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/* perly.y
*
* Copyright (c) 1991-2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 Larry Wall
* Copyright (c) 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 by Larry Wall and others
*
* You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public
* License or the Artistic License, as specified in the README file.
*
*/
/*
* 'I see,' laughed Strider. 'I look foul and feel fair. Is that it?
* All that is gold does not glitter, not all those who wander are lost.'
*
* [p.171 of _The Lord of the Rings_, I/x: "Strider"]
*/
/*
* This file holds the grammar for the Perl language. If edited, you need
* to run regen_perly.pl, which re-creates the files perly.h, perly.tab
* and perly.act which are derived from this.
*
* The main job of of this grammar is to call the various newFOO()
* functions in op.c to build a syntax tree of OP structs.
* It relies on the lexer in toke.c to do the tokenizing.
*
* Note: due to the way that the cleanup code works WRT to freeing ops on
* the parse stack, it is dangerous to assign to the $n variables within
* an action.
*/
/* Make the parser re-entrant. */
%pure_parser
%start grammar
%union {
I32 ival; /* __DEFAULT__ (marker for regen_perly.pl;
must always be 1st union member) */
char *pval;
OP *opval;
GV *gvval;
}
%token <ival> GRAMPROG GRAMEXPR GRAMBLOCK GRAMBARESTMT GRAMFULLSTMT GRAMSTMTSEQ
%token <ival> '{' '}' '[' ']' '-' '+' '$' '@' '%' '*' '&' ';' '=' '.'
%token <opval> WORD METHOD FUNCMETH THING PMFUNC PRIVATEREF QWLIST
%token <opval> FUNC0OP FUNC0SUB UNIOPSUB LSTOPSUB
%token <opval> PLUGEXPR PLUGSTMT
%token <pval> LABEL
%token <ival> FORMAT SUB ANONSUB PACKAGE USE
%token <ival> WHILE UNTIL IF UNLESS ELSE ELSIF CONTINUE FOR
%token <ival> GIVEN WHEN DEFAULT
%token <ival> LOOPEX DOTDOT YADAYADA
%token <ival> FUNC0 FUNC1 FUNC UNIOP LSTOP
%token <ival> RELOP EQOP MULOP ADDOP
%token <ival> DOLSHARP DO HASHBRACK NOAMP
%token <ival> LOCAL MY REQUIRE
%token <ival> COLONATTR FORMLBRACK FORMRBRACK
%type <ival> grammar remember mremember
%type <ival> startsub startanonsub startformsub
%type <ival> mintro
%type <opval> stmtseq fullstmt labfullstmt barestmt block mblock else
%type <opval> expr term subscripted scalar ary hsh arylen star amper sideff
%type <opval> sliceme kvslice gelem
%type <opval> listexpr nexpr texpr iexpr mexpr mnexpr miexpr
%type <opval> optlistexpr optexpr optrepl indirob listop method
%type <opval> formname subname proto optsubbody cont my_scalar my_var
%type <opval> refgen_topic formblock
%type <opval> subattrlist myattrlist myattrterm myterm
%type <opval> subsignature termbinop termunop anonymous termdo
%type <opval> formstmtseq formline formarg
%nonassoc <ival> PREC_LOW
%nonassoc LOOPEX
%left <ival> OROP DOROP
%left <ival> ANDOP
%right <ival> NOTOP
%nonassoc LSTOP LSTOPSUB
%left <ival> ','
%right <ival> ASSIGNOP
%right <ival> '?' ':'
%nonassoc DOTDOT YADAYADA
%left <ival> OROR DORDOR
%left <ival> ANDAND
%left <ival> BITOROP
%left <ival> BITANDOP
%nonassoc EQOP
%nonassoc RELOP
%nonassoc UNIOP UNIOPSUB
%nonassoc REQUIRE
%left <ival> SHIFTOP
%left ADDOP
%left MULOP
%left <ival> MATCHOP
%right <ival> '!' '~' UMINUS REFGEN
%right <ival> POWOP
%nonassoc <ival> PREINC PREDEC POSTINC POSTDEC POSTJOIN
%left <ival> ARROW
%nonassoc <ival> ')'
%left <ival> '('
%left '[' '{'
%% /* RULES */
/* Top-level choice of what kind of thing yyparse was called to parse */
grammar : GRAMPROG
{
parser->expect = XSTATE;
}
remember stmtseq
{
newPROG(block_end($3,$4));
PL_compiling.cop_seq = 0;
$$ = 0;
}
| GRAMEXPR
{
parser->expect = XTERM;
}
optexpr
{
PL_eval_root = $3;
