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/**********************************************************************

range.c -

$Author$
created at: Thu Aug 19 17:46:47 JST 1993

Copyright (C) 1993-2007 Yukihiro Matsumoto

**********************************************************************/

#include "ruby/ruby.h"
#include "ruby/encoding.h"
#include "internal.h"

VALUE rb_cRange;
static ID id_cmp, id_succ, id_beg, id_end, id_excl;

#define RANGE_BEG(r) (RSTRUCT(r)->as.ary[0])
#define RANGE_END(r) (RSTRUCT(r)->as.ary[1])
#define RANGE_EXCL(r) (RSTRUCT(r)->as.ary[2])

#define EXCL(r) RTEST(RANGE_EXCL(r))
#define SET_EXCL(r,v) (RSTRUCT(r)->as.ary[2] = (v) ? Qtrue : Qfalse)

static VALUE
range_failed(void)
{
    rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "bad value for range");
    return Qnil; /* dummy */
}

static VALUE
range_check(VALUE *args)
{
    return rb_funcall(args[0], id_cmp, 1, args[1]);
}

static void
range_init(VALUE range, VALUE beg, VALUE end, int exclude_end)
{
    VALUE args[2];

    args[0] = beg;
    args[1] = end;

    if (!FIXNUM_P(beg) || !FIXNUM_P(end)) {
VALUE v;

v = rb_rescue(range_check, (VALUE)args, range_failed, 0);
if (NIL_P(v))
range_failed();
    }

    SET_EXCL(range, exclude_end);
    RSTRUCT(range)->as.ary[0] = beg;
    RSTRUCT(range)->as.ary[1] = end;
}

VALUE
rb_range_new(VALUE beg, VALUE end, int exclude_end)
{
    VALUE range = rb_obj_alloc(rb_cRange);

    range_init(range, beg, end, exclude_end);
    return range;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* Range.new(begin, end, exclude_end=false) -> rng
*
* Constructs a range using the given +begin+ and +end+. If the +exclude_end+
* parameter is omitted or is <code>false</code>, the +rng+ will include
* the end object; otherwise, it will be excluded.
*/

static VALUE
range_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE range)
{
    VALUE beg, end, flags;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "21", &beg, &end, &flags);
    /* Ranges are immutable, so that they should be initialized only once. */
    if (RANGE_EXCL(range) != Qnil) {
rb_name_error(rb_intern("initialize"), "`initialize' called twice");
    }
    range_init(range, beg, end, RTEST(flags));
    return Qnil;
}

#define range_initialize_copy rb_struct_init_copy /* :nodoc: */

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.exclude_end? -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if the range excludes its end value.
*
* (1..5).exclude_end? #=> false
* (1...5).exclude_end? #=> true
*/

static VALUE
range_exclude_end_p(VALUE range)
{
    return EXCL(range) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}

static VALUE
recursive_equal(VALUE range, VALUE obj, int recur)
{
    if (recur) return Qtrue; /* Subtle! */
    if (!rb_equal(RANGE_BEG(range), RANGE_BEG(obj)))
return Qfalse;
    if (!rb_equal(RANGE_END(range), RANGE_END(obj)))
return Qfalse;

    if (EXCL(range) != EXCL(obj))
return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng == obj -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> only if +obj+ is a Range, has equivalent
* begin and end items (by comparing them with <code>==</code>), and has
* the same #exclude_end? setting as the range.
*
* (0..2) == (0..2) #=> true
* (0..2) == Range.new(0,2) #=> true
* (0..2) == (0...2) #=> false
*
*/

static VALUE
range_eq(VALUE range, VALUE obj)
{
    if (range == obj)
return Qtrue;
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(obj, rb_cRange))
return Qfalse;

    return rb_exec_recursive_paired(recursive_equal, range, obj, obj);
}

static int
r_lt(VALUE a, VALUE b)
{
    VALUE r = rb_funcall(a, id_cmp, 1, b);

    if (NIL_P(r))
return (int)Qfalse;
    if (rb_cmpint(r, a, b) < 0)
return (int)Qtrue;
    return (int)Qfalse;
}

