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""" A templating engine for separation of code and HTML.
The documentation of this templating engine is separated to two parts:
1. Description of the templating language.
2. Documentation of classes and API of this module that provides
a Python implementation of the templating language.
All the documentation can be found in 'doc' directory of the
distribution tarball or at the homepage of the engine.
Latest versions of this module are also available at that website.
You can use and redistribute this module under conditions of the
GNU General Public License that can be found either at
[ http://www.gnu.org/ ] or in file "LICENSE" contained in the
distribution tarball of this module.
Copyright (c) 2001 Tomas Styblo, tripie@cpan.org
@name htmltmpl
@version 1.22
@author-name Tomas Styblo
@author-email tripie@cpan.org
@website http://htmltmpl.sourceforge.net/
@license-name GNU GPL
@license-url http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
"""
__version__ = 1.22
__author__ = "Tomas Styblo (tripie@cpan.org)"
# All imported modules are part of the standard Python library.
from types import *
import re
import os
import os.path
import pprint # only for debugging
import sys
import copy
import cgi # for HTML escaping of variables
import urllib # for URL escaping of variables
import cPickle # for template compilation
import gettext
import portalocker # for locking
INCLUDE_DIR = "inc"
# Total number of possible parameters.
# Increment if adding a parameter to any statement.
PARAMS_NUMBER = 3
# Relative positions of parameters in TemplateCompiler.tokenize().
PARAM_NAME = 1
PARAM_ESCAPE = 2
PARAM_GLOBAL = 3
PARAM_GETTEXT_STRING = 1
##############################################
# CLASS: TemplateManager #
##############################################
class TemplateManager:
""" Class that manages compilation and precompilation of templates.
You should use this class whenever you work with templates
that are stored in a file. The class can create a compiled
template and transparently manage its precompilation. It also
keeps the precompiled templates up-to-date by modification times
comparisons.
"""
def __init__(self, include=1, max_include=5, precompile=1, comments=1,
gettext=0, debug=0):
""" Constructor.
@header
__init__(include=1, max_include=5, precompile=1, comments=1,
gettext=0, debug=0)
@param include Enable or disable included templates.
This optional parameter can be used to enable or disable
<em>TMPL_INCLUDE</em> inclusion of templates. Disabling of
inclusion can improve performance a bit. The inclusion is
enabled by default.
@param max_include Maximum depth of nested inclusions.
This optional parameter can be used to specify maximum depth of
nested <em>TMPL_INCLUDE</em> inclusions. It defaults to 5.
This setting prevents infinite recursive inclusions.
@param precompile Enable or disable precompilation of templates.
This optional parameter can be used to enable or disable
creation and usage of precompiled templates.
A precompiled template is saved to the same directory in
which the main template file is located. You need write
permissions to that directory.
Precompilation provides a significant performance boost because
it's not necessary to parse the templates over and over again.
The boost is especially noticeable when templates that include
other templates are used.
Comparison of modification times of the main template and all
included templates is used to ensure that the precompiled
templates are up-to-date. Templates are also recompiled if the
htmltmpl module is updated.
The <em>TemplateError</em>exception is raised when the precompiled
template cannot be saved. Precompilation is enabled by default.
@param comments Enable or disable template comments.
This optional parameter can be used to enable or disable
template comments.
Disabling of the comments can improve performance a bit.
Comments are enabled by default.
@param gettext Enable or disable gettext support.
@param debug Enable or disable debugging messages.
This optional parameter is a flag that can be used to enable
or disable debugging messages which are printed to the standard
error output. The debugging messages are disabled by default.
"""
# Save the optional parameters.
# These values are not modified by any method.
self._include = include
self._max_include = max_include
self._precompile = precompile
self._comments = comments
self._gettext = gettext
self._debug = debug
self.DEB("INIT DONE")
def prepare(self, file):
""" Preprocess, parse, tokenize and compile the template.
If precompilation is enabled then this method tries to load
a precompiled form of the template from the same directory
in which the template source file is located. If it succeeds,
then it compares modification times stored in the precompiled
form to modification times of source files of the template,
including source files of all templates included via the
<em>TMPL_INCLUDE</em> statements. If any of the modification times
differs, then the template is recompiled and the precompiled
form updated.
If precompilation is disabled, then this method parses and
compiles the template.
@header prepare(file)
@return Compiled template.
The methods returns an instance of the <em>Template</em> class
which is a compiled form of the template. This instance can be
used as input for the <em>TemplateProcessor</em>.
@param file Path to the template file to prepare.
The method looks for the template file in current directory
if the parameter is a relative path. All included templates must
be placed in subdirectory <strong>'inc'</strong> of the
directory in which the main template file is located.
