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/**********************************************************************
sprintf.c -
$Author: michal $
$Date: 2002/08/28 08:05:23 $
created at: Fri Oct 15 10:39:26 JST 1993
Copyright (C) 1993-2002 Yukihiro Matsumoto
Copyright (C) 2000 Network Applied Communication Laboratory, Inc.
Copyright (C) 2000 Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan
**********************************************************************/
#include "ruby.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <math.h>
#define BIT_DIGITS(N) (((N)*146)/485 + 1) /* log2(10) =~ 146/485 */
static void fmt_setup _((char*,int,int,int,int));
static char*
remove_sign_bits(str, base)
char *str;
int base;
{
char *s, *t, *end;
unsigned long len;
s = t = str;
len = strlen(str);
end = str + len;
if (base == 16) {
while (t<end && *t == 'f') {
t++;
}
}
else if (base == 8) {
while (t<end && *t == '7') {
t++;
}
}
else if (base == 2) {
while (t<end && *t == '1') {
t++;
}
}
while (*t) *s++ = *t++;
*s = '\0';
return str;
}
#define FNONE 0
#define FSHARP 1
#define FMINUS 2
#define FPLUS 4
#define FZERO 8
#define FSPACE 16
#define FWIDTH 32
#define FPREC 64
#define CHECK(l) \
while (blen + (l) >= bsiz) {\
REALLOC_N(buf, char, bsiz*2);\
bsiz*=2;\
}
#define PUSH(s, l) do { \
CHECK(l);\
memcpy(&buf[blen], s, l);\
blen += (l);\
} while (0)
#define GETARG() \
((nextarg >= argc) ? (rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "too few argument."), 0) : argv[nextarg++])
#define GETASTER(val) do { \
t = p++; \
n = 0; \
for (; p < end && ISDIGIT(*p); p++) { \
n = 10 * n + (*p - '0'); \
} \
if (p >= end) { \
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "malformed format string - %%*[0-9]"); \
} \
if (*p == '$') { \
int curarg = nextarg; \
nextarg = n; \
tmp = GETARG(); \
nextarg = curarg; \
} \
else { \
tmp = GETARG(); \
p = t; \
} \
val = NUM2INT(tmp); \
} while (0)
VALUE
rb_f_sprintf(argc, argv)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
{
VALUE fmt;
char *buf, *p, *end;
int blen, bsiz;
VALUE result;
int width, prec, flags = FNONE;
int nextarg = 0;
int tainted = 0;
VALUE tmp;
VALUE str;
fmt = GETARG();
if (OBJ_TAINTED(fmt)) tainted = 1;
StringValue(fmt);
p = RSTRING(fmt)->ptr;
end = p + RSTRING(fmt)->len;
blen = 0;
bsiz = 120;
buf = ALLOC_N(char, bsiz);
for (; p < end; p++) {
char *t;
int n;
for (t = p; t < end && *t != '%'; t++) ;
PUSH(p, t - p);
if (t >= end) {
/* end of fmt string */
goto sprint_exit;
}
p = t + 1; /* skip `%' */
width = prec = -1;
retry:
switch (*p) {
default:
if (ISPRINT(*p))
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "malformed format string - %%%c", *p);
else
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "malformed format string");
break;
case ' ':
flags |= FSPACE;
p++;
goto retry;
case '#':
flags |= FSHARP;
p++;
goto retry;
case '+':
flags |= FPLUS;
p++;
goto retry;
case '-':
flags |= FMINUS;
p++;
goto retry;
case '0':
flags |= FZERO;
p++;
goto retry;
case '1': case '2': case '3': case '4':
case '5': case '6': case '7': case '8': case '9':
n = 0;
for (; p < end && ISDIGIT(*p); p++) {
n = 10 * n + (*p - '0');
}
if (p >= end) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "malformed format string - %%[0-9]");
}
if (*p == '$') {
nextarg = n;
p++;
goto retry;