static int
r_le(VALUE a, VALUE b)
{
    int c;
    VALUE r = rb_funcall(a, id_cmp, 1, b);

    if (NIL_P(r))
return (int)Qfalse;
    c = rb_cmpint(r, a, b);
    if (c == 0)
return (int)INT2FIX(0);
    if (c < 0)
return (int)Qtrue;
    return (int)Qfalse;
}


static VALUE
recursive_eql(VALUE range, VALUE obj, int recur)
{
    if (recur) return Qtrue; /* Subtle! */
    if (!rb_eql(RANGE_BEG(range), RANGE_BEG(obj)))
return Qfalse;
    if (!rb_eql(RANGE_END(range), RANGE_END(obj)))
return Qfalse;

    if (EXCL(range) != EXCL(obj))
return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.eql?(obj) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> only if +obj+ is a Range, has equivalent
* begin and end items (by comparing them with <code>eql?</code>),
* and has the same #exclude_end? setting as the range.
*
* (0..2).eql?(0..2) #=> true
* (0..2).eql?(Range.new(0,2)) #=> true
* (0..2).eql?(0...2) #=> false
*
*/

static VALUE
range_eql(VALUE range, VALUE obj)
{
    if (range == obj)
return Qtrue;
    if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(obj, rb_cRange))
return Qfalse;
    return rb_exec_recursive_paired(recursive_eql, range, obj, obj);
}

static VALUE
recursive_hash(VALUE range, VALUE dummy, int recur)
{
    st_index_t hash = EXCL(range);
    VALUE v;

    hash = rb_hash_start(hash);
    if (!recur) {
v = rb_hash(RANGE_BEG(range));
hash = rb_hash_uint(hash, NUM2LONG(v));
v = rb_hash(RANGE_END(range));
hash = rb_hash_uint(hash, NUM2LONG(v));
    }
    hash = rb_hash_uint(hash, EXCL(range) << 24);
    hash = rb_hash_end(hash);

    return LONG2FIX(hash);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.hash -> fixnum
*
* Compute a hash-code for this range. Two ranges with equal
* begin and end points (using <code>eql?</code>), and the same
* #exclude_end? value will generate the same hash-code.
*/

static VALUE
range_hash(VALUE range)
{
    return rb_exec_recursive_outer(recursive_hash, range, 0);
}

static void
range_each_func(VALUE range, VALUE (*func) (VALUE, void *), void *arg)
{
    int c;
    VALUE b = RANGE_BEG(range);
    VALUE e = RANGE_END(range);
    VALUE v = b;

    if (EXCL(range)) {
while (r_lt(v, e)) {
(*func) (v, arg);
v = rb_funcall(v, id_succ, 0, 0);
}
    }
    else {
while ((c = r_le(v, e)) != Qfalse) {
(*func) (v, arg);
if (c == (int)INT2FIX(0))
break;
v = rb_funcall(v, id_succ, 0, 0);
}
    }
}

static VALUE
sym_step_i(VALUE i, void *arg)
{
    VALUE *iter = arg;

    if (FIXNUM_P(iter[0])) {
iter[0] -= INT2FIX(1) & ~FIXNUM_FLAG;
    }
    else {
iter[0] = rb_funcall(iter[0], '-', 1, INT2FIX(1));
    }
    if (iter[0] == INT2FIX(0)) {
rb_yield(rb_str_intern(i));
iter[0] = iter[1];
    }
    return Qnil;
}

static VALUE
step_i(VALUE i, void *arg)
{
    VALUE *iter = arg;

    if (FIXNUM_P(iter[0])) {
iter[0] -= INT2FIX(1) & ~FIXNUM_FLAG;
    }
    else {
iter[0] = rb_funcall(iter[0], '-', 1, INT2FIX(1));
    }
    if (iter[0] == INT2FIX(0)) {
rb_yield(i);
iter[0] = iter[1];
    }
    return Qnil;
}

