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db:schema:load vs rake db:migrate #184

edorgeville opened this Issue May 27, 2016 · 1 comment


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edorgeville commented May 27, 2016

Use rake db:schema:load instead of rake db:migrate to initialize an empty database.

Why use one over the other ? Only info I found was going against using db:schema:load as running it on a production server would simply wipe existing database data. (

Is it only useful for projects with deleted old migrations ? Is it good practice to delete old migrations you know won't ever be needed again ?

Thanks !


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espadrine commented Dec 22, 2017

@edorgeville Running it in production would indeed wipe the data, which indeed does what the quote implies:

to initialize an empty database.

If that is exactly what you want to do, which you sometimes wish to do locally to clean the slate, then db:schema:load will set up the database according to db/schema.rb instead of running all your migrations from db/migrate/, which may include migrations that represent needless work (eg, if a column changed name at some point and was later removed, you don't need to perform the name change, just the removal).

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