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/**********************************************************************

stringio.c -

$Author$
$RoughId: stringio.c,v 1.13 2002/03/14 03:24:18 nobu Exp $
created at: Tue Feb 19 04:10:38 JST 2002

All the files in this distribution are covered under the Ruby's
license (see the file COPYING).

**********************************************************************/

#include "ruby.h"
#include "ruby/io.h"
#include "ruby/encoding.h"
#if defined(HAVE_FCNTL_H) || defined(_WIN32)
#include <fcntl.h>
#elif defined(HAVE_SYS_FCNTL_H)
#include <sys/fcntl.h>
#endif

struct StringIO {
    VALUE string;
    long pos;
    long lineno;
    int flags;
    int count;
};

static void strio_init(int, VALUE *, struct StringIO *, VALUE);

#define IS_STRIO(obj) (rb_typeddata_is_kind_of((obj), &strio_data_type))
#define error_inval(msg) (errno = EINVAL, rb_sys_fail(msg))

static struct StringIO *
strio_alloc(void)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = ALLOC(struct StringIO);
    ptr->string = Qnil;
    ptr->pos = 0;
    ptr->lineno = 0;
    ptr->flags = 0;
    ptr->count = 1;
    return ptr;
}

static void
strio_mark(void *p)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = p;
    if (ptr) {
rb_gc_mark(ptr->string);
    }
}

static void
strio_free(void *p)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = p;
    if (--ptr->count <= 0) {
xfree(ptr);
    }
}

static size_t
strio_memsize(const void *p)
{
    const struct StringIO *ptr = p;
    if (!ptr) return 0;
    return sizeof(struct StringIO);
}

static const rb_data_type_t strio_data_type = {
    "strio",
    {
strio_mark,
strio_free,
strio_memsize,
    },
    NULL, NULL, RUBY_TYPED_FREE_IMMEDIATELY
};

#define check_strio(self) ((struct StringIO*)rb_check_typeddata((self), &strio_data_type))

static struct StringIO*
get_strio(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = check_strio(rb_io_taint_check(self));

    if (!ptr) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "uninitialized stream");
    }
    return ptr;
}

static VALUE
strio_substr(struct StringIO *ptr, long pos, long len)
{
    VALUE str = ptr->string;
    rb_encoding *enc = rb_enc_get(str);
    long rlen = RSTRING_LEN(str) - pos;

    if (len > rlen) len = rlen;
    if (len < 0) len = 0;
    if (len == 0) return rb_str_new(0,0);
    return rb_enc_str_new(RSTRING_PTR(str)+pos, len, enc);
}

#define StringIO(obj) get_strio(obj)

#define STRIO_READABLE FL_USER4
#define STRIO_WRITABLE FL_USER5
#define STRIO_READWRITE (STRIO_READABLE|STRIO_WRITABLE)
typedef char strio_flags_check[(STRIO_READABLE/FMODE_READABLE == STRIO_WRITABLE/FMODE_WRITABLE) * 2 - 1];
#define STRIO_MODE_SET_P(strio, mode) \
((RBASIC(strio)->flags & STRIO_##mode) && \
((struct StringIO*)DATA_PTR(strio))->flags & FMODE_##mode)
#define CLOSED(strio) (!STRIO_MODE_SET_P(strio, READWRITE))
#define READABLE(strio) STRIO_MODE_SET_P(strio, READABLE)
#define WRITABLE(strio) STRIO_MODE_SET_P(strio, WRITABLE)

static VALUE sym_exception;

static struct StringIO*
readable(VALUE strio)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(strio);
    if (!READABLE(strio)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "not opened for reading");
    }
    return ptr;
}

static struct StringIO*
writable(VALUE strio)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(strio);
    if (!WRITABLE(strio)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "not opened for writing");
    }
    if (!OBJ_TAINTED(ptr->string)) {
    }
    return ptr;
}

static void
check_modifiable(struct StringIO *ptr)
{
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(ptr->string)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "not modifiable string");
    }
}

static VALUE
strio_s_allocate(VALUE klass)
{
    return TypedData_Wrap_Struct(klass, &strio_data_type, 0);
}