}
width = n;
flags |= FWIDTH;
goto retry;
case '*':
if (flags & FWIDTH) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "width given twice");
}
flags |= FWIDTH;
GETASTER(width);
if (width < 0) {
flags |= FMINUS;
width = -width;
}
p++;
goto retry;
case '.':
if (flags & FPREC) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "precision given twice");
}
flags |= FPREC;
prec = 0;
p++;
if (*p == '*') {
GETASTER(prec);
if (prec < 0) { /* ignore negative precision */
flags &= ~FPREC;
}
p++;
goto retry;
}
for (; p < end && ISDIGIT(*p); p++) {
prec = 10 * prec + (*p - '0');
}
if (p >= end) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "malformed format string - %%.[0-9]");
}
goto retry;
case '\n':
p--;
case '\0':
case '%':
if (flags != FNONE) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "illegal format character - %%");
}
PUSH("%", 1);
break;
case 'c':
{
VALUE val = GETARG();
char c;
if (!(flags & FMINUS))
while (--width > 0)
PUSH(" ", 1);
c = NUM2INT(val) & 0xff;
PUSH(&c, 1);
while (--width > 0)
PUSH(" ", 1);
}
break;
case 's':
{
VALUE arg = GETARG();
long len;
str = rb_obj_as_string(arg);
if (OBJ_TAINTED(str)) tainted = 1;
len = RSTRING(str)->len;
if (flags&FPREC) {
if (prec < len) {
len = prec;
}
}
if (flags&FWIDTH) {
if (width > len) {
CHECK(width);
width -= len;
if (!(flags&FMINUS)) {
while (width--) {
buf[blen++] = ' ';
}
}
memcpy(&buf[blen], RSTRING(str)->ptr, len);
blen += len;
if (flags&FMINUS) {
while (width--) {
buf[blen++] = ' ';
}
}
break;
}
}
PUSH(RSTRING(str)->ptr, len);
}
break;
case 'd':
case 'i':
case 'o':
case 'x':
case 'X':
case 'b':
case 'B':
case 'u':
{
volatile VALUE val = GETARG();
char fbuf[32], nbuf[64], *s, *t;
char *prefix = 0;
int sign = 0;
char sc = 0;
long v;
int base, bignum = 0;
int len, pos;
switch (*p) {
case 'd':
case 'i':
sign = 1; break;
case 'o':
case 'x':
case 'X':
case 'b':
case 'B':
case 'u':
default:
if (flags&(FPLUS|FSPACE)) sign = 1;
break;
}
if (flags & FSHARP) {
if (*p == 'o') prefix = "0";
else if (*p == 'x') prefix = "0x";
else if (*p == 'X') prefix = "0X";
else if (*p == 'b') prefix = "0b";
else if (*p == 'B') prefix = "0B";
if (prefix) {
width -= strlen(prefix);
}
}
bin_retry:
switch (TYPE(val)) {
case T_FLOAT:
val = rb_dbl2big(RFLOAT(val)->value);
if (FIXNUM_P(val)) goto bin_retry;
bignum = 1;
break;
case T_STRING:
val = rb_str_to_inum(val, 0, Qtrue);
goto bin_retry;
case T_BIGNUM:
bignum = 1;
break;
case T_FIXNUM:
v = FIX2LONG(val);
break;
default:
val = rb_Integer(val);
goto bin_retry;
}
if (*p == 'u' || *p == 'd' || *p == 'i') base = 10;
else if (*p == 'x' || *p == 'X') base = 16;
else if (*p == 'o') base = 8;
else if (*p == 'b' || *p == 'B') base = 2;
if (!bignum) {
if (base == 2) {
val = rb_int2big(v);
goto bin_retry;
}
if (sign) {
char c = *p;
if (c == 'i') c = 'd'; /* %d and %i are identical */
if (v < 0) {
v = -v;
sc = '-';
width--;
}
else if (flags & FPLUS) {
sc = '+';
width--;
}
else if (flags & FSPACE) {
sc = ' ';
width--;
}
sprintf(fbuf, "%%l%c", c);
sprintf(nbuf, fbuf, v);
s = nbuf;
goto format_integer;
}
s = nbuf;
if (v < 0) {
if (base == 10) {
rb_warning("negative number for %%u specifier");
}
else {
strcpy(s, "..");
s += 2;
}
}
sprintf(fbuf, "%%l%c", *p);
sprintf(s, fbuf, v);
if (v < 0) {
char d = 0;
remove_sign_bits(s, base);
switch (base) {
