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errors with tput and tar on OpenBSD... #727

Closed
rwboyer opened this Issue · 8 comments

4 participants

@rwboyer

using gnu bash 4.2

uname OpenBSD openbsd.ipcloud.ws 5.1 GENERIC#161 amd64

tput man page...

TPUT(1)                    OpenBSD Reference Manual                    TPUT(1)

NAME
     tput - terminal capability interface

SYNOPSIS
     tput [-T term] attribute [attribute-args] ...
     tput [-T term] -S

DESCRIPTION
     The tput utility makes terminal-dependent information available to users
     or shell applications.

     The options are as follows:

     -S      The attributes are read from stdin instead of the command line.

     -T      The terminal name as found in the terminfo database; for example,
             ``vt100'' or ``xterm''.  If not specified, tput retrieves the
             TERM variable from the environment.

     tput outputs a string if the attribute is of type string or a number if
     it is of type integer.  If the attribute is of type boolean, tput exits 0
     if the terminal has the capability or 1 if it does not.  Each attribute
     should be a string defined in either terminfo(5) or termcap(5).

     If the attribute is of type string and takes arguments (e.g., cursor
     movement, the terminfo ``cup'' sequence) the arguments are taken from the
     command line immediately following the attribute.

     The following special attributes are available:

     clear         Clear the screen (the terminfo ``clear'' sequence).

     init          Print the terminfo initialization strings for the specified
                   terminal.

     longname      Print the descriptive name of the user's terminal type.

     reset         Reset the terminal (using the terminfo reset sequences).

EXIT STATUS
     The exit value of tput is based on the last attribute specified.  If the
     attribute is of type string or of type integer the exit value is as
     follows:

           0       The requested string was written successfully.
           2       Usage error.
           3       Unknown terminal type.
           4       Unknown attribute name.
           >4      An error occurred.

     If the attribute is of type boolean, tput exits with a value of 0 if the
     terminal has this attribute or 1 if it does not.

EXAMPLES
     tput clear cup 5 10  clear the screen and goto line 5 column 10

     tput cup 6 11 dch 6  goto line 6 column 11 and delete 6 characters

SEE ALSO
     terminfo(3), terminfo(5)

STANDARDS
     The tput utility is compliant with the IEEE Std 1003.1-2008 (``POSIX.1'')
     specification.

     The flag [-S] is an extension to that specification.

HISTORY
     A clear utility implementing the functionality of tput clear first
     appeared in 2BSD.  The tput utility appeared in 4.4BSD.

BUGS
     tput can't really distinguish between different types of attributes.

OpenBSD 5.1                    January 15, 2012                    OpenBSD 5.1

tar man page...

TAR(1)                     OpenBSD Reference Manual                     TAR(1)

NAME
     tar - tape archiver

SYNOPSIS
     tar {crtux}[014578befHhjLmNOoPpqsvwXZz]
         [blocking-factor | archive | replstr] [-C directory] [-I file]
         [file ...]
     tar {-crtux} [-014578eHhjLmNOoPpqvwXZz] [-b blocking-factor]
         [-C directory] [-f archive] [-I file] [-s replstr] [file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The tar command creates, adds files to, or extracts files from an archive
     file in ``tar'' format.  A tar archive is often stored on a magnetic
     tape, but can be stored equally well on a floppy, CD-ROM, or in a regular
     disk file.

     In the first (legacy) form, all option flags except for -C and -I must be
     contained within the first argument to tar and must not be prefixed by a
     hyphen (`-').  Option arguments, if any, are processed as subsequent
     arguments to tar and are processed in the order in which their
     corresponding option flags have been presented on the command line.

     In the second and preferred form, option flags may be given in any order
     and are immediately followed by their corresponding option argument
     values.

     One of the following flags must be present:

     -c      Create new archive, or overwrite an existing archive, adding the
             specified files to it.

     -r      Append the named new files to existing archive.  Note that this
             will only work on media on which an end-of-file mark can be
             overwritten.

     -t      List contents of archive.  If any files are named on the command
             line, only those files will be listed.  The file arguments may be
             specified as glob patterns (see glob(3) for more information), in
             which case tar will list all archive members that match each
             pattern.

     -u      Alias for -r.

     -x      Extract files from archive.  If any files are named on the
             command line, only those files will be extracted from the
             archive.  The file arguments may be specified as glob patterns
             (see glob(3) for more information), in which case tar will
             extract all archive members that match each pattern.