$$ = 0;
}
| GRAMBLOCK
{
parser->expect = XBLOCK;
}
block
{
PL_pad_reset_pending = TRUE;
PL_eval_root = $3;
$$ = 0;
yyunlex();
parser->yychar = YYEOF;
}
| GRAMBARESTMT
{
parser->expect = XSTATE;
}
barestmt
{
PL_pad_reset_pending = TRUE;
PL_eval_root = $3;
$$ = 0;
yyunlex();
parser->yychar = YYEOF;
}
| GRAMFULLSTMT
{
parser->expect = XSTATE;
}
fullstmt
{
PL_pad_reset_pending = TRUE;
PL_eval_root = $3;
$$ = 0;
yyunlex();
parser->yychar = YYEOF;
}
| GRAMSTMTSEQ
{
parser->expect = XSTATE;
}
stmtseq
{
PL_eval_root = $3;
$$ = 0;
}
;
/* An ordinary block */
block : '{' remember stmtseq '}'
{ if (parser->copline > (line_t)$1)
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
$$ = block_end($2, $3);
}
;
/* format body */
formblock: '=' remember ';' FORMRBRACK formstmtseq ';' '.'
{ if (parser->copline > (line_t)$1)
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
$$ = block_end($2, $5);
}
;
remember: /* NULL */ /* start a full lexical scope */
{ $$ = block_start(TRUE);
parser->parsed_sub = 0; }
;
mblock : '{' mremember stmtseq '}'
{ if (parser->copline > (line_t)$1)
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
$$ = block_end($2, $3);
}
;
mremember: /* NULL */ /* start a partial lexical scope */
{ $$ = block_start(FALSE);
parser->parsed_sub = 0; }
;
/* A sequence of statements in the program */
stmtseq : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| stmtseq fullstmt
{ $$ = op_append_list(OP_LINESEQ, $1, $2);
PL_pad_reset_pending = TRUE;
if ($1 && $2)
PL_hints |= HINT_BLOCK_SCOPE;
}
;
/* A sequence of format lines */
formstmtseq: /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| formstmtseq formline
{ $$ = op_append_list(OP_LINESEQ, $1, $2);
PL_pad_reset_pending = TRUE;
if ($1 && $2)
PL_hints |= HINT_BLOCK_SCOPE;
}
;
/* A statement in the program, including optional labels */
fullstmt: barestmt
{
$$ = $1 ? newSTATEOP(0, NULL, $1) : NULL;
}
| labfullstmt
{ $$ = $1; }
;
labfullstmt: LABEL barestmt
{
$$ = newSTATEOP(SVf_UTF8 * $1[strlen($1)+1], $1, $2);
}
| LABEL labfullstmt
{
$$ = newSTATEOP(SVf_UTF8 * $1[strlen($1)+1], $1, $2);
}
;
/* A bare statement, lacking label and other aspects of state op */
barestmt: PLUGSTMT
{ $$ = $1; }
| FORMAT startformsub formname formblock
{
CV *fmtcv = PL_compcv;
newFORM($2, $3, $4);
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
if (CvOUTSIDE(fmtcv) && !CvEVAL(CvOUTSIDE(fmtcv))) {
pad_add_weakref(fmtcv);
}
parser->parsed_sub = 1;
}
| SUB subname startsub
{
if ($2->op_type == OP_CONST) {
const char *const name =
SvPV_nolen_const(((SVOP*)$2)->op_sv);
if (strEQ(name, "BEGIN") || strEQ(name, "END")
|| strEQ(name, "INIT") || strEQ(name, "CHECK")
|| strEQ(name, "UNITCHECK"))
CvSPECIAL_on(PL_compcv);
}
else
/* State subs inside anonymous subs need to be
clonable themselves. */
if (CvANON(CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv))
|| CvCLONE(CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv))
|| !PadnameIsSTATE(PadlistNAMESARRAY(CvPADLIST(
CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv)
))[$2->op_targ]))
CvCLONE_on(PL_compcv);
parser->in_my = 0;
parser->in_my_stash = NULL;
}
proto subattrlist optsubbody
{
SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
$2->op_type == OP_CONST
? newATTRSUB($3, $2, $5, $6, $7)
: newMYSUB($3, $2, $5, $6, $7)
;
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
intro_my();
parser->parsed_sub = 1;
}
| SUB subname startsub
{
if ($2->op_type == OP_CONST) {
const char *const name =
SvPV_nolen_const(((SVOP*)$2)->op_sv);
if (strEQ(name, "BEGIN") || strEQ(name, "END")
|| strEQ(name, "INIT") || strEQ(name, "CHECK")
|| strEQ(name, "UNITCHECK"))
