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RESTful HTTP client for JavaScript

tag: v0.8.1

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Octocat-spinner-32 client
Octocat-spinner-32 dojo
Octocat-spinner-32 interceptor
Octocat-spinner-32 mime
Octocat-spinner-32 test
Octocat-spinner-32 util
Octocat-spinner-32 .gitignore
Octocat-spinner-32 .jshintrc
Octocat-spinner-32 .travis.yml
Octocat-spinner-32 LICENSE.txt
Octocat-spinner-32 README.md
Octocat-spinner-32 UrlBuilder.js
Octocat-spinner-32 interceptor.js
Octocat-spinner-32 package.json
Octocat-spinner-32 rest.js
Octocat-spinner-32 wire.js
README.md

Rest Template

Just enough client, as you need it. Make HTTP requests from a browser or Node.js applying the only the client features you need. Configure a client once, and share it safely throughout your application. Easily extend with interceptors that wrap the request and/or response, or MIME type converters for rich data formats.

Build Status

Master
Development

Getting Started

Rest can be installed via NPM, or from source.

To install without source:

$ npm install rest

From source:

$ npm install

Rest is designed to run in a browser environment, utilizing AMD modules, or within Node.js. curl is highly recommended as an AMD loader, although any loader should work.

An ECMAScript 5 compatible environment is assumed. Older browsers, ::cough:: IE, that do not support ES5 natively can be shimmed. Any shim should work, although we've tested against cujo's poly

Usage

Using Rest is easy. The core clients provide limited functionality around the request and response lifecycle. The input and response objects are normalized to support portability between browser and server environments.

The response from a client is a promise that is resolved when the remote request finishes.

The core client behavior can be augmented with interceptors. An interceptor wraps the client and transforms the request and response. For example: an interceptor may authenticate a request, or reject the promise if an error is encountered. Interceptors may be combined to create a client with the desired behavior. A configured interceptor acts just like a client.

Making a basic request:

define(['rest'], function(client) {
    client({ path: '/' }).then(function(response) {
        console.log('response: ', response);
    });
});

In this example, you can see that the request object is very simple, it just includes the path. All of the attributes of a request are optional.

The response should look familiar as well, it contains all the fields you would expect, including the response headers (many clients ignore the headers).

Working with JSON:

If you're paying attention, you may have noticed that the response.entity in the previous example is a String. Often we need to work with more complex data types. For this, Rest supports a rich set of MIME type conversions with the mime interceptor. The correct converter will automatically be chosen based on the Content-Type response header. Custom converts can be registered for a MIME type, more on that later...

define(['rest/interceptor/mime'], function(mime) {
    var client = mime();
    client({ path: '/data.json' }).then(function(response) {
        console.log('response: ', response);
    });
});

Before an interceptor can be used, it needs to be configured. In this case, we will accept the default configuration, and obtain a client. Now when we see the response, the entity will be a JS object instead of a String.

Composing Interceptors:

define(['rest/interceptor/mime', 'rest/interceptor/errorCode'], function(mime, errorCode) {
    var client = mime();
    client = errorCode(client, { code: 500 });
    client({ path: '/data.json' }).then(
        function(response) {
            console.log('response: ', response);
        },
        function(response) {
            console.error('response error: ', response);
        }
    );
});

In this example, we take the client create by the mime interceptor, and wrap it in the errorCode interceptor. The errorCode interceptor can accept a configuration object that indicates what status codes should be considered an error. In this case we override the default value of <=400, to only reject with 500 or greater status code.

Since the errorCode interceptor can reject the response promise, we also add a second handler function to receive the response for requests in error.

Clients can continue to be composed with interceptors as needed. At any point the client as configured can be shared. It is safe to share clients and allow other parts of your application to continue to compose other clients around the shared core. Your client is protected from additional interceptors that other parts of the application may add.

Custom MIME Converters:

define(['rest/mime/registry'], function(registry) {
   registry.register('application/vnd.com.example', {
       read: function(str) {
           var obj;
           // do string to object conversions
           return obj;
       },
       write: function(obj) {
           var str;
           // do object to string conversions
           return str;
       }
   });
});

Registering a custom converter is a simple as calling the register function on the mime registry with the type and converter. A converter has just two methods: read and write. Read converts a String to a more complex Object. Write converts an Object back into a String to be sent to the server. HTTP is fundamentally a text based protocol after all.

Built in converters are available under rest/mime/type/{type}, as an example, JSON support is located at rest/mime/type/application/json. You never need to know this as a consumer, but it's a good place to find examples.

Reporting Issues

Please report issues on GitHub. Include a brief description of the error, information about the runtime (including shims) and any error messages.

Feature requests are also welcome.

Running the Tests

The test suite can be run in two different modes: in node, or in a browser. We use Buster.JS as the test driver, buster is installed automatically with other dependencies.

Before running the test suite for the first time:

$ npm install

To run the suite in node:

$ npm test

To run the suite in a browser:

$ npm start
browse to http://localhost:8282/ in the browser(s) you wish to test.  It can take a few seconds to start.

Thanks

  • Arjen Poutsma - Creator of Spring's RestTemplate
  • Brian Cavalier - cujo.js lead
  • John Hann - cujo.js lead
  • VMware - for allowing this project to be open sourced

Change Log

0.8.1

  • fixed bug where http method may be overwritten

0.8.0

  • npm name change 'rest-template' -> 'rest'
  • introduced experimental HATEOAS support
  • introduced 'location' interceptor which follows Location response headers, issuing a GET for the specified URL
  • default method to POST when request contains an entity
  • response handlers now have access to the request client to issue subsequent requests
  • interceptors may specify their default client
  • renamed rest/interceptor/_base to rest/interceptor

0.7.5

  • Initial release, everything is new
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