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/**********************************************************************
hash.c -
$Author$
created at: Mon Nov 22 18:51:18 JST 1993
Copyright (C) 1993-2007 Yukihiro Matsumoto
Copyright (C) 2000 Network Applied Communication Laboratory, Inc.
Copyright (C) 2000 Information-technology Promotion Agency, Japan
**********************************************************************/
#include "internal.h"
#include "ruby/st.h"
#include "ruby/util.h"
#include <errno.h>
#include "probes.h"
#include "id.h"
#include "symbol.h"
#ifdef __APPLE__
# ifdef HAVE_CRT_EXTERNS_H
# include <crt_externs.h>
# else
# include "missing/crt_externs.h"
# endif
#endif
#define HAS_EXTRA_STATES(hash, klass) ( \
((klass = has_extra_methods(rb_obj_class(hash))) != 0) || \
FL_TEST((hash), FL_EXIVAR|FL_TAINT|HASH_PROC_DEFAULT) || \
!NIL_P(RHASH_IFNONE(hash)))
static VALUE
has_extra_methods(VALUE klass)
{
const VALUE base = rb_cHash;
VALUE c = klass;
while (c != base) {
if (rb_class_has_methods(c)) return klass;
c = RCLASS_SUPER(c);
}
return 0;
}
static VALUE rb_hash_s_try_convert(VALUE, VALUE);
/*
* Hash WB strategy:
* 1. Check mutate st_* functions
* * st_insert()
* * st_insert2()
* * st_update()
* * st_add_direct()
* 2. Insert WBs
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_freeze(VALUE hash)
{
return rb_obj_freeze(hash);
}
VALUE rb_cHash;
static VALUE envtbl;
static ID id_hash, id_yield, id_default, id_flatten_bang;
VALUE
rb_hash_ifnone(VALUE h)
{
return RHASH_IFNONE(h);
}
VALUE
rb_hash_set_ifnone(VALUE hash, VALUE ifnone)
{
RB_OBJ_WRITE(hash, (&RHASH(hash)->ifnone), ifnone);
return hash;
}
static int
rb_any_cmp(VALUE a, VALUE b)
{
if (a == b) return 0;
if (FIXNUM_P(a) && FIXNUM_P(b)) {
return a != b;
}
if (RB_TYPE_P(a, T_STRING) && RBASIC(a)->klass == rb_cString &&
RB_TYPE_P(b, T_STRING) && RBASIC(b)->klass == rb_cString) {
return rb_str_hash_cmp(a, b);
}
if (a == Qundef || b == Qundef) return -1;
if (SYMBOL_P(a) && SYMBOL_P(b)) {
return a != b;
}
return !rb_eql(a, b);
}
static VALUE
hash_recursive(VALUE obj, VALUE arg, int recurse)
{
if (recurse) return INT2FIX(0);
return rb_funcallv(obj, id_hash, 0, 0);
}
VALUE
rb_hash(VALUE obj)
{
VALUE hval = rb_exec_recursive_outer(hash_recursive, obj, 0);
while (!FIXNUM_P(hval)) {
if (RB_TYPE_P(hval, T_BIGNUM)) {
int sign;
unsigned long ul;
sign = rb_integer_pack(hval, &ul, 1, sizeof(ul), 0,
INTEGER_PACK_NATIVE_BYTE_ORDER);
ul &= (1UL << (sizeof(long)*CHAR_BIT-1)) - 1;
if (sign < 0)
return LONG2FIX(-(long)ul);
return LONG2FIX((long)ul);
}
hval = rb_to_int(hval);
}
return hval;
}
long rb_objid_hash(st_index_t index);
static st_index_t
any_hash(VALUE a, st_index_t (*other_func)(VALUE))
{
VALUE hval;
st_index_t hnum;
if (SPECIAL_CONST_P(a)) {
if (a == Qundef) return 0;
if (STATIC_SYM_P(a)) {
a >>= (RUBY_SPECIAL_SHIFT + ID_SCOPE_SHIFT);
}
else if (FLONUM_P(a)) {
/* prevent pathological behavior: [Bug #10761] */
goto flt;
}
hnum = rb_objid_hash((st_index_t)a);
}
else if (BUILTIN_TYPE(a) == T_STRING) {
hnum = rb_str_hash(a);
}
else if (BUILTIN_TYPE(a) == T_SYMBOL) {
hnum = RSYMBOL(a)->hashval;
}
else if (BUILTIN_TYPE(a) == T_FLOAT) {
flt:
hval = rb_dbl_hash(rb_float_value(a));
hnum = FIX2LONG(hval);
}
else {
hnum = other_func(a);
}
hnum <<= 1;
return (st_index_t)RSHIFT(hnum, 1);
}
static st_index_t
obj_any_hash(VALUE obj)
{
obj = rb_hash(obj);
return FIX2LONG(obj);
}
static st_index_t
rb_any_hash(VALUE a)
{
return any_hash(a, obj_any_hash);
}
long
rb_objid_hash(st_index_t index)
{
st_index_t hnum = rb_hash_start(index);
hnum = rb_hash_uint(hnum, (st_index_t)rb_any_hash);
hnum = rb_hash_end(hnum);
return hnum;
}
static st_index_t
objid_hash(VALUE obj)
{
return rb_objid_hash((st_index_t)obj);
}
VALUE
rb_obj_hash(VALUE obj)
{
st_index_t hnum = any_hash(obj, objid_hash);
return LONG2FIX(hnum);
}
int
rb_hash_iter_lev(VALUE h)
{
return RHASH_ITER_LEV(h);
}
static const struct st_hash_type objhash = {
rb_any_cmp,
rb_any_hash,
};
#define rb_ident_cmp st_numcmp
static st_index_t
rb_ident_hash(st_data_t n)
{
/*
* This hash function is lightly-tuned for Ruby. Further tuning
* should be possible. Notes:
*
* - (n >> 3) alone is great for heap objects and OK for fixnum,
* however symbols perform poorly.
* - (n >> (RUBY_SPECIAL_SHIFT+3)) was added to make symbols hash well,
* n.b.: +3 to remove ID scope, +1 worked well initially, too
* - (n << 3) was finally added to avoid losing bits for fixnums
* - avoid expensive modulo instructions, it is currently only
* shifts and bitmask operations.
* - flonum (on 64-bit) is pathologically bad, mix the actual
* float value in, but do not use the float value as-is since
* many integers get interpreted as 2.0 or -2.0 [Bug #10761]
*/
#ifdef USE_FLONUM /* RUBY */
if (FLONUM_P(n)) {
n ^= (st_data_t)rb_float_value(n);
}
#endif
return (st_index_t)((n>>(RUBY_SPECIAL_SHIFT+3)|(n<<3)) ^ (n>>3));
}
static const struct st_hash_type identhash = {
rb_ident_cmp,
rb_ident_hash,
};
typedef int st_foreach_func(st_data_t, st_data_t, st_data_t);
struct foreach_safe_arg {
st_table *tbl;
st_foreach_func *func;
st_data_t arg;
};
static int
foreach_safe_i(st_data_t key, st_data_t value, st_data_t args, int error)
{
int status;
struct foreach_safe_arg *arg = (void *)args;
if (error) return ST_STOP;
status = (*arg->func)(key, value, arg->arg);
if (status == ST_CONTINUE) {
return ST_CHECK;
}
return status;
}
void
st_foreach_safe(st_table *table, int (*func)(ANYARGS), st_data_t a)
{
struct foreach_safe_arg arg;
arg.tbl = table;
arg.func = (st_foreach_func *)func;
arg.arg = a;
if (st_foreach_check(table, foreach_safe_i, (st_data_t)&arg, 0)) {
rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "hash modified during iteration");
}
}
typedef int rb_foreach_func(VALUE, VALUE, VALUE);
struct hash_foreach_arg {
VALUE hash;
rb_foreach_func *func;
VALUE arg;
};
static int
hash_foreach_iter(st_data_t key, st_data_t value, st_data_t argp, int error)
{
struct hash_foreach_arg *arg = (struct hash_foreach_arg *)argp;
int status;
st_table *tbl;
if (error) return ST_STOP;
tbl = RHASH(arg->hash)->ntbl;
status = (*arg->func)((VALUE)key, (VALUE)value, arg->arg);
if (RHASH(arg->hash)->ntbl != tbl) {
rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "rehash occurred during iteration");
}
switch (status) {
case ST_DELETE:
FL_SET(arg->hash, HASH_DELETED);
return ST_DELETE;
case ST_CONTINUE:
break;
case ST_STOP:
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CHECK;
}
static VALUE
hash_foreach_ensure_rollback(VALUE hash)
{
RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash)++;
return 0;
}
static VALUE
hash_foreach_ensure(VALUE hash)
{
if (--RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash) == 0) {
if (FL_TEST(hash, HASH_DELETED)) {
st_cleanup_safe(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, (st_data_t)Qundef);
FL_UNSET(hash, HASH_DELETED);
}
}
return 0;
}
static VALUE
hash_foreach_call(VALUE arg)
{
VALUE hash = ((struct hash_foreach_arg *)arg)->hash;
if (st_foreach_check(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, hash_foreach_iter, (st_data_t)arg, (st_data_t)Qundef)) {
rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "hash modified during iteration");
}
return Qnil;
}
void
rb_hash_foreach(VALUE hash, int (*func)(ANYARGS), VALUE farg)
{
struct hash_foreach_arg arg;
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return;
RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash)++;
arg.hash = hash;
arg.func = (rb_foreach_func *)func;
arg.arg = farg;
rb_ensure(hash_foreach_call, (VALUE)&arg, hash_foreach_ensure, hash);
}
static VALUE
hash_alloc(VALUE klass)
{
NEWOBJ_OF(hash, struct RHash, klass, T_HASH | (RGENGC_WB_PROTECTED_HASH ? FL_WB_PROTECTED : 0));
RHASH_SET_IFNONE((VALUE)hash, Qnil);
return (VALUE)hash;
}
static VALUE
empty_hash_alloc(VALUE klass)
{
if (RUBY_DTRACE_HASH_CREATE_ENABLED()) {
RUBY_DTRACE_HASH_CREATE(0, rb_sourcefile(), rb_sourceline());
}
return hash_alloc(klass);
}
VALUE
rb_hash_new(void)
{
return hash_alloc(rb_cHash);
}
static inline VALUE
rb_hash_dup_empty(VALUE hash)
{
NEWOBJ_OF(ret, struct RHash,
rb_obj_class(hash),
(RBASIC(hash)->flags)&(T_MASK|FL_EXIVAR|FL_TAINT));
if (FL_TEST((hash), FL_EXIVAR))
rb_copy_generic_ivar((VALUE)(ret),(VALUE)(hash));
if (FL_TEST(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) {
FL_SET(ret, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
}
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(ret, RHASH_IFNONE(hash));
return (VALUE)ret;
}
VALUE
rb_hash_dup(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE ret = rb_hash_dup_empty(hash);
if (!RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash))
RHASH(ret)->ntbl = st_copy(RHASH(hash)->ntbl);
return ret;
}
static void
rb_hash_modify_check(VALUE hash)
{
rb_check_frozen(hash);
}
static struct st_table *
hash_tbl(VALUE hash)
{
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl) {
RHASH(hash)->ntbl = st_init_table(&objhash);
}
return RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
}
struct st_table *
rb_hash_tbl(VALUE hash)
{
OBJ_WB_UNPROTECT(hash);
return hash_tbl(hash);
}
struct st_table *
rb_hash_tbl_raw(VALUE hash)
{
return hash_tbl(hash);
}
static void
rb_hash_modify(VALUE hash)
{
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
hash_tbl(hash);
}
NORETURN(static void no_new_key(void));
static void
no_new_key(void)
{
rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "can't add a new key into hash during iteration");
}
struct update_callback_arg {
VALUE hash;
st_data_t arg;
};
#define NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(func) \
static int \
func##_noinsert(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *val, st_data_t arg, int existing) \
{ \
if (!existing) no_new_key(); \
return func(key, val, (struct update_arg *)arg, existing); \
} \
\
static int \
func##_insert(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *val, st_data_t arg, int existing) \
{ \
return func(key, val, (struct update_arg *)arg, existing); \
}
struct update_arg {
st_data_t arg;
VALUE hash;
VALUE new_key;
VALUE old_key;
VALUE new_value;
VALUE old_value;
};
static int
tbl_update(VALUE hash, VALUE key, int (*func)(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *val, st_data_t arg, int existing), st_data_t optional_arg)
{
struct update_arg arg;
int result;
arg.arg = optional_arg;
arg.hash = hash;
arg.new_key = 0;
arg.old_key = Qundef;
arg.new_value = 0;
arg.old_value = Qundef;
result = st_update(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, (st_data_t)key, func, (st_data_t)&arg);
/* write barrier */
if (arg.new_key) RB_OBJ_WRITTEN(hash, arg.old_key, arg.new_key);
if (arg.new_value) RB_OBJ_WRITTEN(hash, arg.old_value, arg.new_value);
return result;
}
#define UPDATE_CALLBACK(iter_lev, func) ((iter_lev) > 0 ? func##_noinsert : func##_insert)
#define RHASH_UPDATE_ITER(h, iter_lev, key, func, a) do { \
tbl_update((h), (key), UPDATE_CALLBACK((iter_lev), func), (st_data_t)(a)); \
} while (0)
#define RHASH_UPDATE(hash, key, func, arg) \
RHASH_UPDATE_ITER(hash, RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash), key, func, arg)
static void
default_proc_arity_check(VALUE proc)
{
int n = rb_proc_arity(proc);
if (rb_proc_lambda_p(proc) && n != 2 && (n >= 0 || n < -3)) {
if (n < 0) n = -n-1;
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "default_proc takes two arguments (2 for %d)", n);
}
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Hash.new -> new_hash
* Hash.new(obj) -> new_hash
* Hash.new {|hash, key| block } -> new_hash
*
* Returns a new, empty hash. If this hash is subsequently accessed by
* a key that doesn't correspond to a hash entry, the value returned
* depends on the style of <code>new</code> used to create the hash. In
* the first form, the access returns <code>nil</code>. If
* <i>obj</i> is specified, this single object will be used for
* all <em>default values</em>. If a block is specified, it will be
* called with the hash object and the key, and should return the
* default value. It is the block's responsibility to store the value
* in the hash if required.