"""
compiled = None
if self._precompile:
if self.is_precompiled(file):
try:
precompiled = self.load_precompiled(file)
except PrecompiledError, template:
print >> sys.stderr, "Htmltmpl: bad precompiled "\
"template '%s' removed" % template
compiled = self.compile(file)
self.save_precompiled(compiled)
else:
precompiled.debug(self._debug)
compile_params = (self._include, self._max_include,
self._comments, self._gettext)
if precompiled.is_uptodate(compile_params):
self.DEB("PRECOMPILED: UPTODATE")
compiled = precompiled
else:
self.DEB("PRECOMPILED: NOT UPTODATE")
compiled = self.update(precompiled)
else:
self.DEB("PRECOMPILED: NOT PRECOMPILED")
compiled = self.compile(file)
self.save_precompiled(compiled)
else:
self.DEB("PRECOMPILATION DISABLED")
compiled = self.compile(file)
return compiled
def update(self, template):
""" Update (recompile) a compiled template.
This method recompiles a template compiled from a file.
If precompilation is enabled then the precompiled form saved on
disk is also updated.
@header update(template)
@return Recompiled template.
It's ensured that the returned template is up-to-date.
@param template A compiled template.
This parameter should be an instance of the <em>Template</em>
class, created either by the <em>TemplateManager</em> or by the
<em>TemplateCompiler</em>. The instance must represent a template
compiled from a file on disk.
"""
self.DEB("UPDATE")
updated = self.compile(template.file())
if self._precompile:
self.save_precompiled(updated)
return updated
##############################################
# PRIVATE METHODS #
##############################################
def DEB(self, str):
""" Print debugging message to stderr if debugging is enabled.
@hidden
"""
if self._debug: print >> sys.stderr, str
def compile(self, file):
""" Compile the template.
@hidden
"""
return TemplateCompiler(self._include, self._max_include,
self._comments, self._gettext,
self._debug).compile(file)
def is_precompiled(self, file):
""" Return true if the template is already precompiled on the disk.
This method doesn't check whether the compiled template is
uptodate.
@hidden
"""
filename = file + "c" # "template.tmplc"
if os.path.isfile(filename):
return 1
else:
return 0
def load_precompiled(self, file):
""" Load precompiled template from disk.
Remove the precompiled template file and recompile it
if the file contains corrupted or unpicklable data.
@hidden
"""
filename = file + "c" # "template.tmplc"
self.DEB("LOADING PRECOMPILED")
try:
remove_bad = 0
file = None
try:
file = open(filename, "rb")
portalocker.lock(file, portalocker.LOCK_SH)
precompiled = cPickle.load(file)
except IOError, (errno, errstr):
raise TemplateError, "IO error in load precompiled "\
"template '%s': (%d) %s"\
% (filename, errno, errstr)
except cPickle.UnpicklingError:
remove_bad = 1
raise PrecompiledError, filename
except:
remove_bad = 1
raise
else:
return precompiled
finally:
if file:
portalocker.unlock(file)
file.close()
if remove_bad and os.path.isfile(filename):
# X: We may lose the original exception here, raising OSError.
os.remove(filename)
def save_precompiled(self, template):
""" Save compiled template to disk in precompiled form.
Associated metadata is also saved. It includes: filename of the
main template file, modification time of the main template file,
modification times of all included templates and version of the
htmltmpl module which compiled the template.
The method removes a file which is saved only partially because
of some error.
@hidden
"""
filename = template.file() + "c" # creates "template.tmplc"
# Check if we have write permission to the template's directory.
template_dir = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(filename))
if not os.access(template_dir, os.W_OK):
raise TemplateError, "Cannot save precompiled templates "\
"to '%s': write permission denied."\
% template_dir
try:
remove_bad = 0
file = None
try:
file = open(filename, "wb") # may truncate existing file
portalocker.lock(file, portalocker.LOCK_EX)
BINARY = 1
READABLE = 0
if self._debug:
cPickle.dump(template, file, READABLE)
else:
cPickle.dump(template, file, BINARY)
except IOError, (errno, errstr):
remove_bad = 1
raise TemplateError, "IO error while saving precompiled "\
"template '%s': (%d) %s"\
% (filename, errno, errstr)
except cPickle.PicklingError, error:
remove_bad = 1
raise TemplateError, "Pickling error while saving "\
"precompiled template '%s': %s"\
% (filename, error)
except:
remove_bad = 1
raise
else:
self.DEB("SAVING PRECOMPILED")
finally:
if file:
portalocker.unlock(file)
file.close()
if remove_bad and os.path.isfile(filename):
# X: We may lose the original exception here, raising OSError.
os.remove(filename)
##############################################
# CLASS: TemplateProcessor #
##############################################
class TemplateProcessor:
""" Fill the template with data and process it.
This class provides actual processing of a compiled template.
Use it to set template variables and loops and then obtain
result of the processing.
"""
def __init__(self, html_escape=1, magic_vars=1, global_vars=0, debug=0):
""" Constructor.