/*
* call-seq: StringIO.new(string=""[, mode])
*
* Creates new StringIO instance from with _string_ and _mode_.
*/
static VALUE
strio_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = check_strio(self);

    if (!ptr) {
DATA_PTR(self) = ptr = strio_alloc();
    }
    rb_call_super(0, 0);
    strio_init(argc, argv, ptr, self);
    return self;
}

static void
strio_init(int argc, VALUE *argv, struct StringIO *ptr, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE string, mode;
    int trunc = 0;

    switch (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &string, &mode)) {
      case 2:
if (FIXNUM_P(mode)) {
int flags = FIX2INT(mode);
ptr->flags = rb_io_modenum_flags(flags);
trunc = flags & O_TRUNC;
}
else {
const char *m = StringValueCStr(mode);
ptr->flags = rb_io_mode_flags(m);
trunc = *m == 'w';
}
StringValue(string);
if ((ptr->flags & FMODE_WRITABLE) && OBJ_FROZEN(string)) {
errno = EACCES;
rb_sys_fail(0);
}
if (trunc) {
rb_str_resize(string, 0);
}
break;
      case 1:
StringValue(string);
ptr->flags = OBJ_FROZEN(string) ? FMODE_READABLE : FMODE_READWRITE;
break;
      case 0:
string = rb_enc_str_new("", 0, rb_default_external_encoding());
ptr->flags = FMODE_READWRITE;
break;
    }
    ptr->string = string;
    ptr->pos = 0;
    ptr->lineno = 0;
    RBASIC(self)->flags |= (ptr->flags & FMODE_READWRITE) * (STRIO_READABLE / FMODE_READABLE);
}

static VALUE
strio_finalize(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(self);
    ptr->string = Qnil;
    ptr->flags &= ~FMODE_READWRITE;
    return self;
}

/*
* call-seq: StringIO.open(string=""[, mode]) {|strio| ...}
*
* Equivalent to StringIO.new except that when it is called with a block, it
* yields with the new instance and closes it, and returns the result which
* returned from the block.
*/
static VALUE
strio_s_open(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
    VALUE obj = rb_class_new_instance(argc, argv, klass);
    if (!rb_block_given_p()) return obj;
    return rb_ensure(rb_yield, obj, strio_finalize, obj);
}

/*
* Returns +false+. Just for compatibility to IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_false(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return Qfalse;
}

/*
* Returns +nil+. Just for compatibility to IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_nil(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* Returns *strio* itself. Just for compatibility to IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_self(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return self;
}

/*
* Returns 0. Just for compatibility to IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_0(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

/*
* Returns the argument unchanged. Just for compatibility to IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_first(VALUE self, VALUE arg)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return arg;
}

/*
* Raises NotImplementedError.
*/
static VALUE
strio_unimpl(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    rb_notimplement();

    UNREACHABLE;
}

/*
* call-seq: strio.string -> string
*
* Returns underlying String object, the subject of IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_get_string(VALUE self)
{
    return StringIO(self)->string;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.string = string -> string
*
* Changes underlying String object, the subject of IO.
*/
static VALUE
strio_set_string(VALUE self, VALUE string)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(self);

    rb_io_taint_check(self);
    ptr->flags &= ~FMODE_READWRITE;
    StringValue(string);
    ptr->flags = OBJ_FROZEN(string) ? FMODE_READABLE : FMODE_READWRITE;
    ptr->pos = 0;
    ptr->lineno = 0;
    return ptr->string = string;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.close -> nil
*
* Closes strio. The *strio* is unavailable for any further data
* operations; an +IOError+ is raised if such an attempt is made.
*/
static VALUE
strio_close(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (CLOSED(self)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "closed stream");
    }
    RBASIC(self)->flags &= ~STRIO_READWRITE;
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.close_read -> nil
*
* Closes the read end of a StringIO. Will raise an +IOError+ if the
* *strio* is not readable.
*/
static VALUE
strio_close_read(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (!READABLE(self)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "closing non-duplex IO for reading");
    }
    RBASIC(self)->flags &= ~STRIO_READABLE;
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.close_write -> nil
*
* Closes the write end of a StringIO. Will raise an +IOError+ if the
* *strio* is not writeable.
*/
static VALUE
strio_close_write(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (!WRITABLE(self)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "closing non-duplex IO for writing");
    }
    RBASIC(self)->flags &= ~STRIO_WRITABLE;
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.closed? -> true or false
*
* Returns +true+ if *strio* is completely closed, +false+ otherwise.
*/
static VALUE
strio_closed(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (!CLOSED(self)) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.closed_read? -> true or false
*
* Returns +true+ if *strio* is not readable, +false+ otherwise.
*/
static VALUE
strio_closed_read(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (READABLE(self)) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.closed_write? -> true or false
*
* Returns +true+ if *strio* is not writable, +false+ otherwise.
*/
static VALUE
strio_closed_write(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    if (WRITABLE(self)) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.eof -> true or false
* strio.eof? -> true or false
*
* Returns true if *strio* is at end of file. The stringio must be
* opened for reading or an +IOError+ will be raised.
*/
static VALUE
strio_eof(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    if (ptr->pos < RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) return Qfalse;
    return Qtrue;
}