*
* h = Hash.new("Go Fish")
* h["a"] = 100
* h["b"] = 200
* h["a"] #=> 100
* h["c"] #=> "Go Fish"
* # The following alters the single default object
* h["c"].upcase! #=> "GO FISH"
* h["d"] #=> "GO FISH"
* h.keys #=> ["a", "b"]
*
* # While this creates a new default object each time
* h = Hash.new { |hash, key| hash[key] = "Go Fish: #{key}" }
* h["c"] #=> "Go Fish: c"
* h["c"].upcase! #=> "GO FISH: C"
* h["d"] #=> "Go Fish: d"
* h.keys #=> ["c", "d"]
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_initialize(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE ifnone;
rb_hash_modify(hash);
if (rb_block_given_p()) {
rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 0);
ifnone = rb_block_proc();
default_proc_arity_check(ifnone);
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, ifnone);
FL_SET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
}
else {
rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
ifnone = argc == 0 ? Qnil : argv[0];
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, ifnone);
}
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Hash[ key, value, ... ] -> new_hash
* Hash[ [ [key, value], ... ] ] -> new_hash
* Hash[ object ] -> new_hash
*
* Creates a new hash populated with the given objects.
*
* Similar to the literal <code>{ _key_ => _value_, ... }</code>. In the first
* form, keys and values occur in pairs, so there must be an even number of
* arguments.
*
* The second and third form take a single argument which is either an array
* of key-value pairs or an object convertible to a hash.
*
* Hash["a", 100, "b", 200] #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200}
* Hash[ [ ["a", 100], ["b", 200] ] ] #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200}
* Hash["a" => 100, "b" => 200] #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200}
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_s_create(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE klass)
{
VALUE hash, tmp;
int i;
if (argc == 1) {
tmp = rb_hash_s_try_convert(Qnil, argv[0]);
if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
hash = hash_alloc(klass);
if (RHASH(tmp)->ntbl) {
RHASH(hash)->ntbl = st_copy(RHASH(tmp)->ntbl);
}
return hash;
}
tmp = rb_check_array_type(argv[0]);
if (!NIL_P(tmp)) {
long i;
hash = hash_alloc(klass);
for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(tmp); ++i) {
VALUE e = RARRAY_AREF(tmp, i);
VALUE v = rb_check_array_type(e);
VALUE key, val = Qnil;
if (NIL_P(v)) {
#if 0 /* refix in the next release */
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong element type %s at %ld (expected array)",
rb_builtin_class_name(e), i);
#else
rb_warn("wrong element type %s at %ld (expected array)",
rb_builtin_class_name(e), i);
rb_warn("ignoring wrong elements is deprecated, remove them explicitly");
rb_warn("this causes ArgumentError in the next release");
continue;
#endif
}
switch (RARRAY_LEN(v)) {
default:
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid number of elements (%ld for 1..2)",
RARRAY_LEN(v));
case 2:
val = RARRAY_AREF(v, 1);
case 1:
key = RARRAY_AREF(v, 0);
rb_hash_aset(hash, key, val);
}
}
return hash;
}
}
if (argc % 2 != 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "odd number of arguments for Hash");
}
hash = hash_alloc(klass);
for (i=0; i<argc; i+=2) {
rb_hash_aset(hash, argv[i], argv[i + 1]);
}
return hash;
}
static VALUE
to_hash(VALUE hash)
{
return rb_convert_type(hash, T_HASH, "Hash", "to_hash");
}
VALUE
rb_check_hash_type(VALUE hash)
{
return rb_check_convert_type(hash, T_HASH, "Hash", "to_hash");
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Hash.try_convert(obj) -> hash or nil
*
* Try to convert <i>obj</i> into a hash, using to_hash method.
* Returns converted hash or nil if <i>obj</i> cannot be converted
* for any reason.
*
* Hash.try_convert({1=>2}) # => {1=>2}
* Hash.try_convert("1=>2") # => nil
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_s_try_convert(VALUE dummy, VALUE hash)
{
return rb_check_hash_type(hash);
}
struct rehash_arg {
VALUE hash;
st_table *tbl;
};
static int
rb_hash_rehash_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
st_table *tbl = (st_table *)arg;
st_insert(tbl, (st_data_t)key, (st_data_t)value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.rehash -> hsh
*
* Rebuilds the hash based on the current hash values for each key. If
* values of key objects have changed since they were inserted, this
* method will reindex <i>hsh</i>. If <code>Hash#rehash</code> is
* called while an iterator is traversing the hash, an
* <code>RuntimeError</code> will be raised in the iterator.
*
* a = [ "a", "b" ]
* c = [ "c", "d" ]
* h = { a => 100, c => 300 }
* h[a] #=> 100
* a[0] = "z"
* h[a] #=> nil
* h.rehash #=> {["z", "b"]=>100, ["c", "d"]=>300}
* h[a] #=> 100
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_rehash(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE tmp;
st_table *tbl;
if (RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash) > 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eRuntimeError, "rehash during iteration");
}
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return hash;
tmp = hash_alloc(0);
tbl = st_init_table_with_size(RHASH(hash)->ntbl->type, RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries);
RHASH(tmp)->ntbl = tbl;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, rb_hash_rehash_i, (VALUE)tbl);
st_free_table(RHASH(hash)->ntbl);
RHASH(hash)->ntbl = tbl;
RHASH(tmp)->ntbl = 0;
return hash;
}
static VALUE
hash_default_value(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
if (rb_method_basic_definition_p(CLASS_OF(hash), id_default)) {
VALUE ifnone = RHASH_IFNONE(hash);
if (!FL_TEST(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) return ifnone;
if (key == Qundef) return Qnil;
return rb_funcall(ifnone, id_yield, 2, hash, key);
}
else {
return rb_funcall(hash, id_default, 1, key);
}
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh[key] -> value
*
* Element Reference---Retrieves the <i>value</i> object corresponding
* to the <i>key</i> object. If not found, returns the default value (see
* <code>Hash::new</code> for details).
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h["a"] #=> 100
* h["c"] #=> nil
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_aref(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
st_data_t val;
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl || !st_lookup(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, key, &val)) {
return hash_default_value(hash, key);
}
return (VALUE)val;
}
VALUE
rb_hash_lookup2(VALUE hash, VALUE key, VALUE def)
{
st_data_t val;
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl || !st_lookup(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, key, &val)) {
return def; /* without Hash#default */
}
return (VALUE)val;
}
VALUE
rb_hash_lookup(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
return rb_hash_lookup2(hash, key, Qnil);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.fetch(key [, default] ) -> obj
* hsh.fetch(key) {| key | block } -> obj
*
* Returns a value from the hash for the given key. If the key can't be
* found, there are several options: With no other arguments, it will
* raise an <code>KeyError</code> exception; if <i>default</i> is
* given, then that will be returned; if the optional code block is
* specified, then that will be run and its result returned.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.fetch("a") #=> 100
* h.fetch("z", "go fish") #=> "go fish"
* h.fetch("z") { |el| "go fish, #{el}"} #=> "go fish, z"
*
* The following example shows that an exception is raised if the key
* is not found and a default value is not supplied.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.fetch("z")
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* prog.rb:2:in `fetch': key not found (KeyError)
* from prog.rb:2
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_fetch_m(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE key;
st_data_t val;
long block_given;
rb_check_arity(argc, 1, 2);
key = argv[0];
block_given = rb_block_given_p();
if (block_given && argc == 2) {
rb_warn("block supersedes default value argument");
}
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl || !st_lookup(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, key, &val)) {
if (block_given) return rb_yield(key);
if (argc == 1) {
VALUE desc = rb_protect(rb_inspect, key, 0);
if (NIL_P(desc)) {
desc = rb_any_to_s(key);
}
desc = rb_str_ellipsize(desc, 65);
rb_raise(rb_eKeyError, "key not found: %"PRIsVALUE, desc);
}
return argv[1];
}
return (VALUE)val;
}
VALUE
rb_hash_fetch(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
return rb_hash_fetch_m(1, &key, hash);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.default(key=nil) -> obj
*
* Returns the default value, the value that would be returned by
* <i>hsh</i>[<i>key</i>] if <i>key</i> did not exist in <i>hsh</i>.