@header __init__(html_escape=1, magic_vars=1, global_vars=0,
debug=0)
@param html_escape Enable or disable HTML escaping of variables.
This optional parameter is a flag that can be used to enable or
disable automatic HTML escaping of variables.
All variables are by default automatically HTML escaped.
The escaping process substitutes HTML brackets, ampersands and
double quotes with appropriate HTML entities.
@param magic_vars Enable or disable loop magic variables.
This parameter can be used to enable or disable
"magic" context variables, that are automatically defined inside
loops. Magic variables are enabled by default.
Refer to the language specification for description of these
magic variables.
@param global_vars Globally activate global lookup of variables.
This optional parameter is a flag that can be used to specify
whether variables which cannot be found in the current scope
should be automatically looked up in enclosing scopes.
Automatic global lookup is disabled by default. Global lookup
can be overriden on a per-variable basis by the
<strong>GLOBAL</strong> parameter of a <strong>TMPL_VAR</strong>
statement.
@param debug Enable or disable debugging messages.
"""
self._html_escape = html_escape
self._magic_vars = magic_vars
self._global_vars = global_vars
self._debug = debug
# Data structure containing variables and loops set by the
# application. Use debug=1, process some template and
# then check stderr to see how the structure looks.
# It's modified only by set() and reset() methods.
self._vars = {}
# Following variables are for multipart templates.
self._current_part = 1
self._current_pos = 0
def set(self, var, value):
""" Associate a value with top-level template variable or loop.
A template identifier can represent either an ordinary variable
(string) or a loop.
To assign a value to a string identifier pass a scalar
as the 'value' parameter. This scalar will be automatically
converted to string.
To assign a value to a loop identifier pass a list of mappings as
the 'value' parameter. The engine iterates over this list and
assigns values from the mappings to variables in a template loop
block if a key in the mapping corresponds to a name of a variable
in the loop block. The number of mappings contained in this list
is equal to number of times the loop block is repeated in the
output.
@header set(var, value)
@return No return value.
@param var Name of template variable or loop.
@param value The value to associate.
"""
# The correctness of character case is verified only for top-level
# variables.
if self.is_ordinary_var(value):
# template top-level ordinary variable
if not var.islower():
raise TemplateError, "Invalid variable name '%s'." % var
elif type(value) == ListType:
# template top-level loop
if var != var.capitalize():
raise TemplateError, "Invalid loop name '%s'." % var
else:
raise TemplateError, "Value of toplevel variable '%s' must "\
"be either a scalar or a list." % var
self._vars[var] = value
self.DEB("VALUE SET: " + str(var))
def reset(self, keep_data=0):
""" Reset the template data.
This method resets the data contained in the template processor
instance. The template processor instance can be used to process
any number of templates, but this method must be called after
a template is processed to reuse the instance,
@header reset(keep_data=0)
@return No return value.
@param keep_data Do not reset the template data.
Use this flag if you do not want the template data to be erased.
This way you can reuse the data contained in the instance of
the <em>TemplateProcessor</em>.
"""
self._current_part = 1
self._current_pos = 0
if not keep_data:
self._vars.clear()
self.DEB("RESET")
def process(self, template, part=None):
""" Process a compiled template. Return the result as string.
This method actually processes a template and returns
the result.
@header process(template, part=None)
@return Result of the processing as string.
@param template A compiled template.
Value of this parameter must be an instance of the
<em>Template</em> class created either by the
<em>TemplateManager</em> or by the <em>TemplateCompiler</em>.
@param part The part of a multipart template to process.
This parameter can be used only together with a multipart
template. It specifies the number of the part to process.
It must be greater than zero, because the parts are numbered
from one.
The parts must be processed in the right order. You
cannot process a part which precedes an already processed part.
If this parameter is not specified, then the whole template
is processed, or all remaining parts are processed.
"""
self.DEB("APP INPUT:")
if self._debug: pprint.pprint(self._vars, sys.stderr)
if part != None and (part == 0 or part < self._current_part):
raise TemplateError, "process() - invalid part number"
# This flag means "jump behind the end of current statement" or
# "skip the parameters of current statement".
# Even parameters that actually are not present in the template
# do appear in the list of tokens as empty items !
skip_params = 0
# Stack for enabling or disabling output in response to TMPL_IF,
# TMPL_UNLESS, TMPL_ELSE and TMPL_LOOPs with no passes.
output_control = []
ENABLE_OUTPUT = 1
DISABLE_OUTPUT = 0
# Stacks for data related to loops.
loop_name = [] # name of a loop
loop_pass = [] # current pass of a loop (counted from zero)
loop_start = [] # index of loop start in token list
loop_total = [] # total number of passes in a loop
tokens = template.tokens()
len_tokens = len(tokens)
out = "" # buffer for processed output
# Recover position at which we ended after processing of last part.
i = self._current_pos
# Process the list of tokens.
while 1:
if i == len_tokens: break
if skip_params:
# Skip the parameters following a statement.
skip_params = 0
i += PARAMS_NUMBER
continue
token = tokens[i]
if token.startswith("<TMPL_") or \
token.startswith("</TMPL_"):
if token == "<TMPL_VAR":
# TMPL_VARs should be first. They are the most common.
var = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
if not var:
raise TemplateError, "No identifier in <TMPL_VAR>."
