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README

INTRODUCTION
------------

nwGtpv2c library is a free and open source implementation of GPRS Tunneling 
Protocol v2, also known as eGTP-C, as per 3GPP TS-29274. 

The stack library supports transaction management, message creation and parsing, 
message validation, echo response and retransmission management. Other than 
this, timer and memory management functions are also built into the stack.

The library is published under BSD three clause license.


DESIGN PHILOSPHY
----------------

The stack is designed for high portability not only for the hardware and OS 
it will run on but also for the application software that uses it. The stack 
doesn't mandate conditions on the user application architecture or design. 
The stack relies on the user application for infrastructure utilities such 
as I/O, timers, logs and multithreading. This realized by using callback 
mechanisms and enables the stack library to seamlessly integrate without or 
very little changes to the existing application framework. 

The stack is fully-asynchronous in design for compatibility with event loop
mechanisms such as select, poll, etc. and can also be used for multi-threaded 
applications. It should compile on Linux,  BSD, Mac OS X, Solaris and Windows 
(cygwin).

The stack architecture builds upon following mentioned entities that are 
external to it:

      +-------------+      +---------+        +---------+
      |  ULP ENTITY |      | TMR MGR |        | LOG MGR |
      +------+------+      +----+----+        +----+----+ 
             |                  |                  |
      +------+------------------+------------------+----+
      |                                                 |
      |                 NWGTPv2 STACK                   |
      |                                                 |
      +-------------------------+-----------------------+
                                |
                         +------+------+
                         |  UDP ENTITY |
                         +-------------+ 


- User Layer Protocol (ULP) Entity:
This entity is the one which decides behaviour of the GTP user application. 
This layer implements the intelligent logic for the GTP application and sits 
on top of the GTP stack. This layer may also execute functions other than GTP 
procedures for example authetication.

- UDP Entity:
This is the layer below the GTP stack and is responsible for UDP I/O between 
the stack and network. This layer shall manage the socket interface. This entity 
abstracts the stack library's view of the network. This may be useful in a 
multiprocess load balancing application wherein the GTP messages are received 
by a GTP load distribution entity and relayed to multiple GTP stacks over 
internal messaging. It may or may not be housed with/in ULP. 

- Timer Manager Entity: 
Timer Manager Entity provides the GTP stack library with infrastructure for 
timer CRUD operations. It may or may not be housed with/in ULP.

- Log Manager Entity:
Log Manager Entity provides the GTP stack library with callbacks for logging 
operations. It may or may not be housed with/in ULP. 


Optionally, there may be a user level "Stack Management Entity" which shall be 
resposible for creating and configuring the stack library, though the stack 
library is not aware of any such entity. 

The application may implement all above entities as a single or multiple object.
The external entities need to register callbacks with GTP stack library for 
receiving APIs from the stack library and stack library exposes API for the same.

The GTP stack library doesn't implement any execution threads of its own. It is 
up-to user application if it want to call the library APIs via multiple threads. 
The stack library, though, currently DOES NOT protect its critical section and 
hence, is NOT threadsafe.


FEATURES
--------

- TS 29.274 (Release 9) compliance target for gtp-c
- Message Encoding
- Reliable Message Delivery
- Message Parser
- Message Integrity and Error Checking
- Support for S11, S5 and S8 SAE/EPC interfaces
- Easy Application Integration


APPLICATIONS
------------

In general, the GTP stack library may be used to write any GTP version 2 based 
application.
The GTP stack library can also be used by applications implementing LTE MME, SGW
or PDN Gateways and simulators/emulators for either of them. Please see the test 
applications involving basic GTP procedures.

The test applications use libevent-1.4 library for I/O and timer infrastructure,
(http://www.monkey.org/~provos/libevent-1.4.14b-stable.tar.gz).
Following is a brief description of the test applications:

- nw-helloworld 
This is minimalistic program demostrating usage of nw-gtpv2 library. It 
demostrates ulp, udp, tmrmgr and logmgr entities as well as stack construction 
and destruction. The gtpv2c test application creates a transaction and sends 
a initial request messages over it. 

- nw-egpting
egtping is a utility for pinging a GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) version 2, 
or Evolved GTP (eGTP) using Echo Request/Response.

- nw-epc
The nw-epc software package is a free and open source framework implementation 
of SGW and PGW built upon nw-gtpv2.


LICENSE
-------

Copyright (c) 2010-2011 Amit Chawre <http://www.amitchawre.net/contact.html>
All rights reserved.                                                        
                                                                            
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without          
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions          
are met:                                                                    
                                                                            
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright           
   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.            
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright        
   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the      
   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.     
3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products    
   derived from this software without specific prior written permission.    
                                                                            
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR        
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES   
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.     
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,            
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT    
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,   
DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY       
THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT         
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF    
THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.           


DISCLAIMER
----------

THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR 
IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, 
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT 
NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY      
THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT        
(INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF   
THIS INFORMATION, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.