static int
discrete_object_p(VALUE obj)
{
    if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(obj, rb_cTime)) return FALSE; /* until Time#succ removed */
    return rb_respond_to(obj, id_succ);
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.step(n=1) {| obj | block } -> rng
* rng.step(n=1) -> an_enumerator
*
* Iterates over the range, passing each <code>n</code>th element to the block.
* If begin and end are numeric, +n+ is added for each iteration.
* Otherwise <code>step</code> invokes <code>succ</code> to iterate through
* range elements.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* range = Xs.new(1)..Xs.new(10)
* range.step(2) {|x| puts x}
* puts
* range.step(3) {|x| puts x}
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* 1 x
* 3 xxx
* 5 xxxxx
* 7 xxxxxxx
* 9 xxxxxxxxx
*
* 1 x
* 4 xxxx
* 7 xxxxxxx
* 10 xxxxxxxxxx
*
* See Range for the definition of class Xs.
*/


static VALUE
range_step(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE range)
{
    VALUE b, e, step, tmp;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(range, argc, argv);

    b = RANGE_BEG(range);
    e = RANGE_END(range);
    if (argc == 0) {
step = INT2FIX(1);
    }
    else {
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &step);
if (!rb_obj_is_kind_of(step, rb_cNumeric)) {
step = rb_to_int(step);
}
if (rb_funcall(step, '<', 1, INT2FIX(0))) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "step can't be negative");
}
else if (!rb_funcall(step, '>', 1, INT2FIX(0))) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "step can't be 0");
}
    }

    if (FIXNUM_P(b) && FIXNUM_P(e) && FIXNUM_P(step)) { /* fixnums are special */
long end = FIX2LONG(e);
long i, unit = FIX2LONG(step);

if (!EXCL(range))
end += 1;
i = FIX2LONG(b);
while (i < end) {
rb_yield(LONG2NUM(i));
if (i + unit < i) break;
i += unit;
}

    }
    else if (SYMBOL_P(b) && SYMBOL_P(e)) { /* symbols are special */
VALUE args[2], iter[2];

args[0] = rb_sym_to_s(e);
args[1] = EXCL(range) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
iter[0] = INT2FIX(1);
iter[1] = step;
rb_block_call(rb_sym_to_s(b), rb_intern("upto"), 2, args, sym_step_i, (VALUE)iter);
    }
    else if (ruby_float_step(b, e, step, EXCL(range))) {
/* done */
    }
    else if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(b, rb_cNumeric) ||
!NIL_P(rb_check_to_integer(b, "to_int")) ||
!NIL_P(rb_check_to_integer(e, "to_int"))) {
ID op = EXCL(range) ? '<' : rb_intern("<=");
VALUE v = b;
int i = 0;

while (RTEST(rb_funcall(v, op, 1, e))) {
rb_yield(v);
i++;
v = rb_funcall(b, '+', 1, rb_funcall(INT2NUM(i), '*', 1, step));
}
    }
    else {
tmp = rb_check_string_type(b);

if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
VALUE args[2], iter[2];

b = tmp;
args[0] = e;
args[1] = EXCL(range) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
iter[0] = INT2FIX(1);
iter[1] = step;
rb_block_call(b, rb_intern("upto"), 2, args, step_i, (VALUE)iter);
}
else {
VALUE args[2];

if (!discrete_object_p(b)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't iterate from %s",
rb_obj_classname(b));
}
args[0] = INT2FIX(1);
args[1] = step;
range_each_func(range, step_i, args);
}
    }
    return range;
}

static VALUE
each_i(VALUE v, void *arg)
{
    rb_yield(v);
    return Qnil;
}

static VALUE
sym_each_i(VALUE v, void *arg)
{
    rb_yield(rb_str_intern(v));
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.each {| i | block } -> rng
* rng.each -> an_enumerator
*
* Iterates over the elements of range, passing each in turn to the
* block.
*
* The +each+ method can only be used if the begin object of the range
* supports the +succ+ method. A TypeError is raised if the object
* does not have +succ+ method defined (like Float).
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* (10..15).each {|n| print n, ' ' }
* # prints: 10 11 12 13 14 15
*
* (2.5..5).each {|n| print n, ' ' }
* # raises: TypeError: can't iterate from Float
*/