escape = tokens[i + PARAM_ESCAPE]
globalp = tokens[i + PARAM_GLOBAL]
skip_params = 1
# If output of current block is not disabled then append
# the substitued and escaped variable to the output.
if DISABLE_OUTPUT not in output_control:
value = str(self.find_value(var, loop_name, loop_pass,
loop_total, globalp))
out += self.escape(value, escape)
self.DEB("VAR: " + str(var))
elif token == "<TMPL_LOOP":
var = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
if not var:
raise TemplateError, "No identifier in <TMPL_LOOP>."
skip_params = 1
# Find total number of passes in this loop.
passtotal = self.find_value(var, loop_name, loop_pass,
loop_total)
if not passtotal: passtotal = 0
# Push data for this loop on the stack.
loop_total.append(passtotal)
loop_start.append(i)
loop_pass.append(0)
loop_name.append(var)
# Disable output of loop block if the number of passes
# in this loop is zero.
if passtotal == 0:
# This loop is empty.
output_control.append(DISABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("LOOP: DISABLE: " + str(var))
else:
output_control.append(ENABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("LOOP: FIRST PASS: %s TOTAL: %d"\
% (var, passtotal))
elif token == "<TMPL_IF":
var = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
if not var:
raise TemplateError, "No identifier in <TMPL_IF>."
globalp = tokens[i + PARAM_GLOBAL]
skip_params = 1
if self.find_value(var, loop_name, loop_pass,
loop_total, globalp):
output_control.append(ENABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("IF: ENABLE: " + str(var))
else:
output_control.append(DISABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("IF: DISABLE: " + str(var))
elif token == "<TMPL_UNLESS":
var = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
if not var:
raise TemplateError, "No identifier in <TMPL_UNLESS>."
globalp = tokens[i + PARAM_GLOBAL]
skip_params = 1
if self.find_value(var, loop_name, loop_pass,
loop_total, globalp):
output_control.append(DISABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("UNLESS: DISABLE: " + str(var))
else:
output_control.append(ENABLE_OUTPUT)
self.DEB("UNLESS: ENABLE: " + str(var))
elif token == "</TMPL_LOOP":
skip_params = 1
if not loop_name:
raise TemplateError, "Unmatched </TMPL_LOOP>."
# If this loop was not disabled, then record the pass.
if loop_total[-1] > 0: loop_pass[-1] += 1
if loop_pass[-1] == loop_total[-1]:
# There are no more passes in this loop. Pop
# the loop from stack.
loop_pass.pop()
loop_name.pop()
loop_start.pop()
loop_total.pop()
output_control.pop()
self.DEB("LOOP: END")
else:
# Jump to the beggining of this loop block
# to process next pass of the loop.
i = loop_start[-1]
self.DEB("LOOP: NEXT PASS")
elif token == "</TMPL_IF":
skip_params = 1
if not output_control:
raise TemplateError, "Unmatched </TMPL_IF>."
output_control.pop()
self.DEB("IF: END")
elif token == "</TMPL_UNLESS":
skip_params = 1
if not output_control:
raise TemplateError, "Unmatched </TMPL_UNLESS>."
output_control.pop()
self.DEB("UNLESS: END")
elif token == "<TMPL_ELSE":
skip_params = 1
if not output_control:
raise TemplateError, "Unmatched <TMPL_ELSE>."
if output_control[-1] == DISABLE_OUTPUT:
# Condition was false, activate the ELSE block.
output_control[-1] = ENABLE_OUTPUT
self.DEB("ELSE: ENABLE")
elif output_control[-1] == ENABLE_OUTPUT:
# Condition was true, deactivate the ELSE block.
output_control[-1] = DISABLE_OUTPUT
self.DEB("ELSE: DISABLE")
else:
raise TemplateError, "BUG: ELSE: INVALID FLAG"
elif token == "<TMPL_BOUNDARY":
if part and part == self._current_part:
self.DEB("BOUNDARY ON")
self._current_part += 1
self._current_pos = i + 1 + PARAMS_NUMBER
break
else:
skip_params = 1
self.DEB("BOUNDARY OFF")
self._current_part += 1
elif token == "<TMPL_INCLUDE":
# TMPL_INCLUDE is left in the compiled template only
# when it was not replaced by the parser.
skip_params = 1
filename = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
out += """
<br />
<p>
<strong>HTMLTMPL WARNING:</strong><br />
Cannot include template: <strong>%s</strong>
</p>
<br />
""" % filename
self.DEB("CANNOT INCLUDE WARNING")
elif token == "<TMPL_GETTEXT":
skip_params = 1
if DISABLE_OUTPUT not in output_control:
text = tokens[i + PARAM_GETTEXT_STRING]
out += gettext.gettext(text)
self.DEB("GETTEXT: " + text)
else:
# Unknown processing directive.
raise TemplateError, "Invalid statement %s>." % token
elif DISABLE_OUTPUT not in output_control:
# Raw textual template data.
# If output of current block is not disabled, then
# append template data to the output buffer.
out += token
i += 1
# end of the big while loop
# Check whether all opening statements were closed.
if loop_name: raise TemplateError, "Missing </TMPL_LOOP>."
