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Upgrading Grape

Upgrading to >= 0.13.1

Changes to header versioning and invalid header version handling

Identical endpoints with different versions now work correctly. A regression introduced in Grape 0.11.0 caused all but the first-mounted version for such an endpoint to wrongly throw an InvalidAcceptHeader. As a side effect, requests with a correct vendor but invalid version can no longer be rescued from a rescue_from block.

See #1114 for more information.

Upgrading to >= 0.12.0

Changes in middleware

The Rack response object is no longer converted to an array by the formatter, enabling streaming. If your custom middleware is accessing @app_response, update it to expect a Rack::Response instance instead of an array.

For example,

class CacheBusterMiddleware < Grape::Middleware::Base
  def after
    @app_response[1]['Expires'] = Time.at(0).utc.to_s
    @app_response
  end
end

becomes

class CacheBusterMiddleware < Grape::Middleware::Base
  def after
    @app_response.headers['Expires'] = Time.at(0).utc.to_s
    @app_response
  end
end

See #1029 for more information.

Changes in present

Using present with objects that responded to merge would cause early evaluation of the represented object, with unexpected side-effects, such as missing parameters or environment within rendering code. Grape now only merges represented objects with a previously rendered body, usually when multiple present calls are made in the same route.

See grape-with-roar#5 and #1023.

Changes to regexp validator

Parameters with nil value will now pass regexp validation. To disallow nil value for an endpoint, add allow_blank: false.

params do
  requires :email, allow_blank: false, regexp: /.+@.+/
end

See #957 for more information.

Replace error_response with error! in rescue_from blocks

Note: error_response is being deprecated, not removed.

def error!(message, status = options[:default_status], headers = {}, backtrace = [])
  headers = { 'Content-Type' => content_type }.merge(headers)
  rack_response(format_message(message, backtrace), status, headers)
end

For example,

error_response({ message: { message: 'No such page.', id: 'missing_page' }, status: 404, headers: { 'Content-Type' => 'api/error' })

becomes

error!({ message: 'No such page.', id: 'missing_page' }, 404, { 'Content-Type' => 'api/error' })

error! also supports just passing a message. error!('Server error.') and format: :json returns the following JSON response

{ 'error': 'Server error. }

with a status code of 500 and a Content Type of text/error.

Optionally, also replace Rack::Response.new with error!. The following are equivalent:

Rack::Response.new([ e.message ], 500, { "Content-type" => "text/error" }).finish
error!(e)

See #889 for more information.

Changes to routes when using format

Version 0.10.0 has introduced a change via #809 whereas routes no longer got file-type suffixes added if you declared a single API format. This has been reverted, it's now again possible to call API with proper suffix when single format is defined:

class API < Grape::API
  format :json

  get :hello do
    { hello: 'world' }
  end
end

Will respond with JSON to /hello and /hello.json.

Will respond with 404 to /hello.xml, /hello.txt etc.

See the #1001 and #914 for more info.

Upgrading to >= 0.11.0

Added Rack 1.6.0 support

Grape now supports, but doesn't require Rack 1.6.0. If you encounter an issue with parsing requests larger than 128KB, explictly require Rack 1.6.0 in your Gemfile.

gem 'rack', '~> 1.6.0'

See #559 for more information.

Removed route_info

Key route_info is excluded from params.

See #879 for more information.

Fix callbacks within a version block

Callbacks defined in a version block are only called for the routes defined in that block. This was a regression introduced in Grape 0.10.0, and is fixed in this version.

See #901 for more information.

Make type of group of parameters required

Groups of parameters now require their type to be set explicitly as Array or Hash. Not setting the type now results in MissingGroupTypeError, unsupported type will raise UnsupportedTypeError.

See #886 for more information.

Upgrading to >= 0.10.1

Changes to declared(params, include_missing: false)

Attributes with nil values or with values that evaluate to false are no longer considered missing and will be returned when include_missing is set to false.

See #864 for more information.