CvSPECIAL_on(PL_compcv);
}
else
/* State subs inside anonymous subs need to be
clonable themselves. */
if (CvANON(CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv))
|| CvCLONE(CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv))
|| !PadnameIsSTATE(PadlistNAMESARRAY(CvPADLIST(
CvOUTSIDE(PL_compcv)
))[$2->op_targ]))
CvCLONE_on(PL_compcv);
parser->in_my = 0;
parser->in_my_stash = NULL;
}
remember subsignature subattrlist '{' stmtseq '}'
{
OP *body;
if (parser->copline > (line_t)$8)
parser->copline = (line_t)$8;
body = block_end($5,
op_append_list(OP_LINESEQ, $6, $9));
SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
$2->op_type == OP_CONST
? newATTRSUB($3, $2, NULL, $7, body)
: newMYSUB($3, $2, NULL, $7, body)
;
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
intro_my();
parser->parsed_sub = 1;
}
| PACKAGE WORD WORD ';'
{
package($3);
if ($2)
package_version($2);
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
}
| USE startsub
{ CvSPECIAL_on(PL_compcv); /* It's a BEGIN {} */ }
WORD WORD optlistexpr ';'
{
SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
utilize($1, $2, $4, $5, $6);
parser->parsed_sub = 1;
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
}
| IF '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock else
{
$$ = block_end($3,
newCONDOP(0, $4, op_scope($6), $7));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| UNLESS '(' remember miexpr ')' mblock else
{
$$ = block_end($3,
newCONDOP(0, $4, op_scope($6), $7));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| GIVEN '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock
{
const PADOFFSET offset = pad_findmy_pvs("$_", 0);
$$ = block_end($3,
newGIVENOP($4, op_scope($6),
offset == NOT_IN_PAD
|| PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS_isOUR(offset)
? 0
: offset));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| WHEN '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock
{ $$ = block_end($3, newWHENOP($4, op_scope($6))); }
| DEFAULT block
{ $$ = newWHENOP(0, op_scope($2)); }
| WHILE '(' remember texpr ')' mintro mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($3,
newWHILEOP(0, 1, (LOOP*)(OP*)NULL,
$4, $7, $8, $6));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| UNTIL '(' remember iexpr ')' mintro mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($3,
newWHILEOP(0, 1, (LOOP*)(OP*)NULL,
$4, $7, $8, $6));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR '(' remember mnexpr ';'
{ parser->expect = XTERM; }
texpr ';'
{ parser->expect = XTERM; }
mintro mnexpr ')'
mblock
{
OP *initop = $4;
OP *forop = newWHILEOP(0, 1, (LOOP*)(OP*)NULL,
scalar($7), $13, $11, $10);
if (initop) {
forop = op_prepend_elem(OP_LINESEQ, initop,
op_append_elem(OP_LINESEQ,
newOP(OP_UNSTACK, OPf_SPECIAL),
forop));
}
PL_hints |= HINT_BLOCK_SCOPE;
$$ = block_end($3, forop);
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR MY remember my_scalar '(' mexpr ')' mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($3, newFOROP(0, $4, $6, $8, $9));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR scalar '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($4, newFOROP(0,
op_lvalue($2, OP_ENTERLOOP), $5, $7, $8));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR REFGEN MY remember my_var
{ parser->in_my = 0; $<opval>$ = my($5); }
'(' mexpr ')' mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end(
$4,
newFOROP(0,
op_lvalue(
newUNOP(OP_REFGEN, 0,
$<opval>6),
OP_ENTERLOOP),
$8, $10, $11)
);
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR REFGEN refgen_topic '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($5, newFOROP(