if output_control: raise TemplateError, "Missing </TMPL_IF> or </TMPL_UNLESS>"
return out
##############################################
# PRIVATE METHODS #
##############################################
def DEB(self, str):
""" Print debugging message to stderr if debugging is enabled.
@hidden
"""
if self._debug: print >> sys.stderr, str
def find_value(self, var, loop_name, loop_pass, loop_total,
global_override=None):
""" Search the self._vars data structure to find variable var
located in currently processed pass of a loop which
is currently being processed. If the variable is an ordinary
variable, then return it.
If the variable is an identificator of a loop, then
return the total number of times this loop will
be executed.
Return an empty string, if the variable is not
found at all.
@hidden
"""
# Search for the requested variable in magic vars if the name
# of the variable starts with "__" and if we are inside a loop.
if self._magic_vars and var.startswith("__") and loop_name:
return self.magic_var(var, loop_pass[-1], loop_total[-1])
# Search for an ordinary variable or for a loop.
# Recursively search in self._vars for the requested variable.
scope = self._vars
globals = []
for i in range(len(loop_name)):
# If global lookup is on then push the value on the stack.
if ((self._global_vars and global_override != "0") or \
global_override == "1") and scope.has_key(var) and \
self.is_ordinary_var(scope[var]):
globals.append(scope[var])
# Descent deeper into the hierarchy.
if scope.has_key(loop_name[i]) and scope[loop_name[i]]:
scope = scope[loop_name[i]][loop_pass[i]]
else:
return ""
if scope.has_key(var):
# Value exists in current loop.
if type(scope[var]) == ListType:
# The requested value is a loop.
# Return total number of its passes.
return len(scope[var])
else:
return scope[var]
elif globals and \
((self._global_vars and global_override != "0") or \
global_override == "1"):
# Return globally looked up value.
return globals.pop()
else:
# No value found.
if var[0].isupper():
# This is a loop name.
# Return zero, because the user wants to know number
# of its passes.
return 0
else:
return ""
def magic_var(self, var, loop_pass, loop_total):
""" Resolve and return value of a magic variable.
Raise an exception if the magic variable is not recognized.
@hidden
"""
self.DEB("MAGIC: '%s', PASS: %d, TOTAL: %d"\
% (var, loop_pass, loop_total))
if var == "__FIRST__":
if loop_pass == 0:
return 1
else:
return 0
elif var == "__LAST__":
if loop_pass == loop_total - 1:
return 1
else:
return 0
elif var == "__INNER__":
# If this is neither the first nor the last pass.
if loop_pass != 0 and loop_pass != loop_total - 1:
return 1
else:
return 0
elif var == "__PASS__":
# Magic variable __PASS__ counts passes from one.
return loop_pass + 1
elif var == "__PASSTOTAL__":
return loop_total
elif var == "__ODD__":
# Internally pass numbers stored in loop_pass are counted from
# zero. But the template language presents them counted from one.
# Therefore we must add one to the actual loop_pass value to get
# the value we present to the user.
if (loop_pass + 1) % 2 != 0:
return 1
else:
return 0
elif var.startswith("__EVERY__"):
# Magic variable __EVERY__x is never true in first or last pass.
if loop_pass != 0 and loop_pass != loop_total - 1:
# Check if an integer follows the variable name.
try:
every = int(var[9:]) # nine is length of "__EVERY__"
except ValueError:
raise TemplateError, "Magic variable __EVERY__x: "\
"Invalid pass number."
else:
if not every:
raise TemplateError, "Magic variable __EVERY__x: "\
"Pass number cannot be zero."
elif (loop_pass + 1) % every == 0:
self.DEB("MAGIC: EVERY: " + str(every))
return 1
else:
return 0
else:
return 0
else:
raise TemplateError, "Invalid magic variable '%s'." % var
def escape(self, str, override=""):
""" Escape a string either by HTML escaping or by URL escaping.
