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Rust support for Visual Studio Code

VSCode + Node.js CI

Adds language support for Rust to Visual Studio Code. Supports:

  • code completion
  • jump to definition, peek definition, find all references, symbol search
  • types and documentation on hover
  • code formatting
  • refactoring (rename, deglob)
  • error squiggles and apply suggestions from errors
  • snippets
  • build tasks

Rust support is powered by a separate language server - either by the official Rust Language Server (RLS) or rust-analyzer, depending on the user's preference. If you don't have it installed, the extension will install it for you (with permission).

This extension is built and maintained by the Rust IDEs and editors team. Our focus is on providing a stable, high quality extension that makes the best use of the respective language server. We aim to support as many features as possible, but our priority is supporting the essential features as well as possible.

For support, please file an issue on the repo or talk to us on Discord. For RLS, there is also some troubleshooting and debugging advice.

Contribution

Contributing code, tests, documentation, and bug reports is appreciated! For more details see contributing.md.

Quick start

  1. Install rustup (Rust toolchain manager).
  2. Install this extension from the VSCode Marketplace (or by entering ext install rust-lang.rust at the command palette Ctrl+P).
  3. (Skip this step if you already have Rust projects that you'd like to work on.) Create a new Rust project by following these instructions.
  4. Open a Rust project (File > Add Folder to Workspace...). Open the folder for the whole project (i.e., the folder containing Cargo.toml, not the src folder).
  5. You'll be prompted to install the Rust server. Once installed, it should start analyzing your project (RLS will also have to to build the project).

Configuration

This extension provides options in VSCode's configuration settings. These include rust.*, which are passed directly to RLS, and the rust-client.* , which mostly deal with how to spawn it or debug it. You can find the settings under File > Preferences > Settings; they all have IntelliSense help.

Examples:

  • rust.show_warnings - set to false to silence warnings in the editor.
  • rust.all_targets - build and index code for all targets (i.e., integration tests, examples, and benches)
  • rust.cfg_test - build and index test code (i.e., code with #[cfg(test)]/#[test])
  • rust-client.channel - specifies from which toolchain the RLS should be spawned

TIP: To select the underlying language server, set rust-client.engine accordingly!

Features

Snippets

Snippets are code templates which expand into common boilerplate. IntelliSense includes snippet names as options when you type; select one by pressing enter. You can move to the next snippet 'hole' in the template by pressing tab. We provide the following snippets:

  • for - a for loop
  • macro_rules - declare a macro
  • if let - an if let statement for executing code only when a pattern matches
  • spawn - spawn a thread
  • extern crate - insert an extern crate statement

This extension is deliberately conservative about snippets and doesn't include too many. If you want more, check out Trusty Rusty Snippets.

Tasks

The plugin provides tasks for building, running, and testing using the relevant cargo commands. You can build using ctrl+shift+b(Win/Linux), cmd+shift+b(macOS). Access other tasks via Run Task in the command palette.

The plugin writes these into tasks.json. The plugin will not overwrite existing tasks, so you can customise these tasks. To refresh back to the defaults, delete tasks.json and restart VSCode.

Format on save

To enable formatting on save, you need to set the editor.formatOnSave setting to true. Find it under File > Preferences > Settings.

Requirements

  • Rustup,
  • A Rust toolchain (the extension will configure this for you, with permission),
  • rls, rust-src, and rust-analysis components (the extension will install these for you, with permission). Only rust-src is required when using rust-analyzer.

Implementation

Both language servers can use Cargo to get more information about Rust projects and both use rustfmt extensively to format the code.

RLS uses Cargo and also the Rust compiler (rustc) in a more direct fashion, where it builds the project and reuses the data computed by the compiler itself. To provide code completion it uses a separate tool called racer.

Rust Analyzer is a separate compiler frontend for the Rust language that doesn't use the Rust compiler (rustc) directly but rather performs its own analysis that's tailor-fitted to the editor/IDE use case.