0, op_lvalue(newUNOP(OP_REFGEN, 0,
$3),
OP_ENTERLOOP), $6, $8, $9));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| FOR '(' remember mexpr ')' mblock cont
{
$$ = block_end($3,
newFOROP(0, (OP*)NULL, $4, $6, $7));
parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
}
| block cont
{
/* a block is a loop that happens once */
$$ = newWHILEOP(0, 1, (LOOP*)(OP*)NULL,
(OP*)NULL, $1, $2, 0);
}
| PACKAGE WORD WORD '{' remember
{
package($3);
if ($2) {
package_version($2);
}
}
stmtseq '}'
{
/* a block is a loop that happens once */
$$ = newWHILEOP(0, 1, (LOOP*)(OP*)NULL,
(OP*)NULL, block_end($5, $7), (OP*)NULL, 0);
if (parser->copline > (line_t)$4)
parser->copline = (line_t)$4;
}
| sideff ';'
{
$$ = $1;
}
| ';'
{
$$ = (OP*)NULL;
parser->copline = NOLINE;
}
;
/* Format line */
formline: THING formarg
{ OP *list;
if ($2) {
OP *term = $2;
list = op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $1, term);
}
else {
list = $1;
}
if (parser->copline == NOLINE)
parser->copline = CopLINE(PL_curcop)-1;
else parser->copline--;
$$ = newSTATEOP(0, NULL,
op_convert_list(OP_FORMLINE, 0, list));
}
;
formarg : /* NULL */
{ $$ = NULL; }
| FORMLBRACK stmtseq FORMRBRACK
{ $$ = op_unscope($2); }
;
/* An expression which may have a side-effect */
sideff : error
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| expr
{ $$ = $1; }
| expr IF expr
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_AND, 0, $3, $1); }
| expr UNLESS expr
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_OR, 0, $3, $1); }
| expr WHILE expr
{ $$ = newLOOPOP(OPf_PARENS, 1, scalar($3), $1); }
| expr UNTIL iexpr
{ $$ = newLOOPOP(OPf_PARENS, 1, $3, $1); }
| expr FOR expr
{ $$ = newFOROP(0, (OP*)NULL, $3, $1, (OP*)NULL);
parser->copline = (line_t)$2; }
| expr WHEN expr
{ $$ = newWHENOP($3, op_scope($1)); }
;
/* else and elsif blocks */
else : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| ELSE mblock
{
($2)->op_flags |= OPf_PARENS;
$$ = op_scope($2);
}
| ELSIF '(' mexpr ')' mblock else
{ parser->copline = (line_t)$1;
$$ = newCONDOP(0,
newSTATEOP(OPf_SPECIAL,NULL,$3),
op_scope($5), $6);
PL_hints |= HINT_BLOCK_SCOPE;
}
;
/* Continue blocks */
cont : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| CONTINUE block
{ $$ = op_scope($2); }
;
/* determine whether there are any new my declarations */
mintro : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (PL_min_intro_pending &&
PL_max_intro_pending >= PL_min_intro_pending);
intro_my(); }
/* Normal expression */
nexpr : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| sideff
;
/* Boolean expression */
texpr : /* NULL means true */
{ YYSTYPE tmplval;
(void)scan_num("1", &tmplval);
$$ = tmplval.opval; }
| expr
;
/* Inverted boolean expression */
iexpr : expr
{ $$ = invert(scalar($1)); }
;
/* Expression with its own lexical scope */
mexpr : expr
{ $$ = $1; intro_my(); }
;
mnexpr : nexpr
{ $$ = $1; intro_my(); }
;
miexpr : iexpr
{ $$ = $1; intro_my(); }
;
formname: WORD { $$ = $1; }
| /* NULL */ { $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
;
startsub: /* NULL */ /* start a regular subroutine scope */
{ $$ = start_subparse(FALSE, 0);
SAVEFREESV(PL_compcv); }
;
startanonsub: /* NULL */ /* start an anonymous subroutine scope */
{ $$ = start_subparse(FALSE, CVf_ANON);
SAVEFREESV(PL_compcv); }
;
startformsub: /* NULL */ /* start a format subroutine scope */
{ $$ = start_subparse(TRUE, 0);
SAVEFREESV(PL_compcv); }
;
/* Name of a subroutine - must be a bareword, could be special */
subname : WORD
| PRIVATEREF
;
/* Subroutine prototype */
proto : /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| THING