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
strio_copy(VALUE copy, VALUE orig)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr;

    orig = rb_convert_type(orig, T_DATA, "StringIO", "to_strio");
    if (copy == orig) return copy;
    ptr = StringIO(orig);
    if (check_strio(copy)) {
strio_free(DATA_PTR(copy));
    }
    DATA_PTR(copy) = ptr;
    OBJ_INFECT(copy, orig);
    RBASIC(copy)->flags &= ~STRIO_READWRITE;
    RBASIC(copy)->flags |= RBASIC(orig)->flags & STRIO_READWRITE;
    ++ptr->count;
    return copy;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.lineno -> integer
*
* Returns the current line number in *strio*. The stringio must be
* opened for reading. +lineno+ counts the number of times +gets+ is
* called, rather than the number of newlines encountered. The two
* values will differ if +gets+ is called with a separator other than
* newline. See also the <code>$.</code> variable.
*/
static VALUE
strio_get_lineno(VALUE self)
{
    return LONG2NUM(StringIO(self)->lineno);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.lineno = integer -> integer
*
* Manually sets the current line number to the given value.
* <code>$.</code> is updated only on the next read.
*/
static VALUE
strio_set_lineno(VALUE self, VALUE lineno)
{
    StringIO(self)->lineno = NUM2LONG(lineno);
    return lineno;
}

#define strio_binmode strio_self

#define strio_fcntl strio_unimpl

#define strio_flush strio_self

#define strio_fsync strio_0

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.reopen(other_StrIO) -> strio
* strio.reopen(string, mode) -> strio
*
* Reinitializes *strio* with the given <i>other_StrIO</i> or _string_
* and _mode_ (see StringIO#new).
*/
static VALUE
strio_reopen(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    rb_io_taint_check(self);
    if (argc == 1 && !RB_TYPE_P(*argv, T_STRING)) {
return strio_copy(self, *argv);
    }
    strio_init(argc, argv, StringIO(self), self);
    return self;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.pos -> integer
* strio.tell -> integer
*
* Returns the current offset (in bytes) of *strio*.
*/
static VALUE
strio_get_pos(VALUE self)
{
    return LONG2NUM(StringIO(self)->pos);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.pos = integer -> integer
*
* Seeks to the given position (in bytes) in *strio*.
*/
static VALUE
strio_set_pos(VALUE self, VALUE pos)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(self);
    long p = NUM2LONG(pos);
    if (p < 0) {
error_inval(0);
    }
    ptr->pos = p;
    return pos;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.rewind -> 0
*
* Positions *strio* to the beginning of input, resetting
* +lineno+ to zero.
*/
static VALUE
strio_rewind(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(self);
    ptr->pos = 0;
    ptr->lineno = 0;
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.seek(amount, whence=SEEK_SET) -> 0
*
* Seeks to a given offset _amount_ in the stream according to
* the value of _whence_ (see IO#seek).
*/
static VALUE
strio_seek(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE whence;
    struct StringIO *ptr = StringIO(self);
    long offset;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", NULL, &whence);
    offset = NUM2LONG(argv[0]);
    if (CLOSED(self)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "closed stream");
    }
    switch (NIL_P(whence) ? 0 : NUM2LONG(whence)) {
      case 0:
break;
      case 1:
offset += ptr->pos;
break;
      case 2:
offset += RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
break;
      default:
error_inval("invalid whence");
    }
    if (offset < 0) {
error_inval(0);
    }
    ptr->pos = offset;
    return INT2FIX(0);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.sync -> true
*
* Returns +true+ always.
*/
static VALUE
strio_get_sync(VALUE self)
{
    StringIO(self);
    return Qtrue;
}

#define strio_set_sync strio_first

#define strio_tell strio_get_pos

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.each_byte {|byte| block } -> strio
* strio.each_byte -> anEnumerator
*
* See IO#each_byte.
*/
static VALUE
strio_each_byte(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, 0, 0);

    while (ptr->pos < RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) {
char c = RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)[ptr->pos++];
rb_yield(CHR2FIX(c));
    }
    return self;
}