static VALUE
range_each(VALUE range)
{
    VALUE beg, end;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(range, 0, 0);

    beg = RANGE_BEG(range);
    end = RANGE_END(range);

    if (FIXNUM_P(beg) && FIXNUM_P(end)) { /* fixnums are special */
long lim = FIX2LONG(end);
long i;

if (!EXCL(range))
lim += 1;
for (i = FIX2LONG(beg); i < lim; i++) {
rb_yield(LONG2FIX(i));
}
    }
    else if (SYMBOL_P(beg) && SYMBOL_P(end)) { /* symbols are special */
VALUE args[2];

args[0] = rb_sym_to_s(end);
args[1] = EXCL(range) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
rb_block_call(rb_sym_to_s(beg), rb_intern("upto"), 2, args, sym_each_i, 0);
    }
    else {
VALUE tmp = rb_check_string_type(beg);

if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
VALUE args[2];

args[0] = end;
args[1] = EXCL(range) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
rb_block_call(tmp, rb_intern("upto"), 2, args, rb_yield, 0);
}
else {
if (!discrete_object_p(beg)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't iterate from %s",
rb_obj_classname(beg));
}
range_each_func(range, each_i, NULL);
}
    }
    return range;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.begin -> obj
*
* Returns the object that defines the beginning of the range.
*
* (1..10).begin #=> 1
*/

static VALUE
range_begin(VALUE range)
{
    return RANGE_BEG(range);
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.end -> obj
*
* Returns the object that defines the end of the range.
*
* (1..10).end #=> 10
* (1...10).end #=> 10
*/


static VALUE
range_end(VALUE range)
{
    return RANGE_END(range);
}


static VALUE
first_i(VALUE i, VALUE *ary)
{
    long n = NUM2LONG(ary[0]);

    if (n <= 0) {
rb_iter_break();
    }
    rb_ary_push(ary[1], i);
    n--;
    ary[0] = INT2NUM(n);
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.first -> obj
* rng.first(n) -> an_array
*
* Returns the first object in the range, or an array of the first +n+
* elements.
*
* (10..20).first #=> 10
* (10..20).first(3) #=> [10, 11, 12]
*/

static VALUE
range_first(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE range)
{
    VALUE n, ary[2];

    if (argc == 0) return RANGE_BEG(range);

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "1", &n);
    ary[0] = n;
    ary[1] = rb_ary_new2(NUM2LONG(n));
    rb_block_call(range, rb_intern("each"), 0, 0, first_i, (VALUE)ary);

    return ary[1];
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.last -> obj
* rng.last(n) -> an_array
*
* Returns the last object in the range,
* or an array of the last +n+ elements.
*
* Note that with no arguments +last+ will return the object that defines
* the end of the range even if #exclude_end? is +true+.
*
* (10..20).last #=> 20
* (10...20).last #=> 20
* (10..20).last(3) #=> [18, 19, 20]
* (10...20).last(3) #=> [17, 18, 19]
*/

static VALUE
range_last(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE range)
{
    if (argc == 0) return RANGE_END(range);
    return rb_ary_last(argc, argv, rb_Array(range));
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.min -> obj
* rng.min {| a,b | block } -> obj
*
* Returns the minimum value in the range. Returns +nil+ if the begin
* value of the range is larger than the end value.
*
* Can be given an optional block to override the default comparison
* method <code>a <=> b</code>.
*
* (10..20).min #=> 10
*/


static VALUE
range_min(VALUE range)
{
    if (rb_block_given_p()) {
return rb_call_super(0, 0);
    }
    else {
VALUE b = RANGE_BEG(range);
VALUE e = RANGE_END(range);
int c = rb_cmpint(rb_funcall(b, id_cmp, 1, e), b, e);

