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When you define a user's abilities for a given model, you are not restricted to the 7 RESTful actions (create, update, destroy, etc.), you can create your own.
For example, in Role Based Authorization I showed you how to define separate roles for a given user. However, you don't want all users to be able to assign roles, only admins. How do you set these fine-grained controls? Well you need to come up with a new action name. Let's call it
# in models/ability.rb can :assign_roles, User if user.admin?
We can then check if the user has permission to assign roles when displaying the role checkboxes and assigning them.
<!-- users/_form.html.erb --> <% if can? :assign_roles, @user %> <!-- role checkboxes go here --> <% end %>
# users_controller.rb def update authorize! :assign_roles, @user if params[:user][:assign_roles] # ... end
Now only admins will be able to assign roles to users.
You may want to check out trusted-params for a convenient way to handle permissions on specific attributes in the controller.