             If more than one copy of a file exists in the archive, later
             copies will overwrite earlier copies during extraction.  The file
             mode and modification time are preserved if possible.  The file
             mode is subject to modification by the umask(2).

     In addition to the flags mentioned above, any of the following flags may
     be used:

     -b blocking-factor
             Set blocking factor to use for the archive.  tar uses 512-byte
             blocks.  The default is 20, the maximum is 126.  Archives with a
             blocking factor larger than 63 violate the POSIX standard and
             will not be portable to all systems.

     -C directory
             This is a positional argument which sets the working directory
             for the following files.  When extracting, files will be
             extracted into the specified directory; when creating, the
             specified files will be matched from the directory.

     -e      Stop after the first error.

     -f archive
             Filename where the archive is stored.  Defaults to /dev/rst0.

     -H      Follow symlinks given on the command line only.

     -h      Follow symbolic links as if they were normal files or
             directories.  In extract mode this means that a directory entry
             in the archive will not overwrite an existing symbolic link, but
             rather what the link ultimately points to.

     -I file
             This is a positional argument which reads the names of files to
             archive or extract from the given file, one per line.

     -j      Compress archive using bzip2.  The bzip2 utility must be
             installed separately.

     -L      Synonym for the -h option.

     -m      Do not preserve modification time.

     -N      Use only the numeric UID and GID values when creating or
             extracting an archive.

     -O      Write old-style (non-POSIX) archives.

     -o      Don't write directory information that the older (V7) style tar
             is unable to decode.  This implies the -O flag.

     -P      Do not strip leading slashes (`/') from pathnames.  The default
             is to strip leading slashes.

     -p      Preserve user and group ID as well as file mode regardless of the
             current umask(2).  The setuid and setgid bits are only preserved
             if the user is the superuser.  Only meaningful in conjunction
             with the -x flag.

     -q      Select the first archive member that matches each file operand.
             No more than one archive member is matched for each file.  When
             members of type directory are matched, the file hierarchy rooted
             at that directory is also matched.

     -s replstr
             Modify the archive member names according to the substitution
             expression replstr, using the syntax of the ed(1) utility regular
             expressions.  file arguments may be given to restrict the list of
             archive members to those specified.

             The format of these regular expressions is

                   /old/new/[gp]

             As in ed(1), old is a basic regular expression (see re_format(7))
             and new can contain an ampersand (`&'), `\n' (where n is a digit)
             back-references, or subexpression matching.  The old string may
             also contain newline characters.  Any non-null character can be
             used as a delimiter (`/' is shown here).  Multiple -s expressions
             can be specified.  The expressions are applied in the order they
             are specified on the command line, terminating with the first
             successful substitution.

             The optional trailing g continues to apply the substitution
             expression to the pathname substring, which starts with the first
             character following the end of the last successful substitution.
             The first unsuccessful substitution stops the operation of the g
             option.  The optional trailing p will cause the final result of a
             successful substitution to be written to standard error in the
             following format:

                   original-pathname >> new-pathname

             File or archive member names that substitute to the empty string
             are not selected and will be skipped.

     -v      Verbose operation mode.

     -w      Interactively rename files.  This option causes tar to prompt the
             user for the filename to use when storing or extracting files in
             an archive.

     -X      Do not cross mount points in the file system.

     -Z      Compress archive using compress(1).

     -z      Compress archive using gzip(1).

     The options [-014578] can be used to select one of the compiled-in backup
     devices, /dev/rstN.

ENVIRONMENT
     TMPDIR      Path in which to store temporary files.

     TAPE        Default tape device to use instead of /dev/rst0.

FILES
     /dev/rst0  default archive name

EXIT STATUS
     The tar utility exits with one of the following values:

           0       All files were processed successfully.
           1       An error occurred.

EXAMPLES
     Create an archive on the default tape drive, containing the files named
     bonvole and sekve:

           $ tar c bonvole sekve

     Output a gzip(1) compressed archive containing the files bonvole and
     sekve to a file called foriru.tar.gz:

           $ tar zcf foriru.tar.gz bonvole sekve

     Verbosely create an archive, called backup.tar.gz, of all files matching
     the shell glob(3) function *.c:

           $ tar zcvf backup.tar.gz *.c

     Verbosely list, but do not extract, all files ending in .jpeg from a
     compressed archive named backup.tar.gz.  Note that the glob pattern has
     been quoted to avoid expansion by the shell:

           $ tar tvzf backup.tar.gz '*.jpeg'

     For more detailed examples, see pax(1).