;
/* Optional list of subroutine attributes */
subattrlist: /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| COLONATTR THING
{ $$ = $2; }
| COLONATTR
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
;
/* List of attributes for a "my" variable declaration */
myattrlist: COLONATTR THING
{ $$ = $2; }
| COLONATTR
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
;
/* Subroutine signature */
subsignature: '('
{
/* We shouldn't get here otherwise */
assert(FEATURE_SIGNATURES_IS_ENABLED);
Perl_ck_warner_d(aTHX_
packWARN(WARN_EXPERIMENTAL__SIGNATURES),
"The signatures feature is experimental");
$<opval>$ = parse_subsignature();
}
')'
{
$$ = op_append_list(OP_LINESEQ, $<opval>2,
newSTATEOP(0, NULL, sawparens(newNULLLIST())));
parser->expect = XATTRBLOCK;
}
;
/* Optional subroutine body, for named subroutine declaration */
optsubbody: block
| ';' { $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
;
/* Ordinary expressions; logical combinations */
expr : expr ANDOP expr
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_AND, 0, $1, $3); }
| expr OROP expr
{ $$ = newLOGOP($2, 0, $1, $3); }
| expr DOROP expr
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_DOR, 0, $1, $3); }
| listexpr %prec PREC_LOW
;
/* Expressions are a list of terms joined by commas */
listexpr: listexpr ','
{ $$ = $1; }
| listexpr ',' term
{
OP* term = $3;
$$ = op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $1, term);
}
| term %prec PREC_LOW
;
/* List operators */
listop : LSTOP indirob listexpr /* map {...} @args or print $fh @args */
{ $$ = op_convert_list($1, OPf_STACKED,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, newGVREF($1,$2), $3) );
}
| FUNC '(' indirob expr ')' /* print ($fh @args */
{ $$ = op_convert_list($1, OPf_STACKED,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, newGVREF($1,$3), $4) );
}
| term ARROW method '(' optexpr ')' /* $foo->bar(list) */
{ $$ = op_convert_list(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, scalar($1), $5),
newMETHOP(OP_METHOD, 0, $3)));
}
| term ARROW method /* $foo->bar */
{ $$ = op_convert_list(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, scalar($1),
newMETHOP(OP_METHOD, 0, $3)));
}
| METHOD indirob optlistexpr /* new Class @args */
{ $$ = op_convert_list(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, $2, $3),
newMETHOP(OP_METHOD, 0, $1)));
}
| FUNCMETH indirob '(' optexpr ')' /* method $object (@args) */
{ $$ = op_convert_list(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, $2, $4),
newMETHOP(OP_METHOD, 0, $1)));
}
| LSTOP optlistexpr /* print @args */
{ $$ = op_convert_list($1, 0, $2); }
| FUNC '(' optexpr ')' /* print (@args) */
{ $$ = op_convert_list($1, 0, $3); }
| LSTOPSUB startanonsub block /* sub f(&@); f { foo } ... */
{ SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
$<opval>$ = newANONATTRSUB($2, 0, (OP*)NULL, $3); }
optlistexpr %prec LSTOP /* ... @bar */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST,
op_prepend_elem(OP_LIST, $<opval>4, $5), $1));
}
;
/* Names of methods. May use $object->$methodname */
method : METHOD
| scalar
;
/* Some kind of subscripted expression */
subscripted: gelem '{' expr ';' '}' /* *main::{something} */
/* In this and all the hash accessors, ';' is
* provided by the tokeniser */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_GELEM, 0, $1, scalar($3)); }
| scalar '[' expr ']' /* $array[$element] */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_AELEM, 0, oopsAV($1), scalar($3));
}
| term ARROW '[' expr ']' /* somearef->[$element] */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_AELEM, 0,
