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Nov 21, 2018

ESPNetv2: A Light-weight, Power Efficient, and General Purpose Convolutional Neural Network

IMPORTANT NOTE 1 (7 June, 2019): We have released new code base that supports several datasets and models, including ESPNetv2. Please see here for more details.

IMPORTANT NOTE 2 (7 June, 2019): This repository is obsolete and we are not maintaining it anymore.

This repository contains the source code of our paper, ESPNetv2 which is accepted for publication at CVPR'19.

Note: New segmentation models for the PASCAL VOC and the Cityscapes are coming soon. Our new models achieves mIOU of 68.0 and 66.15 on the PASCAL VOC and the Cityscapes test sets, respectively.

Real-time semantic segmentation using ESPNetv2 on iPhone7 (see EdgeNets for details)
Seg demo on iPhone7 Seg demo on iPhone7

Comparison with SOTA methods

Compared to state-of-the-art efficient networks, our network delivers competitive performance while being much more power efficient. Sample results are shown in below figure. For more details, please read our paper.

FLOPs vs. accuracy on the ImageNet dataset

Power consumption on TX2 device

If you find our project useful in your research, please consider citing:

@inproceedings{mehta2019espnetv2,
  title={ESPNetv2: A Light-weight, Power Efficient, and General Purpose Convolutional Neural Network},
  author={Sachin Mehta and Mohammad Rastegari and Linda Shapiro and Hannaneh Hajishirzi},
  booktitle={CVPR},
  year={2019}
}

@inproceedings{mehta2018espnet,
  title={ESPNet: Efficient Spatial Pyramid of Dilated Convolutions for Semantic Segmentation},
  author={Sachin Mehta and Mohammad Rastegari and Anat Caspi and Linda Shapiro and Hannaneh Hajishirzi},
  booktitle={ECCV},
  year={2018}
}

Structure

This repository contains source code and pretrained for the following:

  • Object classification: We provide source code along with pre-trained models at different network complexities for the ImageNet dataset. Click here for more details.
  • Semantic segmentation: We provide source code along with pre-trained models on the Cityscapes dataset. Check here for more details.

Requirements

To run this repository, you should have following softwares installed:

  • PyTorch - We tested with v0.4.1
  • OpenCV - We tested with version 3.4.3
  • Python3 - Our code is written in Python3. We recommend to use Anaconda for the same.

Instructions to install Pytorch and OpenCV with Anaconda

Assuming that you have installed Anaconda successfully, you can follow the following instructions to install the packeges:

PyTorch

conda install pytorch torchvision -c pytorch

Once installed, run the following commands in your terminal to verify the version:

import torch
torch.__version__ 

This should print something like this 0.4.1.post2.

If your version is different, then follow PyTorch website here for more details.

OpenCV

conda install pip
pip install --upgrade pip
pip install opencv-python

Once installed, run the following commands in your terminal to verify the version:

import cv2
cv2.__version__ 

This should print something like this 3.4.3.

Implementation note

You will see that EESP unit, the core building block of the ESPNetv2 architecture, has a for loop to process the input at different dilation rates. You can parallelize it using Streams in PyTorch. It improves the inference speed.

A snippet to parallelize a for loop in pytorch is shown below:

# Sequential version
output = [] 
a = torch.randn(1, 3, 10, 10)
for i in range(4):
    output.append(a)
torch.cat(output, 1)
# Parallel version
num_branches = 4
streams = [(idx, torch.cuda.Stream()) for idx in range(num_branches)]
output = []
a = torch.randn(1, 3, 10, 10)
for idx, s in streams:
    with torch.cuda.stream(s):
        output.append(a)
torch.cuda.synchronize()
torch.cat(output, 1)

Note:

  • we have used above strategy to measure inference related statistics, including power consumption and run time on a single GPU.
  • We have not tested it (for training as well as inference) across multiple GPUs. If you want to use Streams and facing issues, please use PyTorch forums to resolve your queries.