* See also <code>Hash::new</code> and <code>Hash#default=</code>.
*
* h = Hash.new #=> {}
* h.default #=> nil
* h.default(2) #=> nil
*
* h = Hash.new("cat") #=> {}
* h.default #=> "cat"
* h.default(2) #=> "cat"
*
* h = Hash.new {|h,k| h[k] = k.to_i*10} #=> {}
* h.default #=> nil
* h.default(2) #=> 20
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_default(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE key, ifnone;
rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);
key = argv[0];
ifnone = RHASH_IFNONE(hash);
if (FL_TEST(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) {
if (argc == 0) return Qnil;
return rb_funcall(ifnone, id_yield, 2, hash, key);
}
return ifnone;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.default = obj -> obj
*
* Sets the default value, the value returned for a key that does not
* exist in the hash. It is not possible to set the default to a
* <code>Proc</code> that will be executed on each key lookup.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.default = "Go fish"
* h["a"] #=> 100
* h["z"] #=> "Go fish"
* # This doesn't do what you might hope...
* h.default = proc do |hash, key|
* hash[key] = key + key
* end
* h[2] #=> #<Proc:0x401b3948@-:6>
* h["cat"] #=> #<Proc:0x401b3948@-:6>
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_set_default(VALUE hash, VALUE ifnone)
{
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, ifnone);
FL_UNSET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
return ifnone;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.default_proc -> anObject
*
* If <code>Hash::new</code> was invoked with a block, return that
* block, otherwise return <code>nil</code>.
*
* h = Hash.new {|h,k| h[k] = k*k } #=> {}
* p = h.default_proc #=> #<Proc:0x401b3d08@-:1>
* a = [] #=> []
* p.call(a, 2)
* a #=> [nil, nil, 4]
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_default_proc(VALUE hash)
{
if (FL_TEST(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) {
return RHASH_IFNONE(hash);
}
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.default_proc = proc_obj or nil
*
* Sets the default proc to be executed on each failed key lookup.
*
* h.default_proc = proc do |hash, key|
* hash[key] = key + key
* end
* h[2] #=> 4
* h["cat"] #=> "catcat"
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_set_default_proc(VALUE hash, VALUE proc)
{
VALUE b;
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (NIL_P(proc)) {
FL_UNSET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, proc);
return proc;
}
b = rb_check_convert_type(proc, T_DATA, "Proc", "to_proc");
if (NIL_P(b) || !rb_obj_is_proc(b)) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError,
"wrong default_proc type %s (expected Proc)",
rb_obj_classname(proc));
}
proc = b;
default_proc_arity_check(proc);
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, proc);
FL_SET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
return proc;
}
static int
key_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE *args = (VALUE *)arg;
if (rb_equal(value, args[0])) {
args[1] = key;
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.key(value) -> key
*
* Returns the key of an occurrence of a given value. If the value is
* not found, returns <code>nil</code>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300, "d" => 300 }
* h.key(200) #=> "b"
* h.key(300) #=> "c"
* h.key(999) #=> nil
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_key(VALUE hash, VALUE value)
{
VALUE args[2];
args[0] = value;
args[1] = Qnil;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, key_i, (VALUE)args);
return args[1];
}
/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
rb_hash_index(VALUE hash, VALUE value)
{
rb_warn("Hash#index is deprecated; use Hash#key");
return rb_hash_key(hash, value);
}
/*
* delete a specified entry a given key.
* if there is the corresponding entry, return a value of the entry.
* if there is no corresponding entry, return Qundef.
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_delete_entry(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
st_data_t ktmp = (st_data_t)key, val;
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl) {
return Qundef;
}
else if (RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash) > 0 &&
(st_delete_safe(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, &ktmp, &val, (st_data_t)Qundef))) {
FL_SET(hash, HASH_DELETED);
return (VALUE)val;
}
else if (st_delete(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, &ktmp, &val)) {
return (VALUE)val;
}
else {
return Qundef;
}
}
/*
* delete a specified entry by a given key.
* if there is the corresponding entry, return a value of the entry.
* if there is no corresponding entry, return Qnil.
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_delete(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
VALUE deleted_value = rb_hash_delete_entry(hash, key);
if (deleted_value != Qundef) { /* likely pass */
return deleted_value;
}
else {
return Qnil;
}
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.delete(key) -> value
* hsh.delete(key) {| key | block } -> value
*
* Deletes the key-value pair and returns the value from <i>hsh</i> whose
* key is equal to <i>key</i>. If the key is not found, it returns
* <em>nil</em>. If the optional code block is given and the
* key is not found, pass in the key and return the result of
* <i>block</i>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.delete("a") #=> 100
* h.delete("z") #=> nil
* h.delete("z") { |el| "#{el} not found" } #=> "z not found"
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_delete_m(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
VALUE val;
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
val = rb_hash_delete_entry(hash, key);
if (val != Qundef) {
return val;
}
else {
if (rb_block_given_p()) {
return rb_yield(key);
}
else {
return Qnil;
}
}
}
struct shift_var {
VALUE key;
VALUE val;
};
static int
shift_i_safe(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
struct shift_var *var = (struct shift_var *)arg;
var->key = key;
var->val = value;
return ST_STOP;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.shift -> anArray or obj
*
* Removes a key-value pair from <i>hsh</i> and returns it as the
* two-item array <code>[</code> <i>key, value</i> <code>]</code>, or
* the hash's default value if the hash is empty.
*
* h = { 1 => "a", 2 => "b", 3 => "c" }
* h.shift #=> [1, "a"]
* h #=> {2=>"b", 3=>"c"}
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_shift(VALUE hash)
{
struct shift_var var;
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl) {
var.key = Qundef;
if (RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash) == 0) {
if (st_shift(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, &var.key, &var.val)) {
return rb_assoc_new(var.key, var.val);
}
}
else {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, shift_i_safe, (VALUE)&var);
if (var.key != Qundef) {
rb_hash_delete_entry(hash, var.key);
return rb_assoc_new(var.key, var.val);
}
}
}
return hash_default_value(hash, Qnil);
}
static int
delete_if_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE hash)
{
if (RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, key, value))) {
return ST_DELETE;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static VALUE
hash_enum_size(VALUE hash, VALUE args, VALUE eobj)
{
return rb_hash_size(hash);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.delete_if {| key, value | block } -> hsh
* hsh.delete_if -> an_enumerator
*
* Deletes every key-value pair from <i>hsh</i> for which <i>block</i>
* evaluates to <code>true</code>.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300 }
* h.delete_if {|key, value| key >= "b" } #=> {"a"=>100}
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_delete_if(VALUE hash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
rb_hash_foreach(hash, delete_if_i, hash);
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.reject! {| key, value | block } -> hsh or nil
* hsh.reject! -> an_enumerator
*
* Equivalent to <code>Hash#delete_if</code>, but returns
* <code>nil</code> if no changes were made.
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_reject_bang(VALUE hash)
{
st_index_t n;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_modify(hash);
n = RHASH_SIZE(hash);
if (!n) return Qnil;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, delete_if_i, hash);
if (n == RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries) return Qnil;
return hash;
}
static int
reject_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE result)
{
if (!RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, key, value))) {
rb_hash_aset(result, key, value);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.reject {|key, value| block} -> a_hash
* hsh.reject -> an_enumerator
*
* Returns a new hash consisting of entries for which the block returns false.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300 }
* h.reject {|k,v| k < "b"} #=> {"b" => 200, "c" => 300}
* h.reject {|k,v| v > 100} #=> {"a" => 100}
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_reject(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE result;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
if (RTEST(ruby_verbose)) {
VALUE klass;
if (HAS_EXTRA_STATES(hash, klass)) {
rb_warn("extra states are no longer copied: %+"PRIsVALUE, hash);
}
}
result = rb_hash_new();
if (!RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash)) {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, reject_i, result);
}
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.values_at(key, ...) -> array
*
* Return an array containing the values associated with the given keys.
* Also see <code>Hash.select</code>.
*
* h = { "cat" => "feline", "dog" => "canine", "cow" => "bovine" }
* h.values_at("cow", "cat") #=> ["bovine", "feline"]
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_values_at(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE result = rb_ary_new2(argc);
long i;
for (i=0; i<argc; i++) {
rb_ary_push(result, rb_hash_aref(hash, argv[i]));
}
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.fetch_values(key, ...) -> array
* hsh.fetch_values(key, ...) { |key| block } -> array
*
* Returns an array containing the values associated with the given keys
* but also raises <code>KeyError</code> when one of keys can't be found.
* Also see <code>Hash#values_at</code> and <code>Hash#fetch</code>.
*
* h = { "cat" => "feline", "dog" => "canine", "cow" => "bovine" }
*
* h.fetch_values("cow", "cat") #=> ["bovine", "feline"]
* h.fetch_values("cow", "bird") # raises KeyError
* h.fetch_values("cow", "bird") { |k| k.upcase } #=> ["bovine", "BIRD"]
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_fetch_values(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE result = rb_ary_new2(argc);
long i;
for (i=0; i<argc; i++) {
rb_ary_push(result, rb_hash_fetch(hash, argv[i]));
}
return result;
}
static int
select_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE result)
{
if (RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, key, value))) {
rb_hash_aset(result, key, value);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.select {|key, value| block} -> a_hash
* hsh.select -> an_enumerator
*
* Returns a new hash consisting of entries for which the block returns true.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300 }
* h.select {|k,v| k > "a"} #=> {"b" => 200, "c" => 300}
* h.select {|k,v| v < 200} #=> {"a" => 100}
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_select(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE result;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
result = rb_hash_new();
if (!RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash)) {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, select_i, result);
}
return result;
}
static int
keep_if_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE hash)
{
if (!RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, key, value))) {
return ST_DELETE;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.select! {| key, value | block } -> hsh or nil
* hsh.select! -> an_enumerator
*
* Equivalent to <code>Hash#keep_if</code>, but returns
* <code>nil</code> if no changes were made.
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_select_bang(VALUE hash)
{
st_index_t n;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return Qnil;
n = RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, keep_if_i, hash);
if (n == RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries) return Qnil;
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.keep_if {| key, value | block } -> hsh
* hsh.keep_if -> an_enumerator
*
* Deletes every key-value pair from <i>hsh</i> for which <i>block</i>
* evaluates to false.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_keep_if(VALUE hash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
rb_hash_foreach(hash, keep_if_i, hash);
return hash;
}
static int
clear_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE dummy)
{
return ST_DELETE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.clear -> hsh
*
* Removes all key-value pairs from <i>hsh</i>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 } #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200}
* h.clear #=> {}
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_clear(VALUE hash)
{
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return hash;
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries > 0) {
if (RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash) > 0)
rb_hash_foreach(hash, clear_i, 0);
else
st_clear(RHASH(hash)->ntbl);
}
return hash;
}
static int
hash_aset(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *val, struct update_arg *arg, int existing)
{
if (existing) {
arg->new_value = arg->arg;
arg->old_value = *val;
}
else {
arg->new_key = *key;
arg->new_value = arg->arg;
}
*val = arg->arg;
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static int
hash_aset_str(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *val, struct update_arg *arg, int existing)
{
if (!existing) {
*key = rb_str_new_frozen(*key);
}
return hash_aset(key, val, arg, existing);
}
NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(hash_aset);
NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(hash_aset_str);
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh[key] = value -> value
* hsh.store(key, value) -> value
*
* == Element Assignment
*
* Associates the value given by +value+ with the key given by +key+.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h["a"] = 9
* h["c"] = 4
* h #=> {"a"=>9, "b"=>200, "c"=>4}
* h.store("d", 42) #=> 42
* h #=> {"a"=>9, "b"=>200, "c"=>4, "d"=>42}
*
* +key+ should not have its value changed while it is in use as a key (an
* <tt>unfrozen String</tt> passed as a key will be duplicated and frozen).
