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= Algorithmic complexity vulnerability in RubyGems 2.0.7 and older
RubyGems validates versions with a regular expression that is vulnerable to
denial of service due to backtracking. For specially crafted RubyGems
versions attackers can cause denial of service through CPU consumption.
RubyGems versions 2.0.7 and older, 2.1.0.rc.1 and 2.1.0.rc.2 are vulnerable.
Ruby versions 1.9.0 through 2.0.0p247 are vulnerable as they contain embedded
versions of RubyGems.
It does not appear to be possible to exploit this vulnerability by installing a
gem for RubyGems 1.8.x or 2.0.x. Vulnerable uses of RubyGems API include
packaging a gem (through `gem build`, Gem::Package or Gem::PackageTask),
sending user input to, Gem::Version.correct? or use of the
Notably, users of bundler that install gems from git are vulnerable if a
malicious author changes the gemspec to an invalid version.
The vulnerability can be fixed by changing the first grouping to an atomic
grouping in Gem::Version::VERSION_PATTERN in lib/rubygems/version.rb. For
RubyGems 2.0.x:
- VERSION_PATTERN = '[0-9]+(\.[0-9a-zA-Z]+)*(-[0-9A-Za-z-]+(\.[0-9A-Za-z-]+)*)?' # :nodoc:
+ VERSION_PATTERN = '[0-9]+(?>\.[0-9a-zA-Z]+)*(-[0-9A-Za-z-]+(\.[0-9A-Za-z-]+)*)?' # :nodoc:
For RubyGems 1.8.x:
- VERSION_PATTERN = '[0-9]+(\.[0-9a-zA-Z]+)*' # :nodoc:
+ VERSION_PATTERN = '[0-9]+(?>\.[0-9a-zA-Z]+)*' # :nodoc:
This vulnerability was discovered by Damir Sharipov <>