/*
* This is a deprecated alias for #each_byte.
*/
static VALUE
strio_bytes(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warn("StringIO#bytes is deprecated; use #each_byte instead");
    if (!rb_block_given_p())
return rb_enumeratorize(self, ID2SYM(rb_intern("each_byte")), 0, 0);
    return strio_each_byte(self);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.getc -> string or nil
*
* See IO#getc.
*/
static VALUE
strio_getc(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    rb_encoding *enc = rb_enc_get(ptr->string);
    int len;
    char *p;

    if (ptr->pos >= RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) {
return Qnil;
    }
    p = RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)+ptr->pos;
    len = rb_enc_mbclen(p, RSTRING_END(ptr->string), enc);
    ptr->pos += len;
    return rb_enc_str_new(p, len, rb_enc_get(ptr->string));
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.getbyte -> fixnum or nil
*
* See IO#getbyte.
*/
static VALUE
strio_getbyte(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    int c;
    if (ptr->pos >= RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) {
return Qnil;
    }
    c = RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)[ptr->pos++];
    return CHR2FIX(c);
}

static void
strio_extend(struct StringIO *ptr, long pos, long len)
{
    long olen;

    check_modifiable(ptr);
    olen = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
    if (pos + len > olen) {
rb_str_resize(ptr->string, pos + len);
if (pos > olen)
MEMZERO(RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string) + olen, char, pos - olen);
    }
    else {
rb_str_modify(ptr->string);
    }
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.ungetc(string) -> nil
*
* Pushes back one character (passed as a parameter) onto *strio*
* such that a subsequent buffered read will return it. There is no
* limitation for multiple pushbacks including pushing back behind the
* beginning of the buffer string.
*/
static VALUE
strio_ungetc(VALUE self, VALUE c)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    long lpos, clen;
    char *p, *pend;
    rb_encoding *enc, *enc2;

    if (NIL_P(c)) return Qnil;
    check_modifiable(ptr);
    if (FIXNUM_P(c)) {
int cc = FIX2INT(c);
char buf[16];

enc = rb_enc_get(ptr->string);
rb_enc_mbcput(cc, buf, enc);
c = rb_enc_str_new(buf, rb_enc_codelen(cc, enc), enc);
    }
    else {
SafeStringValue(c);
enc = rb_enc_get(ptr->string);
enc2 = rb_enc_get(c);
if (enc != enc2 && enc != rb_ascii8bit_encoding()) {
c = rb_str_conv_enc(c, enc2, enc);
}
    }
    if (RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string) < ptr->pos) {
long len = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
rb_str_resize(ptr->string, ptr->pos - 1);
memset(RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string) + len, 0, ptr->pos - len - 1);
rb_str_concat(ptr->string, c);
ptr->pos--;
    }
    else {
/* get logical position */
lpos = 0; p = RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string); pend = p + ptr->pos;
for (;;) {
clen = rb_enc_mbclen(p, pend, enc);
if (p+clen >= pend) break;
p += clen;
lpos++;
}
clen = p - RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string);
rb_str_update(ptr->string, lpos, ptr->pos ? 1 : 0, c);
ptr->pos = clen;
    }

    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.ungetbyte(fixnum) -> nil
*
* See IO#ungetbyte
*/
static VALUE
strio_ungetbyte(VALUE self, VALUE c)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    char buf[1], *cp = buf;
    long pos = ptr->pos, cl = 1;
    VALUE str = ptr->string;

    if (NIL_P(c)) return Qnil;
    if (FIXNUM_P(c)) {
buf[0] = (char)FIX2INT(c);
    }
    else {
SafeStringValue(c);
cp = RSTRING_PTR(c);
cl = RSTRING_LEN(c);
if (cl == 0) return Qnil;
    }
    check_modifiable(ptr);
    rb_str_modify(str);
    if (cl > pos) {
char *s;
long rest = RSTRING_LEN(str) - pos;
rb_str_resize(str, rest + cl);
s = RSTRING_PTR(str);
memmove(s + cl, s + pos, rest);
pos = 0;
    }
    else {
pos -= cl;
    }
    memcpy(RSTRING_PTR(str) + pos, cp, cl);
    ptr->pos = pos;
    RB_GC_GUARD(c);
    return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.readchar -> string
*
* See IO#readchar.
*/
static VALUE
strio_readchar(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE c = rb_funcall2(self, rb_intern("getc"), 0, 0);
    if (NIL_P(c)) rb_eof_error();
    return c;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.readbyte -> fixnum
*
* See IO#readbyte.
*/
static VALUE
strio_readbyte(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE c = rb_funcall2(self, rb_intern("getbyte"), 0, 0);
    if (NIL_P(c)) rb_eof_error();
    return c;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.each_char {|char| block } -> strio
* strio.each_char -> anEnumerator
*
* See IO#each_char.
*/
static VALUE
strio_each_char(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE c;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, 0, 0);

    while (!NIL_P(c = strio_getc(self))) {
rb_yield(c);
    }
    return self;
}

/*
* This is a deprecated alias for <code>each_char</code>.
*/
static VALUE
strio_chars(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warn("StringIO#chars is deprecated; use #each_char instead");
    if (!rb_block_given_p())
return rb_enumeratorize(self, ID2SYM(rb_intern("each_char")), 0, 0);
    return strio_each_char(self);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.each_codepoint {|c| block } -> strio
* strio.each_codepoint -> anEnumerator
*
* See IO#each_codepoint.
*/
static VALUE
strio_each_codepoint(VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr;
    rb_encoding *enc;
    unsigned int c;
    int n;