if (c > 0 || (c == 0 && EXCL(range)))
return Qnil;
return b;
    }
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.max -> obj
* rng.max {| a,b | block } -> obj
*
* Returns the maximum value in the range. Returns +nil+ if the begin
* value of the range larger than the end value.
*
* Can be given an optional block to override the default comparison
* method <code>a <=> b</code>.
*
* (10..20).max #=> 20
*/

static VALUE
range_max(VALUE range)
{
    VALUE e = RANGE_END(range);
    int nm = FIXNUM_P(e) || rb_obj_is_kind_of(e, rb_cNumeric);

    if (rb_block_given_p() || (EXCL(range) && !nm)) {
return rb_call_super(0, 0);
    }
    else {
VALUE b = RANGE_BEG(range);
int c = rb_cmpint(rb_funcall(b, id_cmp, 1, e), b, e);

if (c > 0)
return Qnil;
if (EXCL(range)) {
if (!FIXNUM_P(e) && !rb_obj_is_kind_of(e, rb_cInteger)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "cannot exclude non Integer end value");
}
if (c == 0) return Qnil;
if (!FIXNUM_P(b) && !rb_obj_is_kind_of(b,rb_cInteger)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "cannot exclude end value with non Integer begin value");
}
if (FIXNUM_P(e)) {
return LONG2NUM(FIX2LONG(e) - 1);
}
return rb_funcall(e, '-', 1, INT2FIX(1));
}
return e;
    }
}

int
rb_range_values(VALUE range, VALUE *begp, VALUE *endp, int *exclp)
{
    VALUE b, e;
    int excl;

    if (rb_obj_is_kind_of(range, rb_cRange)) {
b = RANGE_BEG(range);
e = RANGE_END(range);
excl = EXCL(range);
    }
    else {
if (!rb_respond_to(range, id_beg)) return (int)Qfalse;
if (!rb_respond_to(range, id_end)) return (int)Qfalse;
b = rb_funcall(range, id_beg, 0);
e = rb_funcall(range, id_end, 0);
excl = RTEST(rb_funcall(range, rb_intern("exclude_end?"), 0));
    }
    *begp = b;
    *endp = e;
    *exclp = excl;
    return (int)Qtrue;
}

VALUE
rb_range_beg_len(VALUE range, long *begp, long *lenp, long len, int err)
{
    long beg, end, origbeg, origend;
    VALUE b, e;
    int excl;

    if (!rb_range_values(range, &b, &e, &excl))
return Qfalse;
    beg = NUM2LONG(b);
    end = NUM2LONG(e);
    origbeg = beg;
    origend = end;
    if (beg < 0) {
beg += len;
if (beg < 0)
goto out_of_range;
    }
    if (err == 0 || err == 2) {
if (beg > len)
goto out_of_range;
if (end > len)
end = len;
    }
    if (end < 0)
end += len;
    if (!excl)
end++; /* include end point */
    len = end - beg;
    if (len < 0)
len = 0;

    *begp = beg;
    *lenp = len;
    return Qtrue;

  out_of_range:
    if (err) {
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "%ld..%s%ld out of range",
origbeg, excl ? "." : "", origend);
    }
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.to_s -> string
*
* Convert this range object to a printable form (using #to_s to convert the
* begin and end objects).
*/

static VALUE
range_to_s(VALUE range)
{
    VALUE str, str2;

    str = rb_obj_as_string(RANGE_BEG(range));
    str2 = rb_obj_as_string(RANGE_END(range));
    str = rb_str_dup(str);
    rb_str_cat(str, "...", EXCL(range) ? 3 : 2);
    rb_str_append(str, str2);
    OBJ_INFECT(str, str2);

    return str;
}

static VALUE
inspect_range(VALUE range, VALUE dummy, int recur)
{
    VALUE str, str2;

    if (recur) {
return rb_str_new2(EXCL(range) ? "(... ... ...)" : "(... .. ...)");
    }
    str = rb_inspect(RANGE_BEG(range));
    str2 = rb_inspect(RANGE_END(range));
    str = rb_str_dup(str);
    rb_str_cat(str, "...", EXCL(range) ? 3 : 2);
    rb_str_append(str, str2);
    OBJ_INFECT(str, str2);

