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/* pad.h
* Copyright (C) 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008,
* 2009, 2010, 2011 by Larry Wall and others
* You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
* License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
* This file defines the types and macros associated with the API for
* manipulating scratchpads, which are used by perl to store lexical
* variables, op targets and constants.
=head1 Pad Data Structures
/* offsets within a pad */
#if PTRSIZE == 4
# if PTRSIZE == 8
# endif
#define NOT_IN_PAD ((PADOFFSET) -1)
/* B.xs expects the first members of these two structs to line up
(xpadl_max with xpadnl_fill).
struct padlist {
SSize_t xpadl_max; /* max index for which array has space */
PAD ** xpadl_alloc; /* pointer to beginning of array of AVs */
U32 xpadl_id; /* Semi-unique ID, shared between clones */
U32 xpadl_outid; /* ID of outer pad */
struct padnamelist {
SSize_t xpadnl_fill; /* max index in use */
PADNAME ** xpadnl_alloc; /* pointer to beginning of array */
SSize_t xpadnl_max; /* max index for which array has space */
PADOFFSET xpadnl_max_named; /* highest index with len > 0 */
U32 xpadnl_refcnt;
/* PERL_PADNAME_MINIMAL uses less memory, but on some platforms
PERL_PADNAME_ALIGNED may be faster, so platform-specific hints can
define one or the other. */
#define _PADNAME_BASE \
char * xpadn_pv; \
HV * xpadn_ourstash; \
union { \
HV * xpadn_typestash; \
CV * xpadn_protocv; \
} xpadn_type_u; \
U32 xpadn_low; \
U32 xpadn_high; \
U32 xpadn_refcnt; \
int xpadn_gen; \
U8 xpadn_len; \
U8 xpadn_flags
struct padname {
struct padname_with_str {
struct padname xpadn_padname;
char xpadn_str[1];
#define PADNAME_FROM_PV(s) \
((PADNAME *)((s) - STRUCT_OFFSET(struct padname_with_str, xpadn_str)))
/* a value that PL_cop_seqmax is guaranteed never to be,
* flagging that a lexical is being introduced, or has not yet left scope
#define COP_SEQMAX_INC \
(PL_cop_seqmax++, \
(void)(PL_cop_seqmax == PERL_PADSEQ_INTRO && PL_cop_seqmax++))
/* B.xs needs these for the benefit of B::Deparse */
/* Low range end is exclusive (valid from the cop seq after this one) */
/* High range end is inclusive (valid up to this cop seq) */
#define COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW(pn) (pn)->xpadn_low
#define COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH(pn) (pn)->xpadn_high
#define PARENT_PAD_INDEX(pn) (pn)->xpadn_low
#define PARENT_FAKELEX_FLAGS(pn) (pn)->xpadn_high
/* Flags set in the SvIVX field of FAKE namesvs */
#define PAD_FAKELEX_ANON 1 /* the lex is declared in an ANON, or ... */
#define PAD_FAKELEX_MULTI 2 /* the lex can be instantiated multiple times */
/* flags for the pad_new() function */
#define padnew_CLONE 1 /* this pad is for a cloned CV */
#define padnew_SAVE 2 /* save old globals */
#define padnew_SAVESUB 4 /* also save extra stuff for start of sub */
/* values for the pad_tidy() function */
typedef enum {
padtidy_SUB, /* tidy up a pad for a sub, */
padtidy_SUBCLONE, /* a cloned sub, */
padtidy_FORMAT /* or a format */
} padtidy_type;
/* flags for pad_add_name_pvn. */
#define padadd_OUR 0x01 /* our declaration. */
#define padadd_STATE 0x02 /* state declaration. */
#define padadd_NO_DUP_CHECK 0x04 /* skip warning on dups. */
#define padadd_STALEOK 0x08 /* allow stale lexical in active
* sub, but only one level up */
/* ASSERT_CURPAD_LEGAL and ASSERT_CURPAD_ACTIVE respectively determine
* whether PL_comppad and PL_curpad are consistent and whether they have
* active values */
# define pad_peg(label)
# define ASSERT_CURPAD_LEGAL(label) \
pad_peg(label); \
if (PL_comppad ? (AvARRAY(PL_comppad) != PL_curpad) : (PL_curpad != 0)) \
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: illegal pad in %s: 0x%" UVxf "[0x%" UVxf "]",\
label, PTR2UV(PL_comppad), PTR2UV(PL_curpad));
# define ASSERT_CURPAD_ACTIVE(label) \
pad_peg(label); \
if (!PL_comppad || (AvARRAY(PL_comppad) != PL_curpad)) \
Perl_croak(aTHX_ "panic: invalid pad in %s: 0x%" UVxf "[0x%" UVxf "]",\
label, PTR2UV(PL_comppad), PTR2UV(PL_curpad));
# define ASSERT_CURPAD_LEGAL(label)
# define ASSERT_CURPAD_ACTIVE(label)
/* Note: the following three macros are actually defined in scope.h, but
* they are documented here for completeness, since they directly or
* indirectly affect pads.