    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, 0, 0);

    ptr = readable(self);
    enc = rb_enc_get(ptr->string);
    for (;;) {
if (ptr->pos >= RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) {
return self;
}

c = rb_enc_codepoint_len(RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)+ptr->pos,
RSTRING_END(ptr->string), &n, enc);
rb_yield(UINT2NUM(c));
ptr->pos += n;
    }
    return self;
}

/*
* This is a deprecated alias for <code>each_codepoint</code>.
*/
static VALUE
strio_codepoints(VALUE self)
{
    rb_warn("StringIO#codepoints is deprecated; use #each_codepoint instead");
    if (!rb_block_given_p())
return rb_enumeratorize(self, ID2SYM(rb_intern("each_codepoint")), 0, 0);
    return strio_each_codepoint(self);
}

/* Boyer-Moore search: copied from regex.c */
static void
bm_init_skip(long *skip, const char *pat, long m)
{
    int c;

    for (c = 0; c < (1 << CHAR_BIT); c++) {
skip[c] = m;
    }
    while (--m) {
skip[(unsigned char)*pat++] = m;
    }
}

static long
bm_search(const char *little, long llen, const char *big, long blen, const long *skip)
{
    long i, j, k;

    i = llen - 1;
    while (i < blen) {
k = i;
j = llen - 1;
while (j >= 0 && big[k] == little[j]) {
k--;
j--;
}
if (j < 0) return k + 1;
i += skip[(unsigned char)big[i]];
    }
    return -1;
}

static VALUE
strio_getline(int argc, VALUE *argv, struct StringIO *ptr)
{
    const char *s, *e, *p;
    long n, limit = 0;
    VALUE str, lim;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "02", &str, &lim);
    switch (argc) {
      case 0:
str = rb_rs;
break;

      case 1:
if (!NIL_P(str) && !RB_TYPE_P(str, T_STRING)) {
VALUE tmp = rb_check_string_type(str);
if (NIL_P(tmp)) {
limit = NUM2LONG(str);
if (limit == 0) return rb_str_new(0,0);
str = rb_rs;
}
else {
str = tmp;
}
}
break;

      case 2:
if (!NIL_P(str)) StringValue(str);
if (!NIL_P(lim)) limit = NUM2LONG(lim);
break;
    }

    if (ptr->pos >= (n = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string))) {
return Qnil;
    }
    s = RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string);
    e = s + RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
    s += ptr->pos;
    if (limit > 0 && s + limit < e) {
e = rb_enc_right_char_head(s, s + limit, e, rb_enc_get(ptr->string));
    }
    if (NIL_P(str)) {
str = strio_substr(ptr, ptr->pos, e - s);
    }
    else if ((n = RSTRING_LEN(str)) == 0) {
p = s;
while (*p == '\n') {
if (++p == e) {
return Qnil;
}
}
s = p;
while ((p = memchr(p, '\n', e - p)) && (p != e)) {
if (*++p == '\n') {
e = p + 1;
break;
}
}
str = strio_substr(ptr, s - RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string), e - s);
    }
    else if (n == 1) {
if ((p = memchr(s, RSTRING_PTR(str)[0], e - s)) != 0) {
e = p + 1;
}
str = strio_substr(ptr, ptr->pos, e - s);
    }
    else {
if (n < e - s) {
if (e - s < 1024) {
for (p = s; p + n <= e; ++p) {
if (MEMCMP(p, RSTRING_PTR(str), char, n) == 0) {
e = p + n;
break;
}
}
}
else {
long skip[1 << CHAR_BIT], pos;
p = RSTRING_PTR(str);
bm_init_skip(skip, p, n);
if ((pos = bm_search(p, n, s, e - s, skip)) >= 0) {
e = s + pos + n;
}
}
}
str = strio_substr(ptr, ptr->pos, e - s);
    }
    ptr->pos = e - RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string);
    ptr->lineno++;
    return str;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.gets(sep=$/) -> string or nil
* strio.gets(limit) -> string or nil
* strio.gets(sep, limit) -> string or nil
*
* See IO#gets.
*/
static VALUE
strio_gets(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str = strio_getline(argc, argv, readable(self));

    rb_lastline_set(str);
    return str;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.readline(sep=$/) -> string
* strio.readline(limit) -> string or nil
* strio.readline(sep, limit) -> string or nil
*
* See IO#readline.
*/
static VALUE
strio_readline(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE line = rb_funcall2(self, rb_intern("gets"), argc, argv);
    if (NIL_P(line)) rb_eof_error();
    return line;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.each(sep=$/) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each(limit) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each(sep, limit) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each(...) -> anEnumerator
*
* strio.each_line(sep=$/) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each_line(limit) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each_line(sep,limit) {|line| block } -> strio
* strio.each_line(...) -> anEnumerator
*
* See IO#each.
*/
static VALUE
strio_each(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE line;