*
* a = "a"
* b = "b".freeze
* h = { a => 100, b => 200 }
* h.key(100).equal? a #=> false
* h.key(200).equal? b #=> true
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_aset(VALUE hash, VALUE key, VALUE val)
{
int iter_lev = RHASH_ITER_LEV(hash);
st_table *tbl = RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
rb_hash_modify(hash);
if (!tbl) {
if (iter_lev > 0) no_new_key();
tbl = hash_tbl(hash);
}
if (tbl->type == &identhash || rb_obj_class(key) != rb_cString) {
RHASH_UPDATE_ITER(hash, iter_lev, key, hash_aset, val);
}
else {
RHASH_UPDATE_ITER(hash, iter_lev, key, hash_aset_str, val);
}
return val;
}
static int
replace_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE hash)
{
rb_hash_aset(hash, key, val);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
rb_hash_initialize_copy(VALUE hash, VALUE hash2)
{
st_table *ntbl;
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
hash2 = to_hash(hash2);
Check_Type(hash2, T_HASH);
if (hash == hash2) return hash;
ntbl = RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
if (RHASH(hash2)->ntbl) {
if (ntbl) st_free_table(ntbl);
RHASH(hash)->ntbl = st_copy(RHASH(hash2)->ntbl);
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl->num_entries)
rb_hash_rehash(hash);
}
else if (ntbl) {
st_clear(ntbl);
}
if (FL_TEST(hash2, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) {
FL_SET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
}
else {
FL_UNSET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
}
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, RHASH_IFNONE(hash2));
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.replace(other_hash) -> hsh
*
* Replaces the contents of <i>hsh</i> with the contents of
* <i>other_hash</i>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.replace({ "c" => 300, "d" => 400 }) #=> {"c"=>300, "d"=>400}
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_replace(VALUE hash, VALUE hash2)
{
st_table *table2;
rb_hash_modify_check(hash);
if (hash == hash2) return hash;
hash2 = to_hash(hash2);
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(hash, RHASH_IFNONE(hash2));
if (FL_TEST(hash2, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT))
FL_SET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
else
FL_UNSET(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
table2 = RHASH(hash2)->ntbl;
rb_hash_clear(hash);
if (table2) hash_tbl(hash)->type = table2->type;
rb_hash_foreach(hash2, replace_i, hash);
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.length -> fixnum
* hsh.size -> fixnum
*
* Returns the number of key-value pairs in the hash.
*
* h = { "d" => 100, "a" => 200, "v" => 300, "e" => 400 }
* h.length #=> 4
* h.delete("a") #=> 200
* h.length #=> 3
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_size(VALUE hash)
{
return INT2FIX(RHASH_SIZE(hash));
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.empty? -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>hsh</i> contains no key-value pairs.
*
* {}.empty? #=> true
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_empty_p(VALUE hash)
{
return RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash) ? Qtrue : Qfalse;
}
static int
each_value_i(VALUE key, VALUE value)
{
rb_yield(value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.each_value {| value | block } -> hsh
* hsh.each_value -> an_enumerator
*
* Calls <i>block</i> once for each key in <i>hsh</i>, passing the
* value as a parameter.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.each_value {|value| puts value }
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* 100
* 200
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_each_value(VALUE hash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, each_value_i, 0);
return hash;
}
static int
each_key_i(VALUE key, VALUE value)
{
rb_yield(key);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.each_key {| key | block } -> hsh
* hsh.each_key -> an_enumerator
*
* Calls <i>block</i> once for each key in <i>hsh</i>, passing the key
* as a parameter.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.each_key {|key| puts key }
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* a
* b
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_each_key(VALUE hash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, each_key_i, 0);
return hash;
}
static int
each_pair_i(VALUE key, VALUE value)
{
rb_yield(rb_assoc_new(key, value));
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static int
each_pair_i_fast(VALUE key, VALUE value)
{
rb_yield_values(2, key, value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.each {| key, value | block } -> hsh
* hsh.each_pair {| key, value | block } -> hsh
* hsh.each -> an_enumerator
* hsh.each_pair -> an_enumerator
*
* Calls <i>block</i> once for each key in <i>hsh</i>, passing the key-value
* pair as parameters.
*
* If no block is given, an enumerator is returned instead.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.each {|key, value| puts "#{key} is #{value}" }
*
* <em>produces:</em>
*
* a is 100
* b is 200
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_each_pair(VALUE hash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(hash, 0, 0, hash_enum_size);
if (rb_block_arity() > 1)
rb_hash_foreach(hash, each_pair_i_fast, 0);
else
rb_hash_foreach(hash, each_pair_i, 0);
return hash;
}
static int
to_a_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE ary)
{
rb_ary_push(ary, rb_assoc_new(key, value));
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.to_a -> array
*
* Converts <i>hsh</i> to a nested array of <code>[</code> <i>key,
* value</i> <code>]</code> arrays.
*
* h = { "c" => 300, "a" => 100, "d" => 400, "c" => 300 }
* h.to_a #=> [["c", 300], ["a", 100], ["d", 400]]
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_to_a(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE ary;
ary = rb_ary_new_capa(RHASH_SIZE(hash));
rb_hash_foreach(hash, to_a_i, ary);
OBJ_INFECT(ary, hash);
return ary;
}
static int
inspect_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE str)
{
VALUE str2;
str2 = rb_inspect(key);
if (RSTRING_LEN(str) > 1) {
rb_str_buf_cat_ascii(str, ", ");
}
else {
rb_enc_copy(str, str2);
}
rb_str_buf_append(str, str2);
OBJ_INFECT(str, str2);
rb_str_buf_cat_ascii(str, "=>");
str2 = rb_inspect(value);
rb_str_buf_append(str, str2);
OBJ_INFECT(str, str2);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static VALUE
inspect_hash(VALUE hash, VALUE dummy, int recur)
{
VALUE str;
if (recur) return rb_usascii_str_new2("{...}");
str = rb_str_buf_new2("{");
rb_hash_foreach(hash, inspect_i, str);
rb_str_buf_cat2(str, "}");
OBJ_INFECT(str, hash);
return str;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.to_s -> string
* hsh.inspect -> string
*
* Return the contents of this hash as a string.
*
* h = { "c" => 300, "a" => 100, "d" => 400, "c" => 300 }
* h.to_s #=> "{\"c\"=>300, \"a\"=>100, \"d\"=>400}"
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_inspect(VALUE hash)
{
if (RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash))
return rb_usascii_str_new2("{}");
return rb_exec_recursive(inspect_hash, hash, 0);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.to_hash => hsh
*
* Returns +self+.
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_to_hash(VALUE hash)
{
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.to_h -> hsh or new_hash
*
* Returns +self+. If called on a subclass of Hash, converts
* the receiver to a Hash object.
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_to_h(VALUE hash)
{
if (rb_obj_class(hash) != rb_cHash) {
VALUE ret = rb_hash_new();
if (!RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash))
RHASH(ret)->ntbl = st_copy(RHASH(hash)->ntbl);
if (FL_TEST(hash, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)) {
FL_SET(ret, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT);
}
RHASH_SET_IFNONE(ret, RHASH_IFNONE(hash));
return ret;
}
return hash;
}
static int
keys_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE ary)
{
rb_ary_push(ary, key);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.keys -> array
*
* Returns a new array populated with the keys from this hash. See also
* <code>Hash#values</code>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300, "d" => 400 }
* h.keys #=> ["a", "b", "c", "d"]
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_keys(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE keys;
st_index_t size = RHASH_SIZE(hash);
keys = rb_ary_new_capa(size);
if (size == 0) return keys;
if (ST_DATA_COMPATIBLE_P(VALUE)) {
st_table *table = RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
rb_gc_writebarrier_remember(keys);
RARRAY_PTR_USE(keys, ptr, {
size = st_keys_check(table, ptr, size, Qundef);
});
rb_ary_set_len(keys, size);
}
else {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, keys_i, keys);
}
return keys;
}
static int
values_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE ary)
{
rb_ary_push(ary, value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.values -> array
*
* Returns a new array populated with the values from <i>hsh</i>. See
* also <code>Hash#keys</code>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, "c" => 300 }
* h.values #=> [100, 200, 300]
*
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_values(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE values;
st_index_t size = RHASH_SIZE(hash);
values = rb_ary_new_capa(size);
if (size == 0) return values;
if (ST_DATA_COMPATIBLE_P(VALUE)) {
st_table *table = RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
rb_gc_writebarrier_remember(values);
RARRAY_PTR_USE(values, ptr, {
size = st_values_check(table, ptr, size, Qundef);
});
rb_ary_set_len(values, size);
}
else {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, values_i, values);
}
return values;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.has_key?(key) -> true or false
* hsh.include?(key) -> true or false
* hsh.key?(key) -> true or false
* hsh.member?(key) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if the given key is present in <i>hsh</i>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.has_key?("a") #=> true
* h.has_key?("z") #=> false
*
* Note that <code>include?</code> and <code>member?</code> do not test member
* equality using <code>==</code> as do other Enumerables.
*
* See also Enumerable#include?
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_has_key(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return Qfalse;
if (st_lookup(RHASH(hash)->ntbl, key, 0)) {
return Qtrue;
}
return Qfalse;
}
static int
rb_hash_search_value(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE *data = (VALUE *)arg;
if (rb_equal(value, data[1])) {
data[0] = Qtrue;
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.has_value?(value) -> true or false
* hsh.value?(value) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if the given value is present for some key
* in <i>hsh</i>.