ref(newAVREF($1),OP_RV2AV),
scalar($4));
}
| subscripted '[' expr ']' /* $foo->[$bar]->[$baz] */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_AELEM, 0,
ref(newAVREF($1),OP_RV2AV),
scalar($3));
}
| scalar '{' expr ';' '}' /* $foo{bar();} */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_HELEM, 0, oopsHV($1), jmaybe($3));
}
| term ARROW '{' expr ';' '}' /* somehref->{bar();} */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_HELEM, 0,
ref(newHVREF($1),OP_RV2HV),
jmaybe($4)); }
| subscripted '{' expr ';' '}' /* $foo->[bar]->{baz;} */
{ $$ = newBINOP(OP_HELEM, 0,
ref(newHVREF($1),OP_RV2HV),
jmaybe($3)); }
| term ARROW '(' ')' /* $subref->() */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
newCVREF(0, scalar($1))); }
| term ARROW '(' expr ')' /* $subref->(@args) */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $4,
newCVREF(0, scalar($1)))); }
| subscripted '(' expr ')' /* $foo->{bar}->(@args) */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $3,
newCVREF(0, scalar($1)))); }
| subscripted '(' ')' /* $foo->{bar}->() */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
newCVREF(0, scalar($1))); }
| '(' expr ')' '[' expr ']' /* list slice */
{ $$ = newSLICEOP(0, $5, $2); }
| QWLIST '[' expr ']' /* list literal slice */
{ $$ = newSLICEOP(0, $3, $1); }
| '(' ')' '[' expr ']' /* empty list slice! */
{ $$ = newSLICEOP(0, $4, (OP*)NULL); }
;
/* Binary operators between terms */
termbinop: term ASSIGNOP term /* $x = $y */
{ $$ = newASSIGNOP(OPf_STACKED, $1, $2, $3); }
| term POWOP term /* $x ** $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term MULOP term /* $x * $y, $x x $y */
{ if ($2 != OP_REPEAT)
scalar($1);
$$ = newBINOP($2, 0, $1, scalar($3));
}
| term ADDOP term /* $x + $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term SHIFTOP term /* $x >> $y, $x << $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term RELOP term /* $x > $y, etc. */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term EQOP term /* $x == $y, $x eq $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term BITANDOP term /* $x & $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term BITOROP term /* $x | $y */
{ $$ = newBINOP($2, 0, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term DOTDOT term /* $x..$y, $x...$y */
{ $$ = newRANGE($2, scalar($1), scalar($3)); }
| term ANDAND term /* $x && $y */
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_AND, 0, $1, $3); }
| term OROR term /* $x || $y */
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_OR, 0, $1, $3); }
| term DORDOR term /* $x // $y */
{ $$ = newLOGOP(OP_DOR, 0, $1, $3); }
| term MATCHOP term /* $x =~ /$y/ */
{ $$ = bind_match($2, $1, $3); }
;
/* Unary operators and terms */
termunop : '-' term %prec UMINUS /* -$x */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_NEGATE, 0, scalar($2)); }
| '+' term %prec UMINUS /* +$x */
{ $$ = $2; }
| '!' term /* !$x */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_NOT, 0, scalar($2)); }
| '~' term /* ~$x */
{ $$ = newUNOP($1, 0, scalar($2)); }
| term POSTINC /* $x++ */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_POSTINC, 0,
op_lvalue(scalar($1), OP_POSTINC)); }
| term POSTDEC /* $x-- */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_POSTDEC, 0,
op_lvalue(scalar($1), OP_POSTDEC));}
| term POSTJOIN /* implicit join after interpolated ->@ */
{ $$ = op_convert_list(OP_JOIN, 0,
op_append_elem(
OP_LIST,
newSVREF(scalar(
newSVOP(OP_CONST,0,
newSVpvs("\""))
)),
$1
));
}
| PREINC term /* ++$x */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_PREINC, 0,
op_lvalue(scalar($2), OP_PREINC)); }