    return str;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng.inspect -> string
*
* Convert this range object to a printable form (using
* <code>inspect</code> to convert the begin and end
* objects).
*/


static VALUE
range_inspect(VALUE range)
{
    return rb_exec_recursive(inspect_range, range, 0);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* rng === obj -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if +obj+ is an element of the range,
* <code>false</code> otherwise. Conveniently, <code>===</code> is the
* comparison operator used by <code>case</code> statements.
*
* case 79
* when 1..50 then print "low\n"
* when 51..75 then print "medium\n"
* when 76..100 then print "high\n"
* end
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* high
*/

static VALUE
range_eqq(VALUE range, VALUE val)
{
    return rb_funcall(range, rb_intern("include?"), 1, val);
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.member?(obj) -> true or false
* rng.include?(obj) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if +obj+ is an element of
* the range, <code>false</code> otherwise. If begin and end are
* numeric, comparison is done according to the magnitude of the values.
*
* ("a".."z").include?("g") #=> true
* ("a".."z").include?("A") #=> false
* ("a".."z").include?("cc") #=> false
*/

static VALUE
range_include(VALUE range, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE beg = RANGE_BEG(range);
    VALUE end = RANGE_END(range);
    int nv = FIXNUM_P(beg) || FIXNUM_P(end) ||
rb_obj_is_kind_of(beg, rb_cNumeric) ||
rb_obj_is_kind_of(end, rb_cNumeric);

    if (nv ||
!NIL_P(rb_check_to_integer(beg, "to_int")) ||
!NIL_P(rb_check_to_integer(end, "to_int"))) {
if (r_le(beg, val)) {
if (EXCL(range)) {
if (r_lt(val, end))
return Qtrue;
}
else {
if (r_le(val, end))
return Qtrue;
}
}
return Qfalse;
    }
    else if (RB_TYPE_P(beg, T_STRING) && RB_TYPE_P(end, T_STRING) &&
RSTRING_LEN(beg) == 1 && RSTRING_LEN(end) == 1) {
if (NIL_P(val)) return Qfalse;
if (RB_TYPE_P(val, T_STRING)) {
if (RSTRING_LEN(val) == 0 || RSTRING_LEN(val) > 1)
return Qfalse;
else {
char b = RSTRING_PTR(beg)[0];
char e = RSTRING_PTR(end)[0];
char v = RSTRING_PTR(val)[0];

if (ISASCII(b) && ISASCII(e) && ISASCII(v)) {
if (b <= v && v < e) return Qtrue;
if (!EXCL(range) && v == e) return Qtrue;
return Qfalse;
}
}
}
    }
    /* TODO: ruby_frame->this_func = rb_intern("include?"); */
    return rb_call_super(1, &val);
}


/*
* call-seq:
* rng.cover?(obj) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if +obj+ is between the begin and end of
* the range.
*
* This tests <code>begin <= obj <= end</code> when #exclude_end? is +false+
* and <code>begin <= obj < end</code> when #exclude_end? is +true+.
*
* ("a".."z").cover?("c") #=> true
* ("a".."z").cover?("5") #=> false
* ("a".."z").cover?("cc") #=> true
*/

static VALUE
range_cover(VALUE range, VALUE val)
{
    VALUE beg, end;

    beg = RANGE_BEG(range);
    end = RANGE_END(range);
    if (r_le(beg, val)) {
if (EXCL(range)) {
if (r_lt(val, end))
return Qtrue;
}
else {
if (r_le(val, end))
return Qtrue;
}
    }
    return Qfalse;
}

static VALUE
range_dumper(VALUE range)
{
    VALUE v;
    NEWOBJ(m, struct RObject);
    OBJSETUP(m, rb_cObject, T_OBJECT);

    v = (VALUE)m;

    rb_ivar_set(v, id_excl, RANGE_EXCL(range));
    rb_ivar_set(v, id_beg, RANGE_BEG(range));
    rb_ivar_set(v, id_end, RANGE_END(range));
    return v;
}

static VALUE
range_loader(VALUE range, VALUE obj)
{
    if (!RB_TYPE_P(obj, T_OBJECT) || RBASIC(obj)->klass != rb_cObject) {
        rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "not a dumped range object");
    }