    StringIO(self);
    RETURN_ENUMERATOR(self, argc, argv);

    if (argc > 0 && !NIL_P(argv[argc-1]) && NIL_P(rb_check_string_type(argv[argc-1])) &&
NUM2LONG(argv[argc-1]) == 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid limit: 0 for each_line");
    }

    while (!NIL_P(line = strio_getline(argc, argv, readable(self)))) {
rb_yield(line);
    }
    return self;
}

/*
* This is a deprecated alias for <code>each_line</code>.
*/
static VALUE
strio_lines(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    rb_warn("StringIO#lines is deprecated; use #each_line instead");
    if (!rb_block_given_p())
return rb_enumeratorize(self, ID2SYM(rb_intern("each_line")), argc, argv);
    return strio_each(argc, argv, self);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.readlines(sep=$/) -> array
* strio.readlines(limit) -> array
* strio.readlines(sep,limit) -> array
*
* See IO#readlines.
*/
static VALUE
strio_readlines(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE ary, line;

    StringIO(self);
    ary = rb_ary_new();
    if (argc > 0 && !NIL_P(argv[argc-1]) && NIL_P(rb_check_string_type(argv[argc-1])) &&
NUM2LONG(argv[argc-1]) == 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid limit: 0 for readlines");
    }

    while (!NIL_P(line = strio_getline(argc, argv, readable(self)))) {
rb_ary_push(ary, line);
    }
    return ary;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.write(string) -> integer
* strio.syswrite(string) -> integer
*
* Appends the given string to the underlying buffer string of *strio*.
* The stream must be opened for writing. If the argument is not a
* string, it will be converted to a string using <code>to_s</code>.
* Returns the number of bytes written. See IO#write.
*/
static VALUE
strio_write(VALUE self, VALUE str)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = writable(self);
    long len, olen;
    rb_encoding *enc, *enc2;

    RB_GC_GUARD(str);
    if (!RB_TYPE_P(str, T_STRING))
str = rb_obj_as_string(str);
    enc = rb_enc_get(ptr->string);
    enc2 = rb_enc_get(str);
    if (enc != enc2 && enc != rb_ascii8bit_encoding()) {
str = rb_str_conv_enc(str, enc2, enc);
    }
    len = RSTRING_LEN(str);
    if (len == 0) return INT2FIX(0);
    check_modifiable(ptr);
    olen = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
    if (ptr->flags & FMODE_APPEND) {
ptr->pos = olen;
    }
    if (ptr->pos == olen) {
rb_enc_str_buf_cat(ptr->string, RSTRING_PTR(str), len, enc);
    }
    else {
strio_extend(ptr, ptr->pos, len);
memmove(RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)+ptr->pos, RSTRING_PTR(str), len);
OBJ_INFECT(ptr->string, str);
    }
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr->string, self);
    ptr->pos += len;
    return LONG2NUM(len);
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio << obj -> strio
*
* See IO#<<.
*/
#define strio_addstr rb_io_addstr

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.print() -> nil
* strio.print(obj, ...) -> nil
*
* See IO#print.
*/
#define strio_print rb_io_print

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.printf(format_string [, obj, ...] ) -> nil
*
* See IO#printf.
*/
#define strio_printf rb_io_printf

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.putc(obj) -> obj
*
* See IO#putc.
*/
static VALUE
strio_putc(VALUE self, VALUE ch)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = writable(self);
    int c = NUM2CHR(ch);
    long olen;

    check_modifiable(ptr);
    olen = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
    if (ptr->flags & FMODE_APPEND) {
ptr->pos = olen;
    }
    strio_extend(ptr, ptr->pos, 1);
    RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string)[ptr->pos++] = c;
    OBJ_INFECT(ptr->string, self);
    return ch;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.puts(obj, ...) -> nil
*
* See IO#puts.
*/
#define strio_puts rb_io_puts