*
* h = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h.has_value?(100) #=> true
* h.has_value?(999) #=> false
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_has_value(VALUE hash, VALUE val)
{
VALUE data[2];
data[0] = Qfalse;
data[1] = val;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, rb_hash_search_value, (VALUE)data);
return data[0];
}
struct equal_data {
VALUE result;
st_table *tbl;
int eql;
};
static int
eql_i(VALUE key, VALUE val1, VALUE arg)
{
struct equal_data *data = (struct equal_data *)arg;
st_data_t val2;
if (!st_lookup(data->tbl, key, &val2)) {
data->result = Qfalse;
return ST_STOP;
}
if (!(data->eql ? rb_eql(val1, (VALUE)val2) : (int)rb_equal(val1, (VALUE)val2))) {
data->result = Qfalse;
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static VALUE
recursive_eql(VALUE hash, VALUE dt, int recur)
{
struct equal_data *data;
if (recur) return Qtrue; /* Subtle! */
data = (struct equal_data*)dt;
data->result = Qtrue;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, eql_i, dt);
return data->result;
}
static VALUE
hash_equal(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2, int eql)
{
struct equal_data data;
if (hash1 == hash2) return Qtrue;
if (!RB_TYPE_P(hash2, T_HASH)) {
if (!rb_respond_to(hash2, idTo_hash)) {
return Qfalse;
}
if (eql) {
if (rb_eql(hash2, hash1)) {
return Qtrue;
}
else {
return Qfalse;
}
}
else {
return rb_equal(hash2, hash1);
}
}
if (RHASH_SIZE(hash1) != RHASH_SIZE(hash2))
return Qfalse;
if (!RHASH(hash1)->ntbl || !RHASH(hash2)->ntbl)
return Qtrue;
if (RHASH(hash1)->ntbl->type != RHASH(hash2)->ntbl->type)
return Qfalse;
#if 0
if (!(rb_equal(RHASH_IFNONE(hash1), RHASH_IFNONE(hash2)) &&
FL_TEST(hash1, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT) == FL_TEST(hash2, HASH_PROC_DEFAULT)))
return Qfalse;
#endif
data.tbl = RHASH(hash2)->ntbl;
data.eql = eql;
return rb_exec_recursive_paired(recursive_eql, hash1, hash2, (VALUE)&data);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh == other_hash -> true or false
*
* Equality---Two hashes are equal if they each contain the same number
* of keys and if each key-value pair is equal to (according to
* <code>Object#==</code>) the corresponding elements in the other
* hash.
*
* h1 = { "a" => 1, "c" => 2 }
* h2 = { 7 => 35, "c" => 2, "a" => 1 }
* h3 = { "a" => 1, "c" => 2, 7 => 35 }
* h4 = { "a" => 1, "d" => 2, "f" => 35 }
* h1 == h2 #=> false
* h2 == h3 #=> true
* h3 == h4 #=> false
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_equal(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2)
{
return hash_equal(hash1, hash2, FALSE);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hash.eql?(other) -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>hash</i> and <i>other</i> are
* both hashes with the same content.
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_eql(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2)
{
return hash_equal(hash1, hash2, TRUE);
}
static int
hash_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE arg)
{
st_index_t *hval = (st_index_t *)arg;
st_index_t hdata[2];
hdata[0] = rb_hash(key);
hdata[1] = rb_hash(val);
*hval ^= st_hash(hdata, sizeof(hdata), 0);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.hash -> fixnum
*
* Compute a hash-code for this hash. Two hashes with the same content
* will have the same hash code (and will compare using <code>eql?</code>).
*
* See also Object#hash.
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_hash(VALUE hash)
{
st_index_t size = RHASH_SIZE(hash);
st_index_t hval = rb_hash_start(size);
hval = rb_hash_uint(hval, (st_index_t)rb_hash_hash);
if (size) {
rb_hash_foreach(hash, hash_i, (VALUE)&hval);
}
hval = rb_hash_end(hval);
return INT2FIX(hval);
}
static int
rb_hash_invert_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE hash)
{
rb_hash_aset(hash, value, key);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.invert -> new_hash
*
* Returns a new hash created by using <i>hsh</i>'s values as keys, and
* the keys as values.
* If a key with the same value already exists in the <i>hsh</i>, then
* the last one defined will be used, the earlier value(s) will be discarded.
*
* h = { "n" => 100, "m" => 100, "y" => 300, "d" => 200, "a" => 0 }
* h.invert #=> {0=>"a", 100=>"m", 200=>"d", 300=>"y"}
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_invert(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE h = rb_hash_new();
rb_hash_foreach(hash, rb_hash_invert_i, h);
return h;
}
static int
rb_hash_update_callback(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *value, struct update_arg *arg, int existing)
{
if (existing) {
arg->old_value = *value;
arg->new_value = arg->arg;
}
else {
arg->new_key = *key;
arg->new_value = arg->arg;
}
*value = arg->arg;
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(rb_hash_update_callback);
static int
rb_hash_update_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE hash)
{
RHASH_UPDATE(hash, key, rb_hash_update_callback, value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static int
rb_hash_update_block_callback(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *value, struct update_arg *arg, int existing)
{
VALUE newvalue = (VALUE)arg->arg;
if (existing) {
newvalue = rb_yield_values(3, (VALUE)*key, (VALUE)*value, newvalue);
arg->old_value = *value;
arg->new_value = newvalue;
}
else {
arg->new_key = *key;
arg->new_value = newvalue;
}
*value = newvalue;
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(rb_hash_update_block_callback);
static int
rb_hash_update_block_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE hash)
{
RHASH_UPDATE(hash, key, rb_hash_update_block_callback, value);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.merge!(other_hash) -> hsh
* hsh.update(other_hash) -> hsh
* hsh.merge!(other_hash){|key, oldval, newval| block} -> hsh
* hsh.update(other_hash){|key, oldval, newval| block} -> hsh
*
* Adds the contents of _other_hash_ to _hsh_. If no block is specified,
* entries with duplicate keys are overwritten with the values from
* _other_hash_, otherwise the value of each duplicate key is determined by
* calling the block with the key, its value in _hsh_ and its value in
* _other_hash_.
*
* h1 = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h2 = { "b" => 254, "c" => 300 }
* h1.merge!(h2) #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>254, "c"=>300}
*
* h1 = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h2 = { "b" => 254, "c" => 300 }
* h1.merge!(h2) { |key, v1, v2| v1 }
* #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200, "c"=>300}
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_update(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2)
{
rb_hash_modify(hash1);
hash2 = to_hash(hash2);
if (rb_block_given_p()) {
rb_hash_foreach(hash2, rb_hash_update_block_i, hash1);
}
else {
rb_hash_foreach(hash2, rb_hash_update_i, hash1);
}
return hash1;
}
struct update_func_arg {
VALUE hash;
VALUE value;
rb_hash_update_func *func;
};
static int
rb_hash_update_func_callback(st_data_t *key, st_data_t *value, struct update_arg *arg, int existing)
{
struct update_func_arg *uf_arg = (struct update_func_arg *)arg->arg;
VALUE newvalue = uf_arg->value;
if (existing) {
newvalue = (*uf_arg->func)((VALUE)*key, (VALUE)*value, newvalue);
arg->old_value = *value;
arg->new_value = newvalue;
}
else {
arg->new_key = *key;
arg->new_value = newvalue;
}
*value = newvalue;
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
NOINSERT_UPDATE_CALLBACK(rb_hash_update_func_callback);
static int
rb_hash_update_func_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg0)
{
struct update_func_arg *arg = (struct update_func_arg *)arg0;
VALUE hash = arg->hash;
arg->value = value;
RHASH_UPDATE(hash, key, rb_hash_update_func_callback, (VALUE)arg);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
VALUE
rb_hash_update_by(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2, rb_hash_update_func *func)
{
rb_hash_modify(hash1);
hash2 = to_hash(hash2);
if (func) {
struct update_func_arg arg;
arg.hash = hash1;
arg.func = func;
rb_hash_foreach(hash2, rb_hash_update_func_i, (VALUE)&arg);
}
else {
rb_hash_foreach(hash2, rb_hash_update_i, hash1);
}
return hash1;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.merge(other_hash) -> new_hash
* hsh.merge(other_hash){|key, oldval, newval| block} -> new_hash
*
* Returns a new hash containing the contents of <i>other_hash</i> and
* the contents of <i>hsh</i>. If no block is specified, the value for
* entries with duplicate keys will be that of <i>other_hash</i>. Otherwise
* the value for each duplicate key is determined by calling the block
* with the key, its value in <i>hsh</i> and its value in <i>other_hash</i>.
*
* h1 = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200 }
* h2 = { "b" => 254, "c" => 300 }
* h1.merge(h2) #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>254, "c"=>300}
* h1.merge(h2){|key, oldval, newval| newval - oldval}
* #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>54, "c"=>300}
* h1 #=> {"a"=>100, "b"=>200}
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_merge(VALUE hash1, VALUE hash2)
{
return rb_hash_update(rb_obj_dup(hash1), hash2);
}
static int
assoc_cmp(VALUE a, VALUE b)
{
return !RTEST(rb_equal(a, b));
}
static VALUE
lookup2_call(VALUE arg)
{
VALUE *args = (VALUE *)arg;
return rb_hash_lookup2(args[0], args[1], Qundef);
}
struct reset_hash_type_arg {
VALUE hash;
const struct st_hash_type *orighash;
};
static VALUE
reset_hash_type(VALUE arg)
{
struct reset_hash_type_arg *p = (struct reset_hash_type_arg *)arg;
RHASH(p->hash)->ntbl->type = p->orighash;
return Qundef;
}
static int
assoc_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE *args = (VALUE *)arg;
if (RTEST(rb_equal(args[0], key))) {
args[1] = rb_assoc_new(key, val);
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hash.assoc(obj) -> an_array or nil
*
* Searches through the hash comparing _obj_ with the key using <code>==</code>.
* Returns the key-value pair (two elements array) or +nil+
* if no match is found. See <code>Array#assoc</code>.
*
* h = {"colors" => ["red", "blue", "green"],
* "letters" => ["a", "b", "c" ]}
* h.assoc("letters") #=> ["letters", ["a", "b", "c"]]
* h.assoc("foo") #=> nil
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_assoc(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
st_table *table;
const struct st_hash_type *orighash;
VALUE args[2];
if (RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash)) return Qnil;
table = RHASH(hash)->ntbl;
orighash = table->type;
if (orighash != &identhash) {
VALUE value;
struct reset_hash_type_arg ensure_arg;
struct st_hash_type assochash;
assochash.compare = assoc_cmp;
assochash.hash = orighash->hash;
table->type = &assochash;
args[0] = hash;
args[1] = key;
ensure_arg.hash = hash;
ensure_arg.orighash = orighash;
value = rb_ensure(lookup2_call, (VALUE)&args, reset_hash_type, (VALUE)&ensure_arg);
if (value != Qundef) return rb_assoc_new(key, value);
}
args[0] = key;
args[1] = Qnil;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, assoc_i, (VALUE)args);
return args[1];
}
static int
rassoc_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE *args = (VALUE *)arg;
if (RTEST(rb_equal(args[0], val))) {
args[1] = rb_assoc_new(key, val);
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hash.rassoc(obj) -> an_array or nil
*
* Searches through the hash comparing _obj_ with the value using <code>==</code>.
* Returns the first key-value pair (two-element array) that matches. See
* also <code>Array#rassoc</code>.
*
* a = {1=> "one", 2 => "two", 3 => "three", "ii" => "two"}
* a.rassoc("two") #=> [2, "two"]
* a.rassoc("four") #=> nil
*/
VALUE
rb_hash_rassoc(VALUE hash, VALUE obj)
{
VALUE args[2];
args[0] = obj;
args[1] = Qnil;
rb_hash_foreach(hash, rassoc_i, (VALUE)args);
return args[1];
}
static int
flatten_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE ary)
{
VALUE pair[2];
pair[0] = key;
pair[1] = val;
rb_ary_cat(ary, pair, 2);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hash.flatten -> an_array
* hash.flatten(level) -> an_array
*
* Returns a new array that is a one-dimensional flattening of this
* hash. That is, for every key or value that is an array, extract
* its elements into the new array. Unlike Array#flatten, this
* method does not flatten recursively by default. The optional
* <i>level</i> argument determines the level of recursion to flatten.
