Led.Matrix

Eric Lewis edited this page Jan 7, 2016 · 34 revisions

The Led.Matrix class constructs an object that may represent one or more (chained) 8x8 or 8x16 LED Matrix (MAX7219, MAX7221 and HT16K33) devices attached to the physical board. Up to 8 devices can be controlled with one instance, giving you 512 controllable LEDs.

Known supported devices:

See all on Tindie!

If you are working with HT16K33 devices, you will need to run at least version 2.4.0 of Firmata on the board.

Adafruit offers a selection of 8x8 matrices in various colors:

(This list only represents devices that I've personally confirmed, please add devices as needed.)

Parameters

  • General Options An object of property parameters.

    Property Type Value/Description Default Required
    pins Object { data, clock, cs }. Object of digital pin names. yes
    pins Array [ data, clock, cs ]. Array of digital pin names. yes
    devices Number 1-8. For single device cases, this can be omitted. 1 no
    controller string "HT16K33". A valid controller model name no
  • HT16K33 options (controller: "HT16K33") (Arduino Requires StandardFirmata 2.4.0 or greater)

    Property Type Value/Description Default Required
    addresses array An array of I2C addresses Range 0x70-0x77 no
    isBicolor Boolean true, false. false no
    dims Object {rows, columns}. See Dimensions table 8x8 no
    dims Array [rows, columns]. See Dimensions table 8x8 no
    dims String "8x8", "16x8" or "8x16". 8x8 no

Dimensions

Name Rows Columns
8x8 8 8
16x8 16 8
8x16 8 16

Shape

Property Name Description Read Only
isMatrix true. Yes
devices Number of devices controlled. Yes

Component Initialization

Shift Register Device

new five.Led.Matrix({
  pins: {
    data: 2,
    clock: 3,
    cs: 4
  }
});

Led.Matrix

I2C HT16K33

// Led.Matrix HT16K33
new five.Led.Matrix({
  controller: "HT16K33"
});

Led.Matrix Mono Color

// Led.Matrix HT16K33
new five.Led.Matrix({
  controller: "HT16K33",
  isBicolor: true
});

Led.Matrix Mono Color

I2C HT16K33 16x8

// 16x8 I2C device
new five.Led.Matrix({
  controller: "HT16K33",
  dims: "8x16", // or "16x8"
  rotation: 2
});

Led.Matrix HT16K33 16x8

Usage

var five = require("johnny-five");
var board = new five.Board();

board.on("ready", function() {

  var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
    pins: {
      data: 2,
      clock: 3,
      cs: 4
    },
    devices: 1
  });

  var heart = [
    "01100110",
    "10011001",
    "10000001",
    "10000001",
    "01000010",
    "00100100",
    "00011000",
    "00000000"
  ];

  matrix.draw(heart);
});

API

NOTE: An Led.Digits instance can represent up to 8 chained devices (1 device can support up to 8 seven-segment digits), where each can be addressed directly by its device index in the chain (1-8).

NOTE: When the device is turned off (with the off method), data is retained and will be displayed on the device when turned on (with the on method). This is useful when powering the devices from a battery, by providing a power saving mechanism.

  • on() Turn on all matrix devices.

  • on(device index) Turn on matrix device at specified device index.

    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Turn on a specific device by device index.
    matrix.on(0);
    
    // Turn on all devices
    matrix.on();
  • off() Turn off all matrix devices.

  • off(device index) Turn off matrix device at specified device index.

    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Turn off a specific device by device index.
    matrix.off(0);
    
    // Turn off all devices
    matrix.off();
    
    // Send data to the the matrix
    // ...Turn on the device to see the data displayed
  • clear() Shut off all LEDs, for all devices.

  • clear(device index) Shut off all LEDs, for a device at specified device index.

Note: clear() does not shut off the device.

var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
  pins: {
    data: 2,
    clock: 3,
    cs: 4
  }
});

// Clear the entire display of a specified device.
matrix.clear(0);

// Clear the entire display for all devices
matrix.clear();
  • brightness(0-100) Set the brightness from 0-100%, of all devices.

