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module CanCan
# This module is automatically included into all controllers.
# It also makes the "can?" and "cannot?" methods available to all views.
module ControllerAdditions
module ClassMethods
# Sets up a before filter which loads and authorizes the current resource. This performs both
# load_resource and authorize_resource and accepts the same arguments. See those methods for details.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# load_and_authorize_resource
# end
#
def load_and_authorize_resource(*args)
cancan_resource_class.add_before_filter(self, :load_and_authorize_resource, *args)
end
# Sets up a before filter which loads the model resource into an instance variable.
# For example, given an ArticlesController it will load the current article into the @article
# instance variable. It does this by either calling Article.find(params[:id]) or
# Article.new(params[:article]) depending upon the action. The index action will
# automatically set @articles to Article.accessible_by(current_ability).
#
# If a conditions hash is used in the Ability, the +new+ and +create+ actions will set
# the initial attributes based on these conditions. This way these actions will satisfy
# the ability restrictions.
#
# Call this method directly on the controller class.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# load_resource
# end
#
# A resource is not loaded if the instance variable is already set. This makes it easy to override
# the behavior through a before_filter on certain actions.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# before_filter :find_book_by_permalink, :only => :show
# load_resource
#
# private
#
# def find_book_by_permalink
# @book = Book.find_by_permalink!(params[:id)
# end
# end
#
# If a name is provided which does not match the controller it assumes it is a parent resource. Child
# resources can then be loaded through it.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# load_resource :author
# load_resource :book, :through => :author
# end
#
# Here the author resource will be loaded before each action using params[:author_id]. The book resource
# will then be loaded through the @author instance variable.
#
# That first argument is optional and will default to the singular name of the controller.
# A hash of options (see below) can also be passed to this method to further customize it.
#
# See load_and_authorize_resource to automatically authorize the resource too.
#
# Options:
# [:+only+]
# Only applies before filter to given actions.
#
# [:+except+]
# Does not apply before filter to given actions.
#
# [:+through+]
# Load this resource through another one. This should match the name of the parent instance variable or method.
#
# [:+through_association+]
# The name of the association to fetch the child records through the parent resource. This is normally not needed
# because it defaults to the pluralized resource name.
#
# [:+shallow+]
# Pass +true+ to allow this resource to be loaded directly when parent is +nil+. Defaults to +false+.
#
# [:+singleton+]
# Pass +true+ if this is a singleton resource through a +has_one+ association.
#
# [:+parent+]
# True or false depending on if the resource is considered a parent resource. This defaults to +true+ if a resource
# name is given which does not match the controller.
#
# [:+class+]
# The class to use for the model (string or constant).
#
# [:+instance_name+]
# The name of the instance variable to load the resource into.
#
# [:+find_by+]
# Find using a different attribute other than id. For example.
#
# load_resource :find_by => :permalink # will use find_by_permalink!(params[:id])
#
# [:+id_param+]
# Find using a param key other than :id. For example:
#
# load_resource :id_param => :url # will use find(params[:url])
#
# [:+collection+]
# Specify which actions are resource collection actions in addition to :+index+. This
# is usually not necessary because it will try to guess depending on if the id param is present.
#
# load_resource :collection => [:sort, :list]
#
# [:+new+]
# Specify which actions are new resource actions in addition to :+new+ and :+create+.
# Pass an action name into here if you would like to build a new resource instead of
# fetch one.
#
# load_resource :new => :build
#
# [:+prepend+]
# Passing +true+ will use prepend_before_filter instead of a normal before_filter.
#
def load_resource(*args)
cancan_resource_class.add_before_filter(self, :load_resource, *args)