*
* a = {1=> "one", 2 => [2,"two"], 3 => "three"}
* a.flatten # => [1, "one", 2, [2, "two"], 3, "three"]
* a.flatten(2) # => [1, "one", 2, 2, "two", 3, "three"]
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_flatten(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE ary;
if (argc) {
int level = NUM2INT(*argv);
if (level == 0) return rb_hash_to_a(hash);
ary = rb_ary_new_capa(RHASH_SIZE(hash) * 2);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, flatten_i, ary);
if (level - 1 > 0) {
*argv = INT2FIX(level - 1);
rb_funcall2(ary, id_flatten_bang, argc, argv);
}
else if (level < 0) {
rb_funcall2(ary, id_flatten_bang, 0, 0);
}
}
else {
ary = rb_ary_new_capa(RHASH_SIZE(hash) * 2);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, flatten_i, ary);
}
return ary;
}
static VALUE rb_hash_compare_by_id_p(VALUE hash);
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.compare_by_identity -> hsh
*
* Makes <i>hsh</i> compare its keys by their identity, i.e. it
* will consider exact same objects as same keys.
*
* h1 = { "a" => 100, "b" => 200, :c => "c" }
* h1["a"] #=> 100
* h1.compare_by_identity
* h1.compare_by_identity? #=> true
* h1["a".dup] #=> nil # different objects.
* h1[:c] #=> "c" # same symbols are all same.
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_compare_by_id(VALUE hash)
{
if (rb_hash_compare_by_id_p(hash)) return hash;
rb_hash_modify(hash);
RHASH(hash)->ntbl->type = &identhash;
rb_hash_rehash(hash);
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.compare_by_identity? -> true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>hsh</i> will compare its keys by
* their identity. Also see <code>Hash#compare_by_identity</code>.
*
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_compare_by_id_p(VALUE hash)
{
if (!RHASH(hash)->ntbl)
return Qfalse;
if (RHASH(hash)->ntbl->type == &identhash) {
return Qtrue;
}
return Qfalse;
}
VALUE
rb_ident_hash_new(void)
{
VALUE hash = rb_hash_new();
RHASH(hash)->ntbl = st_init_table(&identhash);
return hash;
}
st_table *
rb_init_identtable(void)
{
return st_init_table(&identhash);
}
st_table *
rb_init_identtable_with_size(st_index_t size)
{
return st_init_table_with_size(&identhash, size);
}
static int
any_p_i(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE ret = rb_yield(rb_assoc_new(key, value));
if (RTEST(ret)) {
*(VALUE *)arg = Qtrue;
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
static int
any_p_i_fast(VALUE key, VALUE value, VALUE arg)
{
VALUE ret = rb_yield_values(2, key, value);
if (RTEST(ret)) {
*(VALUE *)arg = Qtrue;
return ST_STOP;
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* hsh.any? [{ |(key, value)| block }] -> true or false
*
* See also Enumerable#any?
*/
static VALUE
rb_hash_any_p(VALUE hash)
{
VALUE ret = Qfalse;
if (RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash)) return Qfalse;
if (!rb_block_given_p()) {
/* yields pairs, never false */
return Qtrue;
}
if (rb_block_arity() > 1)
rb_hash_foreach(hash, any_p_i_fast, (VALUE)&ret);
else
rb_hash_foreach(hash, any_p_i, (VALUE)&ret);
return ret;
}
static int path_tainted = -1;
static char **origenviron;
#ifdef _WIN32
#define GET_ENVIRON(e) ((e) = rb_w32_get_environ())
#define FREE_ENVIRON(e) rb_w32_free_environ(e)
static char **my_environ;
#undef environ
#define environ my_environ
#undef getenv
static inline char *
w32_getenv(const char *name)
{
static int binary = -1;
static int locale = -1;
if (binary < 0) {
binary = rb_ascii8bit_encindex();
locale = rb_locale_encindex();
}
return locale == binary ? rb_w32_getenv(name) : rb_w32_ugetenv(name);
}
#define getenv(n) w32_getenv(n)
#elif defined(__APPLE__)
#undef environ
#define environ (*_NSGetEnviron())
#define GET_ENVIRON(e) (e)
#define FREE_ENVIRON(e)
#else
extern char **environ;
#define GET_ENVIRON(e) (e)
#define FREE_ENVIRON(e)
#endif
#ifdef ENV_IGNORECASE
#define ENVMATCH(s1, s2) (STRCASECMP((s1), (s2)) == 0)
#define ENVNMATCH(s1, s2, n) (STRNCASECMP((s1), (s2), (n)) == 0)
#else
#define ENVMATCH(n1, n2) (strcmp((n1), (n2)) == 0)
#define ENVNMATCH(s1, s2, n) (memcmp((s1), (s2), (n)) == 0)
#endif
#ifdef _WIN32
static VALUE
env_str_transcode(VALUE str, rb_encoding *enc)
{
return rb_str_conv_enc_opts(str, rb_utf8_encoding(), enc,
ECONV_INVALID_REPLACE | ECONV_UNDEF_REPLACE, Qnil);
}
#endif
static VALUE
env_str_new(const char *ptr, long len)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
VALUE str = env_str_transcode(rb_str_new(ptr, len), rb_locale_encoding());
#else
VALUE str = rb_locale_str_new(ptr, len);
#endif
rb_obj_freeze(str);
return str;
}
static VALUE
env_path_str_new(const char *ptr)
{
#ifdef _WIN32
VALUE str = env_str_transcode(rb_str_new_cstr(ptr), rb_filesystem_encoding());
#else
VALUE str = rb_filesystem_str_new_cstr(ptr);
#endif
rb_obj_freeze(str);
return str;
}
static VALUE
env_str_new2(const char *ptr)
{
if (!ptr) return Qnil;
return env_str_new(ptr, strlen(ptr));
}
static void *
get_env_cstr(VALUE str, const char *name)
{
char *var;
rb_encoding *enc = rb_enc_get(str);
if (!rb_enc_asciicompat(enc)) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "bad environment variable %s: ASCII incompatible encoding: %s",
name, rb_enc_name(enc));
}
var = RSTRING_PTR(str);
if (memchr(var, '\0', RSTRING_LEN(str))) {
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "bad environment variable %s: contains null byte", name);
}
return var;
}
#define get_env_ptr(var, val) \
(var = get_env_cstr(val, #var))
static inline const char *
env_name(volatile VALUE *s)
{
const char *name;
SafeStringValue(*s);
get_env_ptr(name, *s);
return name;
}
#define env_name(s) env_name(&(s))
static VALUE
env_delete(VALUE obj, VALUE name)
{
const char *nam, *val;
nam = env_name(name);
val = getenv(nam);
if (val) {
VALUE value = env_str_new2(val);
ruby_setenv(nam, 0);
if (ENVMATCH(nam, PATH_ENV)) {
path_tainted = 0;
}
return value;
}
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.delete(name) -> value
* ENV.delete(name) { |name| } -> value
*
* Deletes the environment variable with +name+ and returns the value of the
* variable. If a block is given it will be called when the named environment
* does not exist.
*/
static VALUE
env_delete_m(VALUE obj, VALUE name)
{
VALUE val;
val = env_delete(obj, name);
if (NIL_P(val) && rb_block_given_p()) rb_yield(name);
return val;
}
static int env_path_tainted(const char *);
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV[name] -> value
*
* Retrieves the +value+ for environment variable +name+ as a String. Returns
* +nil+ if the named variable does not exist.
*/
static VALUE
rb_f_getenv(VALUE obj, VALUE name)
{
const char *nam, *env;
nam = env_name(name);
env = getenv(nam);
if (env) {
if (ENVMATCH(nam, PATH_ENV) && !env_path_tainted(env)) {
return env_path_str_new(env);
}
return env_str_new2(env);
}
return Qnil;
}
/*
* :yield: missing_name
* call-seq:
* ENV.fetch(name) -> value
* ENV.fetch(name, default) -> value
* ENV.fetch(name) { |missing_name| ... } -> value
*
* Retrieves the environment variable +name+.
*
* If the given name does not exist and neither +default+ nor a block a
* provided an IndexError is raised. If a block is given it is called with
* the missing name to provide a value. If a default value is given it will
* be returned when no block is given.