=for apidoc m|void|SAVEPADSV |PADOFFSET po
Save a pad slot (used to restore after an iteration)
XXX DAPM it would make more sense to make the arg a PADOFFSET
=for apidoc m|void|SAVECLEARSV |SV **svp
Clear the pointed to pad value on scope exit. (i.e. the runtime action of
=for apidoc m|void|SAVECOMPPAD
save PL_comppad and PL_curpad
=for apidoc Amx|PAD **|PadlistARRAY|PADLIST padlist
The C array of a padlist, containing the pads. Only subscript it with
numbers >= 1, as the 0th entry is not guaranteed to remain usable.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadlistMAX|PADLIST padlist
The index of the last allocated space in the padlist. Note that the last
pad may be in an earlier slot. Any entries following it will be NULL in
that case.
=for apidoc Amx|PADNAMELIST *|PadlistNAMES|PADLIST padlist
The names associated with pad entries.
=for apidoc Amx|PADNAME **|PadlistNAMESARRAY|PADLIST padlist
The C array of pad names.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadlistNAMESMAX|PADLIST padlist
The index of the last pad name.
=for apidoc Amx|U32|PadlistREFCNT|PADLIST padlist
The reference count of the padlist. Currently this is always 1.
=for apidoc Amx|PADNAME **|PadnamelistARRAY|PADNAMELIST pnl
The C array of pad names.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadnamelistMAX|PADNAMELIST pnl
The index of the last pad name.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadnamelistREFCNT|PADNAMELIST pnl
The reference count of the pad name list.
=for apidoc Amx|void|PadnamelistREFCNT_dec|PADNAMELIST pnl
Lowers the reference count of the pad name list.
=for apidoc Amx|SV **|PadARRAY|PAD pad
The C array of pad entries.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadMAX|PAD pad
The index of the last pad entry.
=for apidoc Amx|char *|PadnamePV|PADNAME pn
The name stored in the pad name struct. This returns NULL for a target
=for apidoc Amx|STRLEN|PadnameLEN|PADNAME pn
The length of the name.
=for apidoc Amx|bool|PadnameUTF8|PADNAME pn
Whether PadnamePV is in UTF8. Currently, this is always true.
=for apidoc Amx|SV *|PadnameSV|PADNAME pn
Returns the pad name as a mortal SV.
=for apidoc m|bool|PadnameIsOUR|PADNAME pn
Whether this is an "our" variable.
=for apidoc m|HV *|PadnameOURSTASH
The stash in which this "our" variable was declared.
=for apidoc m|bool|PadnameOUTER|PADNAME pn
Whether this entry belongs to an outer pad. Entries for which this is true
are often referred to as 'fake'.
=for apidoc m|bool|PadnameIsSTATE|PADNAME pn
Whether this is a "state" variable.
=for apidoc m|HV *|PadnameTYPE|PADNAME pn
The stash associated with a typed lexical. This returns the %Foo:: hash
for C<my Foo $bar>.
=for apidoc Amx|SSize_t|PadnameREFCNT|PADNAME pn
The reference count of the pad name.
=for apidoc Amx|void|PadnameREFCNT_dec|PADNAME pn
Lowers the reference count of the pad name.
=for apidoc m|SV *|PAD_SETSV |PADOFFSET po|SV* sv
Set the slot at offset C<po> in the current pad to C<sv>
=for apidoc m|SV *|PAD_SV |PADOFFSET po
Get the value at offset C<po> in the current pad
=for apidoc m|SV *|PAD_SVl |PADOFFSET po
Lightweight and lvalue version of C<PAD_SV>.
Get or set the value at offset C<po> in the current pad.
Unlike C<PAD_SV>, does not print diagnostics with -DX.
For internal use only.
=for apidoc m|SV *|PAD_BASE_SV |PADLIST padlist|PADOFFSET po
Get the value from slot C<po> in the base (DEPTH=1) pad of a padlist
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_SET_CUR |PADLIST padlist|I32 n
Set the current pad to be pad C<n> in the padlist, saving
the previous current pad. NB currently this macro expands to a string too
long for some compilers, so it's best to replace it with
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE |PADLIST padlist|I32 n
like PAD_SET_CUR, but without the save
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD
Save the current pad then set it to null.
