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Rusoto has the ability to source AWS access credentials in a few different ways:

  1. Environment variables via rusoto_core::EnvironmentProvider (AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY)
  2. AWS credentials file via rusoto_core::ProfileProvider
  3. IAM ECS container profile via rusoto_core::ContainerProvider
  4. IAM EC2 instance profile via rusoto_core::InstanceMetadataProvider

There is also rusoto_core::ChainProvider, which is a convenience for attempting to source access credentials using the methods above in order. If credentials cannot be obtained through one method, it falls back to the next. If all possibilites are exhausted, an error will be returned.

ProfileProvider (and ChainProvider) also allow you to specify a custom path to the credentials file and the name of the profile to use. If not explicitly provided as arguments, the values for these two parameters are computed according to the following rules:

  • location of credentials file: if set and not empty the value of the environment variable AWS_SHARED_CREDENTIALS_FILE otherwise "~/.aws/credentials".
  • profile name: if set and not empty the value of the environment variable AWS_PROFILE otherwise "default"

It's also possible to implement your own credentials sourcing mechanism by creating a type that implements rusoto_core::ProvideAwsCredentials.


If your aws account belongs to an organization and you need to use sts:AssumeRole, you're probably looking for rusoto_sts::StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider. A simple program that uses sts:AssumeRole looks like this:

extern crate env_logger;
extern crate rusoto_core;
extern crate rusoto_ec2;
extern crate rusoto_sts;

use std::default::Default;

use rusoto_core::{Region, HttpClient};

use rusoto_ec2::{Ec2Client, Ec2, DescribeSpotInstanceRequestsRequest};
use rusoto_sts::{StsClient, StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider};

fn main() {
    let _ = env_logger::try_init();

    let sts = StsClient::new(Region::EuWest1);

    let provider = StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider::new(
        None, None, None, None

    let client = Ec2Client::new_with(HttpClient::new().unwrap(), provider, Region::UsEast1);

    let sir_input = DescribeSpotInstanceRequestsRequest::default();
    let x = client.describe_spot_instance_requests(sir_input).sync();

    println!("{:?}", x);

Important note about using the StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider in the recommended way

Be careful that the current behavior of rusoto_sts::StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider needs to be used with rusoto_credential::AutoRefreshingProvider as a wrapper to get advantage of using the already cached token of AssumeRole as it lives by default for 1 hour. Current implementation is not using the cached token returned by the AssumeRole by default so it will be refreshed with every call to AWS resource.

This will affect the performance as well as the billing of AWS.

let provider = StsAssumeRoleSessionCredentialsProvider::new(
        None, None, None, None

let auto_refreshing_provider = rusoto_credential::AutoRefreshingProvider::new(provider);

Credential refreshing

Credentials obtained from environment variables and credential files expire ten minutes after being acquired and are refreshed on subsequent calls to credentials() (a method from the ProvideAwsCredentials trait).

IAM instance profile credentials are refreshed as needed. Upon calling credentials() it will see if they are expired or not. If expired, it attempts to get new credentials from the metadata service. If that fails it will return an error. IAM credentials expiration time comes from the IAM metadata response.

Local integration testing of IAM credentials

Edit the relevant address/IP locations in credential/src/ and credential/src/ For local testing, you can use moe and set the string to this:

let mut address: String = "http://localhost:8080/latest/meta-data/iam/security-credentials".to_owned();
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