| PREDEC term /* --$x */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_PREDEC, 0,
op_lvalue(scalar($2), OP_PREDEC)); }
;
/* Constructors for anonymous data */
anonymous: '[' expr ']'
{ $$ = newANONLIST($2); }
| '[' ']'
{ $$ = newANONLIST((OP*)NULL);}
| HASHBRACK expr ';' '}' %prec '(' /* { foo => "Bar" } */
{ $$ = newANONHASH($2); }
| HASHBRACK ';' '}' %prec '(' /* { } (';' by tokener) */
{ $$ = newANONHASH((OP*)NULL); }
| ANONSUB startanonsub proto subattrlist block %prec '('
{ SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
$$ = newANONATTRSUB($2, $3, $4, $5); }
| ANONSUB startanonsub remember subsignature subattrlist '{' stmtseq '}' %prec '('
{
OP *body;
if (parser->copline > (line_t)$6)
parser->copline = (line_t)$6;
body = block_end($3,
op_append_list(OP_LINESEQ, $4, $7));
SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void(PL_compcv);
$$ = newANONATTRSUB($2, NULL, $5, body);
}
;
/* Things called with "do" */
termdo : DO term %prec UNIOP /* do $filename */
{ $$ = dofile($2, $1);}
| DO block %prec '(' /* do { code */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_NULL, OPf_SPECIAL, op_scope($2));}
;
term : termbinop
| termunop
| anonymous
| termdo
| term '?' term ':' term
{ $$ = newCONDOP(0, $1, $3, $5); }
| REFGEN term /* \$x, \@y, \%z */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_REFGEN, 0, $2); }
| myattrterm %prec UNIOP
{ $$ = $1; }
| LOCAL term %prec UNIOP
{ $$ = localize($2,$1); }
| '(' expr ')'
{ $$ = sawparens($2); }
| QWLIST
{ $$ = $1; }
| '(' ')'
{ $$ = sawparens(newNULLLIST()); }
| scalar %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| star %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| hsh %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| ary %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| arylen %prec '(' /* $#x, $#{ something } */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_AV2ARYLEN, 0, ref($1, OP_AV2ARYLEN));}
| subscripted
{ $$ = $1; }
| sliceme '[' expr ']' /* array slice */
{ $$ = op_prepend_elem(OP_ASLICE,
newOP(OP_PUSHMARK, 0),
newLISTOP(OP_ASLICE, 0,
list($3),
ref($1, OP_ASLICE)));
if ($$ && $1)
$$->op_private |=
$1->op_private & OPpSLICEWARNING;
}
| kvslice '[' expr ']' /* array key/value slice */
{ $$ = op_prepend_elem(OP_KVASLICE,
newOP(OP_PUSHMARK, 0),
newLISTOP(OP_KVASLICE, 0,
list($3),
ref(oopsAV($1), OP_KVASLICE)));
if ($$ && $1)
$$->op_private |=
$1->op_private & OPpSLICEWARNING;
}
| sliceme '{' expr ';' '}' /* @hash{@keys} */
{ $$ = op_prepend_elem(OP_HSLICE,
newOP(OP_PUSHMARK, 0),
newLISTOP(OP_HSLICE, 0,
list($3),
ref(oopsHV($1), OP_HSLICE)));
if ($$ && $1)
$$->op_private |=
$1->op_private & OPpSLICEWARNING;
}
| kvslice '{' expr ';' '}' /* %hash{@keys} */
{ $$ = op_prepend_elem(OP_KVHSLICE,
newOP(OP_PUSHMARK, 0),
newLISTOP(OP_KVHSLICE, 0,
list($3),
ref($1, OP_KVHSLICE)));
if ($$ && $1)
$$->op_private |=
$1->op_private & OPpSLICEWARNING;
}
| THING %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| amper /* &foo; */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, 0, scalar($1)); }
| amper '(' ')' /* &foo() or foo() */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED, scalar($1));
}
| amper '(' expr ')' /* &foo(@args) or foo(@args) */
{
$$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $3, scalar($1)));
}
| NOAMP subname optlistexpr /* foo @args (no parens) */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $3, scalar($2)));
}
| term ARROW '$' '*'
{ $$ = newSVREF($1); }
| term ARROW '@' '*'
{ $$ = newAVREF($1); }
| term ARROW '%' '*'
{ $$ = newHVREF($1); }
| term ARROW '&' '*'
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, 0,