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.read([length [, outbuf]]) -> string, outbuf, or nil
*
* See IO#read.
*/
static VALUE
strio_read(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    struct StringIO *ptr = readable(self);
    VALUE str = Qnil;
    long len;
    int binary = 0;

    switch (argc) {
      case 2:
str = argv[1];
if (!NIL_P(str)) {
StringValue(str);
rb_str_modify(str);
}
      case 1:
if (!NIL_P(argv[0])) {
len = NUM2LONG(argv[0]);
if (len < 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "negative length %ld given", len);
}
if (len > 0 && ptr->pos >= RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string)) {
if (!NIL_P(str)) rb_str_resize(str, 0);
return Qnil;
}
binary = 1;
break;
}
/* fall through */
      case 0:
len = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string);
if (len <= ptr->pos) {
if (NIL_P(str)) {
str = rb_str_new(0, 0);
}
else {
rb_str_resize(str, 0);
}
return str;
}
else {
len -= ptr->pos;
}
break;
      default:
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (%d for 0)", argc);
    }
    if (NIL_P(str)) {
str = strio_substr(ptr, ptr->pos, len);
if (binary) rb_enc_associate(str, rb_ascii8bit_encoding());
    }
    else {
long rest = RSTRING_LEN(ptr->string) - ptr->pos;
if (len > rest) len = rest;
rb_str_resize(str, len);
MEMCPY(RSTRING_PTR(str), RSTRING_PTR(ptr->string) + ptr->pos, char, len);
if (binary)
rb_enc_associate(str, rb_ascii8bit_encoding());
else
rb_enc_copy(str, ptr->string);
    }
    ptr->pos += RSTRING_LEN(str);
    return str;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.sysread(integer[, outbuf]) -> string
* strio.readpartial(integer[, outbuf]) -> string
*
* Similar to #read, but raises +EOFError+ at end of string instead of
* returning +nil+, as well as IO#sysread does.
*/
static VALUE
strio_sysread(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE val = rb_funcall2(self, rb_intern("read"), argc, argv);
    if (NIL_P(val)) {
rb_eof_error();
    }
    return val;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.read_nonblock(integer[, outbuf [, opts]]) -> string
*
* Similar to #read, but raises +EOFError+ at end of string unless the
* +exception: false+ option is passed in.
*/
static VALUE
strio_read_nonblock(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE opts = Qnil, val;
    int no_exception = 0;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11:", NULL, NULL, &opts);

    if (!NIL_P(opts)) {
argc--;

if (Qfalse == rb_hash_aref(opts, sym_exception))
no_exception = 1;
    }

    val = strio_read(argc, argv, self);
    if (NIL_P(val)) {
if (no_exception)
return Qnil;
else
rb_eof_error();
    }

    return val;
}

#define strio_syswrite rb_io_write

static VALUE
strio_syswrite_nonblock(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE str;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "10:", &str, NULL);
    return strio_syswrite(self, str);
}

#define strio_isatty strio_false

#define strio_pid strio_nil

#define strio_fileno strio_nil

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.length -> integer
* strio.size -> integer
*
* Returns the size of the buffer string.
*/
static VALUE
strio_size(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE string = StringIO(self)->string;
    if (NIL_P(string)) {
rb_raise(rb_eIOError, "not opened");
    }
    return ULONG2NUM(RSTRING_LEN(string));
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.truncate(integer) -> 0
*
* Truncates the buffer string to at most _integer_ bytes. The *strio*
* must be opened for writing.
*/
static VALUE
strio_truncate(VALUE self, VALUE len)
{
    VALUE string = writable(self)->string;
    long l = NUM2LONG(len);
    long plen = RSTRING_LEN(string);
    if (l < 0) {
error_inval("negative length");
    }
    rb_str_resize(string, l);
    if (plen < l) {
MEMZERO(RSTRING_PTR(string) + plen, char, l - plen);
    }
    return len;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.external_encoding => encoding
*
* Returns the Encoding object that represents the encoding of the file.
* If strio is write mode and no encoding is specified, returns <code>nil</code>.
*/

static VALUE
strio_external_encoding(VALUE self)
{
    return rb_enc_from_encoding(rb_enc_get(StringIO(self)->string));
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.internal_encoding => encoding
*
* Returns the Encoding of the internal string if conversion is
* specified. Otherwise returns nil.
*/

static VALUE
strio_internal_encoding(VALUE self)
{
     return Qnil;
}

/*
* call-seq:
* strio.set_encoding(ext_enc, [int_enc[, opt]]) => strio
*
* Specify the encoding of the StringIO as <i>ext_enc</i>.
* Use the default external encoding if <i>ext_enc</i> is nil.
* 2nd argument <i>int_enc</i> and optional hash <i>opt</i> argument
* are ignored; they are for API compatibility to IO.
*/

static VALUE
strio_set_encoding(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    rb_encoding* enc;
    VALUE str = StringIO(self)->string;
    VALUE ext_enc, int_enc, opt;

    argc = rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11:", &ext_enc, &int_enc, &opt);

    if (NIL_P(ext_enc)) {
enc = rb_default_external_encoding();
    }
    else {
enc = rb_to_encoding(ext_enc);
    }
    rb_enc_associate(str, enc);
    return self;
}