@hidden
"""
ESCAPE_QUOTES = 1
if (self._html_escape and override != "NONE" and override != "0" and \
override != "URL") or override == "HTML" or override == "1":
return cgi.escape(str, ESCAPE_QUOTES)
elif override == "URL":
return urllib.quote_plus(str)
else:
return str
def is_ordinary_var(self, var):
""" Return true if var is a scalar. (not a reference to loop)
@hidden
"""
if type(var) == StringType or type(var) == IntType or \
type(var) == LongType or type(var) == FloatType:
return 1
else:
return 0
##############################################
# CLASS: TemplateCompiler #
##############################################
class TemplateCompiler:
""" Preprocess, parse, tokenize and compile the template.
This class parses the template and produces a 'compiled' form
of it. This compiled form is an instance of the <em>Template</em>
class. The compiled form is used as input for the TemplateProcessor
which uses it to actually process the template.
This class should be used direcly only when you need to compile
a template from a string. If your template is in a file, then you
should use the <em>TemplateManager</em> class which provides
a higher level interface to this class and also can save the
compiled template to disk in a precompiled form.
"""
def __init__(self, include=1, max_include=5, comments=1, gettext=0,
debug=0):
""" Constructor.
@header __init__(include=1, max_include=5, comments=1, gettext=0,
debug=0)
@param include Enable or disable included templates.
@param max_include Maximum depth of nested inclusions.
@param comments Enable or disable template comments.
@param gettext Enable or disable gettext support.
@param debug Enable or disable debugging messages.
"""
self._include = include
self._max_include = max_include
self._comments = comments
self._gettext = gettext
self._debug = debug
# This is a list of filenames of all included templates.
# It's modified by the include_templates() method.
self._include_files = []
# This is a counter of current inclusion depth. It's used to prevent
# infinite recursive includes.
self._include_level = 0
def compile(self, file):
""" Compile template from a file.
@header compile(file)
@return Compiled template.
The return value is an instance of the <em>Template</em>
class.
@param file Filename of the template.
See the <em>prepare()</em> method of the <em>TemplateManager</em>
class for exaplanation of this parameter.
"""
self.DEB("COMPILING FROM FILE: " + file)
self._include_path = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(file), INCLUDE_DIR)
tokens = self.parse(self.read(file))
compile_params = (self._include, self._max_include, self._comments,
self._gettext)
return Template(__version__, file, self._include_files,
tokens, compile_params, self._debug)
def compile_string(self, data):
""" Compile template from a string.
This method compiles a template from a string. The
template cannot include any templates.
<strong>TMPL_INCLUDE</strong> statements are turned into warnings.
@header compile_string(data)
@return Compiled template.
The return value is an instance of the <em>Template</em>
class.
@param data String containing the template data.
"""
self.DEB("COMPILING FROM STRING")
self._include = 0
tokens = self.parse(data)
compile_params = (self._include, self._max_include, self._comments,
self._gettext)
return Template(__version__, None, None, tokens, compile_params,
self._debug)
##############################################
# PRIVATE METHODS #
##############################################
def DEB(self, str):
""" Print debugging message to stderr if debugging is enabled.
@hidden
"""
if self._debug: print >> sys.stderr, str
def read(self, filename):
""" Read content of file and return it. Raise an error if a problem
occurs.
@hidden
"""
self.DEB("READING: " + filename)
try:
f = None
try:
f = open(filename, "r")
data = f.read()
except IOError, (errno, errstr):
raise TemplateError, "IO error while reading template '%s': "\
"(%d) %s" % (filename, errno, errstr)
else:
return data
finally:
if f: f.close()
def parse(self, template_data):
""" Parse the template. This method is recursively called from
within the include_templates() method.
@return List of processing tokens.
@hidden
"""
if self._comments:
self.DEB("PREPROCESS: COMMENTS")
template_data = self.remove_comments(template_data)
tokens = self.tokenize(template_data)
if self._include:
self.DEB("PREPROCESS: INCLUDES")
self.include_templates(tokens)
return tokens
def remove_comments(self, template_data):
""" Remove comments from the template data.
@hidden
"""
pattern = r"### .*"
return re.sub(pattern, "", template_data)
def include_templates(self, tokens):
""" Process TMPL_INCLUDE statements. Use the include_level counter
to prevent infinite recursion. Record paths to all included
templates to self._include_files.
@hidden
"""
i = 0
out = "" # buffer for output
skip_params = 0
# Process the list of tokens.
while 1:
if i == len(tokens): break
if skip_params:
skip_params = 0
i += PARAMS_NUMBER
continue
token = tokens[i]
if token == "<TMPL_INCLUDE":
filename = tokens[i + PARAM_NAME]
if not filename:
raise TemplateError, "No filename in <TMPL_INCLUDE>."
self._include_level += 1
if self._include_level > self._max_include:
# Do not include the template.
# Protection against infinite recursive includes.
skip_params = 1
self.DEB("INCLUDE: LIMIT REACHED: " + filename)
else:
# Include the template.
skip_params = 0
include_file = os.path.join(self._include_path, filename)
self._include_files.append(include_file)
include_data = self.read(include_file)
include_tokens = self.parse(include_data)
# Append the tokens from the included template to actual
# position in the tokens list, replacing the TMPL_INCLUDE
# token and its parameters.
tokens[i:i+PARAMS_NUMBER+1] = include_tokens
i = i + len(include_tokens)
self.DEB("INCLUDED: " + filename)
continue # Do not increment 'i' below.
i += 1
# end of the main while loop
if self._include_level > 0: self._include_level -= 1
return out
def tokenize(self, template_data):
""" Split the template into tokens separated by template statements.
The statements itself and associated parameters are also
separately included in the resulting list of tokens.
Return list of the tokens.
@hidden
"""
self.DEB("TOKENIZING TEMPLATE")
# NOTE: The TWO double quotes in character class in the regexp below
# are there only to prevent confusion of syntax highlighter in Emacs.
pattern = r"""
(?:^[ \t]+)? # eat spaces, tabs (opt.)
(<
(?:!--[ ])? # comment start + space (opt.)
/?TMPL_[A-Z]+ # closing slash / (opt.) + statement
[ a-zA-Z0-9""/.=:_\\-]* # this spans also comments ending (--)
>)
[%s]? # eat trailing newline (opt.)
""" % os.linesep
rc = re.compile(pattern, re.VERBOSE | re.MULTILINE)
split = rc.split(template_data)
tokens = []
for statement in split:
if statement.startswith("<TMPL_") or \
statement.startswith("</TMPL_") or \
statement.startswith("<!-- TMPL_") or \
statement.startswith("<!-- /TMPL_"):
# Processing statement.
statement = self.strip_brackets(statement)
params = re.split(r"\s+", statement)
tokens.append(self.find_directive(params))
tokens.append(self.find_name(params))
tokens.append(self.find_param("ESCAPE", params))
tokens.append(self.find_param("GLOBAL", params))
else:
# "Normal" template data.
if self._gettext:
self.DEB("PARSING GETTEXT STRINGS")
self.gettext_tokens(tokens, statement)
else:
tokens.append(statement)
return tokens
def gettext_tokens(self, tokens, str):
""" Find gettext strings and return appropriate array of
processing tokens.
@hidden
"""
escaped = 0
gt_mode = 0
i = 0
buf = ""
while(1):
if i == len(str): break
if str[i] == "\\":
escaped = 0
if str[i+1] == "\\":
buf += "\\"
i += 2
continue
elif str[i+1] == "[" or str[i+1] == "]":
escaped = 1
else:
buf += "\\"
elif str[i] == "[" and str[i+1] == "[":
if gt_mode:
if escaped:
escaped = 0
buf += "["
else:
buf += "["
else:
if escaped:
escaped = 0
buf += "["
else:
tokens.append(buf)
buf = ""
gt_mode = 1
i += 2
continue
elif str[i] == "]" and str[i+1] == "]":
if gt_mode:
if escaped:
escaped = 0
buf += "]"
else:
self.add_gettext_token(tokens, buf)
buf = ""
gt_mode = 0
i += 2
continue
else:
if escaped:
escaped = 0
buf += "]"
else:
buf += "]"
else:
escaped = 0
buf += str[i]
i += 1
# end of the loop
if buf:
tokens.append(buf)
def add_gettext_token(self, tokens, str):
""" Append a gettext token and gettext string to the tokens array.
@hidden
"""
self.DEB("GETTEXT PARSER: TOKEN: " + str)
tokens.append("<TMPL_GETTEXT")
tokens.append(str)
tokens.append(None)
tokens.append(None)
def strip_brackets(self, statement):
""" Strip HTML brackets (with optional HTML comments) from the
beggining and from the end of a statement.
@hidden
"""
if statement.startswith("<!-- TMPL_") or \
statement.startswith("<!-- /TMPL_"):
return statement[5:-4]
else:
return statement[1:-1]
def find_directive(self, params):
""" Extract processing directive (TMPL_*) from a statement.
@hidden
"""
directive = params[0]
del params[0]
self.DEB("TOKENIZER: DIRECTIVE: " + directive)
return "<" + directive
def find_name(self, params):
""" Extract identifier from a statement. The identifier can be
specified both implicitely or explicitely as a 'NAME' parameter.
@hidden
"""
if len(params) > 0 and '=' not in params[0]:
# implicit identifier
name = params[0]
del params[0]
else:
# explicit identifier as a 'NAME' parameter
name = self.find_param("NAME", params)
self.DEB("TOKENIZER: NAME: " + str(name))
return name
def find_param(self, param, params):
""" Extract value of parameter from a statement.