end
# Sets up a before filter which authorizes the resource using the instance variable.
# For example, if you have an ArticlesController it will check the @article instance variable
# and ensure the user can perform the current action on it. Under the hood it is doing
# something like the following.
#
# authorize!(params[:action].to_sym, @article || Article)
#
# Call this method directly on the controller class.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# authorize_resource
# end
#
# If you pass in the name of a resource which does not match the controller it will assume
# it is a parent resource.
#
# class BooksController < ApplicationController
# authorize_resource :author
# authorize_resource :book
# end
#
# Here it will authorize :+show+, @+author+ on every action before authorizing the book.
#
# That first argument is optional and will default to the singular name of the controller.
# A hash of options (see below) can also be passed to this method to further customize it.
#
# See load_and_authorize_resource to automatically load the resource too.
#
# Options:
# [:+only+]
# Only applies before filter to given actions.
#
# [:+except+]
# Does not apply before filter to given actions.
#
# [:+singleton+]
# Pass +true+ if this is a singleton resource through a +has_one+ association.
#
# [:+parent+]
# True or false depending on if the resource is considered a parent resource. This defaults to +true+ if a resource
# name is given which does not match the controller.
#
# [:+class+]
# The class to use for the model (string or constant). This passed in when the instance variable is not set.
# Pass +false+ if there is no associated class for this resource and it will use a symbol of the resource name.
#
# [:+instance_name+]
# The name of the instance variable for this resource.
#
# [:+through+]
# Authorize conditions on this parent resource when instance isn't available.
#
# [:+prepend+]
# Passing +true+ will use prepend_before_filter instead of a normal before_filter.
#
def authorize_resource(*args)
cancan_resource_class.add_before_filter(self, :authorize_resource, *args)
end
# Skip both the loading and authorization behavior of CanCan for this given controller. This is primarily
# useful to skip the behavior of a superclass. You can pass :only and :except options to specify which actions
# to skip the effects on. It will apply to all actions by default.
#
# class ProjectsController < SomeOtherController
# skip_load_and_authorize_resource :only => :index
# end
#
# You can also pass the resource name as the first argument to skip that resource.
def skip_load_and_authorize_resource(*args)
skip_load_resource(*args)
skip_authorize_resource(*args)
end
# Skip the loading behavior of CanCan. This is useful when using +load_and_authorize_resource+ but want to
# only do authorization on certain actions. You can pass :only and :except options to specify which actions to
# skip the effects on. It will apply to all actions by default.
#
# class ProjectsController < ApplicationController
# load_and_authorize_resource
# skip_load_resource :only => :index
# end
#
# You can also pass the resource name as the first argument to skip that resource.
def skip_load_resource(*args)
options = args.extract_options!
name = args.first
cancan_skipper[:load][name] = options
end
# Skip the authorization behavior of CanCan. This is useful when using +load_and_authorize_resource+ but want to
# only do loading on certain actions. You can pass :only and :except options to specify which actions to
# skip the effects on. It will apply to all actions by default.
#
# class ProjectsController < ApplicationController
# load_and_authorize_resource
# skip_authorize_resource :only => :index
# end
#
# You can also pass the resource name as the first argument to skip that resource.
def skip_authorize_resource(*args)
options = args.extract_options!
name = args.first
cancan_skipper[:authorize][name] = options
end
# Add this to a controller to ensure it performs authorization through +authorized+! or +authorize_resource+ call.
# If neither of these authorization methods are called, a CanCan::AuthorizationNotPerformed exception will be raised.
# This is normally added to the ApplicationController to ensure all controller actions do authorization.
#
# class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
# check_authorization
# end
#
# See skip_authorization_check to bypass this check on specific controller actions.
#
# Options:
# [:+only+]
# Only applies to given actions.
#
# [:+except+]
# Does not apply to given actions.
#
# [:+if+]
# Supply the name of a controller method to be called. The authorization check only takes place if this returns true.
#
# check_authorization :if => :admin_controller?
#
# [:+unless+]
# Supply the name of a controller method to be called. The authorization check only takes place if this returns false.
#
# check_authorization :unless => :devise_controller?
#
def check_authorization(options = {})
self.after_filter(options.slice(:only, :except)) do |controller|
next if controller.instance_variable_defined?(:@_authorized)
next if options[:if] && !controller.send(options[:if])
next if options[:unless] && controller.send(options[:unless])
raise AuthorizationNotPerformed, "This action failed the check_authorization because it does not authorize_resource. Add skip_authorization_check to bypass this check."