  • brightness(device index, 0-100) Set the brightness from 0-100%, for a device at specified device index.

    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Set the brightness of a specified device.
    matrix.brightness(0, 100);
    
    // Set the brightness for all devices
    matrix.brightness(100);
  • led(row, col, state) Set on/off/color state for led at row and col (0-16, 0-16), of all devices.

  • led(device index, row, col, state) Set on/off/color state for led at row and col (00-16), for a device at the specified device index.

    // Shift Register device
    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Turn on the top-left led of device 1
    matrix.led(0, 0, 0, 1);
    
    // Turn on the top-left led of all devices
    matrix.led(0, 0, 1);
    
    // Turn off the top-left led of all devices
    matrix.led(0, 0, 0);
    
    // I2C device (bicolor)
    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      controller: "HT16K33",
      isBicolor: true
    });
    // Turn top-left led of device 1 yellow
    matrix.led(0, 0, 0, LedControl.COLORS.YELLOW);
  • row(row, 0-255) Set row (0-16) to 8-bit or 16-bit value (0-0xFFFF), of all devices.

  • row(device index, row, 0-255) Set row (0-16) to 8-bit or 16-bit value (0-0xFFFF), for a device at the specified device index.

    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Turn on the entire first row of device 1
    matrix.row(1, 0, 255);
    
    // Turn on the entire first row of all devices
    matrix.row(1, 255);
    
    // 8x16 I2C device
    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      controller: "HT16K33",
      dims: [8, 16]
    });
    // Turn on entire first row of all devices (16-bit value)
    matrix.row(1, 0xFFFF)
  • column(column, 0-255) Set column (0-16) to 8-bit or 16-bit value (0-0xFFFF), of all devices.

  • column(device index, column, 0-255) Set column (0-16) to 8-bit or 16-bit value (0-0xFFFF), for a device at the specified device index.

    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    // Turn on the entire first column of device 1
    matrix.column(1, 0, 255);
    
    // Turn on the entire first column of all devices
    matrix.column(1, 255);
  • draw(character) Draw a "character" to all devices.

  • draw(device index, character) Draw a "character" to a device at the specified device index.

Valid "character" values:

  • A single character string, eg. "A", "b", "1", "$"

  • An array (with 8 or 16 elements) of 8-bit or 16-bit values, eg. [0x00, 0x04, 0x15, 0x0E, 0x15, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00] (That array represents * character). The dimensions of the character array must match the dimensions of the matrix i.e. 8x8, 8x16 or 16x8

  • An 8 or 16 element array of 8 or 16 character long strings, where each character represents the on/off/color state of the LED at that position in the matrix, eg.

    [
      "01100110",
      "10011001",
      "10000001",
      "10000001",
      "01000010",
      "00100100",
      "00011000",
      "00000000"
    ];
    var matrix = new five.Led.Matrix({
      pins: {
        data: 2,
        clock: 3,
        cs: 4
      }
    });
    
    var heart = [
      "01100110",
      "10011001",
      "10000001",
      "10000001",
      "01000010",
      "00100100",
      "00011000",
      "00000000"
    ];
    
    // Draw a heart to device 1
    matrix.draw(1, heart);
    
    // Draw a heart to all devices
    matrix.draw(heart);
    
    // NOTE: this is actually a predefined character
    var exclamation = [
      0x04,
      0x04,
      0x04,
      0x04,
      0x00,
      0x00,
      0x04,
      0x00
    ];
    
    // Draw an exclamation to device 1
    matrix.draw(1, exclamation);
    
    // Draw an exclamation to all devices
    matrix.draw(exclamation);
    
    var asterisk = "*";
    
    // Draw an asterisk to device 1
    matrix.draw(1, asterisk);
    
    // Draw an asterisk to all devices
    matrix.draw(asterisk);

Predefined Characters

Led.Matrix.CHARS

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / : ; < = > ? @
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ `
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~

Events

Led.Matrix objects are output only and therefore do not emit any events.

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