  • and/or consume the datagram in a suitable application

ToDo

  • understand the impact of fluctuations of the cold junction temperature just solder the thermocouple wire to the MAX31855, solves the problem!
  • remove hardware tilt switch trigger as this is not sufficiently accurate, replace with hall effect switch and a WiFi triggered command
  • build a small server element into the code to receive instructions (broadcast now, configuration etc.)
  • dynamic WiFi settings to permit the client application to govern settings such as SSID & password, poll/broadcast rates etc. and store in EEPROM
  • test on other boards
  • simplify the code, maybe separate out although it is handy having it all in a single file
  • add a tilt switch to mean that the temperature readings are taken when the probe is actually in the bean mass, then broadcast afterwards

Some links

Hall Effect Trigger: https://github.com/rswift/wifi-temperature-broadcast/wiki/External-Trigger-(Hall-Effect-Sensor)

Roastmaster: https://github.com/rainfroginc/Roastmaster_RDP_Probe_Host_For_SBCs & https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/roastmaster/id375526217?mt=8

Roasthacker: http://roasthacker.com/?p=529 & http://roasthacker.com/?p=552

Adafruit ESP8266: https://www.adafruit.com/products/2471

Adafruit MAX31855: https://www.adafruit.com/products/269 & https://cdn-shop.adafruit.com/datasheets/MAX31855.pdf

Using a thermocouple: https://learn.adafruit.com/thermocouple/using-a-thermocouple

Calibration: https://learn.adafruit.com/calibrating-sensors/maxim-31855-linearization

TCP dump or Wireshark for packet capture: http://www.tcpdump.org/tcpdump_man.html or https://www.wireshark.org/

Gene Café CBR-101: http://genecafe.com/pud/index.php?group_code=pud&category_id=120&p_cate_id=118&m_id=64

The setup...

Off-Axis Drum plus Hardware

Robert Swift - September 2016.