end
end
# Call this in the class of a controller to skip the check_authorization behavior on the actions.
#
# class HomeController < ApplicationController
# skip_authorization_check :only => :index
# end
#
# Any arguments are passed to the +before_filter+ it triggers.
def skip_authorization_check(*args)
self.before_filter(*args) do |controller|
controller.instance_variable_set(:@_authorized, true)
end
end
def skip_authorization(*args)
raise ImplementationRemoved, "The CanCan skip_authorization method has been renamed to skip_authorization_check. Please update your code."
end
def cancan_resource_class
if ancestors.map(&:to_s).include? "InheritedResources::Actions"
InheritedResource
else
ControllerResource
end
end
def cancan_skipper
@_cancan_skipper ||= {:authorize => {}, :load => {}}
end
end
def self.included(base)
base.extend ClassMethods
base.helper_method :can?, :cannot?, :current_ability
end
# Raises a CanCan::AccessDenied exception if the current_ability cannot
# perform the given action. This is usually called in a controller action or
# before filter to perform the authorization.
#
# def show
# @article = Article.find(params[:id])
# authorize! :read, @article
# end
#
# A :message option can be passed to specify a different message.
#
# authorize! :read, @article, :message => "Not authorized to read #{@article.name}"
#
# You can also use I18n to customize the message. Action aliases defined in Ability work here.
#
# en:
# unauthorized:
# manage:
# all: "Not authorized to %{action} %{subject}."
# user: "Not allowed to manage other user accounts."
# update:
# project: "Not allowed to update this project."
#
# You can rescue from the exception in the controller to customize how unauthorized
# access is displayed to the user.
#
# class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
# rescue_from CanCan::AccessDenied do |exception|
# redirect_to root_url, :alert => exception.message
# end
# end
#
# See the CanCan::AccessDenied exception for more details on working with the exception.
#
# See the load_and_authorize_resource method to automatically add the authorize! behavior
# to the default RESTful actions.
def authorize!(*args)
@_authorized = true
current_ability.authorize!(*args)
end
def unauthorized!(message = nil)
raise ImplementationRemoved, "The unauthorized! method has been removed from CanCan, use authorize! instead."
end
# Creates and returns the current user's ability and caches it. If you
# want to override how the Ability is defined then this is the place.
# Just define the method in the controller to change behavior.
#
# def current_ability
# # instead of Ability.new(current_user)
# @current_ability ||= UserAbility.new(current_account)
# end
#
# Notice it is important to cache the ability object so it is not
# recreated every time.
def current_ability
@current_ability ||= ::Ability.new(current_user)
end
# Use in the controller or view to check the user's permission for a given action
# and object.
#
# can? :destroy, @project
#
# You can also pass the class instead of an instance (if you don't have one handy).
#
# <% if can? :create, Project %>
# <%= link_to "New Project", new_project_path %>
# <% end %>
#
# If it's a nested resource, you can pass the parent instance in a hash. This way it will
# check conditions which reach through that association.
#
# <% if can? :create, @category => Project %>
# <%= link_to "New Project", new_project_path %>
# <% end %>
#
# This simply calls "can?" on the current_ability. See Ability#can?.
def can?(*args)
current_ability.can?(*args)
end
# Convenience method which works the same as "can?" but returns the opposite value.
#
# cannot? :destroy, @project
#
def cannot?(*args)
current_ability.cannot?(*args)
end
end
end
if defined? ActionController::Base
ActionController::Base.class_eval do
include CanCan::ControllerAdditions
end
end
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