*/
static VALUE
env_fetch(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
VALUE key;
long block_given;
const char *nam, *env;
rb_check_arity(argc, 1, 2);
key = argv[0];
block_given = rb_block_given_p();
if (block_given && argc == 2) {
rb_warn("block supersedes default value argument");
}
nam = env_name(key);
env = getenv(nam);
if (!env) {
if (block_given) return rb_yield(key);
if (argc == 1) {
rb_raise(rb_eKeyError, "key not found: \"%"PRIsVALUE"\"", key);
}
return argv[1];
}
if (ENVMATCH(nam, PATH_ENV) && !env_path_tainted(env))
return env_path_str_new(env);
return env_str_new2(env);
}
static void
path_tainted_p(const char *path)
{
path_tainted = rb_path_check(path)?0:1;
}
static int
env_path_tainted(const char *path)
{
if (path_tainted < 0) {
path_tainted_p(path);
}
return path_tainted;
}
int
rb_env_path_tainted(void)
{
if (path_tainted < 0) {
path_tainted_p(getenv(PATH_ENV));
}
return path_tainted;
}
#if defined(_WIN32) || (defined(HAVE_SETENV) && defined(HAVE_UNSETENV))
#elif defined __sun
static int
in_origenv(const char *str)
{
char **env;
for (env = origenviron; *env; ++env) {
if (*env == str) return 1;
}
return 0;
}
#else
static int
envix(const char *nam)
{
register int i, len = strlen(nam);
char **env;
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
for (i = 0; env[i]; i++) {
if (ENVNMATCH(env[i],nam,len) && env[i][len] == '=')
break; /* memcmp must come first to avoid */
} /* potential SEGV's */
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return i;
}
#endif
#if defined(_WIN32)
static size_t
getenvsize(const char* p)
{
const char* porg = p;
while (*p++) p += strlen(p) + 1;
return p - porg + 1;
}
static size_t
getenvblocksize(void)
{
return (rb_w32_osver() >= 5) ? 32767 : 5120;
}
#endif
#if defined(_WIN32) || \
(defined(__sun) && !(defined(HAVE_SETENV) && defined(HAVE_UNSETENV)))
NORETURN(static void invalid_envname(const char *name));
static void
invalid_envname(const char *name)
{
rb_syserr_fail_str(EINVAL, rb_sprintf("ruby_setenv(%s)", name));
}
static const char *
check_envname(const char *name)
{
if (strchr(name, '=')) {
invalid_envname(name);
}
return name;
}
#endif
void
ruby_setenv(const char *name, const char *value)
{
#if defined(_WIN32)
VALUE buf;
int failed = 0;
check_envname(name);
if (value) {
char* p = GetEnvironmentStringsA();
size_t n;
if (!p) goto fail; /* never happen */
n = strlen(name) + 2 + strlen(value) + getenvsize(p);
FreeEnvironmentStringsA(p);
if (n >= getenvblocksize()) {
goto fail; /* 2 for '=' & '\0' */
}
buf = rb_sprintf("%s=%s", name, value);
}
else {
buf = rb_sprintf("%s=", name);
}
failed = putenv(RSTRING_PTR(buf));
/* even if putenv() failed, clean up and try to delete the
* variable from the system area. */
rb_str_resize(buf, 0);
if (!value || !*value) {
/* putenv() doesn't handle empty value */
if (!SetEnvironmentVariable(name, value) &&
GetLastError() != ERROR_ENVVAR_NOT_FOUND) goto fail;
}
if (failed) {
fail:
invalid_envname(name);
}
#elif defined(HAVE_SETENV) && defined(HAVE_UNSETENV)
#undef setenv
#undef unsetenv
if (value) {
if (setenv(name, value, 1))
rb_sys_fail_str(rb_sprintf("setenv(%s)", name));
}
else {
#ifdef VOID_UNSETENV
unsetenv(name);
#else
if (unsetenv(name))
rb_sys_fail_str(rb_sprintf("unsetenv(%s)", name));
#endif
}
#elif defined __sun
/* Solaris 9 (or earlier) does not have setenv(3C) and unsetenv(3C). */
/* The below code was tested on Solaris 10 by:
% ./configure ac_cv_func_setenv=no ac_cv_func_unsetenv=no
*/
size_t len, mem_size;
char **env_ptr, *str, *mem_ptr;
check_envname(name);
len = strlen(name);
if (value) {
mem_size = len + strlen(value) + 2;
mem_ptr = malloc(mem_size);
if (mem_ptr == NULL)
rb_sys_fail_str(rb_sprintf("malloc("PRIuSIZE")", mem_size));
snprintf(mem_ptr, mem_size, "%s=%s", name, value);
}
for (env_ptr = GET_ENVIRON(environ); (str = *env_ptr) != 0; ++env_ptr) {
if (!strncmp(str, name, len) && str[len] == '=') {
if (!in_origenv(str)) free(str);
while ((env_ptr[0] = env_ptr[1]) != 0) env_ptr++;
break;
}
}
if (value) {
if (putenv(mem_ptr)) {
free(mem_ptr);
rb_sys_fail_str(rb_sprintf("putenv(%s)", name));
}
}
#else /* WIN32 */
size_t len;
int i;
i=envix(name); /* where does it go? */
if (environ == origenviron) { /* need we copy environment? */
int j;
int max;
char **tmpenv;
for (max = i; environ[max]; max++) ;
tmpenv = ALLOC_N(char*, max+2);
for (j=0; j<max; j++) /* copy environment */
tmpenv[j] = ruby_strdup(environ[j]);
tmpenv[max] = 0;
environ = tmpenv; /* tell exec where it is now */
}
if (environ[i]) {
char **envp = origenviron;
while (*envp && *envp != environ[i]) envp++;
if (!*envp)
xfree(environ[i]);
if (!value) {
while (environ[i]) {
environ[i] = environ[i+1];
i++;
}
return;
}
}
else { /* does not exist yet */
if (!value) return;
REALLOC_N(environ, char*, i+2); /* just expand it a bit */
environ[i+1] = 0; /* make sure it's null terminated */
}
len = strlen(name) + strlen(value) + 2;
environ[i] = ALLOC_N(char, len);
snprintf(environ[i],len,"%s=%s",name,value); /* all that work just for this */
#endif /* WIN32 */
}
void
ruby_unsetenv(const char *name)
{
ruby_setenv(name, 0);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV[name] = value
* ENV.store(name, value) -> value
*
* Sets the environment variable +name+ to +value+. If the value given is
* +nil+ the environment variable is deleted.
* +name+ must be a string.
*
*/
static VALUE
env_aset(VALUE obj, VALUE nm, VALUE val)
{
char *name, *value;
if (NIL_P(val)) {
env_delete(obj, nm);
return Qnil;
}
SafeStringValue(nm);
SafeStringValue(val);
/* nm can be modified in `val.to_str`, don't get `name` before
* check for `val` */
get_env_ptr(name, nm);
get_env_ptr(value, val);
ruby_setenv(name, value);
if (ENVMATCH(name, PATH_ENV)) {
if (OBJ_TAINTED(val)) {
/* already tainted, no check */
path_tainted = 1;
return val;
}
else {
path_tainted_p(value);
}
}
return val;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.keys -> Array
*
* Returns every environment variable name in an Array
*/
static VALUE
env_keys(void)
{
char **env;
VALUE ary;
ary = rb_ary_new();
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
rb_ary_push(ary, env_str_new(*env, s-*env));
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return ary;
}
static VALUE
rb_env_size(VALUE ehash, VALUE args, VALUE eobj)
{
char **env;
long cnt = 0;
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
for (; *env ; ++env) {
if (strchr(*env, '=')) {
cnt++;
}
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return LONG2FIX(cnt);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.each_key { |name| } -> Hash
* ENV.each_key -> Enumerator
*
* Yields each environment variable name.
*
* An Enumerator is returned if no block is given.
*/
static VALUE
env_each_key(VALUE ehash)
{
VALUE keys;
long i;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
keys = env_keys();
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(keys); i++) {
rb_yield(RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
}
return ehash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.values -> Array
*
* Returns every environment variable value as an Array
*/
static VALUE
env_values(void)
{
VALUE ary;
char **env;
ary = rb_ary_new();
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
rb_ary_push(ary, env_str_new2(s+1));
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return ary;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.each_value { |value| } -> Hash
* ENV.each_value -> Enumerator
*
* Yields each environment variable +value+.
*
* An Enumerator is returned if no block was given.
*/
static VALUE
env_each_value(VALUE ehash)
{
VALUE values;
long i;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
values = env_values();
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(values); i++) {
rb_yield(RARRAY_AREF(values, i));
}
return ehash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.each { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.each -> Enumerator
* ENV.each_pair { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.each_pair -> Enumerator
*
* Yields each environment variable +name+ and +value+.
*
* If no block is given an Enumerator is returned.
*/
static VALUE
env_each_pair(VALUE ehash)
{
char **env;
VALUE ary;
long i;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
ary = rb_ary_new();
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
rb_ary_push(ary, env_str_new(*env, s-*env));
rb_ary_push(ary, env_str_new2(s+1));
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
if (rb_block_arity() > 1) {
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(ary); i+=2) {
rb_yield_values(2, RARRAY_AREF(ary, i), RARRAY_AREF(ary, i+1));
}
}
else {
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(ary); i+=2) {
rb_yield(rb_assoc_new(RARRAY_AREF(ary, i), RARRAY_AREF(ary, i+1)));
}
}
return ehash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.reject! { |name, value| } -> ENV or nil
* ENV.reject! -> Enumerator
*
* Equivalent to ENV#delete_if but returns +nil+ if no changes were made.
*
* Returns an Enumerator if no block was given.
*/
static VALUE
env_reject_bang(VALUE ehash)
{
VALUE keys;
long i;
int del = 0;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
keys = env_keys();
RBASIC_CLEAR_CLASS(keys);
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(keys); i++) {
VALUE val = rb_f_getenv(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
if (!NIL_P(val)) {
if (RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i), val))) {
FL_UNSET(RARRAY_AREF(keys, i), FL_TAINT);
env_delete(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
del++;
}
}
}
RB_GC_GUARD(keys);
if (del == 0) return Qnil;
return envtbl;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.delete_if { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.delete_if -> Enumerator
*
* Deletes every environment variable for which the block evaluates to +true+.
*
* If no block is given an enumerator is returned instead.
*/
static VALUE
env_delete_if(VALUE ehash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
env_reject_bang(ehash);
return envtbl;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.values_at(name, ...) -> Array
*
* Returns an array containing the environment variable values associated with
* the given names. See also ENV.select.
*/
static VALUE
env_values_at(int argc, VALUE *argv)
{
VALUE result;
long i;
result = rb_ary_new();
for (i=0; i<argc; i++) {
rb_ary_push(result, rb_f_getenv(Qnil, argv[i]));
}
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.select { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.select -> Enumerator
*
* Returns a copy of the environment for entries where the block returns true.
*
* Returns an Enumerator if no block was given.
*/
static VALUE
env_select(VALUE ehash)
{
VALUE result;
VALUE keys;
long i;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
result = rb_hash_new();
keys = env_keys();
for (i = 0; i < RARRAY_LEN(keys); ++i) {
VALUE key = RARRAY_AREF(keys, i);
VALUE val = rb_f_getenv(Qnil, key);
if (!NIL_P(val)) {
if (RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, key, val))) {
rb_hash_aset(result, key, val);
}
}
}
RB_GC_GUARD(keys);
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.select! { |name, value| } -> ENV or nil
* ENV.select! -> Enumerator
*
* Equivalent to ENV#keep_if but returns +nil+ if no changes were made.
*/
static VALUE
env_select_bang(VALUE ehash)
{
VALUE keys;
long i;
int del = 0;
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
keys = env_keys();
RBASIC_CLEAR_CLASS(keys);
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(keys); i++) {
VALUE val = rb_f_getenv(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
if (!NIL_P(val)) {
if (!RTEST(rb_yield_values(2, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i), val))) {
FL_UNSET(RARRAY_AREF(keys, i), FL_TAINT);
env_delete(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
del++;
}
}
}
RB_GC_GUARD(keys);
if (del == 0) return Qnil;
return envtbl;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.keep_if { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.keep_if -> Enumerator
*
* Deletes every environment variable where the block evaluates to +false+.
*
* Returns an enumerator if no block was given.
*/
static VALUE
env_keep_if(VALUE ehash)
{
RETURN_SIZED_ENUMERATOR(ehash, 0, 0, rb_env_size);
env_select_bang(ehash);
return envtbl;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.clear
*
* Removes every environment variable.
*/
VALUE
rb_env_clear(void)
{
VALUE keys;
long i;
keys = env_keys();
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(keys); i++) {
VALUE val = rb_f_getenv(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
if (!NIL_P(val)) {
env_delete(Qnil, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
}
}
RB_GC_GUARD(keys);
return envtbl;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.to_s -> "ENV"
*
* Returns "ENV"
*/
static VALUE
env_to_s(void)
{
return rb_usascii_str_new2("ENV");
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.inspect -> string
*
* Returns the contents of the environment as a String.
*/
static VALUE
env_inspect(void)
{
char **env;
VALUE str, i;
str = rb_str_buf_new2("{");
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (env != environ) {
rb_str_buf_cat2(str, ", ");
}
if (s) {
rb_str_buf_cat2(str, "\"");
rb_str_buf_cat(str, *env, s-*env);
rb_str_buf_cat2(str, "\"=>");
i = rb_inspect(rb_str_new2(s+1));
rb_str_buf_append(str, i);
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
rb_str_buf_cat2(str, "}");
OBJ_TAINT(str);
return str;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.to_a -> Array
*
* Converts the environment variables into an array of names and value arrays.