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_SAVE_LOCAL|PAD *opad|PAD *npad
Save the current pad to the local variable opad, then make the
current pad equal to npad
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL|PAD *opad
Restore the old pad saved into the local variable opad by PAD_SAVE_LOCAL()
#define PadlistARRAY(pl) (pl)->xpadl_alloc
#define PadlistMAX(pl) (pl)->xpadl_max
#define PadlistNAMES(pl) *((PADNAMELIST **)PadlistARRAY(pl))
#define PadlistNAMESARRAY(pl) PadnamelistARRAY(PadlistNAMES(pl))
#define PadlistNAMESMAX(pl) PadnamelistMAX(PadlistNAMES(pl))
#define PadlistREFCNT(pl) 1 /* reserved for future use */
#define PadnamelistARRAY(pnl) (pnl)->xpadnl_alloc
#define PadnamelistMAX(pnl) (pnl)->xpadnl_fill
#define PadnamelistMAXNAMED(pnl) (pnl)->xpadnl_max_named
#define PadnamelistREFCNT(pnl) (pnl)->xpadnl_refcnt
#define PadnamelistREFCNT_dec(pnl) Perl_padnamelist_free(aTHX_ pnl)
#define PadARRAY(pad) AvARRAY(pad)
#define PadMAX(pad) AvFILLp(pad)
#define PadnamePV(pn) (pn)->xpadn_pv
#define PadnameLEN(pn) (pn)->xpadn_len
#define PadnameUTF8(pn) 1
#define PadnameSV(pn) \
newSVpvn_flags(PadnamePV(pn), PadnameLEN(pn), SVs_TEMP|SVf_UTF8)
#define PadnameFLAGS(pn) (pn)->xpadn_flags
#define PadnameIsOUR(pn) (!!(pn)->xpadn_ourstash)
#define PadnameOURSTASH(pn) (pn)->xpadn_ourstash
#define PadnameTYPE(pn) (pn)->xpadn_type_u.xpadn_typestash
#define PadnamePROTOCV(pn) (pn)->xpadn_type_u.xpadn_protocv
#define PadnameREFCNT(pn) (pn)->xpadn_refcnt
#define PadnameREFCNT_dec(pn) Perl_padname_free(aTHX_ pn)
#define PadnameOURSTASH_set(pn,s) (PadnameOURSTASH(pn) = (s))
#define PadnameTYPE_set(pn,s) (PadnameTYPE(pn) = (s))
#define PadnameOUTER(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) & PADNAMEt_OUTER)
#define PadnameIsSTATE(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) & PADNAMEt_STATE)
#define PadnameLVALUE(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) & PADNAMEt_LVALUE)
#define PadnameLVALUE_on(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) |= PADNAMEt_LVALUE)
#define PadnameIsSTATE_on(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) |= PADNAMEt_STATE)
#define PADNAMEt_OUTER 1 /* outer lexical var */
#define PADNAMEt_STATE 2 /* state var */
#define PADNAMEt_LVALUE 4 /* used as lvalue */
#define PADNAMEt_TYPED 8 /* for B; unused by core */
#define PADNAMEt_OUR 16 /* for B; unused by core */
/* backward compatibility */
#define SvPAD_STATE PadnameIsSTATE
#define SvPAD_TYPED(pn) (!!PadnameTYPE(pn))
#define SvPAD_OUR(pn) (!!PadnameOURSTASH(pn))
#define SvPAD_STATE_on PadnameIsSTATE_on
#define SvPAD_TYPED_on(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) |= PADNAMEt_TYPED)
#define SvPAD_OUR_on(pn) (PadnameFLAGS(pn) |= PADNAMEt_OUR)
#define SvOURSTASH_set PadnameOURSTASH_set
#define SVpad_OUR PADNAMEt_OUR
# define PAD_SV(po) pad_sv(po)
# define PAD_SETSV(po,sv) pad_setsv(po,sv)
# define PAD_SV(po) (PL_curpad[po])
# define PAD_SETSV(po,sv) PL_curpad[po] = (sv)
#define PAD_SVl(po) (PL_curpad[po])
#define PAD_BASE_SV(padlist, po) \
(PadlistARRAY(padlist)[1]) \
? AvARRAY(MUTABLE_AV((PadlistARRAY(padlist)[1])))[po] \
#define PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE(padlist,nth) \
PL_comppad = (PAD*) (PadlistARRAY(padlist)[nth]); \
PL_curpad = AvARRAY(PL_comppad); \
DEBUG_Xv(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, \
"Pad 0x%" UVxf "[0x%" UVxf "] set_cur depth=%d\n", \
PTR2UV(PL_comppad), PTR2UV(PL_curpad), (int)(nth)));
#define PAD_SET_CUR(padlist,nth) \
PL_comppad = NULL; PL_curpad = NULL; \
DEBUG_Xv(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, "Pad set_null\n"));
#define PAD_SAVE_LOCAL(opad,npad) \
opad = PL_comppad; \
PL_comppad = (npad); \
PL_curpad = PL_comppad ? AvARRAY(PL_comppad) : NULL; \
DEBUG_Xv(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, \
"Pad 0x%" UVxf "[0x%" UVxf "] save_local\n", \
PTR2UV(PL_comppad), PTR2UV(PL_curpad)));
#define PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL(opad) \
assert(!opad || !SvIS_FREED(opad)); \
PL_comppad = opad; \
PL_curpad = PL_comppad ? AvARRAY(PL_comppad) : NULL; \
DEBUG_Xv(PerlIO_printf(Perl_debug_log, \
"Pad 0x%" UVxf "[0x%" UVxf "] restore_local\n", \
PTR2UV(PL_comppad), PTR2UV(PL_curpad)));
=for apidoc m|void|CX_CURPAD_SAVE|struct context
Save the current pad in the given context block structure.