    RSTRUCT(range)->as.ary[0] = rb_ivar_get(obj, id_beg);
    RSTRUCT(range)->as.ary[1] = rb_ivar_get(obj, id_end);
    RSTRUCT(range)->as.ary[2] = rb_ivar_get(obj, id_excl);
    return range;
}

static VALUE
range_alloc(VALUE klass)
{
  /* rb_struct_alloc_noinit itself should not be used because
* rb_marshal_define_compat uses equality of allocaiton function */
    return rb_struct_alloc_noinit(klass);
}

/* A <code>Range</code> represents an interval---a set of values with a
* beginning and an end. Ranges may be constructed using the
* <em>s</em><code>..</code><em>e</em> and
* <em>s</em><code>...</code><em>e</em> literals, or with
* Range::new. Ranges constructed using <code>..</code>
* run from the beginning to the end inclusively. Those created using
* <code>...</code> exclude the end value. When used as an iterator,
* ranges return each value in the sequence.
*
* (-1..-5).to_a #=> []
* (-5..-1).to_a #=> [-5, -4, -3, -2, -1]
* ('a'..'e').to_a #=> ["a", "b", "c", "d", "e"]
* ('a'...'e').to_a #=> ["a", "b", "c", "d"]
*
* == Custom Objects in Ranges
*
* Ranges can be constructed using any objects that can be compared
* using the <code><=></code> operator.
* Methods that treat the range as a sequence (#each and methods inherited
* from Enumerable) expect the begin object to implement a
* <code>succ</code> method to return the next object in sequence.
* The #step and #include? methods require the begin
* object to implement <code>succ</code> or to be numeric.
*
* In the <code>Xs</code> class below both <code><=></code> and
* <code>succ</code> are implemented so <code>Xs</code> can be used
* to construct ranges. Note that the Comparable module is included
* so the <code>==</code> method is defined in terms of <code><=></code>.
*
* class Xs # represent a string of 'x's
* include Comparable
* attr :length
* def initialize(n)
* @length = n
* end
* def succ
* Xs.new(@length + 1)
* end
* def <=>(other)
* @length <=> other.length
* end
* def to_s
* sprintf "%2d #{inspect}", @length
* end
* def inspect
* 'x' * @length
* end
* end
*
* An example of using <code>Xs</code> to construct a range:
*
* r = Xs.new(3)..Xs.new(6) #=> xxx..xxxxxx
* r.to_a #=> [xxx, xxxx, xxxxx, xxxxxx]
* r.member?(Xs.new(5)) #=> true
*
*/

void
Init_Range(void)
{
#undef rb_intern
#define rb_intern(str) rb_intern_const(str)

    id_cmp = rb_intern("<=>");
    id_succ = rb_intern("succ");
    id_beg = rb_intern("begin");
    id_end = rb_intern("end");
    id_excl = rb_intern("excl");

    rb_cRange = rb_struct_define_without_accessor(
        "Range", rb_cObject, range_alloc,
        "begin", "end", "excl", NULL);

    rb_include_module(rb_cRange, rb_mEnumerable);
    rb_marshal_define_compat(rb_cRange, rb_cObject, range_dumper, range_loader);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "initialize", range_initialize, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "initialize_copy", range_initialize_copy, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "==", range_eq, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "===", range_eqq, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "eql?", range_eql, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "hash", range_hash, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "each", range_each, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "step", range_step, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "begin", range_begin, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "end", range_end, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "first", range_first, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "last", range_last, -1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "min", range_min, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "max", range_max, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "to_s", range_to_s, 0);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "inspect", range_inspect, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "exclude_end?", range_exclude_end_p, 0);

    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "member?", range_include, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "include?", range_include, 1);
    rb_define_method(rb_cRange, "cover?", range_cover, 1);
}
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