@hidden
"""
for pair in params:
name, value = pair.split("=")
if not name or not value:
raise TemplateError, "Syntax error in template."
if name == param:
if value[0] == '"':
# The value is in double quotes.
ret_value = value[1:-1]
else:
# The value is without double quotes.
ret_value = value
self.DEB("TOKENIZER: PARAM: '%s' => '%s'" % (param, ret_value))
return ret_value
else:
self.DEB("TOKENIZER: PARAM: '%s' => NOT DEFINED" % param)
return None
##############################################
# CLASS: Template #
##############################################
class Template:
""" This class represents a compiled template.
This class provides storage and methods for the compiled template
and associated metadata. It's serialized by pickle if we need to
save the compiled template to disk in a precompiled form.
You should never instantiate this class directly. Always use the
<em>TemplateManager</em> or <em>TemplateCompiler</em> classes to
create the instances of this class.
The only method which you can directly use is the <em>is_uptodate</em>
method.
"""
def __init__(self, version, file, include_files, tokens, compile_params,
debug=0):
""" Constructor.
@hidden
"""
self._version = version
self._file = file
self._tokens = tokens
self._compile_params = compile_params
self._debug = debug
self._mtime = None
self._include_mtimes = {}
if not file:
self.DEB("TEMPLATE WAS COMPILED FROM A STRING")
return
# Save modifitcation time of the main template file.
if os.path.isfile(file):
self._mtime = os.path.getmtime(file)
else:
raise TemplateError, "Template: file does not exist: '%s'" % file
# Save modificaton times of all included template files.
for inc_file in include_files:
if os.path.isfile(inc_file):
self._include_mtimes[inc_file] = os.path.getmtime(inc_file)
else:
raise TemplateError, "Template: file does not exist: '%s'"\
% inc_file
self.DEB("NEW TEMPLATE CREATED")
def is_uptodate(self, compile_params=None):
""" Check whether the compiled template is uptodate.
Return true if this compiled template is uptodate.
Return false, if the template source file was changed on the
disk since it was compiled.
Works by comparison of modification times.
Also takes modification times of all included templates
into account.
@header is_uptodate(compile_params=None)
@return True if the template is uptodate, false otherwise.
@param compile_params Only for internal use.
Do not use this optional parameter. It's intended only for
internal use by the <em>TemplateManager</em>.
"""
if not self._file:
self.DEB("TEMPLATE COMPILED FROM A STRING")
return 0
if self._version != __version__:
self.DEB("TEMPLATE: VERSION NOT UPTODATE")
return 0
if compile_params != None and compile_params != self._compile_params:
self.DEB("TEMPLATE: DIFFERENT COMPILATION PARAMS")
return 0
# Check modification times of the main template and all included
# templates. If the included template no longer exists, then
# the problem will be resolved when the template is recompiled.
# Main template file.
if not (os.path.isfile(self._file) and \
self._mtime == os.path.getmtime(self._file)):
self.DEB("TEMPLATE: NOT UPTODATE: " + self._file)
return 0
# Included templates.
for inc_file in self._include_mtimes.keys():
if not (os.path.isfile(inc_file) and \
self._include_mtimes[inc_file] == \
os.path.getmtime(inc_file)):
self.DEB("TEMPLATE: NOT UPTODATE: " + inc_file)
return 0
else:
self.DEB("TEMPLATE: UPTODATE")
return 1
def tokens(self):
""" Get tokens of this template.
@hidden
"""
return self._tokens
def file(self):
""" Get filename of the main file of this template.
@hidden
"""
return self._file
def debug(self, debug):
""" Get debugging state.
@hidden
"""
self._debug = debug
##############################################
# PRIVATE METHODS #
##############################################
def __getstate__(self):
""" Used by pickle when the class is serialized.
Remove the 'debug' attribute before serialization.
@hidden
"""
dict = copy.copy(self.__dict__)
del dict["_debug"]
return dict
def __setstate__(self, dict):
""" Used by pickle when the class is unserialized.
Add the 'debug' attribute.
@hidden
"""
dict["_debug"] = 0
self.__dict__ = dict
def DEB(self, str):
""" Print debugging message to stderr.
@hidden
"""
if self._debug: print >> sys.stderr, str
##############################################
# EXCEPTIONS #
##############################################
class TemplateError(Exception):
""" Fatal exception. Raised on runtime or template syntax errors.
This exception is raised when a runtime error occurs or when a syntax
error in the template is found. It has one parameter which always
is a string containing a description of the error.
All potential IOError exceptions are handled by the module and are
converted to TemplateError exceptions. That means you should catch the
TemplateError exception if there is a possibility that for example
the template file will not be accesssible.
The exception can be raised by constructors or by any method of any
class.
The instance is no longer usable when this exception is raised.
"""
def __init__(self, error):
""" Constructor.
@hidden
"""
Exception.__init__(self, "Htmltmpl error: " + error)
class PrecompiledError(Exception):
""" This exception is _PRIVATE_ and non fatal.
@hidden
"""
def __init__(self, template):
""" Constructor.
@hidden
"""
Exception.__init__(self, template)
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