=for apidoc m|SV *|CX_CURPAD_SV|struct context|PADOFFSET po
Access the SV at offset po in the saved current pad in the given
context block structure (can be used as an lvalue).
#define CX_CURPAD_SAVE(block) (block).oldcomppad = PL_comppad
#define CX_CURPAD_SV(block,po) (AvARRAY(MUTABLE_AV(((block).oldcomppad)))[po])
Return the flags for the current compiling pad name
at offset C<po>. Assumes a valid slot entry.
=for apidoc m|char *|PAD_COMPNAME_PV|PADOFFSET po
Return the name of the current compiling pad name
at offset C<po>. Assumes a valid slot entry.
Return the type (stash) of the current compiling pad name at offset
C<po>. Must be a valid name. Returns null if not typed.
Return the stash associated with an C<our> variable.
Assumes the slot entry is a valid C<our> lexical.
The generation number of the name at offset C<po> in the current
compiling pad (lvalue). Note that C<SvUVX> is hijacked for this purpose.
=for apidoc m|STRLEN|PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set|PADOFFSET po|int gen
Sets the generation number of the name at offset C<po> in the current
ling pad (lvalue) to C<gen>. Note that C<SvUV_set> is hijacked for this purpose.
#define PAD_COMPNAME_SV(po) (PadnamelistARRAY(PL_comppad_name)[(po)])
#define PAD_COMPNAME_PV(po) PadnamePV(PAD_COMPNAME(po))
#define PAD_COMPNAME_GEN(po) \
#define PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set(po, gen) \
(PadnamelistARRAY(PL_comppad_name)[po]->xpadn_gen = (gen))
=for apidoc m|void|PAD_CLONE_VARS|PerlInterpreter *proto_perl|CLONE_PARAMS* param
Clone the state variables associated with running and compiling pads.
/* NB - we set PL_comppad to null unless it points at a value that
* has already been dup'ed, ie it points to part of an active padlist.
* Otherwise PL_comppad ends up being a leaked scalar in code like
* the following:
* threads->create(sub { threads->create(sub {...} ) } );
* where the second thread dups the outer sub's comppad but not the
* sub's CV or padlist. */
#define PAD_CLONE_VARS(proto_perl, param) \
PL_comppad = av_dup(proto_perl->Icomppad, param); \
PL_curpad = PL_comppad ? AvARRAY(PL_comppad) : NULL; \
PL_comppad_name = \
padnamelist_dup(proto_perl->Icomppad_name, param); \
PL_comppad_name_fill = proto_perl->Icomppad_name_fill; \
PL_comppad_name_floor = proto_perl->Icomppad_name_floor; \
PL_min_intro_pending = proto_perl->Imin_intro_pending; \
PL_max_intro_pending = proto_perl->Imax_intro_pending; \
PL_padix = proto_perl->Ipadix; \
PL_padix_floor = proto_perl->Ipadix_floor; \
PL_pad_reset_pending = proto_perl->Ipad_reset_pending; \
PL_cop_seqmax = proto_perl->Icop_seqmax;
=for apidoc Am|PADOFFSET|pad_add_name_pvs|const char *name|U32 flags|HV *typestash|HV *ourstash
Exactly like L</pad_add_name_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead
of a string/length pair.
#define pad_add_name_pvs(name,flags,typestash,ourstash) \
Perl_pad_add_name_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(name), flags, typestash, ourstash)
=for apidoc Am|PADOFFSET|pad_findmy_pvs|const char *name|U32 flags
Exactly like L</pad_findmy_pvn>, but takes a literal string instead
of a string/length pair.
#define pad_findmy_pvs(name,flags) \
Perl_pad_findmy_pvn(aTHX_ STR_WITH_LEN(name), flags)
* ex: set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4 et: