Skip to content
This repository
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

file 399 lines (391 sloc) 12.185 kb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399

.TH s3cmd 1
.SH NAME
s3cmd \- tool for managing Amazon S3 storage space and Amazon CloudFront content delivery network
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B s3cmd
[\fIOPTIONS\fR] \fICOMMAND\fR [\fIPARAMETERS\fR]
.SH DESCRIPTION
.PP
.B s3cmd
is a command line client for copying files to/from
Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) and performing other
related tasks, for instance creating and removing buckets,
listing objects, etc.

.SH COMMANDS
.PP
.B s3cmd
can do several \fIactions\fR specified by the following \fIcommands\fR.
.TP
s3cmd \fBmb\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR
Make bucket
.TP
s3cmd \fBrb\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR
Remove bucket
.TP
s3cmd \fBls\fR \fI[s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]]\fR
List objects or buckets
.TP
s3cmd \fBla\fR \fI\fR
List all object in all buckets
.TP
s3cmd \fBput\fR \fIFILE [FILE...] s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]\fR
Put file into bucket
.TP
s3cmd \fBget\fR \fIs3://BUCKET/OBJECT LOCAL_FILE\fR
Get file from bucket
.TP
s3cmd \fBdel\fR \fIs3://BUCKET/OBJECT\fR
Delete file from bucket
.TP
s3cmd \fBsync\fR \fILOCAL_DIR s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX] or s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX] LOCAL_DIR\fR
Synchronize a directory tree to S3
.TP
s3cmd \fBdu\fR \fI[s3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]]\fR
Disk usage by buckets
.TP
s3cmd \fBinfo\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/OBJECT]\fR
Get various information about Buckets or Files
.TP
s3cmd \fBcp\fR \fIs3://BUCKET1/OBJECT1 s3://BUCKET2[/OBJECT2]\fR
Copy object
.TP
s3cmd \fBmv\fR \fIs3://BUCKET1/OBJECT1 s3://BUCKET2[/OBJECT2]\fR
Move object
.TP
s3cmd \fBsetacl\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/OBJECT]\fR
Modify Access control list for Bucket or Files
.TP
s3cmd \fBaccesslog\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR
Enable/disable bucket access logging
.TP
s3cmd \fBsign\fR \fISTRING-TO-SIGN\fR
Sign arbitrary string using the secret key
.TP
s3cmd \fBfixbucket\fR \fIs3://BUCKET[/PREFIX]\fR
Fix invalid file names in a bucket


.PP
Commands for CloudFront management
.TP
s3cmd \fBcflist\fR \fI\fR
List CloudFront distribution points
.TP
s3cmd \fBcfinfo\fR \fI[cf://DIST_ID]\fR
Display CloudFront distribution point parameters
.TP
s3cmd \fBcfcreate\fR \fIs3://BUCKET\fR
Create CloudFront distribution point
.TP
s3cmd \fBcfdelete\fR \fIcf://DIST_ID\fR
Delete CloudFront distribution point
.TP
s3cmd \fBcfmodify\fR \fIcf://DIST_ID\fR
Change CloudFront distribution point parameters


.SH OPTIONS
.PP
Some of the below specified options can have their default
values set in
.B s3cmd
config file (by default $HOME/.s3cmd). As it's a simple text file
feel free to open it with your favorite text editor and do any
changes you like.
.TP
\fB\-h\fR, \fB\-\-help\fR
show this help message and exit
.TP
\fB\-\-configure\fR
Invoke interactive (re)configuration tool.
.TP
\fB\-c\fR FILE, \fB\-\-config\fR=FILE
Config file name. Defaults to /home/mludvig/.s3cfg
.TP
\fB\-\-dump\-config\fR
Dump current configuration after parsing config files
and command line options and exit.
.TP
\fB\-n\fR, \fB\-\-dry\-run\fR
Only show what should be uploaded or downloaded but
don't actually do it. May still perform S3 requests to
get bucket listings and other information though (only
for file transfer commands)
.TP
\fB\-e\fR, \fB\-\-encrypt\fR
Encrypt files before uploading to S3.
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-encrypt\fR
Don't encrypt files.
.TP
\fB\-f\fR, \fB\-\-force\fR
Force overwrite and other dangerous operations.
.TP
\fB\-\-continue\fR
Continue getting a partially downloaded file (only for
[get] command).
.TP
\fB\-\-skip\-existing\fR
Skip over files that exist at the destination (only
for [get] and [sync] commands).
.TP
\fB\-r\fR, \fB\-\-recursive\fR
Recursive upload, download or removal.
.TP
\fB\-\-check\-md5\fR
Check MD5 sums when comparing files for [sync].
(default)
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-check\-md5\fR
Do not check MD5 sums when comparing files for [sync].
Only size will be compared. May significantly speed up
transfer but may also miss some changed files.
.TP
\fB\-P\fR, \fB\-\-acl\-public\fR
Store objects with ACL allowing read for anyone.
.TP
\fB\-\-acl\-private\fR
Store objects with default ACL allowing access for you
only.
.TP
\fB\-\-acl\-grant\fR=PERMISSION:EMAIL or USER_CANONICAL_ID
Grant stated permission to a given amazon user.
Permission is one of: read, write, read_acp,
write_acp, full_control, all
.TP
\fB\-\-acl\-revoke\fR=PERMISSION:USER_CANONICAL_ID
Revoke stated permission for a given amazon user.
Permission is one of: read, write, read_acp, wr
ite_acp, full_control, all
.TP
\fB\-\-delete\-removed\fR
Delete remote objects with no corresponding local file
[sync]
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-delete\-removed\fR
Don't delete remote objects.
.TP
\fB\-p\fR, \fB\-\-preserve\fR
Preserve filesystem attributes (mode, ownership,
timestamps). Default for [sync] command.
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-preserve\fR
Don't store FS attributes
.TP
\fB\-\-exclude\fR=GLOB
Filenames and paths matching GLOB will be excluded
from sync
.TP
\fB\-\-exclude\-from\fR=FILE
Read --exclude GLOBs from FILE
.TP
\fB\-\-rexclude\fR=REGEXP
Filenames and paths matching REGEXP (regular
expression) will be excluded from sync
.TP
\fB\-\-rexclude\-from\fR=FILE
Read --rexclude REGEXPs from FILE
.TP
\fB\-\-include\fR=GLOB
Filenames and paths matching GLOB will be included
even if previously excluded by one of
.TP
\fB\-\-(r)exclude(\-from)\fR patterns
.TP
\fB\-\-include\-from\fR=FILE
Read --include GLOBs from FILE
.TP
\fB\-\-rinclude\fR=REGEXP
Same as --include but uses REGEXP (regular expression)
instead of GLOB
.TP
\fB\-\-rinclude\-from\fR=FILE
Read --rinclude REGEXPs from FILE
.TP
\fB\-\-bucket\-location\fR=BUCKET_LOCATION
Datacentre to create bucket in. As of now the
datacenters are: US (default), EU, us-west-1, and ap-
southeast-1
.TP
\fB\-\-reduced\-redundancy\fR, \fB\-\-rr\fR
Store object with 'Reduced redundancy'. Lower per-GB
price. [put, cp, mv]
.TP
\fB\-\-access\-logging\-target\-prefix\fR=LOG_TARGET_PREFIX
Target prefix for access logs (S3 URI) (for [cfmodify]
and [accesslog] commands)
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-access\-logging\fR
Disable access logging (for [cfmodify] and [accesslog]
commands)
.TP
\fB\-m\fR MIME/TYPE, \fB\-\-mime\-type\fR=MIME/TYPE
Default MIME-type to be set for objects stored.
.TP
\fB\-M\fR, \fB\-\-guess\-mime\-type\fR
Guess MIME-type of files by their extension. Falls
back to default MIME-Type as specified by --mime-type
option
.TP
\fB\-\-add\-header\fR=NAME:VALUE
Add a given HTTP header to the upload request. Can be
used multiple times. For instance set 'Expires' or
'Cache-Control' headers (or both) using this options
if you like.
.TP
\fB\-\-encoding\fR=ENCODING
Override autodetected terminal and filesystem encoding
(character set). Autodetected: UTF-8
.TP
\fB\-\-verbatim\fR
Use the S3 name as given on the command line. No pre-
processing, encoding, etc. Use with caution!
.TP
\fB\-\-list\-md5\fR
Include MD5 sums in bucket listings (only for 'ls'
command).
.TP
\fB\-H\fR, \fB\-\-human\-readable\-sizes\fR
Print sizes in human readable form (eg 1kB instead of
1234).
.TP
\fB\-\-progress\fR
Display progress meter (default on TTY).
.TP
\fB\-\-no\-progress\fR
Don't display progress meter (default on non-TTY).
.TP
\fB\-\-enable\fR
Enable given CloudFront distribution (only for
[cfmodify] command)
.TP
\fB\-\-disable\fR
Enable given CloudFront distribution (only for
[cfmodify] command)
.TP
\fB\-\-cf\-add\-cname\fR=CNAME
Add given CNAME to a CloudFront distribution (only for
[cfcreate] and [cfmodify] commands)
.TP
\fB\-\-cf\-remove\-cname\fR=CNAME
Remove given CNAME from a CloudFront distribution
(only for [cfmodify] command)
.TP
\fB\-\-cf\-comment\fR=COMMENT
Set COMMENT for a given CloudFront distribution (only
for [cfcreate] and [cfmodify] commands)
.TP
\fB\-\-cf\-default\-root\-object\fR=DEFAULT_ROOT_OBJECT
Set the default root object to return when no object
is specified in the URL. Use a relative path, i.e.
default/index.html instead of /default/index.html or
s3://bucket/default/index.html (only for [cfcreate]
and [cfmodify] commands)
.TP
\fB\-v\fR, \fB\-\-verbose\fR
Enable verbose output.
.TP
\fB\-d\fR, \fB\-\-debug\fR
Enable debug output.
.TP
\fB\-\-version\fR
Show s3cmd version (1.0.0) and exit.
.TP
\fB\-F\fR, \fB\-\-follow\-symlinks\fR
Follow symbolic links as if they are regular files


.SH EXAMPLES
One of the most powerful commands of \fIs3cmd\fR is \fBs3cmd sync\fR used for
synchronising complete directory trees to or from remote S3 storage. To some extent
\fBs3cmd put\fR and \fBs3cmd get\fR share a similar behaviour with \fBsync\fR.
.PP
Basic usage common in backup scenarios is as simple as:
.nf
s3cmd sync /local/path/ s3://test-bucket/backup/
.fi
.PP
This command will find all files under /local/path directory and copy them
to corresponding paths under s3://test-bucket/backup on the remote side.
For example:
.nf
/local/path/\fBfile1.ext\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBfile1.ext\fR
/local/path/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR
.fi
.PP
However if the local path doesn't end with a slash the last directory's name
is used on the remote side as well. Compare these with the previous example:
.nf
s3cmd sync /local/path s3://test-bucket/backup/
.fi
will sync:
.nf
/local/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR
/local/\fBpath/dir123/file2.bin\fR \-> s3://bucket/backup/\fBpath/dir123/file2.bin\fR
.fi
.PP
To retrieve the files back from S3 use inverted syntax:
.nf
s3cmd sync s3://test-bucket/backup/ /tmp/restore/
.fi
that will download files:
.nf
s3://bucket/backup/\fBfile1.ext\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBfile1.ext\fR
s3://bucket/backup/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBdir123/file2.bin\fR
.fi
.PP
Without the trailing slash on source the behaviour is similar to
what has been demonstrated with upload:
.nf
s3cmd sync s3://test-bucket/backup /tmp/restore/
.fi
will download the files as:
.nf
s3://bucket/\fBbackup/file1.ext\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBbackup/file1.ext\fR
s3://bucket/\fBbackup/dir123/file2.bin\fR \-> /tmp/restore/\fBbackup/dir123/file2.bin\fR
.fi
.PP
All source file names, the bold ones above, are matched against \fBexclude\fR
rules and those that match are then re\-checked against \fBinclude\fR rules to see
whether they should be excluded or kept in the source list.
.PP
For the purpose of \fB\-\-exclude\fR and \fB\-\-include\fR matching only the
bold file names above are used. For instance only \fBpath/file1.ext\fR is tested
against the patterns, not \fI/local/\fBpath/file1.ext\fR
.PP
Both \fB\-\-exclude\fR and \fB\-\-include\fR work with shell-style wildcards (a.k.a. GLOB).
For a greater flexibility s3cmd provides Regular-expression versions of the two exclude options
named \fB\-\-rexclude\fR and \fB\-\-rinclude\fR.
The options with ...\fB\-from\fR suffix (eg \-\-rinclude\-from) expect a filename as
an argument. Each line of such a file is treated as one pattern.
.PP
There is only one set of patterns built from all \fB\-\-(r)exclude(\-from)\fR options
and similarly for include variant. Any file excluded with eg \-\-exclude can
be put back with a pattern found in \-\-rinclude\-from list.
.PP
Run s3cmd with \fB\-\-dry\-run\fR to verify that your rules work as expected.
Use together with \fB\-\-debug\fR get detailed information
about matching file names against exclude and include rules.
.PP
For example to exclude all files with ".jpg" extension except those beginning with a number use:
.PP
\-\-exclude '*.jpg' \-\-rinclude '[0-9].*\.jpg'
.SH SEE ALSO
For the most up to date list of options run
.B s3cmd \-\-help
.br
For more info about usage, examples and other related info visit project homepage at
.br
.B http://s3tools.org
.SH DONATIONS
Please consider a donation if you have found s3cmd useful:
.br
.B http://s3tools.org/donate
.SH AUTHOR
Written by Michal Ludvig <mludvig@logix.net.nz> and 15+ contributors
.SH CONTACT, SUPPORT
Prefered way to get support is our mailing list:
.I s3tools\-general@lists.sourceforge.net
.SH REPORTING BUGS
Report bugs to
.I s3tools\-bugs@lists.sourceforge.net
.SH COPYRIGHT
Copyright \(co 2007,2008,2009,2010,2011 Michal Ludvig <http://www.logix.cz/michal>
.br
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of
the GNU General Public License version 2 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.