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A set of treebanks for multiple languages annotated in basic Stanford-style dependencies.
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A set of treebanks for multiple languages annotated in basic Stanford-style dependencies.

NB: The guidelines are currently under revision and the project is migrating to For further updates, check the new site or contact the project coordinators.


  • Identical to version 2.0, except changes license to CC-BY-SA (drops non-commercial aspect of license). This applies solely to the UD annotations, not the underlying content.


  • Includes Brazilian-Portuguese, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Spanish and Swedish
  • Beta content-head version
  • Bug fixes
  • Description of universal relations


  • Includes English, French, German, Spanish, Swedish and Korean.


  • Version 2.0 - Bug fixes, new data, 5 new languages, content-head beta version
  • Version 1.0 - Initial Release

Relevant Documents

Contributors and Acknowledgements

  • Project coordinators: Ryan McDonald, Joakim Nivre, Slav Petrov
  • Data contributors include Yvonne Quirmbach-Brundage and others at Appen-Butler-Hill; Adam LaMontagne, Milan Soucek, Timo Jarvinen, Alessandra Radici and others at Lionbridge
  • Joakim Nivre provided the harmonized version of the Swedish Treebank Talbanken portion
  • Filip Ginter and the group at Turku provided the Finnish data and assisted in the harmonization process
  • Maria Simi and other researchers at Pisa provided the harmonized Italian data
  • Thanks to Fernando Pereira, Alfred Spector, Dave Orr, Jennifer Bahk and others at Google for support.
  • Thanks to Hans Uszkoreit for giving us permission to use sentences from the Tiger treebank.
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