DIAGNOSTICS
     Whenever tar cannot create a file or a link when extracting an archive or
     cannot find a file while writing an archive, or cannot preserve the user
     ID, group ID, file mode, or access and modification times when the -p
     option is specified, a diagnostic message is written to standard error
     and a non-zero exit value will be returned, but processing will continue.
     In the case where tar cannot create a link to a file, tar will not create
     a second copy of the file.

     If the extraction of a file from an archive is prematurely terminated by
     a signal or error, tar may have only partially extracted the file the
     user wanted.  Additionally, the file modes of extracted files and
     directories may have incorrect file bits, and the modification and access
     times may be wrong.

     If the creation of an archive is prematurely terminated by a signal or
     error, tar may have only partially created the archive, which may violate
     the specific archive format specification.

SEE ALSO
     cpio(1), pax(1)

HISTORY
     A tar command first appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.

AUTHORS
     Keith Muller at the University of California, San Diego.

CAVEATS
     The -j and -L flags are not portable to other versions of tar where they
     may have a different meaning.

OpenBSD 5.1                    December 2, 2010                    OpenBSD 5.1

here is what happens on every single command of rvm like rvm list...

bash-4.2$ rvm list
rvm list
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tar: unknown option -- -
usage: tar {crtux}[014578befHhjLmNOoPpqsvwXZz]
           [blocking-factor | archive | replstr] [-C directory] [-I file]
           [file ...]
       tar {-crtux} [-014578eHhjLmNOoPpqvwXZz] [-b blocking-factor]
           [-C directory] [-f archive] [-I file] [-s replstr] [file ...]
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tar: unknown option -- -
usage: tar {crtux}[014578befHhjLmNOoPpqsvwXZz]
           [blocking-factor | archive | replstr] [-C directory] [-I file]
           [file ...]
       tar {-crtux} [-014578eHhjLmNOoPpqvwXZz] [-b blocking-factor]
           [-C directory] [-f archive] [-I file] [-s replstr] [file ...]
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tput: not enough arguments (3) for capability `setaf'
tar: unknown option -- -
usage: tar {crtux}[014578befHhjLmNOoPpqsvwXZz]
           [blocking-factor | archive | replstr] [-C directory] [-I file]
           [file ...]
       tar {-crtux} [-014578eHhjLmNOoPpqvwXZz] [-b blocking-factor]
           [-C directory] [-f archive] [-I file] [-s replstr] [file ...]
rvm rubies

   ruby-1.9.3-p0 [ x86_64 ]

# Default ruby not set. Try 'rvm alias create default <ruby>'.

# => - current
# =* - current && default
#  * - default

Also seems to have issues installing rubies due to the tar issue?

@ddd
Owner

ok thank you for the report, but next time please do NOT paste an entire freakin man page in the report.

A) we don't need it (if we do, we'll ask for it)
B) you do nothing more than create more noise than signal. Your report is lost in the MASSIVE useless scroll. Thank you.

@rwboyer

sorry - someone over on the google groups mail list asked for that info here. otherwise would have just sent the summary of the issue.

RB

@mpapis
Owner

@deryldoucette I asked for the man page ... it's needed to understand how it's different from standard posix

@rwboyer

The issue is the number of parameters required for the setaf attribute. not much in the man page that I saw if you need other docco let me know...

RB

@ddd
Owner

@mpapis got ya. didn't see that anywhere so must have been off-list. My apologies to @rwboyer

@mpapis
Owner

@rwboyer please also include man 5 terminfo, you can use https://gist.github.com/ for it.

@rwboyer

https://gist.github.com/1691527

This should be it...

RB

@mpapis mpapis was assigned
@ajiwo

man 5 terminfo

temporary trick for term/tput issue.
assuming the default login shell unchanged, invoke bash this way
$ env TERM=linux bash
then activate rvm
bash-4.2$ . .rvm/scripts/rvm

there is GNU tar ports available for OpenBSD, and this is likely what rvm scripts want to run.
after installed available at /usr/local/bin/gtar. maybe a $TAR variable needed instead of calling tar directly?

@mpapis mpapis closed this in 5ca9b37
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