*
* ENV.to_a # => [["TERM", "xterm-color"], ["SHELL", "/bin/bash"], ...]
*
*/
static VALUE
env_to_a(void)
{
char **env;
VALUE ary;
ary = rb_ary_new();
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
rb_ary_push(ary, rb_assoc_new(env_str_new(*env, s-*env),
env_str_new2(s+1)));
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return ary;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.rehash
*
* Re-hashing the environment variables does nothing. It is provided for
* compatibility with Hash.
*/
static VALUE
env_none(void)
{
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.length
* ENV.size
*
* Returns the number of environment variables.
*/
static VALUE
env_size(void)
{
int i;
char **env;
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
for (i=0; env[i]; i++)
;
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return INT2FIX(i);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.empty? -> true or false
*
* Returns true when there are no environment variables
*/
static VALUE
env_empty_p(void)
{
char **env;
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
if (env[0] == 0) {
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qtrue;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.key?(name) -> true or false
* ENV.include?(name) -> true or false
* ENV.has_key?(name) -> true or false
* ENV.member?(name) -> true or false
*
* Returns +true+ if there is an environment variable with the given +name+.
*/
static VALUE
env_has_key(VALUE env, VALUE key)
{
const char *s;
s = env_name(key);
if (getenv(s)) return Qtrue;
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.assoc(name) -> Array or nil
*
* Returns an Array of the name and value of the environment variable with
* +name+ or +nil+ if the name cannot be found.
*/
static VALUE
env_assoc(VALUE env, VALUE key)
{
const char *s, *e;
s = env_name(key);
e = getenv(s);
if (e) return rb_assoc_new(key, rb_tainted_str_new2(e));
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.value?(value) -> true or false
* ENV.has_value?(value) -> true or false
*
* Returns +true+ if there is an environment variable with the given +value+.
*/
static VALUE
env_has_value(VALUE dmy, VALUE obj)
{
char **env;
obj = rb_check_string_type(obj);
if (NIL_P(obj)) return Qnil;
rb_check_safe_obj(obj);
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s++) {
long len = strlen(s);
if (RSTRING_LEN(obj) == len && strncmp(s, RSTRING_PTR(obj), len) == 0) {
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qtrue;
}
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.rassoc(value)
*
* Returns an Array of the name and value of the environment variable with
* +value+ or +nil+ if the value cannot be found.
*/
static VALUE
env_rassoc(VALUE dmy, VALUE obj)
{
char **env;
obj = rb_check_string_type(obj);
if (NIL_P(obj)) return Qnil;
rb_check_safe_obj(obj);
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s++) {
long len = strlen(s);
if (RSTRING_LEN(obj) == len && strncmp(s, RSTRING_PTR(obj), len) == 0) {
VALUE result = rb_assoc_new(rb_tainted_str_new(*env, s-*env-1), obj);
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return result;
}
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.key(value) -> name
*
* Returns the name of the environment variable with +value+. If the value is
* not found +nil+ is returned.
*/
static VALUE
env_key(VALUE dmy, VALUE value)
{
char **env;
VALUE str;
SafeStringValue(value);
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s++) {
long len = strlen(s);
if (RSTRING_LEN(value) == len && strncmp(s, RSTRING_PTR(value), len) == 0) {
str = env_str_new(*env, s-*env-1);
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return str;
}
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.index(value) -> key
*
* Deprecated method that is equivalent to ENV.key
*/
static VALUE
env_index(VALUE dmy, VALUE value)
{
rb_warn("ENV.index is deprecated; use ENV.key");
return env_key(dmy, value);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.to_hash -> hash
* ENV.to_h -> hash
*
* Creates a hash with a copy of the environment variables.
*
*/
static VALUE
env_to_hash(void)
{
char **env;
VALUE hash;
hash = rb_hash_new();
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
while (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
rb_hash_aset(hash, env_str_new(*env, s-*env),
env_str_new2(s+1));
}
env++;
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return hash;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.reject { |name, value| } -> Hash
* ENV.reject -> Enumerator
*
* Same as ENV#delete_if, but works on (and returns) a copy of the
* environment.
*/
static VALUE
env_reject(void)
{
return rb_hash_delete_if(env_to_hash());
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.shift -> Array or nil
*
* Removes an environment variable name-value pair from ENV and returns it as
* an Array. Returns +nil+ if when the environment is empty.
*/
static VALUE
env_shift(void)
{
char **env;
VALUE result = Qnil;
env = GET_ENVIRON(environ);
if (*env) {
char *s = strchr(*env, '=');
if (s) {
VALUE key = env_str_new(*env, s-*env);
VALUE val = env_str_new2(getenv(RSTRING_PTR(key)));
env_delete(Qnil, key);
result = rb_assoc_new(key, val);
}
}
FREE_ENVIRON(environ);
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.invert -> Hash
*
* Returns a new hash created by using environment variable names as values
* and values as names.
*/
static VALUE
env_invert(void)
{
return rb_hash_invert(env_to_hash());
}
static int
env_replace_i(VALUE key, VALUE val, VALUE keys)
{
env_aset(Qnil, key, val);
if (rb_ary_includes(keys, key)) {
rb_ary_delete(keys, key);
}
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.replace(hash) -> env
*
* Replaces the contents of the environment variables with the contents of
* +hash+.
*/
static VALUE
env_replace(VALUE env, VALUE hash)
{
VALUE keys;
long i;
keys = env_keys();
if (env == hash) return env;
hash = to_hash(hash);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, env_replace_i, keys);
for (i=0; i<RARRAY_LEN(keys); i++) {
env_delete(env, RARRAY_AREF(keys, i));
}
RB_GC_GUARD(keys);
return env;
}
static int
env_update_i(VALUE key, VALUE val)
{
if (rb_block_given_p()) {
val = rb_yield_values(3, key, rb_f_getenv(Qnil, key), val);
}
env_aset(Qnil, key, val);
return ST_CONTINUE;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* ENV.update(hash) -> Hash
* ENV.update(hash) { |name, old_value, new_value| } -> Hash
*
* Adds the contents of +hash+ to the environment variables. If no block is
* specified entries with duplicate keys are overwritten, otherwise the value
* of each duplicate name is determined by calling the block with the key, its
* value from the environment and its value from the hash.
*/
static VALUE
env_update(VALUE env, VALUE hash)
{
if (env == hash) return env;
hash = to_hash(hash);
rb_hash_foreach(hash, env_update_i, 0);
return env;
}
/*
* A Hash is a dictionary-like collection of unique keys and their values.
* Also called associative arrays, they are similar to Arrays, but where an
* Array uses integers as its index, a Hash allows you to use any object
* type.
*
* Hashes enumerate their values in the order that the corresponding keys
* were inserted.
*
* A Hash can be easily created by using its implicit form:
*
* grades = { "Jane Doe" => 10, "Jim Doe" => 6 }
*
* Hashes allow an alternate syntax form when your keys are always symbols.
* Instead of
*
* options = { :font_size => 10, :font_family => "Arial" }
*
* You could write it as:
*
* options = { font_size: 10, font_family: "Arial" }
*
* Each named key is a symbol you can access in hash:
*
* options[:font_size] # => 10
*
* A Hash can also be created through its ::new method:
*
* grades = Hash.new
* grades["Dorothy Doe"] = 9
*
* Hashes have a <em>default value</em> that is returned when accessing
* keys that do not exist in the hash. If no default is set +nil+ is used.
* You can set the default value by sending it as an argument to Hash.new:
*
* grades = Hash.new(0)
*
* Or by using the #default= method:
*
* grades = {"Timmy Doe" => 8}
* grades.default = 0
*
* Accessing a value in a Hash requires using its key:
*
* puts grades["Jane Doe"] # => 0
*
* === Common Uses
*
* Hashes are an easy way to represent data structures, such as
*
* books = {}
* books[:matz] = "The Ruby Language"
* books[:black] = "The Well-Grounded Rubyist"
*
* Hashes are also commonly used as a way to have named parameters in
* functions. Note that no brackets are used below. If a hash is the last
* argument on a method call, no braces are needed, thus creating a really
* clean interface:
*
* Person.create(name: "John Doe", age: 27)
*
* def self.create(params)
* @name = params[:name]
* @age = params[:age]
* end
*
* === Hash Keys
*
* Two objects refer to the same hash key when their <code>hash</code> value
* is identical and the two objects are <code>eql?</code> to each other.
*
* A user-defined class may be used as a hash key if the <code>hash</code>
* and <code>eql?</code> methods are overridden to provide meaningful
* behavior. By default, separate instances refer to separate hash keys.
*
* A typical implementation of <code>hash</code> is based on the
* object's data while <code>eql?</code> is usually aliased to the overridden
* <code>==</code> method:
*
* class Book
* attr_reader :author, :title
*
* def initialize(author, title)
* @author = author
* @title = title
* end
*
* def ==(other)
* self.class === other and
* other.author == @author and
* other.title == @title
* end
*
* alias eql? ==
*
* def hash
* @author.hash ^ @title.hash # XOR
* end
* end
*
* book1 = Book.new 'matz', 'Ruby in a Nutshell'
* book2 = Book.new 'matz', 'Ruby in a Nutshell'
*
* reviews = {}
*
* reviews[book1] = 'Great reference!'
* reviews[book2] = 'Nice and compact!'
*
* reviews.length #=> 1
*
* See also Object#hash and Object#eql?
*/
void
Init_Hash(void)
{
#undef rb_intern
#define rb_intern(str) rb_intern_const(str)
id_hash = rb_intern("hash");
id_yield = rb_intern("yield");
id_default = rb_intern("default");
id_flatten_bang = rb_intern("flatten!");
rb_cHash = rb_define_class("Hash", rb_cObject);
rb_include_module(rb_cHash, rb_mEnumerable);
rb_define_alloc_func(rb_cHash, empty_hash_alloc);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cHash, "[]", rb_hash_s_create, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cHash, "try_convert", rb_hash_s_try_convert, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"initialize", rb_hash_initialize, -1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"initialize_copy", rb_hash_initialize_copy, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"rehash", rb_hash_rehash, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"to_hash", rb_hash_to_hash, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"to_h", rb_hash_to_h, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"to_a", rb_hash_to_a, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"inspect", rb_hash_inspect, 0);
rb_define_alias(rb_cHash, "to_s", "inspect");
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"==", rb_hash_equal, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"[]", rb_hash_aref, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"hash", rb_hash_hash, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"eql?", rb_hash_eql, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"fetch", rb_hash_fetch_m, -1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"[]=", rb_hash_aset, 2);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"store", rb_hash_aset, 2);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"default", rb_hash_default, -1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"default=", rb_hash_set_default, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"default_proc", rb_hash_default_proc, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"default_proc=", rb_hash_set_default_proc, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"key", rb_hash_key, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"index", rb_hash_index, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"size", rb_hash_size, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"length", rb_hash_size, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"empty?", rb_hash_empty_p, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"each_value", rb_hash_each_value, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"each_key", rb_hash_each_key, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"each_pair", rb_hash_each_pair, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"each", rb_hash_each_pair, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"keys", rb_hash_keys, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cHash,"values&qu