Upgrading to >= 0.10.0

Changes to content-types

The following content-types have been removed:

  • atom (application/atom+xml)
  • rss (application/rss+xml)
  • jsonapi (application/jsonapi)

This is because they have never been properly supported.

Changes to desc

New block syntax:

Former:

  desc "some descs",
    detail: 'more details',
    entity: API::Entities::Entity,
    params: API::Entities::Status.documentation,
    named: 'a name',
    headers: [XAuthToken: {
      description: 'Valdates your identity',
      required: true
    }
  get nil, http_codes: [
    [401, 'Unauthorized', API::Entities::BaseError],
    [404, 'not found', API::Entities::Error]
  ] do

Now:

desc "some descs" do
  detail 'more details'
  params API::Entities::Status.documentation
  success API::Entities::Entity
  failure [
    [401, 'Unauthorized', API::Entities::BaseError],
    [404, 'not found', API::Entities::Error]
  ]
  named 'a name'
  headers [
    XAuthToken: {
      description: 'Valdates your identity',
      required: true
    },
    XOptionalHeader: {
      description: 'Not really needed',
      required: false
    }
  ]
end

Changes to Route Options and Descriptions

A common hack to extend Grape with custom DSL methods was manipulating @last_description.

module Grape
  module Extensions
    module SortExtension
      def sort(value)
        @last_description ||= {}
        @last_description[:sort] ||= {}
        @last_description[:sort].merge! value
        value
      end
    end

    Grape::API.extend self
  end
end

You could access this value from within the API with route.route_sort or, more generally, via env['api.endpoint'].options[:route_options][:sort].

This will no longer work, use the documented and supported route_setting.

module Grape
  module Extensions
    module SortExtension
      def sort(value)
        route_setting :sort, sort: value
        value
      end
    end

    Grape::API.extend self
  end
end

To retrieve this value at runtime from within an API, use env['api.endpoint'].route_setting(:sort) and when introspecting a mounted API, use route.route_settings[:sort].

Accessing Class Variables from Helpers

It used to be possible to fetch an API class variable from a helper function. For example:

@@static_variable = 42

helpers do
  def get_static_variable
    @@static_variable
  end
end

get do
  get_static_variable
end

This will no longer work. Use a class method instead of a helper.

@@static_variable = 42

def self.get_static_variable
  @@static_variable
end

get do
  get_static_variable
end

For more information see #836.

Changes to Custom Validators

To implement a custom validator, you need to inherit from Grape::Validations::Base instead of Grape::Validations::Validator.

For more information see Custom Validators in the documentation.

Changes to Raising Grape::Exceptions::Validation

In previous versions raising Grape::Exceptions::Validation required a single param.

raise Grape::Exceptions::Validation, param: :id, message_key: :presence

The param argument has been deprecated and is now an array of params, accepting multiple values.

raise Grape::Exceptions::Validation, params: [:id], message_key: :presence

Changes to routes when using format

Routes will no longer get file-type suffixes added if you declare a single API format. For example,

class API < Grape::API
  format :json

  get :hello do
    { hello: 'world' }
  end
end

Pre-0.10.0, this would respond with JSON to /hello, /hello.json, /hello.xml, /hello.txt, etc.

Now, this will only respond with JSON to /hello, but will be a 404 when trying to access /hello.json, /hello.xml, /hello.txt, etc.

If you declare further content_types, this behavior will be circumvented. For example, the following API will respond with JSON to /hello, /hello.json, /hello.xml, /hello.txt, etc.

class API < Grape::API
  format :json
  content_type :json, 'application/json'

  get :hello do
    { hello: 'world' }
  end
end

See the the updated API Formats documentation and #809 for more info.

Changes to Evaluation of Permitted Parameter Values

Permitted and default parameter values are now only evaluated lazily for each request when declared as a proc. The following code would raise an error at startup time.

params do
  optional :v, values: -> { [:x, :y] }, default: -> { :z } }
end

Remove the proc to get the previous behavior.

params do
  optional :v, values: [:x, :y], default: :z }
end

See #801 for more information.