/*
* Pseudo I/O on String object.
*
* Commonly used to simulate `$stdio` or `$stderr`
*
* === Examples
*
* require 'stringio'
*
* io = StringIO.new
* io.puts "Hello World"
* io.string #=> "Hello World"
*/
void
Init_stringio()
{
    VALUE StringIO = rb_define_class("StringIO", rb_cData);

    rb_include_module(StringIO, rb_mEnumerable);
    rb_define_alloc_func(StringIO, strio_s_allocate);
    rb_define_singleton_method(StringIO, "open", strio_s_open, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "initialize", strio_initialize, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "initialize_copy", strio_copy, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "reopen", strio_reopen, -1);

    rb_define_method(StringIO, "string", strio_get_string, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "string=", strio_set_string, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "lineno", strio_get_lineno, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "lineno=", strio_set_lineno, 1);


    /* call-seq: strio.binmode -> true */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "binmode", strio_binmode, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "close", strio_close, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "close_read", strio_close_read, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "close_write", strio_close_write, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "closed?", strio_closed, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "closed_read?", strio_closed_read, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "closed_write?", strio_closed_write, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "eof", strio_eof, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "eof?", strio_eof, 0);
    /* call-seq: strio.fcntl */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "fcntl", strio_fcntl, -1);
    /* call-seq: strio.flush -> strio */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "flush", strio_flush, 0);
    /* call-seq: strio.fsync -> 0 */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "fsync", strio_fsync, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "pos", strio_get_pos, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "pos=", strio_set_pos, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "rewind", strio_rewind, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "seek", strio_seek, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "sync", strio_get_sync, 0);
    /* call-seq: strio.sync = boolean -> boolean */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "sync=", strio_set_sync, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "tell", strio_tell, 0);

    rb_define_method(StringIO, "each", strio_each, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "each_line", strio_each, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "lines", strio_lines, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "each_byte", strio_each_byte, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "bytes", strio_bytes, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "each_char", strio_each_char, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "chars", strio_chars, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "each_codepoint", strio_each_codepoint, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "codepoints", strio_codepoints, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "getc", strio_getc, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "ungetc", strio_ungetc, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "ungetbyte", strio_ungetbyte, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "getbyte", strio_getbyte, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "gets", strio_gets, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "readlines", strio_readlines, -1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "read", strio_read, -1);

    rb_define_method(StringIO, "write", strio_write, 1);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "putc", strio_putc, 1);

    /*
* call-seq:
* strio.isatty -> nil
* strio.tty? -> nil
*
*/
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "isatty", strio_isatty, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "tty?", strio_isatty, 0);

    /* call-seq: strio.pid -> nil */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "pid", strio_pid, 0);

    /* call-seq: strio.fileno -> nil */
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "fileno", strio_fileno, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "size", strio_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "length", strio_size, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "truncate", strio_truncate, 1);

    rb_define_method(StringIO, "external_encoding", strio_external_encoding, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "internal_encoding", strio_internal_encoding, 0);
    rb_define_method(StringIO, "set_encoding", strio_set_encoding, -1);

    {
VALUE mReadable = rb_define_module_under(rb_cIO, "generic_readable");
rb_define_method(mReadable, "readchar", strio_readchar, 0);
rb_define_method(mReadable, "readbyte", strio_readbyte, 0);
rb_define_method(mReadable, "readline", strio_readline, -1);
rb_define_method(mReadable, "sysread", strio_sysread, -1);
rb_define_method(mReadable, "readpartial", strio_sysread, -1);
rb_define_method(mReadable, "read_nonblock", strio_read_nonblock, -1);
rb_include_module(StringIO, mReadable);
    }
    {
VALUE mWritable = rb_define_module_under(rb_cIO, "generic_writable");
rb_define_method(mWritable, "<<", strio_addstr, 1);
rb_define_method(mWritable, "print", strio_print, -1);
rb_define_method(mWritable, "printf", strio_printf, -1);
rb_define_method(mWritable, "puts", strio_puts, -1);
rb_define_method(mWritable, "syswrite", strio_syswrite, 1);
rb_define_method(mWritable, "write_nonblock", strio_syswrite_nonblock, -1);
rb_include_module(StringIO, mWritable);
    }

    sym_exception = ID2SYM(rb_intern("exception"));
}
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