Example Neovim Python Plugin
As part of the changes included in Neovim there is a new plugin model where plugins are separate processes which Neovim communicates to using the MessagePack protocol.
Since plugins are distinct from the Neovim process, it is possible to write plugins in many languages.
This is a minimal example of a Python plugin. When you want to create a new Python plugin, you should be able to (and feel free to) copy this repository, rename a couple files, include the plugin in your Vim config and see something happen.
The intention of this repository is to make it quick and easy to start a new plugin. It is just enough to show how to make the basics work.
git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/jacobsimpson/nvim-example-python-plugin ~/.vim/bundle/nvim-example-python-plugin rm -Rf ~/.vim/bundles/nvim-example-python-plugin/.git
I use NeoBundle so this is an example of how to load this plugin in NeoBundle.
" Required: call neobundle#begin(expand('~/.vim/bundle/')) " Let NeoBundle manage NeoBundle " Required: NeoBundleFetch 'Shougo/neobundle.vim' " You probably have a number of other plugins listed here. " Add this line to make your new plugin load, assuming you haven't renamed it. NeoBundle 'nvim-example-python-plugin' call neobundle#end()
The next thing to do is to initialize the manifest for the Python part of the plugin. The manifest is a cache that Vim keeps of the interface implemented by the Python part of the plugin. The functions and commands it interfaces.
To initialize the manifest, execute:
There is some VimL in the plugin that will print when Neovim is starting up:
Starting the example Python Plugin
That will confirm that the VimL portions of the plugin are loading correctly.
There is a function defined in the VimL portion of the plugin which echos some text. You can execute the function like this:
Now that the manifest is initialized, it should be possible to invoke the function defined in the Python part of the plugin. Look in __init__ to see the implementation.
On it's own, this plugin doesn't do anything interesting, so the expectation is that you will want to modify it.
In order to take advantage of the Python REPL and make it easier to test changes in your Python code, I usually take the following steps:
- Open a Neovim instance.
- Open a terminal inside Neovim. (:term)
- Start the Python, or IPython, interpreter in the Neovim terminal. (python, ipython)
- Execute this code in the Python interpreter:
import neovim import os nvim = neovim.attach('socket', path=os.environ['NVIM_LISTEN_ADDRESS'])
At this point, you can either execute commands directly against Neovim, to test the behavior of the interface:
or load your own plugin class and work with it directly.
%run "rplugin/python/nvim-example-python-plugin.py" m = Main(nvim) m.doItPython()
Neovim includes a step where the interface of the remote plugin is cached for Neovim, so that Neovim knows what functions and commands your plugin is making available without having to wait while the external process containing the plugin is started.
Run this command for every change in the plugin interface. Without this, you may see errors on from Neovim telling you methods are missing from your plugin. Or the new functionality you are trying to add just won't work.
For each change to the interface of the Python plugin, that is to say, any alterations to the @neovim decorators, you need to update Neovim's manifest file:
Restart Neovim after you update to make the changes take effect.
If there is a syntax error in the Python file, it may result in the plugin not loading. There may be no visible error. If you run the update command, and the commands and functions defined in the remote plugin are not available, the next useful troubleshooting step is to load your plugin directly in a Python interpreter to see if it works.
Define this environment variable to get output logged from your Python client.
The output files will have a number appended, and should be visible with this:
One problem I encountered when I was first getting started was the Python neovim module was not installed on my system. I didn't see any great errors that lead me to that conclusion, so it is worth checking:
python -c "import neovim"
Should execute without an error.
The Neovim docs for remote plugins. It's a little sparse, but captures the core detail.
The Neovim Python client is the Python API that wraps the MessagePack protocol Neovim uses to communicate with remote plugins. If you are looking for more information on how to use the vim parameter to the main object to control Neovim, this is the place to go.