case 16:
d = 'f'; break;
case 8:
d = '7'; break;
}
if (d && *s != d) {
memmove(s+1, s, strlen(s)+1);
*s = d;
}
}
s = nbuf;
goto format_integer;
}
if (sign) {
val = rb_big2str(val, base);
s = RSTRING(val)->ptr;
if (s[0] == '-') {
s++;
sc = '-';
width--;
}
else if (flags & FPLUS) {
sc = '+';
width--;
}
else if (flags & FSPACE) {
sc = ' ';
width--;
}
goto format_integer;
}
if (!RBIGNUM(val)->sign) {
val = rb_big_clone(val);
rb_big_2comp(val);
}
val = rb_big2str(val, base);
s = RSTRING(val)->ptr;
if (*s == '-') {
if (base == 10) {
rb_warning("negative number for %%u specifier");
s++;
}
else {
remove_sign_bits(++s, base);
val = rb_str_new(0, 3+strlen(s));
t = RSTRING(val)->ptr;
strcpy(t, "..");
t += 2;
switch (base) {
case 16:
if (s[0] != 'f') strcpy(t++, "f"); break;
case 8:
if (s[0] != '7') strcpy(t++, "7"); break;
case 2:
if (s[0] != '1') strcpy(t++, "1"); break;
}
strcpy(t, s);
bignum = 2;
}
}
s = RSTRING(val)->ptr;
format_integer:
pos = -1;
len = strlen(s);
if (*p == 'X') {
char *pp = s;
while (*pp) {
*pp = toupper(*pp);
pp++;
}
}
if (prec < len) prec = len;
width -= prec;
if (!(flags&(FZERO|FMINUS)) && s[0] != '.') {
CHECK(width);
while (width-->0) {
buf[blen++] = ' ';
}
}
if (sc) PUSH(&sc, 1);
if (prefix) {
int plen = strlen(prefix);
PUSH(prefix, plen);
if (pos) pos += plen;
}
if (!(flags & FMINUS)) {
char c = ' ';
if (s[0] == '.') {
c = '.';
if ((flags & FPREC) && prec > len) {
pos = blen;
}
else {
pos = blen + 2;
}
}
else if (flags & FZERO) c = '0';
CHECK(width);
while (width-->0) {
buf[blen++] = c;
}
}
CHECK(prec - len);
while (len < prec--) {
buf[blen++] = s[0]=='.'?'.':'0';
}
PUSH(s, len);
CHECK(width);
while (width-->0) {
buf[blen++] = ' ';
}
if (pos >= 0 && buf[pos] == '.') {
char c = '.';
switch (base) {
case 16:
if (*p == 'X') c = 'F';
else c = 'f';
break;
case 8:
c = '7'; break;
case 2:
c = '1'; break;
}
s = &buf[pos];
while (*s && *s == '.') {
*s++ = c;
}
}
}
break;
case 'f':
case 'g':
case 'G':
case 'e':
case 'E':
{
VALUE val = GETARG();
double fval;
int i, need = 6;
char fbuf[32];
fval = RFLOAT(rb_Float(val))->value;
fmt_setup(fbuf, *p, flags, width, prec);
need = 0;
if (*p != 'e' && *p != 'E') {
i = INT_MIN;
frexp(fval, &i);
if (i > 0)
need = BIT_DIGITS(i);
}
need += (flags&FPREC) ? prec : 6;
if ((flags&FWIDTH) && need < width)
need = width;
need += 20;
CHECK(need);
sprintf(&buf[blen], fbuf, fval);
blen += strlen(&buf[blen]);
}
break;
}
flags = FNONE;
}
sprint_exit:
#if 0
/* XXX - We cannot validiate the number of arguments because
* the format string may contain `n$'-style argument selector.
*/
if (RTEST(ruby_verbose) && nextarg < argc) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "too many argument for format string");
}
#endif
result = rb_str_new(buf, blen);
free(buf);
if (tainted) OBJ_TAINT(result);
return result;
}
static void
fmt_setup(buf, c, flags, width, prec)
char *buf;
int c;
int flags, width, prec;
{
*buf++ = '%';
if (flags & FSHARP) *buf++ = '#';
if (flags & FPLUS) *buf++ = '+';
if (flags & FMINUS) *buf++ = '-';
if (flags & FZERO) *buf++ = '0';
if (flags & FSPACE) *buf++ = ' ';
if (flags & FWIDTH) {
sprintf(buf, "%d", width);
buf += strlen(buf);
}
if (flags & FPREC) {
sprintf(buf, ".%d", prec);
buf += strlen(buf);
}
*buf++ = c;
*buf = '\0';
}
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