scalar(newCVREF($3,$1))); }
| term ARROW '*' '*' %prec '('
{ $$ = newGVREF(0,$1); }
| LOOPEX /* loop exiting command (goto, last, dump, etc) */
{ $$ = newOP($1, OPf_SPECIAL);
PL_hints |= HINT_BLOCK_SCOPE; }
| LOOPEX term
{ $$ = newLOOPEX($1,$2); }
| NOTOP listexpr /* not $foo */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_NOT, 0, scalar($2)); }
| UNIOP /* Unary op, $_ implied */
{ $$ = newOP($1, 0); }
| UNIOP block /* eval { foo }* */
{ $$ = newUNOP($1, 0, $2); }
| UNIOP term /* Unary op */
{ $$ = newUNOP($1, 0, $2); }
| REQUIRE /* require, $_ implied */
{ $$ = newOP(OP_REQUIRE, $1 ? OPf_SPECIAL : 0); }
| REQUIRE term /* require Foo */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_REQUIRE, $1 ? OPf_SPECIAL : 0, $2); }
| UNIOPSUB
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED, scalar($1)); }
| UNIOPSUB term /* Sub treated as unop */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED,
op_append_elem(OP_LIST, $2, scalar($1))); }
| FUNC0 /* Nullary operator */
{ $$ = newOP($1, 0); }
| FUNC0 '(' ')'
{ $$ = newOP($1, 0);}
| FUNC0OP /* Same as above, but op created in toke.c */
{ $$ = $1; }
| FUNC0OP '(' ')'
{ $$ = $1; }
| FUNC0SUB /* Sub treated as nullop */
{ $$ = newUNOP(OP_ENTERSUB, OPf_STACKED, scalar($1)); }
| FUNC1 '(' ')' /* not () */
{ $$ = ($1 == OP_NOT)
? newUNOP($1, 0, newSVOP(OP_CONST, 0, newSViv(0)))
: newOP($1, OPf_SPECIAL); }
| FUNC1 '(' expr ')' /* not($foo) */
{ $$ = newUNOP($1, 0, $3); }
| PMFUNC /* m//, s///, qr//, tr/// */
{
if ( $1->op_type != OP_TRANS
&& $1->op_type != OP_TRANSR
&& (((PMOP*)$1)->op_pmflags & PMf_HAS_CV))
{
$<ival>$ = start_subparse(FALSE, CVf_ANON);
SAVEFREESV(PL_compcv);
} else
$<ival>$ = 0;
}
'(' listexpr optrepl ')'
{ $$ = pmruntime($1, $4, $5, 1, $<ival>2); }
| WORD
| listop
| YADAYADA
{
$$ = newLISTOP(OP_DIE, 0, newOP(OP_PUSHMARK, 0),
newSVOP(OP_CONST, 0, newSVpvs("Unimplemented")));
}
| PLUGEXPR
;
/* "my" declarations, with optional attributes */
myattrterm: MY myterm myattrlist
{ $$ = my_attrs($2,$3); }
| MY myterm
{ $$ = localize($2,$1); }
;
/* Things that can be "my"'d */
myterm : '(' expr ')'
{ $$ = sawparens($2); }
| '(' ')'
{ $$ = sawparens(newNULLLIST()); }
| scalar %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| hsh %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
| ary %prec '('
{ $$ = $1; }
;
/* Basic list expressions */
optlistexpr: /* NULL */ %prec PREC_LOW
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| listexpr %prec PREC_LOW
{ $$ = $1; }
;
optexpr: /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| expr
{ $$ = $1; }
;
optrepl: /* NULL */
{ $$ = (OP*)NULL; }
| '/' expr
{ $$ = $2; }
;
/* A little bit of trickery to make "for my $foo (@bar)" actually be
lexical */
my_scalar: scalar
{ parser->in_my = 0; $$ = my($1); }
;
my_var : scalar
| ary
| hsh
;
refgen_topic: my_var
| amper
;
amper : '&' indirob
{ $$ = newCVREF($1,$2); }
;
scalar : '$' indirob
{ $$ = newSVREF($2); }
;
ary : '@' indirob
{ $$ = newAVREF($2);
if ($$) $$->op_private |= $1;
}
;
hsh : '%' indirob
{ $$ = newHVREF($2);
if ($$) $$->op_private |= $1;
}
;
arylen : DOLSHARP indirob
{ $$ = newAVREF($2); }
| term ARROW DOLSHARP '*'
{ $$ = newAVREF($1); }
;
star : '*' indirob
{ $$ = newGVREF(0,$2); }
;
sliceme : ary
| term ARROW '@'
{ $$ = newAVREF($1); }
;
kvslice : hsh
| term ARROW '%'
{ $$ = newHVREF($1); }
;
gelem : star
| term ARROW '*'
{ $$ = newGVREF(0,$1); }
;
/* Indirect objects */
indirob : WORD
{ $$ = scalar($1); }
| scalar %prec PREC_LOW
{ $$ = scalar($1); }
| block
{ $$ = op_scope($1); }
| PRIVATEREF
{ $$ = $1; }
;
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