Changes to version

If version is used with a block, the callbacks defined within that version block are not scoped to that individual block. In other words, the callback would be inherited by all versions blocks that follow the first one e.g

class API < Grape::API
  resource :foo do
    version 'v1', :using => :path do
      before do
        @output ||= 'hello1'
      end
      get '/' do
        @output += '-v1'
      end
    end

    version 'v2', :using => :path do
      before do
        @output ||= 'hello2'
      end
      get '/:id' do
        @output += '-v2'
      end
    end
  end
end

when making a API call GET /foo/v2/1, the API would set instance variable @output to hello1-v2

See #898 for more information.

Upgrading to >= 0.9.0

Changes in Authentication

The following middleware classes have been removed:

  • Grape::Middleware::Auth::Basic
  • Grape::Middleware::Auth::Digest
  • Grape::Middleware::Auth::OAuth2

When you use theses classes directly like:

 module API
   class Root < Grape::API
     class Protected < Grape::API
       use Grape::Middleware::Auth::OAuth2,
           token_class: 'AccessToken',
           parameter: %w(access_token api_key)

you have to replace these classes.

As replacement can be used

If this is not possible you can extract the middleware files from grape v0.7.0 and host these files within your application

See #703 for more information.

Upgrading to >= 0.7.0

Changes in Exception Handling

Assume you have the following exception classes defined.

class ParentError < StandardError; end
class ChildError < ParentError; end

In Grape <= 0.6.1, the rescue_from keyword only handled the exact exception being raised. The following code would rescue ParentError, but not ChildError.

rescue_from ParentError do |e|
  # only rescue ParentError
end

This made it impossible to rescue an exception hieararchy, which is a more sensible default. In Grape 0.7.0 or newer, both ParentError and ChildError are rescued.

rescue_from ParentError do |e|
  # rescue both ParentError and ChildError
end

To only rescue the base exception class, set rescue_subclasses: false.

rescue_from ParentError, rescue_subclasses: false do |e|
  # only rescue ParentError
end

See #544 for more information.

Changes in the Default HTTP Status Code

In Grape <= 0.6.1, the default status code returned from error! was 403.

error! "You may not reticulate this spline!" # yields HTTP error 403

This was a bad default value, since 403 means "Forbidden". Change any call to error! that does not specify a status code to specify one. The new default value is a more sensible default of 500, which is "Internal Server Error".

error! "You may not reticulate this spline!", 403 # yields HTTP error 403

You may also use default_error_status to change the global default.

default_error_status 400

See #525 for more information.

Changes in Parameter Declaration and Validation

In Grape <= 0.6.1, group, optional and requires keywords with a block accepted either an Array or a Hash.

params do
  requires :id, type: Integer
  group :name do
    requires :first_name
    requires :last_name
  end
end

This caused the ambiguity and unexpected errors described in #543.

In Grape 0.7.0, the group, optional and requires keywords take an additional type attribute which defaults to Array. This means that without a type attribute, these nested parameters will no longer accept a single hash, only an array (of hashes).

Whereas in 0.6.1 the API above accepted the following json, it no longer does in 0.7.0.

{
  "id": 1,
  "name": {
    "first_name": "John",
    "last_name" : "Doe"
  }
}

The params block should now read as follows.

params do
  requires :id, type: Integer
  requires :name, type: Hash do
    requires :first_name
    requires :last_name
  end
end

See #545 for more information.

Upgrading to 0.6.0

In Grape <= 0.5.0, only the first validation error was raised and processing aborted. Validation errors are now collected and a single Grape::Exceptions::ValidationErrors exception is raised. You can access the collection of validation errors as .errors.

rescue_from Grape::Exceptions::Validations do |e|
  Rack::Response.new({
    status: 422,
    message: e.message,
    errors: e.errors
  }.to_json, 422)
end

For more information see #462.

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